• Title, Summary, Keyword: volatile components

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Aroma Components of Traditional Korean Soy Sauce and Soybean Paste Fermented with the Same Meju

  • Seo, Jae-Soon;Chang, Ho-Geun;Ji, Won-Dae;Lee, Eun-Ju;MYEONG-RAK-CHOI;HAENG-JA-KIM
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.278-285
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    • 1996
  • We identified volatile components of traditional Korean soy sauce and soybean paste which had been manufactured with the same traditional Meju with a view to improving the quality of traditional Korean soy sauce and soybean paste. All of the volatile components were extracted by simultaneous steam distillation-extraction (SDE) apparatus. To obtain more detailed information, whole volatile components were separated into fractions. The volatile components of the whole and of each fraction were identified by GC-mass and Kovat's retention index. Sixty two and eighty six components were identified in traditional Korean soy sauce and soybean paste, respectively. Many aroma components of traditional Korean soy sauce differ from those of traditional Korean soybean paste. It was confirmed that many aroma components of traditional Korean soy sauce and soybean paste are completely different from those of Japanese fermented soy sauce (Shoyu) and soybean paste (Miso).

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Comparison of Volatile Aroma Components from Saussurea lappa C.B. Clarke Root Oils

  • Chang, Kyung-Mi;Kim, Gun-Hee
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.128-133
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    • 2008
  • The volatile flavor components were isolated from the roots of Saussurea lappa C.B. Clarke produced in Korea and China by the hydro distillation, and were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS). 63 aroma compounds representing 87.47% of the total peak area were tentatively identified, including 13 alcohols (22.56%), 26 hydrocarbons (21.78%), 4 aldehydes (21.24%), 11 ketones (18.04%), 1 oxide (0.52%), 3 esters (0.16%), 1 carboxylic acid (0.02%) and 4 miscellaneous components (3.15%). 46 volatile flavor components of imported S. lappa C.B. Clarke constituted 65.69% of the total volatile composition were tentatively characterized, consisting of 1 aldehyde (23.32%), 24 hydrocarbons (16.69%), 10 ketones (15.84%), 7 alcohols (8.92%), 1 oxide (0.83%), 2 esters (0.07%) and 1 acid (0.02%). The predominant components of both essential oils were (7Z,10Z,13Z)-7,10,13-hexadecatrienal and dehydrocostuslactone.

Relationship between Volatile Oil Components of Tobacco and Sensory Attributes of Tobacco Smoke (잎담배의 휘발성 정유성분과 담배연기의 관능특성과의 관계)

  • 정기택;안대진;이종률
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.13-20
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    • 2002
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the prediction of sensory attributes of tobacco smoke by the use of volatile oil components of tobacco. For analytical and sensory evaluations, twelve aging tobaccos (i.e., 3 crop years; 1998, 1999, 2000, and 4 stalk positions) were prepared in flue-cured and burley tobaccos. 61 volatile oil components and 5 sensory attributes such as irritation, impact, after taste, bitter and green were investigated. Irritation of flue-cured tobacco, and irritation and impact of burley tobacco were significantly increased with the ascending stalk position, whereas after taste of burley tobacco was significantly decreased. Significantly positive correlations among irritation, impact, and bitter were observed in flue-cured tobacco. A significantly positive correlation between irritation and bitter was observed, significantly negative correlations between after taste and irritation and between after taste and impact were observed in burley tobacco. Except for green of burley tobacco, all probabilities of multiple linear regression equations between volatile oil components of tobacco and sensory attributes of tobacco smoke were significant(P$\leq$0.05). This study suggests that the multiple linear regression equations may be useful to predict the sensory attributes of tobacco smoke with a few selected volatile oil components of tobacco.

Profiling of Volatile Components Using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry in Commercial Pine Needle (Pinus densiflora S. and Z.) Powder

  • Kim, Joo-Shin;Chung, Hau-Yin
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.45-54
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    • 2011
  • Volatile components in commercial pine needle (Pinus densiflora S. and Z.) powder were extracted using simultaneous steam distillation and a solvent extraction (SDE) apparatus, and were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). A total of 230 compounds divided into 13 groups were identified, which included alcohols (42), ketones (39), aldehydes (32), terpenes (30), alkenes (17), esters (14), furans (14), benzenes (10), alkanes (8), napthalenes (7), acids (6), miscellaneous compounds (6), and phenols (5). Among the 230 compounds identified, 96 compounds were positively confirmed and quantified, and the rest of the compounds were tentatively identified. The major volatile components identified at relatively high levels were dodecanoic acid, hexadecanoic acid, hexanal, benzaldehyde, (Z)-3-hexen-1-ol, 1-penten-3-one, limonene, and $\beta$-caryophyllene oxide. Among the groups, terpenes accounted for 60.18% of the total concentration of all the volatile components. Some volatile components might account for the unique aroma and the biological activity of the sample.

Characteristic volatile components of traditional Korean soy sauce (한국 재래식 간장의 특징적 향기성분)

  • Ji, Won-Dae;Lee, Eun-Ju;Kim, Soung-Young;Kim, Jong-Kyu
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.35 no.5
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    • pp.346-350
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    • 1992
  • To investigate characteristic volatile components in Korean traditional soy sauce, this experiments were carried out. Whole volatile components were extracted by simultaneous steam distillation-extraction apparatus. The components of neutral fraction, emitting soy sauce-like odor, were fractionated from whole volatile components, and concentrated at atmosphere pressure, and then carried out GC-sniff evaluation and GC-fractionating collection by preparative gas chromatograph attached fraction collector APP-5. The GC-collected components were identified by GC/MS. The results were as follows; The component, emitting disagreeable odor, was identified as 3-methyl-1-butanol. The components, emitting soy sauce-like odor, were identified as dimethyl trisulfide, benzeneacetaldehyde, benzeneethanol.

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Volatile Components of Cornsilk(Zea mays L.) (옥수수 수염의 휘발성 성분)

  • 이재곤
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.375-379
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    • 1999
  • Volatile components of Cornsilk(Zea mays L.) were isolated by purge and trap headspace method and were analyzed by GC and GC/MSD. A total of 44 components were identified in the cornsilk volatile coponents including 9 alcohols 7 aldehydes and ketones 14 terpenes and terpene alcohols 3 pyrazines 5 hydrocarbons and 6 miscellaneous components. The major components were 2-propanol(8.08%) pen-tanol(1.82%) hexanol(2.86%) hexanal(3.68%) heptanal(7.40%) nonanal(7.93%) decanal (2.04%) $\alpha$-copaene(2.20%) limonene(1.68%) $\alpha$-selinene(1.03%) $\beta$-selinene(1.03%)

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Analysis of the Volatile Constituents of Oenanthe stolonifera DC. (미나리의 향기성분)

  • 송근섭;권용주
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.311-314
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    • 1990
  • The volatile fraction of Oenanthe stolonifera DC. was extracted by a steam distillation under the atmospheric pressure and analyzed by gas chromatography(GC) and gas chromatogra-phy/mass spectrometry(Gc-MS) The experimental results revealed the presence of 63 volatile components. Among them 39 components identified were composed of 20 hydrocarbonss(61.94%) 9 alcohols(8.76%) 3 ketones(11.5%) 1 ester(1.34%) 1 aldehyde (2.29%) and 5 miscellaneous \ulcorner92.35%) The major volatile components of Oenanthe stolonifera DC. were limo-nene(12.12%) pulegone(94.8%) germacrene D(8.34%) and $\beta$-pinene(7.68%)

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Analysis of Volatile Flavor Components of Pimpinella brachycarpa (참나물의 휘발성 향기성분 분석)

  • 송희순;최향숙;이미순
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.674-680
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    • 1997
  • Volatile flavor components of fresh, shady air dried, and presteamed shady air dried Chamnamul (Pimpinella brachycarpa) were collected by simultaneous steam distillation-extraction method, and essential oils were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Twenty five, 17 and 23 volatile flavor components were identified in essential oils extracted from the fresh, shady air dried, and presteamed shady air dried Chamnamul samples, respectively; however, the kinds of individual components and its percent content of the total volatiles were varied depending on samples. The principal components of Chamnamul were isobutanal, trans caryophyllene, trans ${\beta}$-farnesene, and ${\alpha}$-selinene. Terpenoid compounds reached 44.11%, 33.91% and 72.63% respectively in fresh, shady air dried, and presteamed shady air dried Chamnamul.

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Identification of the Major Volatile Components from Different Plant Organs of Foeniculum vulgare Mill.

  • Chung, Hae-Gon;Bang, Jin-Ki;Kim, Geum-Soog;Seong, Nak-Sul;Kim, Seong-Min
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.274-278
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    • 2003
  • The various plant organs of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) were investigated to identify their volatile components using Dynamic Headspace (purge & trap). They showed slight differences concerning the volatile components both qualitatively and quantitatively. Results revealed that trans-anethole (12.65%) was the major compound in the leaf. The highest compound was ${\alpha}-pinene$ (28.78%), and trans-anethole (7.90%) was highly detected in the stem. The maximum values were 5.64, 4.59, 1.58, 1.51, and 1.04% for ${\alpha}-pinene,\;{\gamma}-terpinene,\;{\beta}-pinene$, 1,8-cineol and fenchone, respectively in the flower. However, very little trans-anethole was detected (0.27%) in the flower. From these results, it was suggested that the major components were different depending on the plant organs. However it was demonstrated that the related plant organs like flower-fruit and leaf-stem contained the similar components.

Changes in the Volatile Flavor Components of Nutmeg(Myristica fragrans Houttuyn) during Aging (숙성에 의한 육두구(Myristica fragrans Houttuyn)의 향기성분 변화)

  • Kim, Hyean-Wee;Huh, Kyung-Taek;Choi, Chun-Un
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.760-765
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    • 1989
  • The change of volatile flavor components In nutmeg (Kernels of the fruits of Myristica fragrans Houttuyn) during aging at $37^{\circ}C$ were studied by using a fused silica capillary GC & GC/MS. Volatile flavor components having the low boiling point showed a general decrease during aging, but those of the middle and high boiling point showed a reactionary tendency Myristicin and myristic acid among volatile flavor components showing the high boiling point had the amount increased considerably, and those were composed of 24.50% and 18.69% in aging for 6 months, respectively. The amount of whole volatile flavor concentrate showed the increased tendency till the aging period for 4 months, and then subsequently decreased.

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