• Title, Summary, Keyword: spaghetti sauce

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Development and Application of a Novel Tomato Sauce Using Natural Seasoning (천연조미료 이용 토마토소스 개발 및 적용)

  • Kim, Jung-Hee;Lee, Young-Mee;Joo, Na-Mi;Choi, Kyung-Suk;Sohn, Cheong-Min;Park, Sang-Hyun;Chung, Chung-Soon;Do, Hae-Ja;Ryou, Hyun-Joo
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.138-145
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    • 2010
  • This study was conducted to develop a novel tomato sauce using natural seasoning. The data was analyzed using SPSS for Windows (version 14.0). Two factors of the tomato sauce were varied was tomato paste and sugar. Nine tomato sauces were produced with various compounding ratios of tomato paste and sugar. The color, viscosity and sensory evaluations of the nine tomato sauces were determined. Items examined in the sensory evaluation were color, sweetness, viscosity and overall quality. Sweetness($4.44{\pm}1.36$), viscosity($5.16{\pm}1.28$) and overall quality($4.68{\pm}1.11$) of the tomato paste 340g and sugar 100 g sample got highest scores. Therefore, this composition was used as tomato spaghetti sauce. Tomato spaghetti sauce using a natural tomato sauce and artificial tomato sauce was prepared and subjected to a sensory evaluation. Items included in the sensory evaluation were taste, flavor, harmony, overall quality. In this analysis, all sensory item scores of the tomato spaghetti sauce using natural seasoning were significantly higher than when artificial seasoning was used. Therefore, the potential of commercialization of tomato sauces using natural seasoning was confirmed.

Development of Spaghetti Sauce with Oyster (굴 스파게티 소스의 개발)

  • Kang, Kyung-Tae;Heu, Min-Soo;Kim, Jin-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.93-99
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    • 2007
  • The study was carried out to prepare spaghetti sauce with oyster (SSO) and the food components characteristics of the SSO were also compared to those of commercial spaghetti sauces (CSS). The optimal addition ratio of oyster for preparing SSO was 11% based on 100 g of SSO according to the results of organic acid content, Hunter color value, viscosity, and sensory evaluation. The reasonable $F_0$ value for the keeping storage of SSO was about 4 min. The proximate composition of SSO prepared under the optimal processing condition was 71.2% moisture, 2.8% protein, 6.9% crude lipid, and 3.2% crude ash. The results of sensory evaluation suggested that the quality of SSO was superior to that of CSS. However, there was no significant difference (p<0.05) in sensory evaluation on color between CSS and SSO. The total amino acid content (2,532.2 mg/100 g) of SSO was higher than that of CCS (2,305.7 mg/100 g). The contents of calcium and phosphorus of SSO were 25.7 mg/100 g and 48.7 mg/100 g, respectively. The calcium content/phosphorus content showed a suitable ratio for absorbing calcium. The total free amino content and the taste value were 1,040.2 mg/100 g and 151.26, respectively. The major taste-active amino acids were glutamic acid and aspartic acid.

Development of Spaghetti Sauce with Adductor Muscle of Pearl Oyster (진주조개 패주 스파게티 소스의 개발)

  • Heu, Min-Soo;Kim, In-Soo;Kang, Kyung-Tae;Kim, Hye-Suk;Jee, Seung-Joon;Park, Tae-Bong;Kim, Jin-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.35 no.10
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    • pp.1484-1490
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    • 2006
  • This study was carried out to prepare spaghetti sauce with adductor muscle of pearl oyster (SSAM) and to compare with commercial spaghetti sauce (CSS). From the results of organic acid, pH, hunter color value and sensory evaluation, the optimal addition ratio of adductor muscle of pearl oyster was 11% based for preparing SSAM and reasonable $F_0$ value was about 4 min for keeping storage of SSAM. The proximate composition of SSAM was 69.8% for moisture, 3.7% for protein, 4.2% for crude lipid and 3.4% for crude ash. SSAM was superior in sensory flavor and texture to CSS. There was, however, no significant difference (p<0.05) in sensory color between CSS and SSAM. The total amino acid content (3,033.4 mg/100 g) of SSAM was higher than that (2,305.7 mg/100 g) of CSS and the major amino acids were aspartic acid, glutamic acid, leucine and lysine. Calcium and phosphorus contents in SSAM were 48.5 mg/100 g and 27.1 mg/100 g, respectively. Calcium level based on phosphorous was 1.78, which was a good ratio for absorbing calcium. The free amino acid content and taste value of SSAM were 989.4 mg/100 g and 141.04 mg/100 g, respectively These results suggested that the major taste active compounds among free amino acid were glutamic acid and aspartic acid.

Selection of Representative Menu and Development of Standard Recipes in Middle & High School Meals (중.고등학교 급식의 대표메뉴 선정 및 표준조리법 개발)

  • Lee, Seon-Mi;Jeong, Hyeon-A;Park, Sang-Hyeon;Ju, Na-Mi
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.28-43
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    • 2005
  • This study was conducted to illustrate standard menu items available in the school foodservice industry, and to establish higher nutritional standards in this industry. We reviewed menu items from 125 middle and high schools from the Seoul area for three months. These menus were then classified into 12 representative menu items, as follows: beef seeweed soup, egg soup, sliced rice rod soup, spaghetti, sauted squid with hot sauce, fish cutlet, simmered pork-egg in soy sauce, sweet and sour meat, sauted pork, acorn starch jelly salad, cucumber salad. And standard recipes of these 12 representative menu items were established, based on a survey from 150 dietitians who completed a questionnaire of 97 questions. According to the survey results, 89% of the dietitians answered positively('yes') about the necessity of establishing standard recipes for the school foodservice industry. 69% of the dietitians were educated standard recipes for the school foodservice, 91% will use standard recipes for the school foodservice Moreover, we discovered there was a consensus on what type of menu items should be included on the menus; demographic factors only affected a small range of recommended items. In order to confirm real application of resulted standard recipe, it is required to conduct quantity food production at real foodservice and study on more suitable standard recipe.

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Investigation of Water-Soluble Vitamin (B1, B2, and B3) Contents in Rice, Noodles, and Sauces (밥, 면, 소스류에 존재하는 수용성 비타민 B1, B2 그리고 B3 함량 검토)

  • Cho, Jin-Ju;Hong, Seong Jun;Boo, Chang Guk;Shin, Eui-Cheol
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.398-410
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    • 2020
  • In this study, the contents of soluble vitamins B1 (thiamin), B2 (riboflavin), and B3 (niacin) in 13 kinds of rice, 11 kinds of noodles, and 15 kinds of sauces were identified. The limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ) were checked to determine the reliability of the experimental results, and the accuracy of the results through the standard reference material (SRM 1849a) was verified to show excellent indicators. As for thiamin, japchaebab (stir-fried glass noodles with rice) was found to contain the highest content among rice dishes, makguksu (buckwheat noodles) among noodle dishes, and tomato spaghetti sauce among sauces. Riboflavin was identified as having the highest content in slightly spicy jajangbab (black-bean sauce with rice), bibimguksu (spicy noodles) for noodles, and spicy curry with turmeric for sauces. Niacin was highest in content in the deep and rich flavors of spicy chicken-fried rice, janchiguksu (banquet noodles), and black-bean sauce, respectively. As a result of checking the amount of recommended daily intake of water-soluble vitamins for Korean adult men and women, the highest content of riboflavin was 217.40% for men and 271.75% for women. Through this study, we are going to establish a database of nutrients for the water-soluble vitamins contained in rice, noodles, and sauces to provide the necessary dietary data concerning the content of the water-soluble vitamins contained in foods for daily recommended intake.

Applying a New Process for Local Food Menu Development in Gimpo

  • Han, Kyung-Soo;Lee, Jin;Kim, In-Hwa
    • Food Quality and Culture
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.73-79
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    • 2008
  • Recently, increasing interests in local foods have been highlighted along with active efforts and activities from autonomy organizations to develop local cultures and promote local economies by generating value added products and profits through the development of local foods. Subsequently, useful effects might result by making local foods attractive to tourists, such as by using indigenous Gimpo products to make menu items that incorporate the social, economic, and cultural aspects of the Gimpo area, and contributing to its food culture, the development and use of its indigenous products, and promoting local restaurant businesses, etc. The items of the survey used to select the local food menu items to be developed were limited to ideas offered by expert groups, and were implemented by a new menu development process. In order to derive the menu items to develop, the following method was applied: a brainstorming session with experts to generate and draft ideas, a questionnaire to chefs and cooks in special grade hotels is Seoul to select the menu items to develop from those drafted, and sensory evaluations by experts to evaluate the developed items. Frequency analysis and technical statistical analysis were performed using the SPSS 12.0 program package, where 13 kinds of local foods were ultimately developed using indigenous products of Gimpo. The developed local food menu items were rice & grape sujaebi, grape sikhae, fried rice embryo bud, grape yanggaeng, rice pancakes, rice spaghetti, grape seed oil dressing, grape sauce, rice pizza, grape pie, rice & grape ice cream, grape chocolate, and rice roll cakes.

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Vitamin $B_{12}$ content analysis of favorite Korean restaurant foods, convenient foods and bakery products (한국인이 선호하는 음식점 한식 및 간편식품과 빵류의 비타민 $B_{12}$ 함량분석 연구)

  • Kwak, Chung Shil;Park, June Hee;Cho, Ji Hyun
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.45 no.6
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    • pp.588-599
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    • 2012
  • There is a limitation to estimate vitamin $B_{12}$ intake due to the lack of data on vitamin $B_{12}$ content of Korean commercial foods. In this study, vitamin $B_{12}$ content was determined in favorite Korean restaurant foods, convenient or instant foods, fast foods and bakery products through a modified microbioassay using Lactobacillus delbrueckii ATCC 7830. Bulgogi and seafood & green pepper griddle had high vitamin $B_{12}$ content, 3.50 and $2.96{\mu}g$/100 g, respectively. Pork suyook, pork griddle and pollack griddle had 0.48, 0.31 and $0.32{\mu}g$/100 g of vitamin $B_{12}$, respectively. In stew, soft-tofu stew with seafood and doenjang stew with seafood had relatively high vitamin $B_{12}$ content, 1.93 and $1.44{\mu}g$/100 g, respectively. Bibimbap and 4 different types of rice porridge, beef & mushroom, chicken & ginseng, seafood or abalone, had 0.36, 0.08, 0.09, 1.64 and $0.13{\mu}g$/100 g of vitamin $B_{12}$, respectively. One serving of haejanggguk, yookejang, chuotang and galbitang had 5.97, 2.04, 2.63 and $1.91{\mu}g$ of vitamin $B_{12}$, respectively. One serving of samgetang and sulongtang had $2.89{\mu}g$ and $6.64{\mu}g$ of vitamin $B_{12}$. In noodles, one serving of cram noodle soup, bibim-nangmyeon, and mul-nangmyeon had 18.8, 1.21 and $0.38{\mu}g$ of vitamin $B_{12}$, respectively. One regular gimbap and one triangle gimbap contained 1.09-2.53 and $0.54-1.11{\mu}g$ of vitamin $B_{12}$, respectively. One cheese-burger, chicken-burger and bulgogi-burger had 0.76, 0.62 and $0.54{\mu}g$ of vitamin $B_{12}$, respectively. A plain bagel and a waffle contained 0.13 and $0.17{\mu}g$/100 g of vitamin $B_{12}$, respectively. Ready-made tomato sauce or cream sauce for spaghetti in a retort pouch contained only a trace of vitamin $B_{12}$. In conclusion, these results should contribute to improving the present food vitamin $B_{12}$ content database, most of which were cited from foreign data, thereby it could be helpful to estimate the vitamin $B_{12}$ intake of Koreans more accurately than before. It will also provide new information for dietary education related to vitamin $B_{12}$ and health.

A Study on the Children's Eating Habits and Food Preference - focused on staple food and side dishes - (유아기, 학동기 및 청소년기 식습관과 식품 기호도에 관한 연구(I) - 주식과 부식을 중심으로 -)

  • Chung, Hea-Jung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.631-640
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    • 2009
  • This study aim to identify preference of main and side dishes of 681 children who lived in Seoul and Gyoung-gi (Incheon) in 2007. To accomplish this, we divided the children into three age groups, an infancy group (below 6 years of age), a middle years group (between 7 and 12 years of age) and a juvenile group (above 12 years of age). Specifically, 145 children were in the infancy group (boys 68, girls 77), 300 children were in middle years group (boys 138, girls 162) and 236 children were in juveniles group (boys 131, girls 105). The average body mass index (BMI) of the parents of the respondents appeared to be normal, and the majority of the parents had bachelor degrees. Across all age groups, most fathers were office workers and most mothers were housewives. The preference for staple foods showed that the infancy group and the middle years group preferred rice the most, while the juvenile group preferred stir-fried rice the most out of 5 grain items. Evaluation of the preference for different types of noodles showed that both boys and girls from the infancy group preferred jajangmyun, while those in the middle years group and the juvenile group preferred spaghetti. For breads, both boys and girls from the infancy group had the highest preference for cake, while boys and girls in the middle years group and boys in the juvenile group preferred pizza the most, and girls from juvenile group preferred cake the most. Evaluation of the preference for soups and pot stew revealed that both boys and girls in the infancy group preferred seaweed soup, while boys from middle years group preferred seol-long-tang and girls from middle years group preferred seaweed soup. Boys and girls from the juvenile group preferred seol-long-tang the most. For hard-boiled foods and stir-fried foods, members of all age groups preferred beef boiled in soy sauce the most and hard-boiled peppers the least. Finally, comparison of the preference for roasted foods, seasoned vegetables and kimchi revealed that the infancy group preferred roasted seaweed the most and that both the middle years and juvenile group had the greatest preference for roasted galbi.

A Study on the Children's Eating Habits and Food Preference according to Their Parents' Economic Status (II) - Seoul & Gyeonggi (Incheon) Area - (부모의 경제수준에 따른 자녀의 식품기호도에 관한 연구 (II) -주식과 부식에 대하여, 서울.경기 (인천)지역을 중심으로-)

  • Chung, Hea-Jung;Eum, Yun-Ho
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.89-99
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    • 2008
  • This study was conducted to investigate the main and side dish preference of food with 681 children (145 of kindergarten, 300 of children, 236 of adolescences) in Seoul and Gyeonggi area using questionnaires. Regarding preference of the staple foods, it was shown that all group had the highest preferences for boiled rice, The kindergarten period prefer Jajangmyen the most, children and adolescences like spaghetti (p<0.05). For breads, the kindergarten preferred cakes the most, the middle years and the adolescences preferred pizza. Regarding preference of soups, it represents the kindergarten liked seaweed soup, the children and adolescences liked sollongt'ang (p<0.05). For pot stew, the kindergarten preferred bean-paste pot stew the most, the children with parents' income level less than 4 million won preferred Kim-chi stew, the middle years with parents' income level equal or greater than 4 million won preferred beanpaste pot stew and all adolescences preferred Kim-chi pot stew (p<0.05). Stewed beef with soy sauce was preferred the most by all ages. For pan-fried foods, the kindergarten with parents' income level less than 4 million won preferred pan-fried spicy port the most, the kindergarten with parents' income level equal or greater than 4 million won preferred pan-fried anchovy the middle years preferred pan-fried spicy pork, the adolescences with parents' income level less than 4 million won preferred pan fried Kim-chi the most (p<0.05). And for vegetable dish, all age groups preferred seasoned bean sprouts and Chinese cabbage Kim-chi the most which they can easily see on their tables.