• Title, Summary, Keyword: single nucleotide polymorphism

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Association of a Single Nucleotide Polymorphism in the 5'-Flanking Region of Porcine HSP70.2 with Backfat Thickness in Duroc Breed

  • Chen, Ming-Yu;Huang, San-Yuan;Lin, En-Chung;Hseu, Tzong-Hsiung;Lee, Wen-Chuan
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.100-103
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    • 2003
  • Higher environmental temperature affects the economic performance of pigs. Heat shock protein 70 has been shown to play an important role in thermoresistance. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of a single nucleotide polymorphism in the 5'-flanking region of porcine HSP70.2 on growth performance in Taiwanese Duroc. The genotype of this nt 393 polymorphic site could be verified by digestion with Bsa WI restriction enzyme of a PCR product. Pigs with TT and TC genotypes have thinner backfats than those with CC type (p<0.05). The result suggested that the polymorphic Bsa WI site in the 5'flanking region of porcine HSP70.2 may be used as a marker for the early selection of ultrasonic backfat thickness in Duroc pigs.

ALDH and CYP2E1 Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Distribution in Korean

  • Han, Dong-Hoon;Kim, Jeong-Hee
    • International Journal of Oral Biology
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.107-112
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    • 2006
  • Aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) plays an important role in alcohol metabolism; ALDH is responsible for the oxidation of acetaldehyde generated during alcohol oxidation. ALDH is also known to oxidize various other endogenous and exogenous aldehydes. Cytochrome P-450 2E1 (CYP2E1), a liver microsomal enzyme, also metabolizes acetaldehyde and ethanol and can be induced by other inducers including acetone and ethanol. We examined single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of ALDH and CYP2E1 genotypes in Korean. Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) method was used to determine ALDH and CYP2E1 SNP. Mutation in ALDH was 60% (heterozygote 46.7% and homozygote 13.3%) among 15 cases. CYP2E1 mutation was 52.7% (heterozygote 47.4% and homozygote 5.3%) among 19 cases.

The Application of Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Markers for Discrimination of Sweet Persimmon Cultivars (단감 품종 판별을 위한 single nucleotide polymorphism 마커 적용 검정)

  • Park, Yeo Ok;Choi, Seong-Tae;Son, Ji-Young;Kim, Eun-Gyeong;Ahn, Gwang-Hwan;Park, Ji Hae;Joung, Wan-Kyu;Jang, Young Ho;Kim, Dong Wan
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.30 no.7
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    • pp.614-624
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    • 2020
  • The recent development of next-generation sequencing technology has enabled increased genomic analysis, but very few single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers applicable to sweet persimmon (Diospyros kaki Thunb.) cultivars have been identified. In this study, SNP primers developed from five pollination-constant astringent (PCA) persimmons native to Korea were applied to discriminate between cultivars and verify their usability. The polymerase chain reactions of 19 SNP primers developed by Jung et al. were checked, with 11 primers finally selected. The other eight were very difficult to analyze in the agarose gel electrophoresis and QIAxcel Advanced System used in this experiment and were therefore excluded. The 11 SNP primers were applied through first and second verification to 76 cultivars and collection lines including 20 pollination-variant non-astringent (PVNA), 30 pollination-constant non-astringent (PCNA), 20 PCA, and six pollination-variant astringent (PVA). Of these, 38 were indistinguishable (eight PVNA, 18 PCNA, nine PCA, and three PVA). However, the results of applying the 11 SNP primers to new sweet persimmon cultivars, namely Gamnuri, Dannuri, Hongchoo, Jamisi, and Migamjosaeng, showed that they have the potential to be used as a unique marker for simultaneously determining between them.

No Association of the rs17822931 Polymorphism in ABCC11 with Breast Cancer Risk in Koreans

  • Na, Ann-Yae;Heo, Jin-Chul;Sung, Jin Young;Lee, Jong-Ha;Kim, Yoon-Nyun;Kim, Dae-Kwang
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.2625-2628
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    • 2016
  • ABCC11 is reported to be associated with breast cancer. However, whether ABCC11 polymorphisms relate to breast cancer risk remains unclear. This study aimed to evaluate any association of a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs17822931, in ABCC11 with breast cancer in Koreans. Genomic DNA samples of 170 women with breast cancer and 100 controls were assessed for SNP rs17822931 of ABCC11 by single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) and DNA sequencing. A 27-bp deletion (${\Delta}27$) of ABCC11 was analyzed by PCR amplification. The genotype of SNP rs17822931 was confirmed to be AA in all samples from breast cancer patients and ${\Delta}27$ was found in none of the samples. Our finding indicated that the SNP rs17822931 in ABCC11 is not associated with breast cancer. However, this study does provide information on fundamental genetic aspects of ABCC11 with regard to breast cancer risk in Koreans.

MDM2 T309G has a Synergistic Effect with P21 ser31arg Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms on the Risk of Acute Myeloid Leukemia

  • Ebid, Gamal T.;Sedhom, Iman A.;El-Gammal, Mosaad M.;Moneer, Manar M.
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.9
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    • pp.4315-4320
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    • 2012
  • Background: The P53 tumor suppressor gene plays a pivotal role in maintaining cellular homeostasis by preventing the propagation of genome mutations. P53 in its transcriptionally active form is capable of activating distinct target genes that contribute to either apoptosis or growth arrest, like P21. However, the MDM2 gene is a major negative regulator of P53. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in codon Arg72Pro of P53 results in impairment of the tumor suppressor activity of the gene. A similar effect is caused by a SNP in codon 31 of P21. In contrast, a SNP in position 309 of MDM2 results in increased expression due to substitution of thymine by guanine. All three polymorphisms have been associated with increased risk of tumorigenesis. Aim of the study: We aimed to study the prevalence of SNPs in the P53 pathway involving the three genes, P53, P21 and MDM2, among acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients and to compare it to apparently normal healthy controls for assessment of impact on risk. Results: We found that the P21 ser31arg heterozygous polymorphism increases the risk of AML (P value=0.017, OR=2.946, 95% CI=1.216-7.134). Although the MDM2 309G allele was itself without affect, it showed a synergistic effect with P21 ser/arg polymorphism (P value=0.003, OR=6.807, 95% CI=1.909-24.629). However, the MDM2 309T allele abolish risk effect of the P21 polymorphic allele (P value=0.71). There is no significant association of P53 arg72pro polymorphism on the risk of AML. Conclusion: We suggest that SNPs in the P53 pathway, especially the P21 ser31arg polymorphism and combined polymorphisms especially the P21/MDM2 might be genetic susceptibility factors in the pathogenesis of AML.

Detection of Single Nucleotide Polymorphism in Human IL-4 Receptor by PCR Amplification of Specific Alleles

  • Hwang, Sue Yun;Kim, Seung Hoon;Hwang, Sung Hee;Cho, Chul Soo;Kim, Ho Youn
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.153-156
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    • 2001
  • A key aspect of genomic research in the “post-genome era”is to associate sequence variations with heritable phenotypes. The most common variations in the human genome are single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that occur approximately once in every 500 to 1,000 bases. Although analyzing the phenotypic outcome of these SNPs is crucial to facilitate large-scale association studies of genetic diseases, detection of SNPs from an extended number of human DNA samples is often difficult, labor-intensive and time-consuming. Recent development in SNP detection methods using DNA microarrays and mass spectrophotometry has allowed automated high throughput analyses, but such equipments are not accessible to many scientists. In this study, we demonstrate that a simple PCR-based method using primers with a mismatched base at the 3'-end provides a fast and easy tool to identify known SNPs from human genomic DNA in a regular molecular biology laboratory. Results from this PCR amplification of specific alleles (PASA) analysis efficiently and accurately typed the Q576R polymorphism of human IL4 receptor from the genomic DNAs of 29 Koreans, including 9 samples whose genotype could not be discerned by the conventiona1 PCR-SSCP (single strand conformation polymorphism) method. Given the increasing attention to disease-associated polymorphisms in genomic research, this alternative technique will be very useful to identify SNPs in large-scale population studies.

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Development and Validation of Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) Markers from an Expressed Sequence Tag (EST) Database in Olive Flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus)

  • Kim, Jung Eun;Lee, Young Mee;Lee, Jeong-Ho;Noh, Jae Koo;Kim, Hyun Chul;Park, Choul-Ji;Park, Jong-Won;Kim, Kyung-Kil
    • Development and Reproduction
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.275-286
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    • 2014
  • To successful molecular breeding, identification and functional characterization of breeding related genes and development of molecular breeding techniques using DNA markers are essential. Although the development of a useful marker is difficult in the aspect of time, cost and effort, many markers are being developed to be used in molecular breeding and developed markers have been used in many fields. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) markers were widely used for genomic research and breeding, but has hardly been validated for screening functional genes in olive flounder. We identified single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from expressed sequence tag (EST) database in olive flounder; out of a total 4,327 ESTs, 693 contigs and 514 SNPs were detected in total EST, and these substitutions include 297 transitions and 217 transversions. As a result, 144 SNP markers were developed on the basis of 514 SNP to selection of useful gene region, and then applied to each of eight wild and culture olive flounder (total 16 samples). In our experimental result, only 32 markers had detected polymorphism in sample, also identified 21 transitions and 11 transversions, whereas indel was not detected in polymorphic SNPs. Heterozygosity of wild and cultured olive flounder using the 32 SNP markers is 0.34 and 0.29, respectively. In conclusion, we identified SNP and polymorphism in olive flounder using newly designed marker, it supports that developed markers are suitable for SNP detection and diversity analysis in olive flounder. The outcome of this study can be basic data for researches for immunity gene and characteristic with SNP.