• Title, Summary, Keyword: stow net

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A Study on the Multi-gear and Multi-species Fisheries Assessment Models in Korean Waters II. Single-species by Multiple Fisheries (한국 근해 복수어구 및 다종어업 자원 평가모델 연구 II. 복수어구에 의한 단일 어종 자원의 이용)

  • SEO Young Il;ZHANG Chang Ik
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.359-364
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    • 2001
  • This paper presents case studies on the multi-species fisheries in Korean waters, Multi-species fisheries were divided into two types, that is, multi-species by a single fishery and single species by multiple fisheries. For the case of single species by multiple fisheries, the small yellow croaker stock caught mainly by the Korean pair trawl fishery and the Korean stow net fishery was selected. This approach uses both standardized fishing efforts for the two fisheries by a general linear model and some data for the economic analysis, and then estimates maximum sustainable yield (MSY), maximum economic yield (MEY) and fishing efforts for MSY and MEY, An analysis of interaction aspects between pair trawl and stow net fisheries was carried out to predict the optimal level of fishing effort from the economic point of view, which gives the largest benefits to the two fisheries.

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Fishery Resources off Youngkwang II. Species Composition of Catch by a Otter Trawl (서해 영광 연안 수산자원 II. Otter Trawl 어획자원의 종조성)

  • HWANG Sun Do;IM Yang Jae;SONG Hong In;CHOI Yong Suk;MOON Hyung Tae
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.739-748
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    • 1998
  • Demersal fishery resources were collected by an otter trawl in May, August and November 1996 at 9 stations off Youngkwang. And they were compared with the data obtained by a stow net, Of 73 species identified, assemblages were consisted of $63.0\%$ in fish, $14\%$ in shrimps, $14\%$ in crabs, $5\%$ in cephalopods and $3\%$ in gastropods. Johnius grypotus, Palaemon gravieri, Crangon hakodatei, Cynoglossus joyneri, Collichthys niveatus predominated in abundance, consisting of $64.4\%$ in the number of individuals. Catch by an otter trawl consisted mainly of demersal fishery resources, while catch by a stow net consisted mainly of pelagic fishery resources.

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Study on the Improvement of Stow Net Fishing Technique and the Enlargement of Fishing Ground to the Distant Waters - 3 . Field Experiment on the Efficiency of Newly Designed Net and the Stern Operation System (안강망어법의 개량과 어장의 원해로의 확대를 위한 연구 - 3 . 시험어구의 전개성능과 선미식 어업방법에 관한 해상시험 -)

  • 이병기
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.75-81
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    • 1989
  • In this paper, the authors describe on the field experiment of the newly designed actual stow net, standing on the result of the model experiment to examine the performance of the conventional net and the newly designed net, presented in two previous reports of this series. Concurrently the additional experiment to find out the possibility of changing of operating system from the side to the stern was carried out. 1. Fundamental shape of the experimented net was 20 times aslarge asthe newly designed model net. Performance of the net was detected by using two ultrasonic echo sounders: one was set downward at the top-most spreader of the shearing device to detect the opening height of the device from the sea bed, and the other sidewise at the starboard top-most spreader to detect the top-most opening width of the devices. Opening height of the newly designed net showed about 3m smaller than the conventional net at slow current of 0.6m/sec and less but it overcome 1m at speedy current of 0.8m/sec and more. Opening width of the newly designed net was 1.4 times as large as that of the conventional net, ant the front projection area of the newly designed net mouth was estimated as 1.3~1.6 times as large as that of the conventional net. 2. The experiment on the stern operating system was tightly limited by the structure of the ship employed in the experiment, which was a stern trawler of 2275 GT. The ship confronted by the wind with main anchor, while the net was put over the stern slipway and the hauling line of shearing device was operated through the top rollers of gallows. The experiment was very suggestive in the view point to mechanize the operating system, and so to decrease the man power except the following question. The of bow-stern line of ship, and that of net is much different.

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Analyses of the submarine cable faults of EAC and Protection Ways (동아시아횡단 해저케이블 고장분석을 통한 보호방안)

  • Yoo, Jae-Duck;Shin, Hyun-Sik
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.227-232
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    • 2010
  • Submarine cable system has been affected by humankind activities like trawl and stow net which has been threatening submarine cable in Korea. This research presents the protection ways of submarine cable through the analyses of cable faults on EAC system for 8 years.

Study on the Improvement of Stow Net Fishing Technigue and the Enlargement of Fishing Groung to the Distant Waters 2 . Model Experiment on the Newly Designed Gear (안강망어법의 개량과 어장의 원해로의 확대를 위한 연구 - 2 . 새로 설계된 어구의 모형실험 -)

  • Lee, Byeong-Gi;Kim, Jin-Geon;Lee, Ju-Hui
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.6-11
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    • 1989
  • Some distinctive defects in the conventional stow net were examined and presented in the previous report of this series. To find out the more effective gear by correcting the defects, the authors carried out another experiment by using a newly designed gear. 1. Special features of the newly designed gear are: (1) stretched width of front end on top, bottom and side panel are decreased 20%, on the other hand, the frank of the panels are increased 10% compared with the conventional gear. Front end of top and bottom panels are bias cutten up to 20% of the length of panels. (2) Length of the head rope and ground rope are shortened 6% by changing of the shape of the top and bottom panels. (3) Lacing lines are attached to four longitudinal seaming lines with suitable hanging ratio. (4) Stretched height of the shearing device were shortened 17%, and the buoyancy on top of the device were increased 20%. (5) Length of the biforked pendants were arranged to be shorter on top-most and bottom-most ones, and loner on middle ones. 2. The observed result can be expressed as (1) Wrinkles in the front end of top panels are removed and fringe line of panels become smooth. (2) Opening height of mouth is observed 3% higher than that of the conventional gear. (3) Opening width is 1.5 to 1.6 times wider than that of the conventional gear. (4) Hydrodynamic resistance is decreased 10%-17%.

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A Study on the Transition Process of Fisheries Industry, Fisheries Institute of West Coast of Korea (Around the Gogunsan Islands and adjacent Area) (우리 나라 서해안(西海岸)의 수산업(水產業) 및 수산교육기관(水產敎育機關)의 변천과정(變遷過程)에 관한 사적(史的) 고찰(考察) (고군산(古群山) 군도(群島)의 인접지역(隣接地域)을 중심(中心)으로))

  • Lee, Kil-Rae
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.24-42
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    • 1999
  • I have studied historical transition process of fisheries industries, fisheries Institute in abreast of developing fisheries industries of west coast of Korea since 1910 year with regard to the Gogunsan Is. The results were summarized as follows. In 1910 year, fishery industry has been carried out shifting fishing gear e.g set-net in shallow waters, small stow net, small seine net adapting to the tophorgrapical feature, shape of coast, oceanic condition, however, the fishing gear and fishing method were undeveloped, so that, Japanese fishermen had been exploited fisheries resources penetrating the fishing ground. Most important species were lot of captured croaker, cod, spanish mackeral, sea abream, herring in coastal sea. nowaday, squid, anchovy, shrimp, crab, pompret were much captured. The species were captured in 18 century were not captured. It is rarely than that period. Fishereis aquatic culture had been not farmed till 1960 year, but sea laver, shrimp, crab, had been breeded 1970 year also, the fresh water fish e.g. eel, cat-fish had been breeded activately. The fisheries processing industry were composed of salt. icing, dry, method. the salted fish industry had been prevailed at Gangyng, Kwangchon, Kunsan, Julpo comparatively. The fisheries institute had been established at Kunsan at first, but institute established in other region had been abolished in a short time. This phenomenon was related with development of fisheries resources. The western coast fisheries industries had been wasted of decreasing of fisheries resources, variation of environment. Accordingly, the study of preserving the marine resources. educated man power who engaged in fisheries field have to accomplish. Sea was dying with reason of loss of mud in west coast factory waste, waste of life the increase of accident of sea polluted, each illegal fishing industry physical and chemical reason etc. in this respect, Kusan maritime college, fisheries developing agency, institute have to take important role for developing fishing industry.

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Distribution and Abundance of Japanese Anchovy Engraulis japonicus and Other Fishes in Asan Bay, Korea, estimated Hydroacoustic Survey (수산음향기법을 이용한 아산만 멸치(Engraulis japonicus)와 기타어군의 분포 및 현존량 추정)

  • Lee, Hyung-Been;Kang, Don-Hyug;Im, Yang-Jae;Lee, Kyoung-Hoon
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.47 no.5
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    • pp.671-681
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    • 2014
  • The distribution and abundance of coastal fish species in Asan Bay, Korea, were estimated from hydroacoustic survey and net catches. Acoustic data were collected with 38 and 200 kHz from July to October of 2012, and converted to the nautical area scattering coefficient (NASC, $m^2/mile^2$) for $0.25n{\cdot}mile$ along ten transects. Japanese anchovy Engraulis japonicus was the dominant specie in the net catches. The virtual echogram technique was used to distinguish E. japonicus from other species based on the differences in the mean volume backscattering strength (${\Delta}MVBS$) at 38 and 200 kHz. Engraulis japonicus and other fishes are mainly distributed in the center channel and outer part of Asan Bay. E. japonicus tends to move from inner to outer Asan Bay in summer and fall. From NASC data, the target strength and length-weight function of E. japonicus and other fishes were used to estimate the E. japonicus stock at 24.1-93.3 tons, and other fish at 40.6-88.4 tons from July to October 2012. The estimated anchovy biomass compared well with the cumulative catch weight from stow net catches. The hydroacoustic method offers an approach to understanding spatial/temporal structure and estimating the biomass of fish aggregations in coastal areas.

Age Studies on the Butter Fish Population from Southwestern Waters of Korea

  • Han, Pyung Chin
    • 한국해양학회지
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.68-74
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    • 1973
  • The present paper concerns the age determination and growth of butter fish, Pampus argenteus from the southwestern waters of Korea by otolith reading. 743 specimens taken by stow-net in the southern part of the Yellow Sea and northeastern part of the East China Sea during the period from October 1972 to September 1973 were examined. Results of the study are summarized as follows: 1. Sex ratio of females to males was found to be 2:1. 2. Ring marks on the otolith were found to be formed twice a year, once during the period of January-May and the other time in September. 3. The Lee's phenomenon was observed on the otolith sample. 4. The relationship between the radius of otolith(R) and fork length(L) was found to be as follows: R=0.3069+0.0133L 5. Calculated fork length at the time of otolith ring formation are found to be as follows:I-ring,71.67mm; II-ring, 125.05mm; III-ring, 168.65mm; IV-ring, 201.74mm; V-ring, 225.80mm; VI-ring, 240.84mm. 6. Maximum fork length calculated according to the diagram of Walford's growth transformation was found to be 281.5mm. 7. Growth curve, when related to the von Bertalanffy's equation, was laid out as $L_{t}=281.5[1-e$^{-0.674(t-0.128)}]$

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On the Influence of the Yellow Sea Bottom Cold Water on the Demersal Fishing Grounds (황해저층냉수가 저어류 어장에 미치는 영향)

  • 조규대
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.25-33
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    • 1982
  • The secular fluctuations of catches and fishing grounds and their relations to the bottom temperature are examined by using data of catches of the Yellow Croaker and the Kang-dal-li by stow net in the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea during recent ten years, 1970-1979. The phase of the secular fluctuations of the catches was delayed about two years to that of during 1974-1975, and thereafter were balanced up to the end of 1976. However, after 1976, such tendency was not distinct because of an increase in fishing efforts. The fishing ground in 1977, in which temperatures were lower than other years, was found in the southern part of the fishing grounds of warmer years, for example, 1972.

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