• Title, Summary, Keyword: trans-resveratrol

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Isolation and Identification of Antioxidant Polyphenolic Compounds in Mulberry (Morus alba L.) Seeds (오디씨로부터 항산화성 폴리페놀화합물의 분리 및 동정)

  • Lee, Yu-Jin;Kim, Eun-Ok;Choi, Sang-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.517-524
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    • 2011
  • Eleven polyphenolic compounds, including procatechuic and chlorogenic acids, (+)-dihydroquercetin, rutin, isoquercitrin, quercitrin, (+)-dihydrokaempferol, trans-resveratrol, moracin, quercetin and 4-prenylmoracin were isolated and purified from the methanolic extract of defatted mulberry seed residue by a series of column chromatography including silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and ODS-A, and their chemical structures were identified by spectral analysis. The antioxidant activities of the eleven isolated polyphenolic compounds were measured spectrophotometrically using DPPH radical. Among the eleven polyphenolic compounds tested, rutin ($IC_{50}=20.2\;{\mu}M$), isoquercitrin ($IC_{50}=22.5\;{\mu}M$), quercitrin ($IC_{50}=24.6\;{\mu}M$), quercetin ($IC_{50}=27.8\;{\mu}M$), (+)-dihydroquercetin ($IC_{50}=28.9\;{\mu}M$), and chlorogenic acid ($IC_{50}=30.6\;{\mu}M$) exhibited stronger antioxidant activity than L-ascorbic acid ($IC_{50}=31.5\;{\mu}M$) and ${\alpha}$-tocopherol ($IC_{50}=52.3\;{\mu}M$), whereas procatechuic acid ($IC_{50}=68.2\;{\mu}M$) showed lower activity. In addition, (+)-dihydrokaempferol ($IC_{50}=33.8\;{\mu}M$), trans-resveratrol ($IC_{50}=36.2\;{\mu}M$), moracin ($IC_{50}=47.6\;{\mu}M$), and 4-prenylmoracin ($IC_{50}=48.2\;{\mu}M$) exhibited moderate antioxidant activity. Furthermore, levels of the eleven polyphenolic compounds from three different types of mulberry seeds were quantified by HPLC, and their contents were as follows: rutin (311~60.0 mg/100 g)> quercitrin (7.2~34.2 mg/100 g)> (+)-dihydroquercetin (13.2~33.1 mg/100 g)> quercetin (15.8~19.5 mg/100 g)> 4-prenylmoracin (10.5~43.3 mg/100 g)> isoquercitrin (5.8~15.4 mg/100 g)> chlorogenic acid (0.0~15.3 mg/100 g)> moracin (4.7~7.2 mg/100 g)> procatechuic acid (0.0~11.6 mg/100 g)> (+)-dihydrokaempferol and trans-resveratrol (<0.1 mg/100 g). The 'Daesungppong' mulberry seeds among the three cultivars had higher flavonoid contents, such as rutin and quercetin derivatives, while the 'Iksuppong' seeds had the highest contents of phenolic acids and moracin derivatives. 'Cheongilppong' had lower amounts of polyphenolic compounds than the other two mulberry seeds. These results indicate that mulberry seeds containing antioxidant polyphenolic compounds may be potentially useful sources of anti-diabetic, anti-hypertensive, and anti-aging agents for functional foods and cosmetics.

Contents of Phenolic Compounds and trans-Resveratrol in Different Parts of Korean New Grape Cultivars (국내 육성 신품종 포도의 부위별 생리활성 물질의 함량)

  • Chang, Eun Ha;Jeong, Sung Min;Park, Kyo Sun;Lim, Byung Sun
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.45 no.6
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    • pp.708-713
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    • 2013
  • The ethanol solvent extracts obtained from the pulp, skin, seeds, leaves, fruit stems, and pruning stems of four Korean new grape varieties ("Dunoori", "Narsha", "Cheongsoo", and "Heukbosek"), as well as "Campbell Early", and "Muscat Bailey A (MBA)" were evaluated for their total phenolic and anthocyanin contents. The concentrations of four phenols of biological interest, catechin, epicatechin, quercetin, and resveratrol in the different parts were quantified by high-performance liquid chromatography-ultraviolet analyses. The skin of "Narsha" and "Heukbosek", the leaves of "Narsha", the fruit stems of "MBA", and the pruning stems of "Campbell Early" and "Heukbosek" had the highest resveratrol content. In particular, the resveratrol in the fruit stems of "MBA" had the highest concentration as compared to the other varieties in the different parts. The seeds of "MBA", and the fruit stems of "MBA" and "Heukbosek" had the highest catechin content. Epicatechin was detected in the seeds, fruit stems, and pruning stems. Quercetin was detected only in the leaves. In summary, the catechin and epicatechin contents were significantly higher than the quercetin and resveratrol contents. The concentrations of the physiologically active components present in the grapes were high in the non-edible parts than in the edible parts; therefore, they could be useful in industrial applications.

Mechanism of Inhibition of Human Cytochrome P450 1A1 and 1B1 by Piceatannol

  • Chae, Ah-Reum;Shim, Jae-Ho;Chun, Young-Jin
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.336-342
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    • 2008
  • The resveratrol analogue piceatannol (3,5,3',4'-tetrahydroxy-trans-stilbene) is a polyphenol present in grapes and wine and reported to have anti-carcinogenic activities. To investigate the mechanism of anticarcinogenic activities of piceatannol, the effects on CYP 1 enzymes were determined in Escherichia coli membranes coexpressing recombinant human CYP1A1, CYP1A2 or CYP1B1 with human NADPH-P450 reductase. Piceatannol showed a strong inhibition of CYP1A1 and CYP1B1 in a concentration-dependent manner, and $IC_{50}$ of human CYP1A1 and CYP1B1 was 5.8 ${\mu}M$ and 16.6 ${\mu}M$, respectively. However, piceatannol did not inhibit CYP1A2 activity in the concentration of up to 100 ${\mu}M$. Piceatannol exhibited 3-fold selectivity for CYP1B1 over CYP1A1. The mode of inhibition of piceatannol was non-competitive for CYP1A1 and CYP1B1. The result that piceatannol did not inhibit CYP1B1-mediated $\alpha$-naphthoflavone ($\alpha$-NF) metabolism suggests piceatannol may act as a non-competitive inhibitor as well. In human prostate carcinoma PC-3 cells, piceatannol induces apoptosis and prevents Aktmediated signal pathway. Taken together, abilities of piceatannol to induce apoptotic cell death as well as CYP1 enzyme inhibition make this compound a useful tool for cancer chemoprevention.

Structural Features of Polyphenolic Compounds in Their NO Inhibitory Activities

  • Kim, Byung-Hun;Lee, Yong-Gyu;Kim, Tae-Woong;Cho, Jae-Youl
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.79-85
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    • 2009
  • Polyphenolic compounds are reported to have various pharmacological activities such as anti-oxidative, anti-cancerous, anti-inflammatory and anti-aging effects. Although numerous papers explore their functional roles in many different cellular actions, not many studies handle their structural features in anti-inflammatory responses. In this study, therefore, we examined structural role of substituted transstilbenes in their NO inhibitory and NF-${\kappa}B$ suppressive activities. Of 10 compounds tested, 4 compounds (cinnamic acid, resveratrol, piceatannol and curcumin) displayed NO inhibitory activities in a dose-dependent manner. Similarly, these compounds blocked LPS-induced cytotoxicity of RAW264.7 cells. All NO inhibitory compounds also inhibited $I{\kappa}B{\alpha}$ phosphorylation, a hallmark for NF-${\kappa}B$ activation. However, these inhibitory compounds exhibited distinct suppressive pattern in tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-${\alpha}$- or phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA)-induced NF-${\kappa}B$ and AP-1 activation. According to structure-activity relationship study, polarity and size of ring B seem to be important for diminishing NO production. Therefore, our data suggest that substituted trans-stilbenes can be developed as novel anti-inflammatory drug or further developed as lead compounds for another improvement.

Source, Biosynthesis, Biological Activities and Pharmacokinetics of Oxyresveratrol (Oxyresveratrol의 기원, 생합성, 생물학적 활성 및 약물동력학)

  • Lim, Young-Hee;Kim, Ki-Hyun;Kim, Jeong-Keun
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.47 no.5
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    • pp.545-555
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    • 2015
  • Oxyresveratrol (trans-2,3',4,5'-tetrahydroxystilbene) has been receiving increasing attention because of its astonishing biological activities, including antihyperlipidemic, neuroprotection, antidiabetic, anticancer, antiinflammation, immunomodulation, antiaging, and antioxidant activities. Oxyresveratrol is a stilbenoid, a type of natural phenol and a phytoalexin produced in the roots, stems, leaves, and fruits of several plants. It was first isolated from the heartwood of Artocarpus lakoocha, and has also been found in various plants, including Smilax china, Morus alba, Varatrum nigrum, Scirpus maritinus, and Maclura pomifera. Oxyresveratrol, an aglycone of mulberroside A, has been produced by microbial biotransformation or enzymatic hydrolysis of a glycosylated stilbene mulberroside A, which is one of the major compounds of the roots of M. alba. Oxyresveratrol shows less cytotoxicity, better antioxidant activity and polarity, and higher cell permeability and bioavailability than resveratrol (trans-3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene), a well-known antioxidant, suggesting that oxyresveratrol might be a potential candidate for use in health functional food and medicine. This review focuses on the plant sources, chemical characteristics, analysis, biosynthesis, and biological activities of oxyresveratrol as well as describes the perspectives on further exploration of oxyresveratrol.

Identification of Soluble Epoxide Hydrolase Inhibitors from the Seeds of Passiflora edulis Cultivated in Vietnam

  • Cuong, To Dao;Anh, Hoang Thi Ngoc;Huong, Tran Thu;Khanh, Pham Ngoc;Ha, Vu Thi;Hung, Tran Manh;Kim, Young Ho;Cuong, Nguyen Manh
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.348-353
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    • 2019
  • Soluble epoxide hydrolases (sEH) are enzymes present in all living organisms, metabolize epoxy fatty acids to 1,2-diols. sEH in the metabolism of polyunsaturated fatty acids plays a key role in inflammation. In addition, the endogenous lipid mediators in cardiovascular disease are also broken down to diols by the action of sEH that enhanced cardiovascular protection. In this study, sEH inhibitory guided fractionation led to the isolation of five phenolic compounds trans-resveratrol (1), trans-piceatannol (2), sulfuretin (3), (+)-balanophonin (4), and cassigarol E (5) from the ethanol extract of the seeds of Passiflora edulis Sims cultivated in Vietnam. The chemical structures of isolated compounds were determined by the interpretation of NMR spectral data, mass spectra, and comparison with data from the literature. The soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibitory activity of isolated compounds was evaluated. Among them, trans-piceatannol (2) showed the most potent inhibitory activity on sEH with an IC50 value of 3.4 μM. This study marks the first time that sulfuretin (3) was isolated from Passiflora edulis as well as (+)-balanophonin (4), and cassigarol E (5) were isolated from Passiflora genus.

Induction of Quinone Reductase Activity by Stilbene Analogs in Mouse Hepa 1c1c7 Cells

  • Heo, Yoen-Hoi;Kim, Sang-hee;Park, Jae-Eun;Jeong, Lak-Shin;Lee, Sang-Kook
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.597-600
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    • 2001
  • Based on the potential cancer chemoprebentive activity of resveratrol, a trihydroxystilbene with the induction of quinone reductase activeity this study was designed to determine if stilbene-related compounds were inducers of phase ll detoxifying metabolic enzyme quinone reductase (QR) in the mouse hepatoma Hepa 1c1c7 cells. Among the thirteen compounds tested, several compounds including 3,4,5,3',5'-pentamethoxy-trans-stibene were found to potentially induce QR activity in this cell line. In addition, substitution with 3-thiofurane ring instead of phenyl ring in the stilbene skeleton also exhibited potential induction of QR activity. This result will give primary information to design the potential inducers of QR activity in the stilbene analogs.

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Varietal Analysis and Quantification of Resveratrol in Mulberry Fruits (뽕나무 계통별 오디의 레스베라트롤 함량 분석)

  • Kim Hyun-Bok;Kim Jung-Bong;Kim Sun-Lim
    • Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.51-55
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    • 2005
  • Resveratrol is naturally occurring phytoalexin compounds produced by grape berries, peanuts, and their products in response to stress such as fungal infection, heavy metal ions or UV irradiation. The objective of this study was to develope a reliable high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method for the quantitative determination of trans-resveratrol in mulberry fruit. Samples were extracted in 80% MeOH and filtered with $0.45{\mu}m$ syringe filter. The transresveratrol was separated Waters $C_{18}$ column, using a mobile phase containing 0.025% trifluroacetic acid in 5% acetonitril and 0.035% trifluroacetic acid in 50% acetonitril, detected by photodiode array detector (PDA) at 254 nm and the flow rate was 1ml/min. Under this analytical condition, the mean content of mulberry fruits (fifty varieties) was $777.3{\pm}585.9ppm$. Among the tested samples, 'Mansaengbaekpinosang (II)' was the highest level in 3450.6 ppm. However four accessions including 'Gukbu', 'Sabangso (I)', 'Simseol' and yield mulberry fruit were not able to detected. Eight suitable varieties selected for the production of fruit were 'Jeolgokchosaeng (Chungbuk)' 777.8 ppm, 'Dangsang 7' 771.1 ppm, 'Jangsosang' 133.9 ppm, 'Susungppong' 31.1 ppm, 'Suwonnosang' 639.7 ppm, 'Palcheongsipyung' 1475.9 ppm, 'Kangsun' 864.0 ppm, and 'Jukcheonchosaeng' 1458.5 ppm. 'Daesungppong' which was the first authorized variety for the production of mulberry fruit was 1236.7 ppm. In conclusion, these results suggest that mulberry including fruit and leaf may a good new resource for resveratrol production.

Chemical Constituents from the Leaf and Twig of Acer okamotoanum Nakai and their Cytotoxicity

  • Jin, Wen-Yi;Min, Byung-Sun;Youn, Ui-Jung;Hung, Tran-Manh;Song, Kyung-Sik;Seong, Yeon-Hee;Bae, Ki-Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.77-81
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    • 2006
  • As a result of cytotoxic compounds against cancer cell lines from natural sources, senven compounds were isolated from the leaf and twig of Acer okamotoanum Nakai. The compounds (1-7) were identified as ethyl gallate (1), methyl gallate (2), gallic acid (3), trans $resveratrol-3-O-{\beta}-D-glucopyranoside$ (4), acertannin (5), nikoenoside (6), and fraxin (7) by physicochemical and spectroscopic data (including mp, UV, IR, MS, $^1H-NMR,\;^{13}C-NMR$, DEPT, and HMBC) in comparison with those of published papers. All the compounds were tested for their cytotoxic activity against L1210, HL-60, K562, and B16F10 cancer cell lines in vitro by MTT assay method. Compounds 1-3 and 5 showed cytotoxic activity against all tested cell lines with $IC_{50}$ values ranged from 12.5 to $72.2\;{\mu}M$. Of the compounds, methyl gallate (2) exhibited the most potent cytotoxic activity against L1210, HL-60, K562, and B16F10 tumor cells with $IC_{50}$ values of 12.5, 48.3, 22.8, and $22.8\;{\mu}M$, respectively. Other compounds did not show any cytotoxic activity against four cancer cell lines.

Induction of Apoptosis and Inhibition of NO Production by Piceatannol in Human Lung Cancer A549 Cells (A549 인체 폐암세포에서 piceatannol에 의한 apoptosis 유발과 NO 생성의 억제)

  • Choi, Yung-Hyun
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.815-822
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    • 2012
  • Piceatannol (trans-3,4,3',5'-tetrahydroxystilbene), a natural stilbene, is an analogue of resveratrol. Although recent experimental data have revealed the health benefit potency of piceatannol, the molecular mechanisms underlying the anti-cancer activity have not yet been studied in detail. In the present study, the further possible mechanisms by which piceatannol exerts its pro-apoptotic action in cultured human lung cancer A549 cells were investigated. Exposure of A549 cells to piceatannol resulted in growth inhibition and induction of apoptosis. Apoptosis induction of A549 cells by piceatannol showed correlation with proteolytic activation of caspase-3, -8, and -9, and concomitant degradation of activated caspase-3 target proteins such as poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase, phospholipase C-${\gamma}1$, ${\beta}$-catenin, and Inhibitor caspase-activated DNase. The increase in apoptosis by piceatannol treatment was also associated with an increase of pro-apoptotic Bax expression and decrease of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL expression, and caused down-regulation of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein family members and up-regulation of Fas and Fas legend. In addition, piceatannol treatment markedly inhibited the expression of mRNA and proteins of inducible nitric oxide (NO) synthase, and the levels of NO production were progressively down-regulated by piceatannol treatment in a dose-dependent fashion. The results indicate that piceatannol may have therapeutic potential against human gastric cancer cells.