• Title, Summary, Keyword: stow net

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Analysis of the basic items and safety accidents occurring during the fishing operation in coastal improved stow net fishery by the questionnaire survey (설문조사를 통한 연안개량안강망어업의 기본 사항 및 어로 작업 중 발생하는 안전사고 분석)

  • CHANG, Ho-Young;KIM, Min-Son;HWANG, Bo-Kyu;OH, Jong Chul
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.57 no.1
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    • pp.57-68
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    • 2021
  • In order to collect basic data for the improvement of fishing systems in coastal improved stow net fishery, a questionnaire survey and on-site hearing were conducted from May 10 to June 11, 2019 on the basic items of coastal improved stow net fishery and safety accidents that occurred during fishing operation. The questionnaire for the survey on the actual conditions of coastal improved stow net fishery consisted of a survey on basic matters (six questions) and a questionnaire (six questions) on safety accidents occurring during fishing operation. The results of the survey on basic items were analyzed by region (Incheon, Seocheon, Gunsan and Mokpo), by the captain's age (less than 50 years of age, 50 to 60 years and more than 60 years of age), by the captain's career (less than 20 years, 20 to 30 years, 30 to 40 years and more than 40 years) and by the age of fishing vessel (less than 10 years, 10 to 20 years and more than 20 years). According to the survey on basic items of coastal improved stow net fishery such as the captain's age, the captain's career, the age of fishing vessel, the fishing nets in use, the crews on board and the operation days per voyage by region, the average captain's age was 55.7 years, the average captain's career was 20.5 years, the average age of fishing vessels was 9.0 years, the average numbers of nets used by fishing boats was 14.0 sets, the average numbers of crew on board a fishing boat was 4.4 persons and the average numbers of operation days per voyage was 4.9 days (p < 0.05). As a result of the survey on safety factors during fishing operations, such as experience of ship accidents, major causes of ship accidents experienced, causes of ship accidents (first priority), experience of human accidents, major causes of human accidents, and causes of human accidents (first priority), more than 96% of the respondents experienced ship accidents including collisions with other vessels or fishing gear during fishing operations. The most significant cause of the accident was the other's fishing gear installed in the fishing grounds. The first possible causes of ship accidents during fishing operations were found to be other fishing gear installed in fishing grounds, steering or engine failure, and inability to avoid accidents during casting and hauling nets. The survey of the experience of human accidents, such as injuries or sea falls, showed that more than 90% of the respondents experienced human accidents during fishing operations. The most important cause of accidents experienced during fishing operations was stucked in a fishing gear during casting and hauling nets. The first important causes of accidents during fishing operations were movement of the fishing gear during casting and hauling nets, damage of the fishing gear such as rope cutting. The results are expected to be provided as a basic data to prevent safety accidents occurring during fishing operation and improve the fishing system in the coastal improved stow net fishery.

A Study for Designing the Zonal Canvas Type of Stow Net (띠 전개범식 안강망어구의 연구)

  • KIM Dae-An;KO Kwan Soh
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 1985
  • Various types of shearing devices which may be a substitute for the conventional beams in stow nets were considered, and then tentatively named "the zonal canvas type of stow net" having the shearing device made of zonal canvas was devised. A 1/3 model of the net was made and experimented at sea. Converted to the full scale, the measured water resistance R(kg) of the net was given by $R=5.6{\times}10^{3}V^{l.5}$ or $R=3.5\frac{d}{l}{\lambda}_b{\lambda}_l\;V^{1.5}$, where V is the water velocity (m/sec), d the diameter of netting bars, l the length of the bars, ${\lambda}_b$ the stretched circumference of net mouth (m), ${\lambda}_l$ the length of net stretched. The net height kept about $83\%$ of the side rope length regardless of the variation of V and the net breadth kept a value over $90\%$ of the head rope length until V reached 1 m/sec. These results were very successful according to expectation, but the conventional netting was requested a further improvement. Therefore, the netting was newly designed to have smaller size of meshes in the vicinity of net mouth and larger hanging ratio breadthwise. With the netting a full scale net was made and experimented by a stern trawler. The experiment gave a net breadth over $95\%$ of the head rope length until V reached 1m/sec and showed no faults in the net. But the net operation by the stern trawler was ascribed an inconvenience to its narrow breadth of stern slip way.

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A Stock Assessment of Yellow Croaker using Bioeconomic Model: a Case of Single Species and Multiple Fisheries (생물경제모형을 이용한 참조기의 자원평가에 관한 연구 - 단일어종·다수어업 사례를 중심으로)

  • Sim, Seonghyun;Nam, Jongoh
    • Ocean and Polar Research
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.161-177
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    • 2015
  • This study analyzes the stock assessment of yellow croaker caught mainly by the Korean stow net and gill net fisheries focusing on single species and multiple fisheries. This study standardizes fishing efforts for the two fisheries using the general linear model and uses a surplus production model based on the exponential growth model. The Clarke Yoshimoto Pooley model estimates a maximum sustainable yield(MSY), an allowable biological catch(ABC), fishing efforts for MSY($E_{MSY}$) and for ABC($E_{ABC}$). The bio-economic model is used to estimate the maximum economic yield(MEY) and fishing efforts for MEY($E_{MSY}$). Also, the study employs an economic analysis to estimate the economic interaction between stow net and gill net fisheries. The economic analysis shows the profit accruing to the two fisheries from estimated ABC. Finally, the study compares TACs based on single species and single fishery to TAC based on single species and multiple fisheries. The study proposes that the TAC assessment is necessary for single species and multiple fisheries in order to preserve resources.

A Study on the Cost State of the Stow Net Fisheries. (연안안강망어업의 원가실태에 관한 연구)

  • 박정호
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.27-41
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    • 1976
  • The results analyzed of the actual state of the stow net fisheries based on the cost expended in 1975 areas follows; The total cost of this fisheries will be 1, 672, 238 won; the production cost, 1, 588, 060 won (95%) ; the material cost in proportion to total cost (100%)408, 480won (24.4%);the labour cost, 1, 006, 480 won (60.2%) ; the expenses, 173, 100won(10.4%)and the commission and the interest payment, 84, 178won(5%). As above the commission and the interest payment doesn't need to be paid much, but only production cost should be paid in case of small scale inshore fisheries. The cost per unit of caches (per Kg) becomes 12 won, the ratio cost of sales (83.4%), the ratio of profit, 16.%. According to the adove, in case of the powered vessel; it shows a tendency of spending too much expenses owing to excessive payment of oil. And in case of nonpowered vessels, it shows a tendency of spending less expenses but still get much gains, due to the fact that the commission and the interest payment are less, and none is paid for fuel procurement.

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Hazard Factors Assessment for the Fishermen's Safety on the Vessel of Offshore Stow Nets on Anchor using Insurance Proceeds Payment of NFFC (수협 재해 보험급여를 이용한 근해안강망 어선원의 안전 위험 요소 평가)

  • LEE, Yoo-Won;CHO, Young-Bok;KIM, Sung-Ki;KIM, Seok-Jae;PARK, Tae-Geun;RYU, Kyong-Jin;KIM, Wook-Sung
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.1129-1135
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    • 2015
  • The stow net is a stationary gear made from netting, usually in shape like trawl net without wings. The nets are fixed by means of anchors, placed according to the direction and strength of the current. And the commercial fishing is associated with high rate of fatal and non-fatal occupational injury. The hazard factors analysis for the fishermen's safety of offshore stow nets vessel was conducted to serve as a basic data for improving the healthy and safe working environment of fishermen using fishermen's occupational accidents of the national federation of fisheries cooperatives (NFFC) from 2012 to 2014 (n=1,144). As a result, the average occupational accident occurrence rate of this fishery was 206.9‰ in all industries 36.9 times the rate of that. In addition, average death and missing rate was found to have a very serious level management to 50.4‰ in all industries of death of 42.0 times. The accident occurred in 84.5 to 94.6% was happened at sea. The struck by object, slipping, contact with machinery, contact by object or gear and others occurred more frequently in order on the frequency of accident occurrence pattern. However, the occurrence rate of death and missing did not match the frequency of accident pattern. In other words, slipping occurred frequently higher while death and missing risk was not high. And the contact with fishing gear and fall in the waters was low while death and missing risk was high. The results are expected to contribute for identification and assessment of safety hazard occurred in offshore stow nets vessel.

Characteristics of Korean Coastal Fisheries (한국 연안어업의 실태)

  • Yoon, Sang Chul;Jeong, Yeon Kyu;Zhang, Chang Ik;Yang, Jae Hyeong;Choi, Kwang Ho;Lee, Dong Woo
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.47 no.6
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    • pp.1037-1054
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    • 2014
  • In this study, the status of coastal fisheries was examined based on the catch and number of fishing vessels of coastal fisheries in Korea. Comparing the status on coastal fisheries of the East Sea, Yellow Sea and South Sea in Korea, scientific evidence was made for fisheries management on coastal fisheries based on characteristics of each sea area. From 1990 to 2011, the catch of coastal fisheries in Korean waters ranged from 150,000 mt to 230,000 mt, with an average of 190,000 mt, and it accounted for 15% in average of total catch fished in adjacent waters of Korea. In order of catch by coastal fisheries, gillnet (36.7%) was the primary fishery, followed by coastal complex (24.7%), stow net (18.3%), trap (12.9%), lift net (3.9%), purse seine (3.0%) and beam trawl (0.4%) fisheries. In order of catch by species, anchovy (15.0%) had the largest proportion of total catch, followed by common squid (10.3%), akiami paste shrimp (5.2%), blue crab (3.9%) and octopus (3.7%). Of the average catch by sea area from 1990 to 2011, Yellow Sea, South Sea and East Sea were 37.4%, 34.6% and 28.0%, respectively. Since 2000s, however, the average catch of South Sea has accounted for the largest proportion. The number of permitted fishing vessels involved in 8 coastal fisheries was 55,336 vessels in average from 1997 to 2011. The number of vessels was about 47,000 vessels in 1997, and increased to 61,300 vessels until 2000, then has decreased to 44,000 vessels operating in 2011. In order of the number of permitted fishing vessels by fisheries, complex (52.4%) took the first place, followed by gillnet (31.5%), trap (13.4%), stow net (0.8%), beam trawl (0.8%), purse seine (0.6%), lift net (0.4%) and seine net (0.0%). In order of the number of permitted fishing vessels by sea area, South Sea (29,994 vessels) took the first place, followed by Yellow Sea (18,185 vessels) and East Sea (7,158 vessels). In order of the catch per unit effort (CPUE, mt/vessels) which was analyzed using catch and number of vessels in average by fishery, stow net is the highest followed by lift net, trap, purse seine, gill net, beam trawl and complex fisheries. In particular, the CPUE of complex and gill net fisheries, which accounted for the largest number of vessels were 4.0 mt/vessels and 1.6 mt/vessels, respectively. Since those are too low relative to other fisheries, it was judged to need systematical management on both fisheries.