• Title, Summary, Keyword: super absorbent polymer

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Development of self-sealing waterproof materials using GRT powder (폐타이어 분말을 이용한 자체보수성 방수재 개발)

  • Lee Dong-Min;Choi Joong-So
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.22-33
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    • 2005
  • Four sheet-shaped and one soft-shaped self-sealing waterproof materials were prepared to recycle some GRT(Ground Rubber Tires). Their physical properties were tested to consider characteristics of them. The self-sealing waterproof materials were consisted of GRT/super absorbent polymer(SAP)/binder and mold by a hot press after mixing with a batch-typed internal mixer. The average size of GRT particles was -40 mesh, SAPs were commercial GE-500F and poly(AM-SAS-AA) prepared in this work. Binders were PU. EVA, LDPE, SBR, and poly(2-EHA). And PU film was attached to improve the properties of waterproof materials. Characteristics of self-sealing waterproof materials consisted of by GRT/GE-500F/EV-600/PU film and GRT/GE-500F/SBR(vulcanization)/PU film among the developed self-sealing waterproof materials were similar to the commercial products. And properties of the soft-shaped self-sealing waterproof materials consisted of by GRT/GE-500F/Po1y(2-EHA) and CRT/Poly(AM-SAS-AA)/poly(2-EHA) were improved within from four times to twenty times compared to the one oi the commercial products.

Effects of Super Absorbent Polymer on the Growth of Vine Plants (고흡수성 합성고분자가 덩굴성 식물의 생육에 미치는 영향 분석)

  • Kim, Jeong-Ho;Oh, Deuk-Kyun;Yoon, Yong-Han
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.22 no.7
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    • pp.801-810
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    • 2013
  • To improve the physical and chemical properties of the soil and increasing water-retaining property of the soil, Superabsorbent synthetic polymeric materials have been used. The experiment carried out from April to July 2012 after the influence evaluation of Superabsorbent synthetic polymeric materials to vines plant. The result shows that the study of Hedera japonica Tobler, the growth and the survival rates rank as media > hydroponic > superabsorbent synthetic polymers, and the growth and the survival rates are considerably pessimistic in the experiment of hydroponic and superabsorbent synthetic polymers. In the study of Trachelospermum asiaticum var. intermedium, the growth and the survival rates rank as hydroponic > media > superabsorbent synthetic polymers, the difference between the experiment of hydroponic and is very small and the survival rates are not very good in the experiment of superabsorbent synthetic polymers. In the study of Euonymus fortunei var. radicans Rehder,it is insignificantly difference among the different of planting based. Judging from these results, the differences are depending on the species of plants. The thesis holds that the characteristics of plant should be considered in plant cultivation and soil improvement in the future, and it is desirable to use the appropriate mixing ratio of soil in soil improvement as well.

Subacute Toxicity Study of Poly(sodium acrylic acid-acrylic acid) in Rats (폴리(아크릴산소다-아크릴산)의 랫드에 대한 아급성 독성시험에 관한 연구)

  • 서경원;박기숙;한범석;장동덕;김창옥;김효정
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.105-117
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    • 1993
  • The objective of this investigation was to characterize the subacute toxic potency of orally administered poly(sodium acrylic acid-acrylic acid), super absorbent polymer. Four groups of rats were maintained on diets containing 0, 1.25, 2.5 or 5% of poly(sodium acrylic acid-acrylic acid). The mean dosages of poly(sodium acrylic acid-acrylic acid) were estimated to be 1025 mg/kg/day, 2009 mg/kg/day and 4728 mg/kg/day in the male groups. The estimated average dosages of poly(sodium acrylic acid-acrylic acid) in the female groups were 1011 mg/kg/day, 2088 mg /kg/day and 4576 mg/kg/day, respectively. Few test compound-related toxic effects were observed in body weight gain, clinical signs, hematological parameters and serum biochemical values. Urinalyses, gross necropsy and histopathology revealed no evidence of specific toxicity. Food and water consumption tended to increase in the animals fed the diet of 2.5% and 5%. Our data indicate that no-observed effect level of poly(sodium acrylic acid-acrylic acid) was estimated to be 1.25% in the diet (mean dosage: 1025 mg/kg/day in male rats, 1011 mg/kg/day in female rats).

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Effects of wearing disposable diaper with the endothermic agent on thermal responses of infant (흡열제가 첨가된 일회용 기저귀의 착용이 유아의 온열생리적 반응에 미치는 영향)

  • 성유진;이수원
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.499-509
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    • 1999
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effects of wearing disposable diaper with the endothermic agent on thermoregulatory response of infant. Five healthy female infants aged about 5 months were taken as a subject of this experiment. Experimental diapers were six kinds of disposable diaper constructed of nonwoven tissue, fluff pulp, super absorbent polymer, back sheet film, leg elastic, and 0g urea(A) 1g urea(B) , 2g urea(C), 3g urea (D), 4g urea(E) 5g, urea(F) respectively. Urea(98% or over purity) was used as an endothermic agent. Experiment was proceeded while infants were sleeping at 27.5$\pm$0.5$^{\circ}C$, 50$\pm$5% R.H, 0.04m/sec. Each disposable diaper's properties was tested. During the experiment rectal temperature skin temperature of 9 areas temperature inside the disposable diapers were measured, the results were as follows : 1) There was not significant difference among the diapers in absorption capacity retention capacity and rewet(p=0.05). The absorption under load was showed to A, B,

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Effect of Chinese Cabbage Growth and Change of Nutrient and Soil Water on Application of Super Water Absorbent Polymer (초고흡수성 폴리머(CPAM-AS-hyd) 처리가 토양수분, 배추생육 및 양분 흡수에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Kyeong-Bo;Lee, Deog-Bae;Moon, Sung-Pil;Kim, Moo-Key
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.350-357
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    • 2001
  • This study was performed to evaluate an effect of soil water retention and chinese cabbage growth on application of super water absorbent(CPAM-AS-hyd). In seedling experiments, the CPAM-AS-hyd application rates were 0, 5 and 10kg/10a in bed soil of experimental field. The emergence percentage of chinese cabbage was increased by 9% with application of CPAM-AS-hyd otherwise emergence rates was delayed by 1 day. Water content in soil with CPAM-AS-hyd(10kg/10a) was 27.6%(v/v) at 10days after irrigation and that of control was 20.7%. The CPAM-AS-hyd application caused to alleviate wilting point by 5 days. The content of NO3-N in bed soil was increased with CPAM-AS-hyd application. In the field experiments, as the CPAM-AS-hyd application rates were 5kg/10a and 10kg $10a^{-1}$, the irrigation amounts applied during the growth periods were 1.87 ton, 1.65 ton and 1.53 ton at-0.2bar irrigation frequence and 1.38 ton, 1.25 ton and 1.15 ton at -0.5bar for growth period control, in the CPAM-AS-hyd of 5kg $10a^{-1}$ and CPAM-AS-hyd of 10kg $10a^{-1}$ plot, respectively. The CPAM-AS-hyd application caused to increase yield of chinese cabbage by 9~34% as compared to the control. The contents of $NH_4-N$ and $NO_3-N$ in soil were decreased with the CPAM-AS-hyd application in 10 days after transplanting of chinese cabbage, but the contents of those in soil were increased with the CPAM-AS-hyd application as compared to the control in 20 days after transplanting. The T-N, CaO, MgO and $K_2O$ contents in chinese cabbage increased due to the CPAM-AS-hyd application however $P_2O_5$ content was similar to the control.

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Hardness and Rebound Properties of Sprayed Green Soil Produced with Functional Additives for the Application to Steep Slopes (기능성 첨가재를 적용한 급경사면용 녹생토의 경도 및 리바운드 특성)

  • Lee, Byung-Jae;Kim, Hyo-Jung;Kim, Yun-Yung
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.12
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    • pp.258-264
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    • 2018
  • In this study, the improved performance of sprayed green soil was evaluated by incorporating functional additives. The optimal mixing ratio of the thickener and super-absorbent polymer, as an additive for moisture supply to the growth of plants within the range of mixing ratios that gives sufficient strength of green soil, was 5% and 1%, respectively. Using Portland cement as a main binder, the pH of the green soil was 9.1. To solve this alkali problem, the mixing proportion was improved so that the pH of the green soil was approximately 7.2 by mixing more than 10% of the chelate resin. The soil conductivity was measured to be 280 ~ 350mS/m under all the mixing conditions. This satisfied the criterion of less than 1000mS/m on the slope surface. As a result of measuring the soil hardness of the green soil prepared under the optimal mixing conditions of functional additives, it satisfied the criteria of 18 ~ 23mm when sprayed under a 1 bar pressure. The rebound rate was less than 15% when spraying green soil on a 75 % slope, and the hardness of the sprayed green soil was more than 18 mm.