• Title, Summary, Keyword: sulfamethazine

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Determination of sulfamethazine residues in liver, kidney and muscle according to the time lapsed after oral administration of sulfamethazine sodium to rats (Rat체내 Sulfamethazine 경구투여 후 시간경과에 따른 간장, 신장 및 근육내 잔류함유량 측정)

  • Do, Jae-cheul
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.571-575
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    • 1996
  • Sulfamethazine sodium was orally administrated to Sprague Dawley female rats(body weight: 200~250g) with the sonde caude at the dose of 20mg of sulfamethazine sodium per 100g of body weight for 3 days to investigate the depletion rate of the drug from liver, kidney and muscle of rat. The results obtained were summerized as follows; 1. The mean concentrations of sulfamethazine in liver according to the time lapsed after oral administration of the sulfamethazine sodium were decreased from 1.27ppm at day 1 to 0.28ppm at day 4. 2. Sulfamethazine concentrations in kidney according to the time lapsed after oral administration of the sulfamethazine sodium were decreased from 0.77ppm at day 1 to 0. 12ppm at day 4. 3. The mean concentration of sulfamethazine in skeletal muscle according to the time lapsed after oral administration of the sulfamethazine sodium was at or below 0.09ppm within 4 days after withdrawl of medicated solution.

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Survey on the changes of sulfamethazine residues in serum, liver and muscle according to the time lapsed after oral administration of sulfamethazine sodium to rats using HPLC (Rat에 sulfamethazine sodium 경구투여 후 시간경과에 따른 혈청, 간장 및 근육내 잔류함유량 변화)

  • 도재철;장지택;이영미;조종숙;조민희;박희주;신대길
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.143-152
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    • 2000
  • Sulfamethazine sodium was orally administrated to sprague-dawley strain male rats(body weight, 200-300g) with using sonde at the rate of 20 mg/100g body weight(recommended therapeutic dose) on once a day for 3 days. There were investigated the depletion rate of the sulfamethazine in serum, liver and skeletal muscle of rat at the time 8 hours, 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th day after administration sulfamethazine sodium. 1. The mean concentrations of sulfamethazine in serum according to the time lapsed after oral administration of the sulfamethazine soudijm were showed 215.53$\pm$42.99 ppm at the 8 hours after withdrawal of medicated sulfamethazine. And gradually according to the time lapsed, the concentrations of sulfamethazine residues in serum were significantly (p<.05) decreased 25.87$\pm$5.18 ppm at 1st day, 2.30$\pm$0.61 ppm at 3rd day and 0.11$\pm$0.02 ppm at 6th day after withdrawal of medicated sulfamethazine. 2. The mean concentrations of sulfamethazine in liver were significantly (p<.05) decreased 81.77 $\pm$ 12.88 ppm to 0.11$\pm$0.03 ppm between 8 hours and 6th day according to the time lapsed after oral administration of the sulfamethazine sodium for 3 days. 3. After oral administration of the sulfamethazine sodium, the mean concentrations of sulfamethazine in skeletal muscle were significantly (p<.05) decreased 35.96$\pm$1.39 ppm to 0.009$\pm$0.001 ppm between 8 hours and 6th day after withdrawal of medicated sulfamethazine. At the 4th day, the concentrations of sulfamethazine residues were showed 0.10 $\pm$ 0.04 ppm below 0.1 ppm at the permitted limit concentration of muscle in Korea. 4. After oral administration of the sulfamethazine sodium once a day for 3 days, there were showed the highest concentration in serum (215.53$\pm$42.99 ppm) than in liver(81.77$\pm$12.88 ppm) and skeletal muscle (35.96$\pm$1.39 ppm) at the 8 hours after withdrawal of medicated sulfamethazine. The mean concentration of sulfamethazine residues in serum, liver and skeletal muscle were gradually decreased according to the time lapsed.

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Determination of Sulfamethazine Using High Performance Liquid Chromatography and Several Screening Methods (HPLC 및 신속검출방법을 이용한 우유내 Sulfamethazine의 분석에 관한 연구)

  • 김철현;백승천;문지웅
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.71-77
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    • 1997
  • Sulfonamides, a therapeutically important group of antimicrobial drugs, are widely used to treat and prevent the acute systemic and skin infections in dairy cattle. They also pose an economic hazard through inhibition of growth of dairy starter cultures. This study was carried out to compare four screening methods for detection of sulfamethazine in milk and determine the positive milk sample by HPLC method. Sulfamethazine was used to spike at five levels of sulfamethazine. The Lac-Tek test and CharmII test were also consistent better than TTCII test and Delvo SP test in sulfamethazine detection. Analysis probabilities of obtaining a positive response with TTCII test and Delvo SP test assay at 50 ppb sulfamethazine level in milk samples were only 14%, 42% each. Whereas using the Lac-Tek test and CharmII test would have resulted in 100% identification of the five levels. Determination of sufamethazine using the HPLC method in the spiked milk were 10.64, 19.30, 30.76,38.83 and 50.23 ppb, respectively.

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Application of ELISA for the Detection of Sulfamethazine Residue in Live Cattle

  • Lee, H.J.;Lee, M.H.;Han, In K.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.378-381
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    • 2001
  • Sulfamethazine has been widely used in swine for prevention or treatment of infections. Recently, the safety of the drug to consumers has been questioned because of carcinogenic effects. To prevent unwanted drug residues entering the human food chain, both government authorities and industries have established extensive control measures. The demands for reliable, simple, sensitive, rapid and low-cost methods for residue analysis of foods are increasing nowadays. In this study, we established a rapid prediction test for the detection of cattle with violative tissue residues of sulfamethazine. The recommended therapeutic dose of sulfamethazine (withdrawal time, 15 days) was administered to each of 10 cattle. Blood was sampled before drug administration and during the withdrawal period. The concentration of sulfamethazine in plasma, determined by a semi-quantitative ELISA, was compared to that of an internal standard (10 ppb). The absorbance ratio of internal standard to sample (B/Bs) was employed as an index to determine whether drug residues in cattle tissues were negative or positive. That is, a B/Bs ratio less than 1 was considered residue positive and if larger than 1 was considered negative. All 10 plasma samples from non-treated cattle showed negative to sulfamethazine. Sulfamethazine was detected in plasmas of treated cattle until Day 7 of withdrawal period. The present study showed that the semi-quantitative ELISA could be easily adapted in predicting residues of sulfamethazine in live cattle.

Determination of sulfamethazine in chicken by HPLC (HPLC에 의한 계육의 설파메타진 잔류량 분석)

  • Hah, Dae-sik;Kim, Jong-shu;Kim, Gon-sup
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.55-62
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    • 1994
  • This study was carried out to determine the sulfamethazine residues in liver and kidney of chickens. For this experiment total 80 samples of livers and kidneys were collected at random 4 points(east area 2, west area 2) meat markets in Kyong-nam area 2 and were analysed by HPLC system. The results were as follows : 1. The average concentration of sulfamethazine residues in liver and kidney were 0.056 ppm and 0.035 ppm, respectively, the sulfamethazine residues in chicken tissue was higher in liver than kidney. 2. The sulfamethazine residues of livers were exceed 0.1 ppm in three samples and no samples were exceed than 0.1 ppm in kidney. 3. No sulfamethazine residues in liver and kidney were 14 and 25 samples respectively.

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A Study on Effect of Sulfamethazine and Trimethoprim on T.T.C.(2,3,5-Triphenyl Tetrazolium Chloride) Test in Raw milk (Sulfamethazine 및 Trimethoprim 이 원유의 TTC 검사에 미치는 경향에 관한 연구)

  • 김영수;황래홍
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.101-108
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    • 1992
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effect of sulfamethazine and trimethoprim on TTC test in raw milk. Ten raw milks which does not contain any antibiotics were collected from milk farms and one hundred twenty raw milks which collected from three raw milk receiving stations and those milk samples were mixed up sulfamethazine and trimethoprim for TTC test. The results were as follows ; 1. Positive reactions of TTC test were shown above the concentration of 3, 000ppm for sulfamethazine and 10ppm for trimethoprim. 2. When the TTC test was conducted with trimethoprim and sulfamethazine mixture, a pair of the concentration of trimethoprim and sulfamethazine shown to positive reaction were 0.1-2, 000ppm, 0.5-1, 000ppm, 1.0-250ppm and 2.0-100ppm, respectively. 3. Of 120 raw milk samples tested, 16 samples(13%) were shown quasi-positive reaction when the trimethoprim at the concetration of 2ppm was added in the samples.

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Detection of residual sulfamethazine in serum, urine and muscle of slaughtered pigs (도축돈의 혈청, 뇨 및 근육에서 sulfamethazine 잔류 조사)

  • 추금숙;오언평;최인열;송희종;채효석
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.161-168
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    • 1997
  • This study was undertaken to determined the sulfamethazine residues In urine, serum and muscle of slaughtered pigs(n: 230) by the method of TLC, EEC-4-plate and HPLC. 1. Inhibition diameter characteristics of reference bacterial substance by EEC-4-plate method and antibacterial inhibition zone was appeared sulfonamides in BS pH 7.2 2. Residual sulfamethazine was detceted from 7 serum(3.04%) and 10 urine(4.35%) by TLC test and concentration of residues was higher In urine than serum. 3. Residual sulfamethazine was detected from 9 muscle(3.91%) by EEC-4-plate method. 4. Positive samples by TLC test and EEC-4-plate method were exceed 0.1ppm quantitative analysis from 7 muscle(3.04%).

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pH-Induced Micellization of Biodegradable Block Copolymers Containing Sulfamethazine

  • Shim, Woo-Sun;Lee, Jae-Sung;Lee, Doo-Sung
    • Macromolecular Research
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.344-351
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    • 2005
  • pH-sensitive block copolymers were synthesized by coupling reaction of sulfamethazine and amphiphilic diblock copolymer, and their micellization-demicellization behavior was investigated. Sulfamethazine (SM), a derivative of sulfonamide, was introduced as a pH responsive moiety while methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)poly(D,L-lactide) (MPEG-PDLLA) and methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-poly($D,L-lactide-co-{\varepsilon}-caprolactone$) (MPEG-PCLA) were used as biodegradable amphiphilic diblock copolymers. After the sulfamethazine was carboxylated by the reaction with succinic anhydride, the diblock copolymer was conjugated with sulfamethazine by coupling reaction in the presence of DCC. The critical micelle concentration (CMC) and mean diameter of the micelles were examined at various pH conditions through fluorescence spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering and transmission electron microscopy. For MPEG-PDLLA-SM and MPEG-PCLA-SM solutions, the pH-dependent micellization-demicellization was achieved within a narrow pH band, which was not observed in the MPEG-PDLLA and MPEG-PCLA solutions. The micelle showed a spherical morphology and had a very narrow size distribution. This pH-sensitive block copolymer shows potential as a site-targeted drug carrier.

Study on the changes of sulfamethnzine residues in serum and practical organs of rats orally administrated with sulfamethnzine sodium (Rat에 sulfamethazine sodium 경구투여 후 혈청 및 실질장기내 sulfamethazine의 잔류량 추이에 관한 연구)

  • 도재철;이영미;조민희;신상희;박희주;송희종;정종식
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.321-333
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    • 2000
  • In order to know the depletive changes of sulfamethazine residues in senlm and practical organs of rats orally administered with sulfamethazine sodium(SMS), the concentration of sulfamethazine was measured in serum and tissue(kidney, liver, spleen, testis, and skeletal muscle) of rats with using high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC). SMS was orally administrated to sprague-dawley male rats(body weight, 200~300g) with using sonde at the rate of 20mg/100g body weight(recommended therapeutic dose) on once a day for 3 days. There were investigated the depletive changes of the sulfamethazine in serum, kidney, liver, spleen, testis and skeletal muscle of rat at the time 8 hours, 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th day after administration SMS, respectively. The results obtained were summarized as follows; 1. After oral administration of the SMS, the mean concentrations of sulfamethazine in serum according to the time lapsed were showed 215.53$\pm$42.99ppm at the 8 hours after withdrawal of medicated sulfamethazine. And gradually according to the time lapsed, the concentrations of sulfamethazine residues in serum were significantly (p<.05) decreased 25.87$\pm$5.18ppm at 1st day, 2.30$\pm$0.61ppm at 3rd day and 0.11$\pm$0.02ppm at 6th day respectively. 2. The mean concentrations of sulfamethazine in kidney, liver, spleen, muscle and testis according to the time lapsed after administration SMS were showed 83.82$\pm$12.16, 81.77$\pm$12.88, 36.96$\pm$5.35, 35.96$\pm$TEX>$\pm$1.39 and 27.89$\pm$1.92 ppm at the 8 hours, respectively. And gradually according to the time lapsed, the concentrations of sulfamethazine residues in the each of samples were significantly(p<.05) decreased such as 7.15$\pm$0.26, 5.62$\pm$0.72, 2.43$\pm$0.29, 1.99$\pm$0.14 and 3.11$\pm$0.48 ppm at 1st day, 0.52$\pm$0.04, 1.32$\pm$0.22, 0.13$\pm$0.03, 0.15$\pm$0.06 and 0.26$\pm$0.11ppm at 3rd day, and 0.03$\pm$0.01, 0.11$\pm$0.03, 0.02$\pm$0.01, 0.009$\pm$0.001 and 0.02$\pm$0.01 ppm at 6th day, respectively. 3. After oral administration of the SMS to rats, the residual concentrations of sulfamethazine in skeletal muscle were significantly (p<.05) decreased 35.96$\pm$1.39 to 0.009$\pm$$\pm$0.001 ppm between 8 hours and 6th day, respectively From the 4th day, the residual concentrations of sulfamethazine were showed 0.10$\pm$0.04 ppm below 0.1 ppm at the permitted limit concentration of muscle in Korea. In conclusion, this study could be suggested the relationship between administrated period, doses of sulfonamides and residual aspects of serum and practical organs, and the importance of observing ceasing period of antibiotic drugs before forwarding livestocks to slaughter.

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An experimental study on the comparison of trace amount of sulfonamides detection method in raw milk. (원유중 미량 설파제 검출방법 비교에 대한 실험적 연구)

  • 황원무;이성모;손봉환;이원창
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.79-93
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    • 1997
  • The sulfonamide is one of potentiative antimicrobial agents which is being used widely in veterinary medicine for control of several animal diseases such as mastitis as well as for promotion of growth. However, the misusages of sulfonamides in food producing animals, especially cattle produce several considerable problems in human health caused from residues of this antibiotic in milk product. To determine the most effective analytical methods for residual sulfonamides in raw milk, this study was performed comparatively using by some applicable screening detecting method such as TTC, Charm II test (sulfonamides), and Lactek tests (sulfamethazine kit). The positive result from screening tests was confirmed by HPLC method. Milk samples (540 raw milks) were collected from dairy farms. Results of this study are summariezed as follorrs ; 1. All samples (540 raw milks) showed negative response from TTC test, however, 18 raw milks of those samples responded positively to Charm II test. 2. By Lactek test, residual sulfamethazine was detected from 4 raw milks. Fifteen raw milks of 18 samples which were classified as positive one by Charm II test, showed positive response 3. Retention time of sulfonamides added at the level of 100ppb into sklm milk was ranged from 1.55 minute to 23.3 minute. Recovery rates of sulfonamides were variable from 6.7% upto 94.2% depended on the types of sulfonamlde. 4. Single type of sulfonamides was detected from 10 raw milk samples, 2 types of sulfonamides from 3 samples and 3 types from 2 raw milks by HPLC. 5. Sulfonamides was detected in this study were 5 types : 11 samples for sulfisomidine, 5 samples for sulfamethazine, 3 samples for sulfadlmethoxine, 2 samples for sulfathiazole and 1 sample for sulfadiazine. 6. The highest levels of residual sulfonamides was 210.3 ppb of sulfamethazine but the lowest concentration of residue was 2.2 ppb of sulfamethazine and sulfisomidine, respectively. Number of samples detected positively in this experiment were belows : above 100 ppb for 1 sample (4.5%) (sulfamethazine), 50~100 ppb for 4 samples (18.1%) (each 2 samples for sulfamethazine and sulfisomidine, respectively), 25~50 ppb for 6 samples (27.1%) (2 sulfisomidine, each 1 sample for sulfadiazine, sulfadimethoxine, sulfamethazine and sulfathiazole, respectively), 10~25ppb for 3 samples (13.7%) (3 sulfisomidine), and below 10ppb for 8 samples (36.4%) (4 sulfisomidine, 2 sulfadimethoxine and each 1 for sulfamethazine and sulfathiazole).

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