• Title, Summary, Keyword: transverse shear

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Shear Strength of Grout Type Transverse Joint

  • Kim, Yoon-Chil;Park, Jong-Jin
    • KCI Concrete Journal
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.8-14
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    • 2002
  • This is the first of two part series on experimental studies of grout type transverse joints. In this study, grout type transverse joints between precast concrete slabs are statically tested to determine the cracking loads and ultimate shear capacities of the grout type transverse joints. The tests are performed with a loading equipment designed and constructed especially in the lab to induce shear failures on the joints of the test specimens. Shape of the transverse joints, grouting materials and amount of prestress are selected as test parameters for the study. The results indicate that epoxy is an excellent grouting material which can be used in limited locations where large tensile stress is acting on the slab. Longitudinal prestressing is also an effective method to increase the shear strength of the transverse joints. A rational method to estimate the cracking and ultimate loads for the design of grout type transverse joints is proposed based on the static loading tests. Success of the tests with shear loading equipment allowed continuing the research further onto the fatigue strength of the grout type joints, which will be presented in the second part of the paper.

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Flexure of cross-ply laminated plates using equivalent single layer trigonometric shear deformation theory

  • Sayyad, Atteshamuddin S.;Ghugal, Yuwaraj M.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.51 no.5
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    • pp.867-891
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    • 2014
  • An equivalent single layer trigonometric shear deformation theory taking into account transverse shear deformation effect as well as transverse normal strain effect is presented for static flexure of cross-ply laminated composite and sandwich plates. The inplane displacement field uses sinusoidal function in terms of thickness coordinate to include the transverse shear deformation effect. The cosine function in thickness coordinate is used in transverse displacement to include the effect of transverse normal strain. The kinematics of the present theory is much richer than those of the other higher order shear deformation theories, because if the trigonometric term (involving thickness coordinate z) is expanded in power series, the kinematics of higher order theories (which are usually obtained by power series in thickness coordinate z) are implicitly taken into account to good deal of extent. Governing equations and boundary conditions of the theory are obtained using the principle of virtual work. The closed-form solutions of simply supported cross-ply laminated composite and sandwich plates have been obtained. The results of present theory are compared with those of the classical plate theory (CPT), first order shear deformation theory (FSDT), higher order shear deformation theory (HSDT) of Reddy and exact three dimensional elasticity theory wherever applicable. The results predicted by present theory are in good agreement with those of higher order shear deformation theory and the elasticity theory.

A piecewise linear transverse shear transfer model for bolted side-plated beams

  • Li, Ling-Zhi;Jiang, Chang-Jiu;Su, Ray Kai-Leung;Lo, Sai-Huen
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.62 no.4
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    • pp.443-453
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    • 2017
  • The performance of bolted side-plated (BSP) beams is affected by the degree of transverse partial interaction, which is a result of the interfacial slip caused by transverse shear transfer between the bolted steel plates and the reinforced concrete beams. However, explicit formulae for the transverse shear transfer profile have yet to be derived. In this paper, a simplified piecewise linear shear transfer model was proposed based on force superposition principle and simplification of shear transfer profiles derived from a previous numerical study. The magnitude of shear transfer was determined by force equilibrium and displacement compatibility condition. A set of design formulae for BSP beams under several basic load cases was also derived. Then the model was verified by test results. A worked example was also provided to illustrate the application of the proposed design formulae. This paper sheds some light on the shear force transfer mechanism of anchor bolts in BSP beams, and offers a practical method to evaluate the influence of transverse partial interaction in strengthening design.

Strut-and-tie model for shear capacity of corroded reinforced concrete columns

  • Tran, Cao Thanh Ngoc;Nguyen, Xuan Huy;Nguyen, Huy Cuong;Vu, Ngoc Son
    • Advances in concrete construction
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.185-193
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    • 2020
  • An analytical model is developed in this paper to predict the shear capacity of reinforced concrete (RC) columns with corroded transverse reinforcements. The shear strength model for corroded RC columns is proposed based on modifying the existing strut-and-tie model, which considers the deformational compatibility between truss and arch mechanisms. The contributions to the shear strength from both truss and arch mechanisms are incorporated in the proposed model. The effects of corrosion level of transverse reinforcements are considered in the proposed model through the minimum residual cross-sectional area of transverse reinforcements and the reduction of concrete compressive strength for the cover area. The shear strengths calculated from the developed model are compared with the experimental results from Vu's study (2017), which consisted of RC columns with corroded transverse reinforcements showing shear failure under the cyclic loading. The comparison results indicate satisfactory correlations. Parametric studies are conducted based on the developed shear strength model to explore the effects of column axial loading, aspect ratios, transverse reinforcements and the corrosion levels in transverse reinforcements to the shear strength of RC columns with corroded transverse reinforcements.

Shear Strength Equation of Concrete Wide Beam Shear Reinforced With Steel Plate Considering Transverse Spacing and Support Width (전단 보강 간격과 지지부 조건을 고려한 유공형 강판으로 전단 보강된 콘크리트 넓은 보의 전단 강도 산정식)

  • Kim, Min Sook;Jeong, Eun Ho;Ro, Kyong Min;Lee, Young Hak
    • Journal of Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.61-68
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    • 2019
  • This paper discusses the influence of transverse reinforcement spacing and support width of concrete wide beam on shear performance. In order to evaluate the shear performance, a total of thirteen specimens were constructed and tested. The transverse reinforcement spacing, the number of legs and support width were considered as variables. From the test results, the shear strength equation of concrete wide beam is proposed for prediction of shear strength of concrete wide beam to consider the transverse reinforcement spacing and support width. It is shown that the proposed equation is able to predict shear strength reasonably well for concrete wide beam.

Effect of Shear Reinforcement and Compressive Stress on the Shear Friction Strength of Concrete (콘크리트의 전단마찰 내력에 대한 횡보강근 및 압축응력의 영향)

  • Hwnag, Yong-Ha;Yang, Keun-Hyeok
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.419-426
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    • 2016
  • This study examined the effect of transverse reinforcement and compressive stress on the shear friction performance at the shear interface intersecting two structural elements with various concrete types. From the prepared 12 push-off test specimens, various characteristics at the interface were measured as follows: crack propagation, shear load-relative slip relationship, initial shear cracking strength, ultimate shear friction strength, and shear transfer capacity of transverse reinforcement. The configuration of transverse reinforcement and compressive strength of concrete insignificantly influenced the amount of relative slippage at the shear friction plane. With the increase of applied compressive stress, the shear friction capacity of concrete tended to increase proportionally, whereas the shear transfer capacity of transverse reinforcement decreased, which was insignificantly affected by the configuration type of transverse reinforcement. The empirical equations of AASHTO-LRFD and Mattock underestimate the shear friction strength of concrete, whereas Hwang and Yang model provides better reliability, indicating that the mean and standard deviation of the ratios between measured shear strengths and predictions are 1.02 and 0.23, respectively.

The Ultimate Shear Strength of RCS System Beam-Column Joints Considering the Transverse Beam (직교보를 고려한 RCS구조 보-기둥 접합부의 극한전단강도)

  • An, Jae-Hyeok;Park, Cheon-Seok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.158-163
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    • 2005
  • This paper is focusing on the model to predict the ultimate shear strength on joints of composite system (RCS) with reinforced concrete columns and steel beams considering the transverse beam. It reviews the ratio of experimental shear strength to design strength calculated by existing desist equations which are proposed by Kanno, Wight, Noguchi and the rising of strength by the transverse beams. When the shear strength of joints is estimated, it is necessary to do research work for the stress transfer mechanism considering two concrete strut of inner and outer panel by web of the transverse beam. In order to confirm it requires further experimental and analytical study.

Transverse Shear Behavior of Thin-Walled Composite Beams Using a Mixed Method (혼합법을 이용한 박벽 복합재료 보의 전단변형거동 해석)

  • Park, Il-Ju;Jeong, Sung-Nam
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society For Composite Materials Conference
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    • pp.194-197
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    • 2005
  • In this work, a mixed beam approach is performed to identify the transverse shear behavior of thin-walled composite beams with closed cross-sections. The analytical model includes the effects of elastic couplings, shell wall thickness, and torsion warping. The distributions of shear flow across the section as well as the shear correction coefficients are obtained in a closed form in the beam formulation. The influence of transverse shear deformation on the static behavior of closed cross-section composite beams is also investigated in the analysis

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Experimental behavior and shear bearing capacity calculation of RC columns with a vertical splitting failure

  • Wang, Peng;Shi, Qing X.;Wang, Qiu W.;Tao, Yi
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.1233-1250
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    • 2015
  • The behavior of reinforced concrete (RC) columns made from high strength materials was investigated experimentally. Six high-strength concrete specimen columns (1:4 scale), which included three with high-strength transverse reinforcing bars and three with normal-strength transverse reinforcement, were tested under double curvature bending load. The effects of yielding strength and ratio of transverse reinforcement on the cracking patterns, hysteretic response, shear strength, ductility, strength reduction, energy dissipation and strain of reinforcement were studied. The test results indicated that all specimens failed in splitting failure, and specimens with high-strength transverse reinforcement exhibited better seismic performance than those with normal-strength transverse reinforcement. It also demonstrated that the strength of high-strength lateral reinforcing bars was fully utilized at the ultimate displacements. Shear strength formula of short concrete columns, which experienced a splitting failure, was proposed based on the Chinese concrete code. To enhance the applicability of the model, it was corroborated with 47 short concrete columns selected from the literature available. The results indicated that, the proposed method can give better predictions of shear strength for short columns that experienced a splitting failure than other shear strength models of ACI 318 and Chinese concrete codes.

Evaluation of Effective Section Area of Shear Steel in Reinforced Concrete Circular Columns (철근콘크리트 원형기둥의 전단철근 유효단면적 평가)

  • 김장훈
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.81-88
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    • 1999
  • In order to properly evaluate the shear strength of reinforced concrete circular columns due to the transverse shear reinforcement, the average of fractions of forces generated along the circular transverse hoops across the shear failure plane in the loading direction is calculated. For this, the center-to-center diameter of circular transverse hoops. spacing and the crack angle measured to the column longitudinal axis are considered. Using these variables, an equation representing the effective section area of circular transverse shear steel is proposed. The study result shows that the constant parameter. used for the calculation of the effective section area of circular hoops over the last 10 years, should not universally be applied any more. The use of the constant parameter may not seriously do harm to the evaluation of shear strength for circular columns with non-seismically designed transverse hoop reinforcement, since it gives slightly conservative results. However. for well-confined circular columns with close spacing or circular steel jacketing. it gives about 20% overestimation of the shear capacity contributed by the transverse hoop steel.