• Title/Summary/Keyword: taste compounds

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Changes in the Free Amino Acids During the Fermentation of Clam, Tapes japonica (바지락젓의 유리(遊離)아미노산(酸))

  • Kim, Haeng-Ja
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.34-40
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    • 1983
  • Clam, Tapes japonica, has been widely used and occupies an important position in the markets. More than thirty kinds of fermented fish and shellfish are presently available in the markets in korea. This study was attempted to establish the basic data for evaluating the taste compounds of the clam. The free amino acids as taste compounds during the fermentation of the clam, Tapes japonica, were analyzed by an amino acid autoanalyzer. Alanine (17.0%), glycine (15.5%), taurine (13.9%) were high in amount in the fresh clam and then glutamic acid, arginine, tyrosine, asparagine, lysine, threonine, serine and leucine were the next in order. Such amino acids as methionine, phenylalanine, histidine and cystine were low in amounts. The total free amino acid nitrogen in the fresh clam was 45.5% of its extract nitrogen. During the fermentation of the clam, the kinds of the free amino acids were the same with the fresh samples although the amounts were changed. It is believed that glutamic acid, aspartic acid, glycine, alanine, lysine, and leucine may play an important role as the taste compounds in the fermented clam.

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The Taste Compounds of Fermented Oyster, Crassostrea gigas ( I ) -Changes of Free Amino Acids during the Fermentation of Oyster- (굴젓의 정미성분(呈味成分) ( I ) -굴젓숙성중(熟成中)의 유리(遊離)아미노산(酸)의 변화(變化)-)

  • Chung, Seung-Yong;Lee, Jong-Mee;Lee, Jong-Ho;Sung, Nak-Ju
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.97-103
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    • 1977
  • Changes of free amino acids as taste compounds during the fermentation of oyster were analyzed by amino acid autoanalyzer. In fresh oyster, taurine, glutamic acid and alanine were abundant amino acids and the amounts of taurine (731mg%, on moisture and salt free base), glutamic acid (365mg%) and alanine (345.4mg% ) were 63.8% of the total free amino acids. Cystine, isoleucine, phenylalanine, leucine and histidine were detected as less abundant free amino acids and the amount of those amino. acids ranged from 5. 5mg% (cystine) to 32.9mg% (histidine). The free amino acids analyzed in this experiment were not changed in composition hut changed in amounts during 124 days of fermentation. Aspartic acid and leucine were continually increased during 124 days of fermentation. Lysine, histidine, threonine, serine, glutamic acid, tyrosine and phenyalanine were increased unlit 68 days of fermentation and than decreased gradually. The increase of arginine, glycine, valine and isoleucine were fluctuated. Taurine were dramatically decreased during the 124 days of fermentation. It is believed that glutamic acid, alanine, lecuine, serine, Iysine and threonine play an important role as taste compounds in fermented oyster because those amino acids were most abundant in fermented oyster.

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Effects of Gamma Irradiation on Taste Compounds in Processing of Low Salted and Fermented Squid (감마선 이용 저염 오징어젓갈 제조시 정미성분의 변화)

  • 변명우;이경행;김재훈;이주운;이은미;김영지
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.1051-1057
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    • 1999
  • The effects of gamma irradiation on taste compounds of low salted and fermented squid were investig ated. Salted and fermented squid products were prepared with salt concentrations of 5%, 10%, and 20% and was fermented at 15oC and 25oC after gamma irradiation with a dosage of 2.5~10 kGy. Amino nitrogen (AN), volatile basic nitrogen(VBN), trimethylamine(TMA), and hypoxanthine(Hx) contents were examined during the fermentation periods. Results showed that gamma irradiation had no effect on the initial con tents of AN, VBN, TMA, and Hx compared with non irradiated salted and fermented squid. During the fermentation periods, these contents rapidly increased in accordance with the decrease in NaCl concen tration and irradiation dose, and the increase in fermentation temperature. Specifically, the taste compounds of salted and fermented squid prepared with a NaCl concentration of 10% and an irradiation dose of 10 kGy maintained the appropriate level for the fermentation period at 15oC.

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Changes in Taste Compounds of Seasoned-Dried Pacific Saury Treated with Liquid Smoke During Storage

  • Park, Sung-Young;Cho, Woo-Jin;Kim, Hun;Kim, So-Jung;Cha, Yong-Jun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Fisheries Technology Conference
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    • pp.139-140
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    • 2001
  • Among dark fleshed fishes, especially, Pacific saury has not well been used for processing because of its properties of we tissue and high lipid contents. As an aspect of utilization of dark fleshed fishes effectively, therefore, application of simple and modified technique such as liquid smoking method to Pacific saury could be beneficial to fishery processing field. The objective of this study is to examine taste compounds of seasoned-dried Pacific saury treated with liquid smoke during storage (omitted)

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The Quality Characteristics of Sauce Made with Shrimp or Crab (새우 및 게로 만든 소스의 품질 특성)

  • 이경임
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.164-169
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate sensory characteristics, and to investigate nutrients and taste compounds in sauce made with shrimp or crab. Shrimp sauce fumed out to have better appearance, color, flavor and texture, and the taste of crab sauce was more excellent. In three kinds of shrimp sauces made with different thickeners, sauces used with rice and roux were evaluated to have a good taste and flavor. The major amino acids were -aminobutyric acid, alanine, ${\alpha}$-aminoadipic acid and citruline in shrimp sauce, and taurine, alanine, ${\alpha}$-aminoadipic acid and citruline in crab sauce. The major fatty acids of both samples were palmitic acid and oleic acid, and also palmitoleic acid and linoleic acid were much detected in shrimp and crab sauce. The content of crude protein was 1.62∼2.44%, and that of crude lipid was 0.92∼1.52% in the two sauces. The major minerals were potassium and sodium in shrimp and crab sauce.

Quality Properties of Seasoned-Dried Pacific Saury Treated with Liquid Smoke during Storage -3. Changes in Fatty Acid and Taste Compounds of Seasoned-Dried Pacific Saury Treated with Liquid Smoke During Storage-

  • Park Sung-Young;Cho Woo-Jin;Kim Hun;Kim So-Jung;Cha Yong-Jun
    • Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.246-251
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    • 2001
  • As a series of studies on improving quality of seasoned-dried Pacific saury, fatty acid compositions and taste compounds of the seasoned-dried saury treated with liquid smoke (T2 product) were examined during storage, comparing with control (C, seasoning only). In the both samples, the major fatty acids were 22:6n-3, 16:0, 22: In-11I, 20: In-11, 18: In-9, 14:0, 20:5 n-3 and 16:1n-7. The contents of saturated fatty acids in C and T2 increased with increasing storage period, while those of polyunsaturated fatty acids decreased. After drying, the contents of 7 non-volatile organic acids contents detected in this study decreased, and the others of non-volatile organic acids, except for malic and citric acids, in both C and T2 decreased with storage period. The contents of nucleotides and their related compounds in both C and T2 decreased with increasing storage period. The content of total free amino acids in raw sample was 556.96 mg/100g and increased up to 895.77 mg/l00 g and 958.40 mg/100g in C and T2, respectively, after drying, and total contents of free amino acids in both C and T2 somewhat decreased after 60 days of storage.

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TASTE COMPOUNDS OF FRESH-WATER FISHES 3. Taste Compounds of Korean Snakehead Meat (담수어의 정미성분에 관한 연구 3. 가물치의 정미성분)

  • YANG Syng-Taek;LEE Eung-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.115-119
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    • 1980
  • Snakehead, Channa argus, is one of the most palatable fresh-water fishes in Korea; however, relatively little is known about the characteristics of taste. The present study was undertaken to analyze the proximate composition as well as the taste compounds of dorsal muscle of Korean snakehead. In the dorsal meat, glycine, taurine, alanine and lysine were abundant. Among these, glycine was the most dominant, occupying $63\%$ of total free amino acid. The amount of IMP was $2.78{\mu}mole/g$ and those of another nucleotides and their related compounds were not so high as compared to that of IMP. About $43\%$ of the total extractive-N was total creatinine-N. But the content of betaine-N was very low, occupying only $0.8\%$ of the total extractive-N and TMA-N and TMAO-N were trace in content. In snakehead, the sum of the nitrogen in these constituents amounted to nearly $80\%$ of total extractive nitrogen.

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The Taste Compounds of Sun Dried Ascidian, Cynthia roretzi (건조(乾燥)멍게의 정미성분(呈味成分))

  • Sung, Nak-Ju;Lee, Jong-Ho;Chung, Seung-Yong
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.13-20
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    • 1978
  • Changes of free amino acids, nucleotides and their related compounds as taste compounds during sun drying of ascidian Cynthia roretzi, were analyzed by amino acid autoanalyzer and high speed liquid chromatography. In fresh ascidian, the results showed that 5'-UMP $(12.1\;{\mu}mole/g)$ was dominant and the content of cytosine, 2', 3'-CMP, 2', 3'-GMP, hypoxanhtine, 5'-AMP,5'-IMP were 5.8, 3.4, 3.1, 2,3, 1.7 and $1.3\;{\mu}mole/g$ ondry base respectively. 5'-IMP, 2', 3'-CMP and 2', 3'-GMP tended to degrade slowly and 5'-AMP, cytosine and 5'-UMP were decreased rapidly while hypoxanthine were increased remarkably during the sun drying. In dried ascidian, the content of hypoxanthine was the highest, 7.2 mole/g on dry base, whereas that of 5'-AMP $(0.5\;{\mu}mole/g)$) and 5'-IMP $(0.9\;{\mu}mole/g)$ were lower. Glutamic acid, alanine and serine were dominant amino acid in the fresh extracts, having 22.4% (611.3mg%, on dry qase), 19.8% (540.5mg%) and 14.8% (402.8mg%) of the total amino acid content respectively. The content of tyrosine, histidine, lysine, methionine, isoleucine and valine were low, and proline, phenylalanine were detected in trace amount. The free amino acid were not changed in composition but the increase of total free amino acid was approximately 116.8mg% during sun drying. In sun dried ascidian, glutamic acid (691.0mg, on dry base), alanine (641.3mg%), serine (469.5mg%), threonine (234.8mg%) and glycine (206.3mg%) were dominant amino acid. It is believed that glutamic acid, serine, alanine, threonine, glycine and hypoxanthine play an important role as taste compounds in sun dried ascidian.

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Studios on the Food from Fresh Water Fish(II)-The Taste Compounds in Meat of Crucian Carp, Skate$\cdot$Fish, Snake Head and Loaches- (담수어(淡水魚)의 식품학적(食品學的) 연구(硏究)(II)-붕어, 메기, 가물치 및 미꾸리의 맛성분(成分)-)

  • Sung, Nak-Ju;Shim, Ki-Hwan
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.80-86
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    • 1981
  • Crucian carp Carassius carassius L., Skate-fish Parasilurus asolus, snake head Ophicephalus argus and loaches Misgrunus anguillicaudatus have been esteemed as the tasty fresh water fish in Korea. However, a little has been studied on their taste compounds. Amino acids, nucleotides and their related compounds as the taste giving substance in the dorsal muscle of crucian carp, skate-fish, snake head and loaches were analyzed. Hypoxanthine (4.6-30.3 ${\mu}mole/g$, on dry base) was dominant among the nucleotide materials in the dorsal muscle of crucian carp, skate-fish, and snake head while IMP (12.8 ${\mu}mole/g$) was detected with the highest amount in loaches meat. IMP was also high in the muscle of skate-fish (13.5 ${\mu}mole/g$) and snake head (5.6 ${\mu}mole/g$). The other nucleotide materials, CMP, UMP, GMP, AMP, and inosine were present less than 2.0 ${\mu}mole/g$ in all the fish meat. The amino acid composition showed that glutamic acid and aspartic acid were the most abundant in the dorsal muscle of crucian carp, skate-fish, snake head and loaches. The analysis of free amino acids showed that histidine, lysine, glycine, and serine were the leading amino acids in the dorsal muscle of crucian carp, alanine, serine, and lysine were of skatefish, glycine, lysine, alanine, and serine were of snake head, while alanine, serine, and glycine were of loaches. Isoleucine and leucine were detected in trace amount in the muscle of skate-fish, snake head, and loaches. It is believed that alanine, Iysine, serine, glycine and histidine along with IMP and hypoxanthine may play an important role as the taste compounds in fresh water fish.

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THE TASTE COMPOUNDS OF BROILED DRIED SEA MUSSELS (배건담치의 정미성분에 관한 연구)

  • RYU Byeong-Ho;LEE Eung-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.65-83
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    • 1978
  • This study was attempted to evaluate the taste of broiled-dried sea mussel which is a traditional dried Sea food in Korea. The contents of such compounds as free amino acids, nucleotides and their related compounds, TMAO, betaine, and nonvolatile organic acids were analysed. From the results of analysis of nucleotides, the contents of AMP and ADP in broiled-dried Mytilus coruscus and Mytilus edulis appeared higher than other nucleotides and tended to increase slightly after cooking, drying, and storage which might be due to both their stability and the addition of degradation of nucleic acids during cooking. In the free amino acid composition of fresh samples abundant amino were taurine, glycine, serine, glutamic acid, alanine, arginine, threonine, tyrosine, lysine and valine in order. Such amino acids as histidine, leucine, methionine and isoleucine were poor and both proline and phenylalanine were merely trace. The free amino acid composition in the extract of Mytilus corucus and Mytilus edulis after broil-drying was not changed. These amino acids, taurine, glycine, feline, glutamic acid, alanine and arginine were abundant in dried samples as well as in the fresh. The total free amino acid was greatly reduced after cooking and drying ranging from $76.3\%$ to $79.7\%$ loss to that of tile fresh. The content of betaine shelved the same tendency as in total free amino acid while TMA slightly increased relating to TMAO decrease during broil-frying. Such nonvolatile organic acids as succinic, lactic, malic and fumaric acid were abundant in both fresh and broiled-dried samples whereas oxalic and pyruvic acid were poor. It is found that the taste compounds of broiled-dried Mytilus coruscus and Mytilus edulis were composed of amino acids as glycine, serine, alanine, glutamic acid, arginine, and betaine, TMAO, ADP, AMP, and organic acids such as succinic acid, lactic acid, malic acid and fumaric acid. No significant differences in the taste compounds between male and female as well as between Mytilus coruscus and Mytilus edulis was not observed.

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