• Title, Summary, Keyword: steamed bread quality

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Shelf Life Extension of Steamed Bread by the Addition of Fermented Pine Needle Extract Syrup as an Ingredient (솔잎 발효액의 첨가에 의한 찐빵의 저장성 향상)

  • Choi, Dong-Man;Chung, Sun-Kyung;Lee, Dong-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.36 no.5
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    • pp.616-621
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    • 2007
  • In order to improve the storage stability of steamed bread, fermented pine needle extract syrup potentially with several functional properties was added in manufacturing the products at levels of 8.3, 11 and 18% based on Brix degree of the dough. The manufactured bread was stored at ambient conditions and measured for quality attributes. Dough added with the fermented pine needle extract syrup maintained its pH and water activity at levels of $5.45{\sim}5.90\;and\;0.94{\sim}0.96$, which are normally suitable for yeast fermentation and for appropriate dough hardness. Addition of the extract syrup increased the bread volume by more than 20%. The bread with higher content of the pine needle extract syrup showed slower increase of bread hardness during storage, suggesting retardation of bread retrogradation. The addition of the pine needle extract syrup in bread dough also inhibited growth of the aerobic bacteria and molds on the bread surface (by $0.8{\sim}24$ in log (CFU/g) at 4 day storage). Use of higher than 11% concentration presented initially a strong fine needle flavor to the bread, which disappeared soon after 2 days. Generally addition of the pine needle extract syrup did not give negative effects on the bread quality including sensory quality. Therefore, the addition of the needle extract syrup could contribute to improving the storage stability and extending the shelf life of the bread.

A Study on Quality Properties of Steamed Cake Added with Common and Tartary Buckwheat Flour (일반 메밀과 쓴 메밀 가루를 첨가한 찜 케이크의 품질 특성)

  • Cho, Eun-Ja;Kim, Woon-Jin;Yang, Mi-Ok
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.219-226
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    • 2007
  • This study was conducted to compare the quality of steamed cakes supplemented with common buckwheat(F. esculentum Miench.) and tartary buckwheat(F. tartaricum Gaetn). A proximate analysis, and rutin content, color value, texture characteristics and sensory evaluations were performed, In the proximate analysis, the steamed buckwheat as opposed to raw buckwheat, appeared to afford higher values for most of the evaluated items. The rutin content of the tartary buckwheat was over 14 times higher than that of common buckwheat and remained about 58% higher after steaming. The lightness of the steamed cakes was in the following order: control(wheat flour only), with the addition of common buckwheat, and with the addition of tartary buckwheat. The redness and yellowness increased in the following order: tartary buckwheat, common buckwheat, control steamed cake. There were no significant differences in the springiness of steamed cake between the various samples including the control: therefore, resulted in good quality during bread-making. In the sensory evaluation, on increasing the amount of tartary buckwheat addition the score for entire taste increased compared with common buckwheat and the control and also had positive results for all other items, including flavor, color, softness and moistness. This study has suggested the ability to make steamed cakes containing tartary buckwheat flour.

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Quality Characteristics of Steamed Bread with Brown Rice Sourdough (현미 Sourdough을 이용한 찐빵의 품질특성)

  • Choi, Dong-Sun;Park, Hyang-Suk;Lee, Myung-Ho
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2016
  • This study was carried out for the improvement of nutrition and quality of streamed bread. For this purpose, brown rice liquid starter and brown rice sourdough were made and steamed bread was made with different amounts of starter addition followed by a measurement of its physicochemical and sensory characteristics. The pH of dough and titratable acidity tended to decrease significantly according to brown rice sourdough. In addition, the titratable acidity of the control group had significant different by samples. As for the volume of dough, there was no significant difference between the control sample and each sample, but after 15 minutes of fermentation, the volume increased the most in the control sample, with sample D having the least volume. As for volume and specific volume of steamed bread, sample B had the largest at 3.34 and each sample had significant differences based on fermentation time. As for diameter, sample B was the largest at 88.11 and sample D was the smallest at 79.04, with significant differences among samples. As for height of steamed bread, the control group was the highest at 42.91 and sample D was the lowest at41.87, with significant differences among samples. As for the cross-section structure of steamed bread, the porous of sample B, which had the largest volume and specific volume, was the largest with uniform texture and even distribution. L value tended to be higher in the added sampleroups than in the control sample. a value increased as brown rice sourdough increased, and b value was lower when volume and specific volume of the steamed bread increased, which showed a similar trend with that a L value. As for hardness, viscosity, and chewing capacity, sample D was the highest and sample B was the lowest, with significant differences among samples. As a result of measurement of overall preference, sample B had the highest preference with the highest preference in flavor, taste, appearance and texture, and D had the lowest preference with the lowest preference in taste, appearance and texture, with significant differences among samples.

Quality Characteristics of Steamed Bread with Repeated Fermentation Processes (스팀빵의 발효횟수에 따른 품질특성 변화)

  • Choi, Ki-Bo;Kim, Hyun-Sook;Kim, Seong-Oh;Ryu, Hong-Soo;Lyu, Eun-Soon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.593-598
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    • 2011
  • This research was performed to determine the quality characteristics of steamed bread by the number of times through the fermentation process. The number of fermentations varied from 1 to 5 while the steamed bread was prepared by measuring the duration of fermentation, and samples were analyzed in terms of general ingredients, physical properties, in vitro starch hydrolysis, protein digestibility, and sensory characteristics. Five times of fermentation resulted in significantly higher water content (p<0.01), and single fermentation led to the highest protein content (p<0.01). Protein levels decreased as fermentation was repeated. Single fermentation gave the lowest specific bread volume (p<0.05) and it increased with the number of fermentation times. Physical properties also varied with the number of times of fermentation. With more fermentation, hardness, gumminess, and chewiness decreased (p<0.01), whereas resilience (p<0.01) and cohesiveness (p<0.05) increased. In vitro starch hydrolysis was higher with 5 times of fermentation than with single to 3 times of fermentation (p<0.05). Protein digestibility was also higher with 5 times of fermentation (p<0.05). In sensory evaluations, whiteness scores were higher with 4 to 5 times of fermentation (p<0.01) whereas scores for crumb uniformity were lower with 4 and 5 times of fermentation. Moistness (p<0.01), cohesiveness (p<0.01), and chewiness (p<0.05) showed their highest scores with 4 times of fermentation.

Development of Modified Jeung-pyun Heated by Microwave Method (전자레인지를 이용한 개량 증편의 제조)

  • 김혁일
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.878-885
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    • 1997
  • Effect of various ingredients and cooling methods on the quality of modified Jeung-pyun(traditional Korean steamed rice cake) were studied. Three different kinds of wheat flours(strong, medium, and weak) were studied to evaluate the volume and firmness of Jeung-pyun. Weak flour showed the maximum volume and good sensory results. The optimum ratio of ingredients was flour : water ; sugar ; Tak-Ju=100 : 20 : 20 : 50 for steaned Jeung-pyun. When three different cooking methods were compared, the maximum volume showed from convection oven method, but the crust color of Jeung-pyun was like bread. Steaming method showed higher volume than that of product heated by microwave method. The optimum formula ratio for the microwave method was flour ; water ; sugar ; Tak-Ju = 100 : 30 : 20 : 50, which required 10% higher added water content than that of steaming. When wheat flour was used instead of rice flour, the addition of 5% normal corn starch increased volume of both steamed and microwave cooked products. In the case of added modified starches to Jeung-pyn, 5% $\alpha$-waxy corn starch showed the highest volume in steaming method. When rice flour was used, the addition of 5%$\alpha$-waxy corn starch also showed highest volume f both steamed and microwave cooked products. The firmness of steamed wheat flour Jeung-pyun, containing 5%$\alpha$-corn starch was higher firmness than that of control and other added samples. Microwave cooked products showed two or three times higher firmness of steaming products. The use of wrap(uni-wrap) and stabilizer(METHOCEL) decreased the firmness of microwave cooked wheat flour Jeung-pyun to 200~300g compared with that of untreated Jeung-pyun.

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Effect of Mugwort on the Extention of Shelf-Life of Bread and Rice Cake (쑥 첨가가 빵과 떡의 저장성 향상에 미치는 영향)

  • 김순임;김경진;정해옥;한영실
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.106-113
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the antimicrobial effect of mugwort (Artemisia asiatica Nakai) on the rice cake and bread preservation, and to identify their antimicrobial compounds. The mugwort extracts showed complete inhibition on the growth of Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus at 250 $\mu\textrm{g}$/ml level. Antimicrobial activi쇼 of mugwort extract were stronger than that of commercial antimicrobial agent. Five % of sodium propionate solution showed complete inhibition on the growth of B. subtilis, E. coli and S. aureus, but L. plantarum was inhibited 50.87% at the same concentration. When various amounts of freeze-dried mugwort powder were added in sulgis (steamed rice cake), 3% ssooksulgi (mugwort powder added sulgi) had quite lower level of total bacterial count (5.5$\times$$10^/5 CFU/g) compared with the control group (1.4$\times$$10^/7 CFU/g) at ambient temp. (30$\pm$1$^{\circ}C$) after 72 hr. Three % addition of mugwort showed 2 days extention of shelf-life of rice cake. The sensory qualities of ssooksulgi has no significant difference in moistness, consistency, cohesiveness, afterswallowing and overall quality compared with control group. Ssooksulgi with 3% of mugwort powder had the best overall quality in sensory test. The methanol extract of 500 $\mu\textrm{g}$/ml of mugwort could lead the successful retardation of the growth of putrefactive microorganism during the incubation of rice cake at 37$^{\circ}C$ for 24 hr. On the other hand, coumarin (Sigma) had 54% inhibitory effect at 500 $\mu\textrm{g}$/ml level, and (E,E)-2,4-decadienal completely inhibited the growth of putrefactive microorganism of whitesulgi at 100 $\mu\textrm{g}$/ml level during the incubation at 37$^{\circ}C$ for 48 hr.48 hr.

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Parents' Perception and Attitudes to the School Meal Service Program(SMSP) in $Kinder\'{g}arten$ (유아교육기관의 급식에 대한 학부모의 태도 및 인식조사)

  • Lee Younemee;Oh Yu-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.141-150
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    • 2005
  • This Study investigated kindergarten parents' attitude, satisfaction and demand in the school meal service programs (SMSP). The subjects were 2450 parents that their child attended at kindergarten's SMSP from 16 provinces. To com-pared children's eating habits according to their parent age group and residence area, the percentage of regularly breakfast eating were lower in 'below 30 years old' group and large city residence than 'above 30 years old' group and middle and small city residence. And taking breakfast item was partially different pattern according parent age, 'below 30 years old' group and large city child ate more bread and milk as breakfast than Korean style breakfast with steamed rice and soup and side dish. In the prefer types of school meal service, most prefer types of meal service was fully meal service at kindergarten, $79.1\%$ subjects wanted this type. But 'below 30 years old' group's parent answered 'lunch box brings from home' ratio was higher than 'above 30 years old' group. Most parents accepted the present meal cost and $63.8\%$ of subjects was willing to pay more money to improve the quality of SMSP Twenty-six precent parents was responded that no improvement children's eating habit through SMSP. And they answered the key point of SMSP management was 'cooking sanitation'($65.1\%$) and 'nutrition' ($50.0\%$) and they answered the urgent improvement point at SMSP was 'Improvement taste and quality of meal' ($62.6\%$). Kindergarten parents' attitude about catering service as SMSP as not to prefer, but $10.4\%$ of subjects answered that catering service is ideal meal service type in kindergarten and they expected the advantage of catering service was 'convenience of foodservice'($40.7\%$) and 'support foodservice facilities and labor'($32.4\%$) and they also pointed out disadvantage was 'lower in meal freshness'($53.9\%$) and 'sanitation Problem'($51.9\%$).

A Survey of the Management of Elementary School Foodservice - II. Satisfaction of Food Service and Food Preferences of the Elementary School Students in the Kwangju & Chonnam Area - (학교 급식 관리에 대한 실태 조사 - II. 광주ㆍ전남지역 초등학생의 급식만족도와 음식기호도 조사 -)

  • 김경애;김은영;정난희;전은례
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.272-287
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    • 1999
  • Elementary schools students'degree of satisfaction on school food service and food preference were surveyed from 352 sixth-grade students in Kwangju and Chonnam area from June 22 to July 3 to enhance the quality of foodservice. The degree of satisfaction was high with cooked rice and soup in terms of temperature and serving state. There were significant differences in the degree of satisfaction depending upon the types of foodservice (p<0.001). There was significant differences in degree of satisfaction for side dishes depending upon the temperature (p<0.05), kinds (p<0.01) and amount (p<0.001). The degree of satisfaction with Kimchi was generally high in the serving state (p<0.05) and the amounts (p<0.01). The degree of satisfaction with desserts were high in the amount (p<0.001). The amount of leftover was high with soup, side dishes, kimchi, cooked rice, and desserts in order. The improvements made on children's behavior after the implementation of the school foodsevice were the adaptation to balanced diet and spending less money on sweets. The factors of influencing the school foodservice and the children's food intake were the education in school (teachers and dietitians) and the health status of their bodies (p<0.001). Children's favorite foods were sweet and sour pork, pork cutlets, oranges, watermelons, and strawberries in order. The least preferred foods were garlic seasoned with soy sauce, raw vegetables of broad bell-flowers, crown daisy greens, and steamed peppers. Children's favorite food types were fried food, desserts, one course meal, and bread. The least preferred types were pickled food, green and seasoned vegetables, cooked rice, and hard-boiled food in order. Generally, the children in the rural area favored most foods compared with those from urban area.

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Meal Preference on the School Food Service of Middle School Students in Gwangju and Chollanamdo Area (중학생의 학교급식에 대한 음식기호도 - 광주ㆍ전남지역을 중심으로 -)

  • 김경애;김수자;정난희;전은례
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.144-154
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    • 2003
  • A survey on meal preferences from 693 middle school students was conducted with the objective to enhance the quality of the school food service in Gwangju and the Chollanamdo area. Data were collected by questionnaires and analysed with the SAS program. The most preferred rice was cooked rice; the most unusual meal preference was laver rice; and the most-liked bread was sweet red bean jam bun. The noodle of choice was Tchajangmyon, and the most-liked rice cake was reasoned bar rice cake. The highest ranted korean soups were boiled fish paste soup, kimchi stew, and short rib sour. The most preferred fried meal included fried beef with sweet and sour sauce, and favorite side-dishes were seasoning vinegar squid and kimchi. Yogurt and strawberry were the preferred desserts. A gender difference in preferred foods was seen. The males tended to favor rice with blackish bean sauce, dumpling soup, beef bean curd soup, beef soup, short rib soup, beef bone and tripe soup, hot shredded beef soup, chopped roast chicken, pork roast, roast meat, steamed pork short-ribs, fried port, fried ham, sausage, milk, and yogurt. Males were partial to staple foods and side dishes, The, females favored laver rice, seasoned bar rice cake, bean sprouts soup, fried squid ring, seasoned cucumber, seasoned bean sprouts, fried kimchi, fruits salad, corn salad and citrus fruits. Females tended to choose lighter meals. Meal preference according to residential area showed that, students in Gwangju had more preferences than students in the Chollanamdo area. Classified according to grades, third graders had the greatest meal preference.

Changes in Textural Properties of Jeung-Pyon (Korean Traditional Fermented- and Steamed-Rice Bread) during Storage (증편의 저장 중 조직 특성 변화)

  • Chang, Kyu-Seob;Lee, Jeong-Shik;Choi, Seok-Hyun;Park, Young-Duck
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.148-156
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    • 1991
  • This study was carried out to investigate the storage conditions and methods required for commercialization of Jeung-Pyon. The storage characteristics of Jeung-Pyon were examined with Universal Testing Machine (UTM, Instron model 1000) for textural properties during storage of under the conditions such as sealing, nonsealing, and temperatures. The differences in storage characteristics on the different varieties and years of rices were not shown. When the Jeung-Pyon was lost it's quality as a commercial product, the measured value of UTM was increased as hardness 0.74Kg to 1.0Kg, gumminess 0.23Kg to 0.59Kg, chewiness 6Kg.mm to 18Kg.mm, but decreased in adhesiveness 0.65Kg.mm to 0.40Kg.mm, cohesiveness 0.61 to 0.34, springiness 41mm to 32mm. The nonsealed Jeung-Pyon was lost it's quality for storing at room temperature because of the case-hardening after 2 days. In the case of sealed Jeung-Pyon, the case-hardening phenomena by the evaporation of moisture was not occured, therefore it was a significant factor for an extension in sealed Jeung-Pyon. The shelf-life of sealed Jeung-Pyon was 20 days and 5 days respectively during storage at $-20^{\circ}C$ and $20^{\circ}C$. The sealed Jeung-Pyon stored at $5^{\circ}C$ was lost it's quality, in consideration of cold chain this temperature was suitable for retrogradation of starch. The Jeung-Pyon sealed with air and mosture proof packaging material stored at the accelerated condition as 92% R.H. and $35^{\circ}C$ lost it's quality within two or three days.

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