• Title, Summary, Keyword: trans-resveratrol

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Resveratrol Anglog 3,5,2',4'-Tetramethoxy-trans-stilbene, Potentiates the Inhibotion of Cell Growth and Induces Apoptosis in Human Cancer Cells

  • Nam, Kyung-Ae;Kim, Sang-hee;Heo, Yeon-Hoi;Lee, Sang-Kook
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.441-445
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    • 2001
  • Resveratrol, a trihydroxystilbene found in grapes and several plants, has been shown to be active in inhibiting multistage carcinogenic process. Using resveratrol as the prototype, we synthesized several analogs and evaluated their growth inhibitory effect using cultured human cancer cells. In the present report we show that one of the resveratrol analogs, 3, 5,2',4'-tetramethoxy-trans-stilbene, potentiated the inhibition of cancer cell growth. Prompted by the strong growth Inhibitory activity of the compound ($IC_{50}$; $0.8{\mu}$ g/ml) compared to resveratrol ($IC_{50}$; $18{\mu}$ug/ml) in cultured human colon cancer cells (Col2), we performed an action mechanism study using the compound. The compound induced the accumulation of cellular DNA contents in the sub-CO phase DNA contents of the cell cycle by in a time-dependent manner. The morphological changes were also consistent with an apoptotic process. This result indicated that the compound induced apoptosis of cancer cells, and may be a candidate for use in the development of potential cancer chemotherapeutic or cancer chemopreventive agents.

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Cytotoxic and Antimutagenic Stilbenes from Seeds of Paeonia lactiflora

  • Kim, Hyo-Jin;Chang, Eun-Ju;Bae, Song-Ja;Shim, Sun-Mi;Park, Heui-Dong;Rhee, Chang-Ho;Park, Jun-Hong;Choi, Sang-Won
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.293-299
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    • 2002
  • Cytotoxic and antimutagenic effects of a novel cis-$\varepsilon$-viniferin and five known stilbenes, transresveratrol, trans-$\varepsilon$-viniferin, gnetin H, suffruticosols A and B, isolated from the seeds of Paeonia lactiflora Pall. (Paeoniaceae) were determined against five different cancer cell lines, and mutagenicity of N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) in Salmonella typhimurium TA100, respectively. Six stilbenes showed cytotoxic activity in a dose-dependent manner, and especially did potent cytotoxic activity against C6 (mouse glioma) cancer cell with $IC_{50}$ values ranging from 8.2 to $20.5{\;}{\mu\textrm{g}}/ml$. trans-Resveratrol showed significant cytotoxic activity against HepG2 (liver hepatoma) and HT-29 (colon) human cancer cell lines with $IC_{50}$ values of 11.8 and 25.2 g/ml, respectively. In contrast, trans-$\varepsilon$-viniferin and cis--viniferin, and gnetin H exhibited marked cytotoxic activity against Hela (cervicse) and MCF-7 (breast) human cancer cell lines with $IC_{50}$ values of 20.4, 21.5, and $12.9{\;}{\mu\textrm{g}}/ml$, respectively. However, suffruticosol A and B had less cytotoxic effect against all cancer cells except C6. Meanwhile, six stilbenes exerted antimutagenic activity in a dose-dependent fashion. Of them, trans-resveratrol exhibited the strongest antimutagenic effect against MNNG with $IC_{50}$ value of $27.0{\;}{\mu\textrm{g}}/plate$, while other five resveratrol oligomers also did moderate antimutagenic activity with $IC_{50}$ values ranging from 31.7 to $35.2{\;}{\mu\textrm{g}}/plate$.

Lipoxygenase Inhibitors from Paeonia lactiflora Seeds

  • Kim, Hyo-Jin;Chung, Shin-Kyo;Park, Sang-Won
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.163-166
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    • 1999
  • Previously, the methanolic extract of Paeonia lactiflora seeds was shown to have strong ingibitory activity against soybean liposygenase (SLO). Four phenolic compounds were isolated from the seeds by solvent fractionation Sephadex LJ-20 column chromatography and preparative HPLC, and three of them showed strong SLO inhibitio and were characterized as trans-resveratrol, $\varepsilon$-viniferin and luteolin by UV, IR, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR and MS spectrometry. trans-Resveratrol (IC50=1.02$\mu$M), $\varepsilon$-viniferin (IC50=0.81$\mu$M) and luteolin (IC50=10.01$\mu$M), first found in the above seeds, exhibited a potent SLO inhibitory activity although their activity was lower than that of a well-known lipoxygenase inhibitor, nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) (IC50=0.57$\mu$M). These results suggest that Paenia lactiflora seeds, now an unused plant seed, may be developed into useful sources of anti-inflammatory drugs.

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Cytotoxic Anthraquinones and Stilbenes from Reynoutria sachalinensis (Fr. Schm.) Nakai

  • Jin, Wenyi;Na, Min-Kyun;Song, Gyu-Yong;Lee, Young-Mi;Bae, Ki-Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.80-84
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    • 2005
  • Five known anthraquinones, physcion (1), I-O-methylemodin (2), emodin (3), $physcion-8-O-{\beta},-D-glucopyranoside$ (5), $emodin-8-O-{\beta},-D-glucopyranoside$ (6) and two known stilbenes, trans-resveratrol (4), $trans-resveratrol-3-O-{\beta},-D-glucopyranoside$ (7) were isolated from MeOH extract of Reynoutria sachalinensis (Polygonaceae). All structures were unambiguously established by 1D and 2D NMR and MS data and the compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxicity against L1210, HL-60, BI6F10 tumor cell lines in MTT assay. Among the compounds, trans-resveratrol (4) exhibited significant cytotoxic activity with $IC_{50}$ values of 9.2, 6.7 and $9.8\;{\mu}g/ml$, against the test cell lines respectively, but compounds 1-3 exhibited the moderate cytotoxic activity.

Inhibition of Nitric Oxide Production by Stilbenes from Polygonum cuspidatum (호장으로부터 분리한 스틸벤류의 Nitric Oxide 저해활성)

  • Joo, Si Mong;Hong, Yun Jung;Yang, Ki Sook
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.58 no.1
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    • pp.12-15
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    • 2014
  • Polygonum cuspidatum which is widely distributed in Korea has been used as treatments of dermatitis, gonorrhea, favus athlete's foot, hyperlipidemia and inflammation in traditional medicine. We examined anti-oxidant and antiinflammatory activity by measuring DPPH radical scavenging activity and the inhibition of IFN-${\gamma}$ and LPS-induced NO production in RAW 264.7 murine macrophage cells. We isolated and characterized resveratrol (1), trans-resveratrol 3-O-${\beta}$-Dglucopyranoside (2). Compounds 1 and 2 showed potent activities compared with L-NMMA ($N^G$-monomethyl-L-arginine). These results suggested that the stilbene compounds isolated from Polygonum cuspidatum might be used as antiinflammatory agents.

Fungicidal Effect of Resveratrol on Human Infectious Fungi

  • Jung, Hyun-Jun;Hwang, In-Ah;Sung, Woo-Sang;Kang, Hyun-Gu;Kang, Beom-Sik;Seu, Young-Bae;Lee, Dong-Gun
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.557-560
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    • 2005
  • Resveratrol, a phenolic antioxidant found in grapes, has been known to mediate various biological activities on the human body. In the present study, we tested the antifungal a ctivity of resveratrol against human pathogenic fungi before carrying out further studies to elucidate the antifungal mechanism(s) of resveratrol. Resveratrol displayed potent antifungal activity against human pathogenic fungi at concentration levels of 10-20 ${\mu}g$/mL. Furthermore, time-kill curve exhibited fungicidal effect of resveratrol on C. albicans, but the compound had no hemolytic activity against human erythrocytes. The destruction of C. albicans cells by resveratrol was confirmed by scanning electron microscopy. These results suggest that resveratrol could be employed as a therapeutic agent to treat fungal infections of humans.

The Identification of Stilbene Compounds and the Change of Their Contents in UV-irradiated Grapevine Leaves (자외선 조사 포도 잎에서 Stilbene 화합물의 동정과 함량의 변화)

  • Choi, Seong-Jin
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.374-381
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    • 2011
  • Stilbenes are polyphenolic natural products, which have antioxidative and antifungal activities. In some plants, including grapevine, the stilbene compounds, as resveratrol derivatives, exist in very diverse forms. Experiments to identify the individual stilbene compounds were carried out first to quantify them in UV-irradiated grapevine leaves. For this, stilbene glycosides were extracted from grapevine leaves which irradiated intensively with UV light. The glycoside samples were hydrolyzed by ${\beta}$-glucosidase, before analyzed by HPLC-mass spectrometer at each m/z corresponding to the mass of specific stilbenes. As results, in chromatograms, the enzymatic hydrolysis resulted in decrease and increase of the peaks expected for glycosides and aglycones, respectively. The samples were also exposed to sunlight in order to photo-isomerize the stilbene compounds. The light exposure resulted in disappearance and appearance of peaks expected for trans- and cis-isomers of stilbenes, respectively. Such a change of the peaks in chromatograms provided information needed for the inference to peak components. In this way, it was possible to identify 16 kinds of stilbene compounds from grapevine leaves. The identified stilbenes were quantified from grapevine leaves irradiated mildly by UV light. The UV-irradiation increased markedly in the content of stilbene compounds, especially trans-resveratrol by several hundredfold. In addition, piceatannol, which is a mere minor component of stilbenes in control leaves and a more active radical scavenger than resveratrol, was also increased by several tenfold by the treatment. The increase in stilbene contents as influenced by UV irradiation seems to be one of the stress coping responses of grapevine as a hormesis phenomenon.

Synthesis and Evaluation of Cytotoxicity of Stilbene Analogues

  • Lee, Sang-Kook;Nam, Kyung-Ae;Hoe, Yeon-Hoi;Min, Hye-Young;Kim, Eun-Young;Ko, Hyojin;Song, Soyoung;Lee, Taeho;Kim, Sanghee
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.253-257
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    • 2003
  • Resveratrol analogs were newly synthesized and evaluated for cytotoxicity in cultured human lung and colon cancer cells. 3,5,4-Trimethoxy-trans-stilbene and 3,5,2',4'-tetramethoxy-trans-stilbene were found to be more potent rather than resveratrol. 3,4,5-Trimethoxy-4'-bromo-cis-stilbene was the most active among the test compounds.