• Title, Summary, Keyword: single nucleotide polymorphism

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Identification of Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Marker and Association Analysis of Marbling Score in Fas Gene of Hanwoo

  • Kim, Seung-Chang;Lee, Seung-Hwan;Lee, Ji-Woong;Kim, Tae-Hun;Choi, Bong-Hwan
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.23-28
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    • 2016
  • The Fas (APO-1, TNFRSF6) gene known as a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily was selected for DNA marker development in Korean cattle. It is a cell membrane protein and mediates programmed cell death (apoptosis). We discovered single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within Fas gene in order to develop novel DNA markers related to economical traits at the genomic level. The sequences of whole exon and 1 kb range of both front and back of the gene were determined by direct-sequencing methods using 24 cattle. A total of 55 SNPs were discovered and we selected 31 common polymorphic sites considering their allele frequencies, haplotype-tagging status and linkage disequilibrium (LD) for genotyping in larger-scale subjects. The SNPs were confirmed genotype through the SNaPshot method (n = 274) and were examined for a possible genetic association between Fas polymorphisms and marbling score. So, the SNPs that were identified significant are g.30256G>C, g.31474C>A, g.31940A>G, and g.32982G>A. These results suggest that SNPs of Fas gene were associated with intramuscular fat content of meat quality traits in Korean cattle.

Single Nucleotide Polymorphism in Patients with Moyamoya Disease

  • Park, Young Seok
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.57 no.6
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    • pp.422-427
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    • 2015
  • Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a chronic, progressive, cerebrovascular occlusive disorder that displays various clinical features and results in cerebral infarct or hemorrhagic stroke. Specific genes associated with the disease have not yet been identified, making identification of at-risk patients difficult before clinical manifestation. Familial MMD is not uncommon, with as many as 15% of MMD patients having a family history of the disease, suggesting a genetic etiology. Studies of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in MMD have mostly focused on mechanical stress on vessels, endothelium, and the relationship to atherosclerosis. In this review, we discuss SNPs studies targeting the genetic etiology of MMD. Genetic analyses in familial MMD and genome-wide association studies represent promising strategies for elucidating the pathophysiology of this condition. This review also discusses future research directions, not only to offer new insights into the origin of MMD, but also to enhance our understanding of the genetic aspects of MMD. There have been several SNP studies of MMD. Current SNP studies suggest a genetic contribution to MMD, but further reliable and replicable data are needed. A large cohort or family-based design would be important. Modern SNP studies of MMD depend on novel genetic, experimental, and database methods that will hopefully hasten the arrival of a consensus conclusion.

Evolutionary and Functional Analysis of Korean Native Pig Using Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms

  • Lee, Jongin;Park, Nayoung;Lee, Daehwan;Kim, Jaebum
    • Molecules and Cells
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    • v.43 no.8
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    • pp.728-738
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    • 2020
  • Time and cost-effective production of next-generation sequencing data has enabled the performance of population-scale comparative and evolutionary studies for various species, which are essential for obtaining the comprehensive insight into molecular mechanisms underlying species- or breed-specific traits. In this study, the evolutionary and functional analysis of Korean native pig (KNP) was performed using single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) data by comparative and population genomic approaches with six different mammalian species and five pig breeds. We examined the evolutionary history of KNP SNPs, and the specific genes of KNP based on the uniqueness of non-synonymous SNPs among the used species and pig breeds. We discovered the evolutionary trajectory of KNP SNPs within the used mammalian species as well as pig breeds. We also found olfaction-associated functions that have been characterized and diversified during evolution, and quantitative trait loci associated with the unique traits of KNP. Our study provides new insight into the evolution of KNP and serves as a good example for a better understanding of domestic animals in terms of evolution and domestication using the combined approaches of comparative and population genomics.

Identification of a Novel Single Nucleotide Polymorphism in Porcine Beta-Defensin-1 Gene

  • Pruthviraj, D.R.;Usha, A.P.;Venkatachalapathy, R.T.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.315-320
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    • 2016
  • Porcine beta-defensin-1 (PBD-1) gene plays an important role in the innate immunity of pigs. The peptide encoded by this gene is an antimicrobial peptide that has direct activity against a wide range of microbes. This peptide is involved in the co-creation of an antimicrobial barrier in the oral cavity of pigs. The objective of the present study was to detect polymorphisms, if any, in exon-1 and exon-2 regions of PBD-1 gene in Large White Yorkshire (LWY) and native Ankamali pigs of Kerala, India. Blood samples were collected from 100 pigs and genomic DNA was isolated using phenol chloroform method. The quantity of DNA was assessed in a spectrophotometer and quality by gel electrophoresis. Exon-1 and exon-2 regions of PBD-1 gene were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and the products were subjected to single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis. Subsequent silver staining of the polyacrylamide gels revealed three unique SSCP banding patterns in each of the two exons. The presence of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) was confirmed by nucleotide sequencing of the PCR products. A novel SNP was found in the 5'-UTR region of exon-1 and a SNP was detected in the mature peptide coding region of exon-2. In exon-1, the pooled population frequencies of GG, GT, and TT genotypes were 0.67, 0.30, and 0.03, respectively. GG genotype was predominant in both the breeds whereas TT genotype was not detected in LWY breed. Similarly, in exon-2, the pooled population frequencies of AA, AG, and GG genotypes were 0.50, 0.27, and 0.23, respectively. AA genotype was predominant in LWY pigs whereas GG genotype was predominant in native pigs. These results suggest that there exists a considerable genetic variation at PBD-1 locus and further association studies may help in development of a PCR based genotyping test to select pigs with better immunity.

Main SNP Identification of Hanwoo Carcass Weight with Multifactor Dimensionality Reduction(MDR) Method (MULTIFACTOR DIMENSIONALITY REDUCTION(MDR)을 이용한 한우 도체중에서의 주요 SNP 규명)

  • Lee, Jea-Young;Kim, Dong-Chul
    • The Korean Journal of Applied Statistics
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.53-63
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    • 2008
  • It is commonly believed that disease of human or economic traits of livestock are caused not by single gene acting alone, but by multiple genes interacting with one an-other. This issue is difficult due to the limitations of parametric statistical method like as logistic regression for detection of gene effects that are dependent solely on interactions with other genes and with environmental exposures. Multifactor dimensionality reduction (MDR) nonparametric statistical method, to improve the identification of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) associated with the Hanwoo(Korean cattle) carcass cold weight, is applied and compared with ANOVA results.

Association between Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of the Major Histocompatibility Complex Class II Gene and Newcastle Disease Virus Titre and Body Weight in Leung Hang Khao Chickens

  • Molee, A.;Kongroi, K.;Kuadsantia, P.;Poompramun, C.;Likitdecharote, B.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.29-35
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    • 2016
  • The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of single nucleotide polymorphisms in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II gene on resistance to Newcastle disease virus and body weight of the Thai indigenous chicken, Leung Hang Khao (Gallus gallus domesticus). Blood samples were collected for single nucleotide polymorphism analysis from 485 chickens. Polymerase chain reaction sequencing was used to classify single nucleotide polymorphisms of class II MHC. Body weights were measured at the ages of 3, 4, 5, and 7 months. Titres of Newcastle disease virus at 2 weeks to 7 months were determined and the correlation between body weight and titre was analysed. The association between single nucleotide polymorphisms and body weight and titre were analysed by a generalized linear model. Seven single nucleotide polymorphisms were identified: C125T, A126T, C209G, C242T, A243T, C244T, and A254T. Significant correlations between log titre and body weight were found at 2 and 4 weeks. Associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms and titre were found for C209G and A254T, and between all single nucleotide polymorphisms (except A243T) and body weight. The results showed that class II MHC is associated with both titre of Newcastle disease virus and body weight in Leung Hang Khao chickens. This is of concern because improved growth traits are the main goal of breeding selection. Moreover, the results suggested that MHC has a pleiotropic effect on the titre and growth performance. This mechanism should be investigated in a future study.

Fabrication of Nanogap-Based PNA Chips for the Electrical Detection of Single Nucleotide Polymorphism

  • Park, Dae-Keun;Park, Hyung-Ju;Lee, Cho-Yeon;Hong, Dae-Wha;Lee, Young;Choi, In-Sung S.;Yun, Wan-Soo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.540-540
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    • 2012
  • Selective detection of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of Cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) was carried out by the PNA chips which were electrically-interfaced with interdigitated nanogap electrodes (INEs). The INEs whose average gap distance and effective gap length were about ~70 nm and ${\sim}140{\mu}m$, respectively, were prepared by the combination of the photo lithography and the surface-catalyzed chemical deposition, without using the e-beam lithography which is almost inevitable in the conventional lab-scale fabrication of the INEs. Four different types of target DNAs were successfully detected and discriminated by the INE-based PNA chips.

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Genomic Heritability of Bovine Growth Using a Mixed Model

  • Ryu, Jihye;Lee, Chaeyoung
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.27 no.11
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    • pp.1521-1525
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    • 2014
  • This study investigated heritability for bovine growth estimated with genomewide single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) information obtained from a DNA microarray chip. Three hundred sixty seven Korean cattle were genotyped with the Illumina BovineSNP50 BeadChip, and 39,112 SNPs of 364 animals filtered by quality assurance were analyzed to estimate heritability of body weights at 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21, and 24 months of age. Restricted maximum likelihood estimate of heritability was obtained using covariance structure of genomic relationships among animals in a mixed model framework. Heritability estimates ranged from 0.58 to 0.76 for body weights at different ages. The heritability estimates using genomic information in this study were larger than those which had been estimated previously using pedigree information. The results revealed a trend that the heritability for body weight increased at a younger age (6 months). This suggests an early genetic evaluation for bovine growth using genomic information to increase genetic merits of animals.

Identification of Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Markers in the Laccase Gene of Shiitake Mushrooms (Lentinula edodes)

  • Kim, Ki-Hwan;Ka, Kang-Hyeon;Kang, Ji Hyoun;Kim, Sangil;Lee, Jung Won;Jeon, Bong-Kyun;Yun, Jung-Kuk;Park, Sang Rul;Lee, Hyuk Je
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.75-80
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    • 2015
  • We identified single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers in the laccase gene to establish a line-diagnostic system for shiitake mushrooms. A total of 89 fungal isolates representing four lines, including Korean registered, Korean wild type, Chinese, and Japanese lines, were analyzed. The results suggest that SNP markers in the laccase gene can be useful for line typing in shiitake mushrooms.