• Title, Summary, Keyword: stow net

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Catches comparison according to the codend mesh size of stow net on anchor in the West Sea of Korea (서해안 안강망의 끝자루 망목크기에 따른 어획 비교)

  • Cho, Sam-Kwang;Park, Chang-Doo;Kim, Hyun-Young;Kim, In-Ok;Cha, Bong-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2010
  • Experimental fishing was carried out to compare fishing status according to the codend mesh size (raschel, 15mm, 25mm, 35mm, 45mm) of stow net on anchor in the coastal waters of Seocheon after manufacturing five kinds of fishing gears and commercial fishing boat (7.93 tons) was used for it. Total catches of raschel, 15mm, 25mm, 35mm, 45mm codend were 816,949g, 203,994g, 1,405g, 51,576g, 194g in September and 40,545g, 66,974g, 14,692g, 12,647g, 12,655g in October. Dominance species were anchovy (Engraulis japonicus) in raschel codend, largehead hairtail (Trichiurus lepturus) in 15mm and 35mm in September, and the amount of catches was very small in 25mm and 45mm codend due to the fishing gear damage. In October, dominance species were anchovy and beka squid (Loligo beka) in raschel, 15mm, 25mm codend, and cuttlefish (Sepia esculenta) and beka squid were mainly caught in 35mm and 45mm codend. In addition, total length of anchovy and cardinal fish (Apogon lineatus) were increased according to the increase of codend mesh size but there was no difference in the mantle length of cuttlefish and loligo beka.

Risk factors of fisher on stow net fishing vessel using analysis of adjudication (재결서 분석을 통한 안강망어선에 승선하는 선원의 위험요인)

  • KIM, Wook-Sung;HYUN, Yun-Ki;LEE, Yoo-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.56 no.2
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    • pp.155-162
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    • 2020
  • The adjudication of Korean Maritime Safety Tribunal (KMST) was analyzed to collect basic data to identify the cause of the risk that did not appear in the current data provided by the fishermen's occupational accidents of the National Federation of Fisheries Cooperative (NFFC) in stow net fishing vessel from 2015 to 2019. The personnel's carelessness was the most common in 29 out of 33 accidents (87.9%), followed by 25 cases (75.8%) of inadequacy of instructions, 24 cases (72.7%) of inadequacy of education on hazard factor, 20 cases (60.6%) of no personal protection equipment, 18 cases (54.5%) of poor guard, 17 cases (51.5%) of inadequacy of work method, 16 cases (48.5%) of absence of emergency stop button, 14 cases (42.4%) of work practice of poor safety precautions that affected more than 40% of all accidents as accident causes. These causes had a strong influence on each other, and the ratio of accident causes is high. With this relationship, accidents can be prevented or the severity of human injury can be reduced if types of accident process can be estimated with a scenario, and the key points before the accident in the scenario are switched to safe points.

Possibility of Fishery in Offshore Wind Farms (해상풍력발전단지 내 어업 가능성에 관한 고찰)

  • Jung, Cho-Young;Hwang, Bo-Kyu;Kim, Sung-Cheol
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.535-541
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the possibility of fishery in offshore wind farms and evaluate the risk linked to the presence of turbines and submarine cables in these areas. With this objective, we studied an offshore wind farm in the Southwest Sea and the current state of vessels in the surrounding National Fishing Port. The risk assessment criteria for 22 fishing gears and methods were set by referring to the fishing boats; thereafter, the risk was assessed by experts. The fishing gears and methods that could be safely operated (i.e., associated with low risk) in the offshore wind farm were: single-line fishing, jigging, and the anchovy lift net. The risk was normal so that it is possible to operate, but the fishing gears and methods that need attention are: the set long line, drifting long line, troll line, squid rip hook, octopus pot, webfoot octopus pot, coastal fish pot, stow net on stake, winged stow net, stationary gill net, and drift gill net. Moreover, the fishing gears and methods difficult to operate in the of shore wind farm (i.e., associated with high risk) were: the dredge, beam trawl, and purse seine. Finally, those associated with very high risk and that should not be allowed in offshore wind farms were: the stow net, anchovy drag net, otter trawl, Danish seine, and bottom pair trawl.

General Situations and Reform Measure of Stow-Net Fishing System (근해 안강망 어선 어로 시스템의 현황과 개선점)

  • 문덕홍
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.352-357
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    • 1998
  • 서 언 저자들은 1995년 12월부터 2개년간에 걸쳐 농림수산부가 지원하는 농수산 첨단 연구 과제로서 “안강망 어로 시스템 자동화에 관한 연구 개발을 수행하였다. 이 해설에서는 상기 연구의 초기 단계에 저자들의 조사한 안강망 어선 어로 시스템의 현황과 개선점에 대하여 기술함으로써 향후 안강망어업 관련 연구의 기초자료를 제공하고자 한다.

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A Study on the Hull-dimension of 89 ton class Stow-net Vessel with Stern-fishing (89톤급 선미식 안강망어선의 선형치수에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Je-Ung;Lee, Hyeon-Sang
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.159-165
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    • 1997
  • This paper presents the optimum dimension of 89 ton class stow-net vessel with stern-fishing. The model of basic design is developed by using the optimization techniques referring to objective function and numerous constraints as follows; speed, fishing quantity, fishing days, catch per unit effort(CPUE), and weight/ratio of main dimensions, etc. Thus, the basic design of stow-net fishing vessel is built up by using the optimization of the design variables called the economic optimization criteria, and the objective function represents the criterion which is cost benefit ratio(CBR). The main conclusions are as follows. 1. S/W for decision of optimum hull size is developed in 89 ton class stow-net fishing vessel which is constructed with optimization of the design variables called the economic optimization criteria. 2. For optimum ship dimensions in 89 ton class stow-net fishing vessel, the hull dimensions can be obtained in the range of L= 27.3m, B = 6.6m, D = 2.80m, Cb = 0.695, T/D = 0.80, $\Delta$(displacement)=281.7ton with 10 knots.

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Fishery Resources off Youngkwang 1. Species Composition of Catch by a Stow Net (서해 영광 연안 수산자원 I. 주목망 어획자원의 종조성)

  • HWANG Sun Do;IM Yang Jae;KIM Yong Cheol;CHA Hyung Kee;CHOI Seung Ho
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.727-738
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    • 1998
  • Seasonal species composition of fishery resources was determined using samples collected by a stow net from April 1995 through January 1996 at 9 stations off Youngkwang. Catch data obtained from a set net using strong tidal current could be used for a quantitative analysis of dominant species. Of the 98 species identified, assemblages were consisted of $52.0\%$ in fishes, $44.6\%$ in shrimps, $2.0\%$ in cephalopods, $1.4\%$ in crabs and <$0.1\%$ in gastropods. Thryssa kammalensis, Crangon hakodatei, Metapenaeus joynezi and Johnius grypotus predominated in abundance, consisting of $68\%$ in the number of individuals, The abundance and species composition fluctuated seasonally, and species could be distinguished by life history pattern with seasons. Seasonal variation in species composition was greater than the spatial variation in a sampling period, As the fine sediment was predominated in the study area, the species composition were significantly different from those of other coastal waters of West Sea, Korea.

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Seasonal variations in species composition by the stow nets and the stow net on boat fisheries in the Han River Estuary, Korea (한강 하구 해역에서 개량안강망 및 해선망으로 어획된 수산생물의 계절별 종 조성)

  • Oh, Taeg Yun;Lee, Jae Bong;Seo, Young Il;Lee, Jong Hee;Choi, Jung Hwa;Kim, Jung Yun;Lee, Dong Woo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.48 no.4
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    • pp.452-468
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    • 2012
  • Marine organisms were collected by the stow nets and the stow net on boat fisheries from April 2010 to November 2011 in the Han River Estuary and categorized as 126 species, 61 families, and 5 taxa. The species were consisted with 34 in Crustacea, 5 in Cephalopoda, 79 in Pisces, unidentified jellyfishes in Cnidaria, and Finless porpoise in Mammals. The major species were composed of fish and crustaceans in the Han River Estuary. The dominant species in Crustacea were Chinese ditch prawn (Palaemon gravieri), blue crab (Portunus trituberculatus), Ridgetail prawn (Exopalaemon carinicauda), and mantis crab (Oratosquilla oratoria), and those in Pisces were Korean anchovy (Coilia nasus), and Japanese grenadier anchovy (Coilia mystus). The length structures of the six dominant species have more than one mode in the Han River Estuary. It reflects that the species inhibit during a part of and/or whole lifetime in the Han River Estuary where they utilize as spawning and/or nursery grounds. Freshwater fishes were collected from station D where is the closest location to the Han River stream, and their appearances were well matched with the large amount of freshwater discharge due to flood periods. Principal components analysis (PCA) was carried out with species compositions and showed temporal and spatial differences by the variations of species.

A study on the cost state of the stow net Fishery (근해안강망어업경영의 원가실태에 관한 연구)

  • 박정호
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.59-89
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    • 1978
  • The analyzed results of the actual state of stow net fishery based on the cost expended are as follows. According to the calculation of interests, the total cost of this fishery comes to ₩38,010,653 and in this account, the production cost comes to ₩35,477,198(93.3%), the material cost, 14,567,239(38.3%), the labour cost, 12,740,274(33.5%), the expenses, ₩8,169,685(21.5%), the commision and administration expenses, 2,533,455(6.7%). The expenses for this fishery are paid out as production costs, and the expenses for sale and administration expenses are the lowest of them, and the 93% of expenses are paid out as production costs. The ratio of cost element to 100% is as follow. The wages, 28.4%, fuel, 15.2%, repair, 11.6%, deprecation, 9.5%, fishing gear, 8.7%, ice, 6.1%, container(box for fish), 5.2% administration expenses, 5.2%, food, 3.5%, ship grar, 3.2%, public welfare, 1.7%, commision for sale, 1.5%, insurance for crew, 0.2%, taxes, 0.2%. This fishery is managed with the larger fishing boat than it was and so, it demands better crews with higher wages. In the former fishery, the search for fishing ground is very difficult with long navigation and great fuel consumption. when the weak fishing gears are used, the expenses for their repair and for their gears are greatly paid out. The unit costs of catches to each box come to ₩2.807(₩187 each kg). As the ratio of cost of sales comes to 86.7%and the ratio of interests comes to ₩5,850,812(13.3%), and so the net profit comes to 13.3% of total profits. According to above the ratio of cost of sales is shown as a universal validity, Asthe total expenses comes to 86.7% to the money on sales in the break-even point, the break-even point comes to ₩26,209,168 Accordingly for the profit control the account of production should be raised, and by the saving method of expenditure the break-even point should be brought down for the development of total profits.

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Species Compositon and Seasonal Variations of Fishes Collected by Winged Stow Nets on Anchors off Namhae Island (남해도 연안해역에서 낭장망에 의해 어획되는 어류의 종조성 및 계절변동)

  • Heo, Seong-Hoe;Gwak, Seok-Nam
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.309-319
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    • 1998
  • Species composition and seasonal variations of fishes collected by winged stow net on anchors in the coastal water off Namhae Island was studied from May 1989 m April 1990. During the study period, a total of 56 fish species were collected. Engraulis japonicus, Conger myriaster, Trichiurus lepturus, Sardinella zunasi, Ammodytes personatus, and Thryssa kammalensis predominated. These six species accounted for 93.9% of the total number and 81.3% of the total biomass of fishes collected. Fishes collected by winged stow nets on anchors were primarily small fish species or early juveniles of large fish species. Both abundance and species composition of fishes changed with season. Seasonal peaks of number of species occurred in spring and fall, while those of number of individuals and biomass occurred in spring. The lowest number of individuals and biomass were observed in winter. Low species diversity indices were observed in summer. These low diversity indices in summer were mainly due to predominance of E. japonicus which accounted for approximately 90% of all fishes collected. More species and greater biomass were collected during nighttime.

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