• Title/Summary/Keyword: symbol

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A Study on the Analysis of the Types of Symbols in Apparel Brand (의류브랜드의 심볼유형분석)

  • 나수임;이민경
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.77-87
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to analize the types of symbol concretely, one of a constituent elements of brand, using in Apparel Brands and to examine the meaning of symbol in the internet site of each brand and to evaluate the symbols in the aesthetic dimension and to suggest a basic data of the branding strategy for marketers. For this purpose, 41 Apparel Brands were selected from fashion magazine and the types of symbol used in the Apparel Brands were classified into three types. According to the formative characters of symbol, there were word symbol, descriptive symbol and abstractive symbol. The results of the study were following: the order was the descriptive symbol, word symbol, and abstractive symbol. The percentages of using symbols were descriptive symbol(61%), word symbol(29%), and abstractive symbol(l0%). The Apparel Brands used the most frequently the descriptive symbol that represents or symbolizes a concrete object to represent the image of brand. The abstractive symbol that use a graphic style or geometrical form to deliver the character of brand was used lowest. From this results, we could find that the descriptive symbol was used to deliver/notify the character or image of company's own brand easy and quickly to consumers in symbolic meaning making use of a concrete object such as a animal, plant, specific object or fictitious person, etc than word or abstractive symbol.

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Gains Achieved by Symbol-by-Symbol Rate Adaptation on Error-Constrained Data Throughput over Fading Channels

  • Lee, Daniel C.;Tsaur, Lih-Feng
    • Journal of Communications and Networks
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.213-218
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    • 2007
  • Methods for symbol-by-symbol channel feedback and adaptation of symbol durations have been recently proposed. In this paper, we quantitatively analyze the gain in error-constrained data throughput due to such an extremely rapid adaptation of symbol durations to fast-time-varying channels. The results show that a symbol-by-symbol adaptation can achieve a throughput gain by orders of magnitude over a frame-by-frame adaptation.

On Effective Symbol Timing in High speed Data Modems (고속 Data Modem에서의 효과적인 Symbol Timing 방식에 관한 연구)

  • 장존세;은종관
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Telematics and Electronics
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.37-42
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    • 1984
  • In this paper, effective methods of symbol timing in a 9600 bps modem are presented. The symbol timing circuit consists of a square-low device followed by a high-Q narrow band-pass filter tuned to a symbol frequency. Also, the advantages of using a digital phase-tooted loop (DPLL) to suppress side tones are described, and statistical properties of timing wave are derived. In addition, the overall performances of the symbol timing circuit are verified by computer simulation.

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Signal Space Representation of Half-Symbol-Rate-Carrier PSK Modulations

  • Yeo, Hyeop-Goo
    • Journal of information and communication convergence engineering
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.304-308
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    • 2009
  • This paper proposes a new concept of a signal constellation of the recently introduced half-symbol-rate-carrier phase-shift keying (HSRC-PSK) modulations for bandwidth-efficient high speed data communications. Since the HSRC-PSK modulations contain different symbol energies representing the same bit sequences due to the loss of orthogonality of their HSRC signals, it is very hard to represent the symbol using the conventional signal constellation. To resolve the problem, two different energies are assigned to represent one symbol for the HSRC offset quadrature phase shift keying (OQPSK) modulation. Similarly, the different energies exist to display the different symbol for HSRC minimum shift keying (MSK) modulation. With the proposed signal space representation, HSRC-PSK symbol can easily be shown with a two-dimensional scatter plot which provides helpful information of evaluating HSRC-PSK signal's quality.

3D symbol mapping for 3D spatial database construction (3차원 공간정보 제작을 위한 3차원 symbol의 자동 mapping에 관한 연구)

  • Park Seung-Yong;Lee Jae-Bin;Yu Ki-Yun;Kim Yong-Il
    • Proceedings of the Korean Association of Geographic Inforamtion Studies Conference
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    • pp.63-72
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    • 2006
  • 정보화 시대에 있어 급변하는 기술발전과 함께 인간의 문화적 욕구가 증대됨에 따라 3차원 공간정보에 대한 수요가 증가하고 있다. 하지만 현재 3차원 공간정보를 구축하는 과정은 일반적으로 수작업 또는 반자동에 의해 이루어지고 있다. 이는 데이터의 구축 및 표현에 많은 시간과 비용이 소요된다는 제약을 가지고 있다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 3차원 symbol 라이브러리를 구축하여 분류된 객체에 부합되는 3차원 symbol을 자동으로 선택하며, 선택된 3차원 symbol을 파라메타를 이용하여 자동으로 mapping 하는 과정을 구축하였다. 이를 통해 3차원 공간데이터의 구축 및 표현에 요구되는 시간과 오류를 최소화할 수 있었다. 또한 LiDAR(Light Detection And Range) 데이터의 3차원 정보를 활용하여 symbol의 자동 mapping을 위한 파라메타들을 산출하였고, symbol의 분류를 위한 기본 데이터로 활용하였다. 구축된 알고리즘의 평가를 위하여 실재 데이터의 3차원 공간데이터베이스를 구축하였다. 구축된 데이터에 대해 symbol선택 및 자동 mapping 과정에 대한 오류 검사를 수행하였고, 더불어 구축된 3차원 데이터의 활용 가능성을 평가하였다. 그 결과 본 연구로부터 구축된 알고리즘들은 3차원 공간정보를 표현함에 있어 신속하고 안정적으로 기여할 수 있을 것으로 판단되었다.

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NERON SYMBOL ON ${\kappa}-HOLOMORPHIC$ TORUS

  • Sim, Kyung-Ah;Woo, Sung-Sik
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.843-854
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    • 2000
  • S. Turner has shown that a Neron symbol can be calculated from the values of K-meromorphic theta functions corresponding to divisors on K-holomorphic torus of strongly diagonal type. Using an isogeny to a K-holomorphic torus of strongly diagonal type, he constructed a Neron symbol on K-holomorphic torus of diagonal type. In this work, we provide a simple formula of the Neron symbol on the Tate curve. And then we construct the Neron symbol on K-holomorphic torus of diagonal or st rongly diagonal type without using isogenies.

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A Study on the Symbols of Ritual Dress in Koran catholic Church (현재 우리나라 가톨릭 사제복에 나타난 상징성 연구)

  • 김희선
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.69-80
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    • 1993
  • This research studied the classification and meanings of symbols on the clothes of he Koran catholic priest. The results are as follows. 1) Symbol of religios spirits and values. - There are many spirits of crist which require to keep and meanings of innocence. 2) Symbol of status - served to symbolize the conscious change from earthy to ordaned man. 3) Symbol of role - differentiate between the role of priest and aid-priest. 4) Symbol of position(or rank) - indicate the position of priests in catholic church. 5) Symbol of situation. 6) Symbol of ritual ceremony - characterized the ritual ceremony.

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Development of symbol generator software (심볼 생성기용 소프트웨어 개발)

  • Park,Deok-Bae;Lee,Jae-Eok
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.31 no.9
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    • pp.94-102
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    • 2003
  • This paper describes the development and implementation for the SYMBOLGEN(SYMBOL GENerator) software. The SYMBOL-GEN software is for improving graphic processing speed and decreasing data communication load in ASC by genera ting and downloading off-line symbol file for HUD and MFD , which are the main display equipments in military aircraft. The SYMBOL-GEN is developed on PC using C++ language and MS Visual Studio 6.0 development tool. It is also designed to be modified and extended easily by introducing object-oriented software development technique.

An Improved Symbol Offset Estimation Technique in OFDM-based Wireless LANs (OFDM 기반 무선 LAN에서의 개선된 심볼옵셋 추정기법)

  • Jeon, Won-Gi;Cho, Yong-Soo
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.27 no.1B
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    • pp.66-78
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    • 2002
  • In this paper, we propose a new symbol offset estimation technique for an orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM)-based wireless LAN. When both inter-symbol interference (ISI) and inter-channel interference (ICI) do not exist in an OFDM symbol, symbol offsets cause circular shifts in the estimated channel impulse response (CIR) by the amount of symbol offset. Also, the power delay profile of a typical multipath wireless channel can be modeled by exponentially decaying function, and most energy of multipath channel is concentrated at the beginning part of the CIR. Based on these properties, the proposed symbol offset estimation technique estimates the CIR, which is circularly shifted by the amount of symbol offset, and then calculates the partial mean power from the estimated impulse response by using a moving window with a finite length. And, symbol offset can be estimated from the index of a moving window having the maximal partial mean power. The proposed technique can reduce noise effect in the process of the CIR estimation, and remove ISI and ICI using repetitive training symbol structure in time-domain for minimum training overhead. The performances of the proposed symbol offset estimation technique in typical indoor channels are demonstrated by computer simulation.

The Impacts of Media Symbol Variety on Performance in Virtual Teams

  • Shim, Sang-Min;Suh, Kil-Soo;Im, Kun-Shin
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.83-97
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the impacts of media symbol variety on group performance in virtual teams. Symbol variety is defined as the number of ways in which information can be communicated and includes Daft and Lengel [1986]'s multiplicity of cues and language variety. According to media richness theory and media synchronicity theory, the use of media with high symbol variety is assumed to facilitate and promote communications among virtual team members. Therefore, it is expected that the media symbol variety is positively associated with group performance in virtual teams. Furthermore, online relationship building is expected to mediate the impacts of symbol variety on the performance. To confirm the suppositions, a controlled lab experiment was conducted with 60 undergraduate students as subjects. In the experimental virtual teams, subjects were allowed to communicate with other members using text-based messenger with emoticons. Subjects in the control virtual teams were allowed to communicate using only text-based messenger. The direct impact of symbol variety on group performance in virtual teams was found insignificant. However, the online relationship was found to completely mediate the positive impact of symbol variety on group performance. The implications and limitations of this study are also discussed for future research.

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