• Title, Summary, Keyword: trans-resveratrol

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STUDY OF RESVERATROL AND ITS DERIVATIVES ON THE REGULATION OF GENE EXPRESSION IN MCF-7 CELLS TRANSFECTED WITH EITHER pERE-LUC OR pCYP1A1-LUC

  • Joung, Ki-Eun;Kim, Yeo-Woon;Sheen, Yhun-Yhong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Toxicology Conference
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    • pp.161-161
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    • 2001
  • Resveratrol (trans-3, 4', 5-trihydroxystilbene), which is a polyphenolic compound found in a variety of plants such as grapes and wine, has been reported to have a variety of anti-inflammatory, anti-platelet, and anti-carcinogenic effects. Recently resveratrol was reported to serve as an estrogen agonist in MCF-7 cells Based on its structural similarity to diethylstilbestrol, a synthetic estrogen, we examined whether resveratrol and its derivatives might be estrogenic using stable MCF-7-ERE cells. (omitted)

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Anti-obesity effect of resveratrol-amplified grape skin extracts on 3T3-L1 adipocytes differentiation

  • Zhang, Xian-Hua;Huang, Bo;Choi, Soo-Kyong;Seo, Jung-Sook
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.286-293
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    • 2012
  • Resveratrol (3,4,5-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene), a phytoalexin found in grape skin, grape products, and peanuts as well as red wine, has been reported to have various biological and pharmacological properties. The purpose of this study was to investigate the anti-obesity effect of resveratrol-amplified grape skin extracts on adipocytes. The anti-obesity effects of grape skin extracts were investigated by measuring proliferation and differentiation in 3T3-L1 cells. The effect of grape skin ethanol extracts on cell proliferation was detected by the MTS assay. The morphological changes and degree of adipogenesis of preadipocyte 3T3-L1 cells were measured by Oil Red-O staining assay. Treatment with extracts of resveratrol-amplified grape skin decreased lipid accumulation and glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase activity without affecting 3T3-L1 cell viability. Grape skin extract treatment resulted in significantly attenuated expression of key adipogenic transcription factors, including peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor, CCAAT/enhancer-binding proteins, and their target genes (FAS, aP2, SCD-1, and LPL). These results indicate that resveratrol-amplified grape skin extracts may be useful for preventing obesity by regulating lipid metabolism.

Antilipoperoxidant Activity of Antraquinone and Stilbene from Polygonum cuspidatum (호장으로부터 분리한 안트라퀴논 및 스틸벤 화합물의 지질과산화 저해활성)

  • Joo, Si-Mong;Lee, Min-Won;Yang, Ki-Sook
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.51 no.2
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    • pp.140-144
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    • 2007
  • Polygonum cuspidatum has been used as treatments of dermatitis, gonorrhea, inflammation, and hyperlipidaemia in traditional medicine. We examined liver protective effect on CCl$_4$ inducing hepatotoxicity and anti-oxidative activity by TBA method. Phytochemical examination of Polygonum cuspidatum led to the isolation and characterization of emodin 8-O-${\beta}$-D-glucopyranoside (compound 1), and trans-resveratrol 3-O-${\beta}$-D-glucopyranoside (compound 2). Compounds 1 and 2 enhanced the inhibition of anti-lipid peroxidative effects in liver homogenate. In chemical parameters obtained from serum analysis, compounds 1 and 2 also revealed significant decrease in hepatotoxicity. These results suggested that the antraquinone and stilbene which were isolated from Polygonum cuspidatum might be used as therapeutic agent of hepatitis.

Determination of Major Phenolic Compounds of Grape Juice and Wine of Different Geographic Origins (국내외 포도즙 및 포도주의 주요 페놀계 화합물 함량 비교분석)

  • Chang, Seog-Won;Song, Jeong-Hee;Shin, Nam-Sub;Lee, Ki-Yeol;Rho, Yong-Taek
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.747-753
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    • 2009
  • Trans-resveratrol, quercetin, and epicatechin are natural polyphenolic substances with a wide range of biological activities, including anti-oxidant and anti-cancer properties. The compositions and levels of these chemicals were determined in grape (Vitis vinifera) juice and wine of different geographic origins. Significant differences in Hunter color values, pH, total acidity, and ethanol and free sugar contents, were found depending on both the nature and country of processing. Overall, trans-resveratrol and quercetin levels in wines were higher than in juices, indicating that wine is a rich source of these chemicals. Significant differences in the content and composition of epicatechin were found to depend on processing procedures, country of origin, and cultivar. This information may be useful to grape breeders and manufacturers of wine or juice.

In vitro activities of Grape Pruning Stems for Application of Cosmetic Ingredients (포도 전정가지의 화장품 소재로서의 응용)

  • Yang, Jae Hwang;Baek, Sung Hwan;Park, Dong Woo;Jun, Dong Ha;Kim, Geuk-Jun;Jang, Min Jung
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.648-654
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    • 2014
  • Grape pruning stems constitute a scarcely investigated class of byproducts with limited reports on their bioactive polyphenol content and/or industrial applications. Herein we present the outcome of our investigation on grape pruning stems extracts, concerning the assessment of their total polyphenolic content and the detailed evaluation of their antioxidant properties. Results obtained indicate that grape pruning stems are particularly rich in flavonoids and trans-resveratrol. The antioxidant activities was analyzed and expressed as electron donating ability, ABTS cation radical decolorization, hydrogen peroxide scavenging activity and superoxide anion radical scavenging activity, the antioxidant activity of Vitis labrusca L. pruning stems extracted (GPSE) was higher than that of BHA and L-ascrobic acid. The whitening and anti-wrinkle activities display an capability. Results herein grape pruning stems used as a valuable resource for the extraction of resveratrol, which would be added to functional cosmetics and food materials.

Composition of Resveratrol and Other Bioactive Compounds, and Antioxidant Activities in Different Mulberry Cultivars (품종을 달리한 오디 추출물의 Resveratrol 및 기능성 성분과 항산화 활성)

  • Choi, Il-Sook;Moon, Yong-Sun;Kwak, Eun-Jung
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.301-307
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    • 2012
  • To develop high value added healthy functional resource from Korean mulberry, the bioactive compounds and antioxidant activities of three different mulberry cultivars were investigated and compared with blueberry and strawberry. Total phenolics, total flavonoids, and trans-resveratrol of 'Daesungppong' were the highest than the 'Suwonppong', whereas those of the strawberries were the lowest. In case of total anthocyanins, 'Daesungppong' was also the highest and followed by blueberry. The antioxidant activities of 'Daesungppong' using DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl), ABTS (2,2'-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid), and FRAP (Ferric reducing antioxidant power) assays were the highest followed by 'Suwonppong'. Meanwhile, there were no significant differences in the antioxidant activities between 'Cheongilppong' and blueberry, and the activities of strawberry were the lowest. Furthermore, there was a strong correlation (r = 0.764-0.897) between DPPH, ABTS, and FRAP assays with the bioactive compounds such as total phenolics, total flavonoids, and total anthocyanins. Therefore, Korean mulberry, especially 'Daesungppong' demonstrated interesting biological properties that suggest its use as a potential source and high value added of natural antioxidant compounds and antioxidant activity.

Syntheses of Resveratrol and its Hydroxylated Derivatives as Radical Scavenger and Tyrosinase Inhibitor

  • Lee, Hyun-Suck;Lee, Byung-Won;Kim, Mi-Ran;Jun, Jong-Gab
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.971-975
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    • 2010
  • Eight hydroxylated stilbene derivatives including resveratrol, desoxyrhapontigenin and piceatannol as potential radical scavenger and tyrosinase inhibitor are synthesized using optimized Wittig-Horner reaction for excellent trans-selectivity in good yields. Antioxidant activity was tested against ABTS radical and tyrosinase inhibitory activity was performed with L-tyrosine as the substrate based on previous procedure with some modification. In general, catecholic stilbenes showed stronger activity against ABTS radical and resorcinolic moiety showed stronger tyrosinase inhibitory activity. Synthetic piceatannol which containing both catecholic and resorcinolic moieties showed the strongest activity in both as ABTS radical scavenger and tyrosinase inhibitor with $IC_{50}$ values of 4.1 and $8.6\;{\mu}M$, respectively.

Effects of Peonia Seed Extracts and Resveratrol on Lipid Metabolism in Rats Fed High Cholesterol Diets (작약(Paeonia lactiflora Pall.)씨 추출물과 Resveratrol이 흰쥐 체내 지질 상태에 미치는 영향)

  • 서상희;이향림;이순재;최상원;조성희
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.32 no.7
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    • pp.1102-1107
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    • 2003
  • To study the effects of substances in paeonia seeds (Paeonia lactiflora Pall.) on lipid metabolism, crude methanol extract and secondary ether-soluble fraction out of defatted methanol extract and trans-resveratrol were prepared from the seeds and added to 0.5% (w/w) cholesterol diets for rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 120$\pm$11 g were divided into six experimental groups: control group with no extra supplement, 0.1% (MP1) and 0.2% methanol extract (MP2) supplemented groups, 0.05% (EP1) and 0.1% ether-soluble fraction (EP2) supplemented groups and 0.02% resveratrol supplemented group. Experimental diets were fed ad libitum to the rats for 3 weeks. Body weight gains and food efficiencies were not different among the six experimental groups. Relative liver weights were lower in EP2 group compared to those in control group, but serum GOT and GPT levels of paeonia seed groups including trans-resveratrol group were not different from those of the control group. Serum total cholesterol levels reduced in EP2 and resveratrol groups but HDL-/total cholesterol ratios significantly increased in the four paeonia groups except EP1 group compared with the control group and serum triglyceride level lowered only in EP2 group than that of the control. However, liver cholesterol levels lowered in the five paeonia groups but triglyceride level lowered in MP2, EP1, EP2 groups than that of the control group. Fecal cholesterol excretion significantly increased in MP2, EP1, and EP2 groups than that of the control group, but bile acid excretions were not changed except that a reduction in EP2 group. These results suggest that paeonia seeds contain substances improving serum lipid status mostly via HDL pathway and resveratrol as monomer is one of the effective components but others including resveratrol oligmer are involved in the lipid improving effect.

Effect of Resveratrol on the Induction of Cdk Inhibitor p21 and Pro-apoptotic Bax Expression by amyloid-β in Astroglioma C6 Cells (신경교 세포에서 resveratrol이 amyloid-β에 의해 유도되는 Cdk inhibitor p21 및 Bax 발현의 감소 효과)

  • Kim Young Ae;Lim Sun-Young;Ko Woo Shin;Choi Byung Tae;Lee Yong Tae;Rhee Sook-Hee;Park Kun-Young;Lee Won-Ho;Choi Yung Hyun
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.169-175
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    • 2005
  • Resveratrol (3,4',5-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene), a phytoalexin found in grape skins, peanuts, and red wine, has been reported to have a wide range of biological and pharmacological properties. $Amyloid-\beta$ deposition and senile plaque-associated astrocytes are common neuropathological features of Alzheimer's disease. In this study, we have explored the effects of resveratrol on $amyloid-\beta-peptide-mediated$ cytotoxicity in vitro and modulation of cell growth-regulatory gene products in astroglioma C6 cells to elucidate its possible mechanism for anti-cytotoxicity. Exposure of C6 cells to $Amyloid-\beta$ resulted in dose-dependent growth inhibition and morphological changes of C6 cells, which were recovered by pre-treatment with resveratrol. The anti-proliferative effect of $amyloid-\beta$ was associated with the induction of tumor suppressor p53 and cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) inhibitor p21 (WAF1/CIP1) expression assessed by RT-PCR and Western blot analysis in time-dependent manner in C6 cells. In addition, the pro-apoptotic Bax expression was also up-regulated in $amyloid-\beta-treated$ C6 cells without alteration of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 and $Bcl-X_L$ expression. However, pre-treatment of resveratrol significantly inhibited $amyloid-\beta-induced$ p53, p21 and Bax levels, suggesting that the modulation of p53, p21 and Bax levels could be one of the possible pathways by which resveratrol functions as anti-cytotoxic agent. Our results demonstrate that resveratrol may enhance the protection against $amyloid-\beta-induced$ cytotoxicity by promoting the survival of glial cells.

Phenolic compounds of must and wine supplemented with Muscat Bailey A grape fruit stem (송이줄기 첨가에 따른 Muscat Bailey A 포도의 발효 중 발효액 및 포도주의 생리활성 물질 함량)

  • Jeong, Se-Hyun;Chang, Eun-Ha;Hur, Youn-Young;Jeong, Sung-Min;Nam, Jong-Chul;Koh, Sang-Wook;Choi, In-Myung
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.91-99
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    • 2015
  • This study investigated the phenolic compounds of must and wine supplemented with different concentrations (0% (no added stems), 1%, 2%, 3%, and 5%) of fruit stems during winemaking using Muscat Bailey A (MBA) grapes. The red color, and total anthocyanin, total polyphenol, and tannin contents of the must and wine significantly (p<0.05) increased with increasing added amounts of grape fruit stems, while the volatile acid content decreased with increasing added amounts of grape fruit stems. Catechin (8.16~23.08 mg/L), gallic acid (2.32~3.28 mg/L), trans-resveratrol (1.38~3.27 mg/L), and ferulic acid (1.51~1.59 mg/L) were detected in the must and wine via HPLC. The bioactive substance contents increased with increasing added amounts of grape fruit stems, except for ferulic acid. The DPPH $IC_{50}$ activity was higher in the wine (12 mg/L) with 5% grape fruit stems than in ascorbic acid (67 mg/L). These results suggest that the fruit stems of MBA grapes can be used as functional materials for winemaking.