• Title, Summary, Keyword: texture analysis

Search Result 1,669, Processing Time 0.039 seconds

Evolution of Cube Texture in the Nickel-Silver-Stainless steel Multi-layer Sheet

  • Lee, Hee-Gyoun;Jung, Yang-Hong;Hong, Gye-Won
    • Progress in Superconductivity
    • /
    • v.1 no.1
    • /
    • pp.51-55
    • /
    • 1999
  • A Ni/Ag/Stainless steel 310S(SS310S) multi-layer sheet has been fabricated by a combination of vacuum brazing, cold rolling and texture annealing processes. After heat-treating the thin Ni/Ag/SS310S multi-layer sheet at $900^{\circ}C$ for 2h, development of (100)<001>cube texture on Ni surface was revealed by (111) pole figure. Quantitative chemical analysis was made by EPMA for the cross-section of the Ni/Ag/SS310S multi-layer sheet. EPMA results showed that Ag diffusion into the Ni layer, which may suppress the cube texture development, was negligible. A small amount of Cr atoms were detected in the Ni layer. It showed that Ag can be used as a chemical barrier of alloying element atoms in Ni layer for the Ni/Ag/SS310S multi-layer sheet and a strong cube texture was developed for the Ni layer in the Ni/Ag/SS310S multi-layer sheet.

  • PDF

Use of Gellan Gum and Xanthan Gum as Texture Modifiers for Yackwa, a Korean Traditional Fried Cake

  • Kim, Hyun-Jung;Chun, Hyang-Sook;Kim, Hye-Young L.
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
    • /
    • v.9 no.2
    • /
    • pp.107-112
    • /
    • 2004
  • Texture hardening of Yackwa during storage is the major quality deterioration of Yackwa. In this study the effects of gellan gum and xanthan gum on texture hardening of Yackwa during storage were studied. Instrumental hardness and sensory evaluation results showed that addition of 0.05 % and 0.1 % of gellan gum or 0.1 % and 0.5 % of xanthan gum significantly decreased the hardness of Yackwa by 32 ∼ 63 % after 4 weeks of storage. Retardation of texture hardening was obtained even at the 0.05 % level of gellan gum, indicating that gellan gum was a more potent texture modifier for Yackwa than xanthan gum. Correlation analysis between moisture content and hardness of Yackwa showed that there was high correlation between moisture content and hardness of Yackwa after 4 weeks storage ($r^2$=-0.998), regardless of the initial moisture content. These results suggest that retardation of texture hardening during storage is primarily related to moisture retention of Yackwa during storage.

Texture Development in Liquid-Phase-Sintered β -SiC by Seeding with β -SiC Whiskers

  • Kim, Won-Joong;Roh, Myong-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
    • /
    • v.43 no.3
    • /
    • pp.152-155
    • /
    • 2006
  • Silicon carbide ceramics seeded with 10-30 wt% SiC whiskers are fabricated by hot pressing and annealing. A quantitative texture analysis including calculation of the Orientation Distribution Function (ODF) is used for obtaining the degrees of preferred orientation of the fabricated samples. The microstructure and crystallographic texture are discussed with respect to the effect of ${\beta}-SiC$ whisker seeds on the resulting fracture toughness values. The SEM microstructures and the texture data reveal a correlation between texture and fracture toughness anisotropy.

Quality Characteristics of Yackwa Prepared by Different Amounts of Egg White (난백의 첨가수준에 따른 약과의 품질특성)

  • 윤숙자
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
    • /
    • v.18 no.1
    • /
    • pp.81-86
    • /
    • 2002
  • Yackwa was prepared by the addition of different amounts of egg white, and the samples were analyzed by texture profile analysis, Hunter's colorimetry and sensory evaluation during 5 days of storage. Tn texture profile analysis, the hardness, gumminess and chewiness of Yackwa were increased in all the samples during storage and the texture parameters were increased by increasing egg white level. No significant difference was observed in the lightness, redness and yellowness (p〉0.05), but Hunter's color values were slightly increased during storage in all the samples. In sensory evaluation, no significant difference was observed among the samples during storage except the increase of crispiness and overall acceptance by the addition of egg white. The results showed that Yackwa prepared with 10 g of egg white/(100 g of other ingredients ---약과재료 얼마당 10g 첨가인지 명확히 해야 함) had an acceptable sensory quality.

Texture Based Automated Segmentation of Skin Lesions using Echo State Neural Networks

  • Khan, Z. Faizal;Ganapathi, Nalinipriya
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
    • /
    • v.12 no.1
    • /
    • pp.436-442
    • /
    • 2017
  • A novel method of Skin lesion segmentation based on the combination of Texture and Neural Network is proposed in this paper. This paper combines the textures of different pixels in the skin images in order to increase the performance of lesion segmentation. For segmenting skin lesions, a two-step process is done. First, automatic border detection is performed to separate the lesion from the background skin. This begins by identifying the features that represent the lesion border clearly by the process of Texture analysis. In the second step, the obtained features are given as input towards the Recurrent Echo state neural networks in order to obtain the segmented skin lesion region. The proposed algorithm is trained and tested for 862 skin lesion images in order to evaluate the accuracy of segmentation. Overall accuracy of the proposed method is compared with existing algorithms. An average accuracy of 98.8% for segmenting skin lesion images has been obtained.

Automated Prostate Cancer Detection on Multi-parametric MR imaging via Texture Analysis (다중 파라메터 MR 영상에서 텍스처 분석을 통한 자동 전립선암 검출)

  • Kim, YoungGi;Jung, Julip;Hong, Helen;Hwang, Sung Il
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
    • /
    • v.19 no.4
    • /
    • pp.736-746
    • /
    • 2016
  • In this paper, we propose an automatic prostate cancer detection method using position, signal intensity and texture feature based on SVM in multi-parametric MR images. First, to align the prostate on DWI and ADC map to T2wMR, the transformation parameters of DWI are estimated by normalized mutual information-based rigid registration. Then, to normalize the signal intensity range among inter-patient images, histogram stretching is performed. Second, to detect prostate cancer areas in T2wMR, SVM classification with position, signal intensity and texture features was performed on T2wMR, DWI and ADC map. Our feature classification using multi-parametric MR imaging can improve the prostate cancer detection rate on T2wMR.

Developing Sensory Lexicons for Tofu

  • Chung, Jin-A;Lee, Hye-Seong;Chung, Seo-Jin
    • Food Quality and Culture
    • /
    • v.2 no.1
    • /
    • pp.27-31
    • /
    • 2008
  • The objective of this study was to develop sensory lexicons that can be utilized for various types of tofu such as pressed, unpressed, and tofu made from germinated soybeans, using generic descriptive analysis. In the first phase of the experiment, trained descriptive panelists developed and defined the appearance, aroma, flavor, and texture attributes that are commonly present in tofu. Then, the sensory characteristics of seven types of tofu were analyzed using the sensory lexicons established in the initial stage of the experiment. Four appearance, 6 odor/aroma, 6 flavor/taste, 7 texture, and 4 aftertaste attributes were identified, and reference standards were established for most of the terms in order to facilitate the understanding of the attribute definitions. The intensities of the sensory attributes were measured on a 15-point scale. Statistical analyses, including analysis of variance and principal component analysis, were used for the data. The seven tofu samples showed significant differences in the intensities of 22 attributes. The unpressed tofu samples were generally rated as being high in moistness, easy to cut, silky, and easy to swallow. The pressed tofu, on the other hand, was salty, astringent, beany, hard, and rough in texture. The tofu made with germinated soybeans was characterized as having a strong cooked bean flavor, salty and astringent aftertaste, and hard texture. Overall, the attributes of moistness, easy to swallow, and silkiness showed strong positive correlations; hardness and sticks to teeth were also positively correlated to each other.

  • PDF

TEXTURE ANALYSIS, IMAGE FUSION AND KOMPSAT-1

  • Kressler, F.P.;Kim, Y.S.;Steinnocher, K.T.
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.792-797
    • /
    • 2002
  • In the following paper two algorithms, suitable for the analysis of panchromatic data as provided by KOMPSAT-1 will be presented. One is a texture analysis which will be used to create a settlement mask based on the variations of gray values. The other is a fusion algorithm which allows the combination of high resolution panchromatic data with medium resolution multispectral data. The procedure developed for this purpose uses the spatial information present in the high resolution image to spatially enhance the low resolution image, while keeping the distortion of the multispectral information to a minimum. This makes it possible to use the fusion results for standard multispecatral classification routines. The procedures presented here can be automated to large extent, making them suitable for a standard processing routine of satellite data.

  • PDF

Estimation of Tire-Pavement Noise for Concrete Pavement by using Mean Profile Depth (Mean Profile Depth를 이용한 콘크리트 포장의 타이어-노면소음 산정)

  • Hong, Seong Jae;Hyun, Tak Jib;Lee, Seung Woo;Kim, Hyung Bae;Kwon, Oh Sun
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
    • /
    • v.15 no.3
    • /
    • pp.9-16
    • /
    • 2013
  • PURPOSES: There is a need to develop a method to incorporate tire-pavement noise in the pavement management system. Tire-pavement noise highly depends on the characteristics of pavement texture. Therefore, estimation of texture characteristics may give useful information to predict tire-pavement noise. This study aimed to find the relationship between tire-pavement noise and MPD(Mean Profile Depth) for concrete pavement. METHODS: MPD and tire-pavement noise were collected on the number of expressway sections including Central Inland Test Road in Korea. Statistical analysis was performed to find the correlationship between MPD and tire-pavement noise. In addition, multiple regression analysis to find the tire-pavement noise based on MPD and type of concrete pavement texture. RESULTS: Linear relationship between MPD and tire-pavement noise is observed for concrete pavement. Furthermore, a forensic equation to estimate tire-pavement noise based on MPD and texture types of concrete pavement is suggested. CONCLUSIONS: Tire-pavement noise on concrete pavement can be predicted based on the consideration of texture type and MPD estimation.

The Evaluation of Texture Image and Preference according to the Structural Characteristics of Silk Fabric (견직물의 구조적 특성에 따른 질감이미지와 선호도 평가)

  • Kim, Hee-Sook;Na, Mi-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
    • /
    • v.18 no.1
    • /
    • pp.137-143
    • /
    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the evaluation of texture image and preference according to the structural characteristics of silk fabric, and to analyze the effects of texture image and sensibility on the preference. 53 female subjects evaluated fabric image and sensibility of 17 specimens of white silk fabrics sold on the market with semantic differential scale. The data were analyzed through factor analysis, Pearson correlational coefficient and t-test using SPSS win 13.0. For the evaluation, structural characteristics such as fiber contents, weave type, weight and thickness were analyzed. Factor analysis showed that sensibilities were classified into 3 categories; 'surface property', 'weight', 'flexibility'. Fabric images were classified into 2 categories; 'elegance' and 'naturalness'. Statistically significant differences of structural characteristics on the texture image were observed. Weave type affected 'surface property' and fiber contents affected' flexibility'. Weight and weave type affected' elegance', too. The significant factors affecting preference were fabric image of 'elegance' and structural characteristics of 'weave type'. The results of this study showed that the most preferred silk fabric is smooth and soft satin weaved fabric with texture image of 'elegance'.