• Title, Summary, Keyword: volatile components

Search Result 852, Processing Time 0.053 seconds

Volatile Flavor Components from Traditional Cultivars of Pear (Pyrus pyrifolia N.) (재래종 배의 휘발성 향기성분)

  • Park, Eun-Ryong;Choi, Jin-Ho;Kim, Kyong-Su
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.34 no.2
    • /
    • pp.180-185
    • /
    • 2002
  • Volatile flavor components in three pear varieties (Pyrus pyriforia N.) of traditional cultivar, Bongri, Hwangsilri and Yongmokri, were collected by SDE method using the mixture of n-pentane and diethylether as an extract solvent and were identified by GC/MS. Among 97 compounds identified from all varieties, there were 72, 58 and 66 components in Bongri, Hwangsilri and Yongmokri, respectively. Ethyl acetate was the dominant constituent in all cultivars and also volatile profiles contained large quantity of ethanol and acetic acid. Butyl acetate identified as a main component in Bongri was not found in other pears, but in Hwangrilri and Yongmokri only 4 to 5 esters played important role in total volatile flavor composition. The volatile profiles of these three varieties were characterized by compounds in group of aldehydes, esters, alcohols, acids and ketones. As classified by functional group of separated and identified components, esters and alcohols in Bongri, alcohols in Hwangsilri, and esters in Yongmokri were roled as the title in composition of volatile flavor components. Although small amount, Yongmokri had the highest rate of volatile production at 6.552 mg/kg of pear while Hwangsilri produced the lowest at 4.175 mg/kg of pear.

Volatile Flavor Components of Traditional and Commercial Kochujang (재래식과 공장산 고추장의 향기성분)

  • Kim, Young-Soo;Oh, Hoon-Il
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.25 no.5
    • /
    • pp.494-501
    • /
    • 1993
  • The volatile flavor components of traditional and commercial kochujang were collected by simultaneous steam distillation-extraction (SDE) method. Essential oils were analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Tested kochujang included Sunchang kochujang prepared with glutinous rice, Boeun kochujang prepared with barley, Sachun kochujang prepared with wheat and commercial kochujang. One hundred and twelve volatile flavor components which included 30 esters, 15 alcohols, 14 aldehydes, 13 acids, 9 ketones, 7 alkenes, 6 phenols, 3 alkanes, 3 pyrazines, 2 benzenes and 2 furans were identified. The major volatile compounds in traditional and commercial kochujang were 2-methyl propanal and ethanol, which represented $21{\sim}36%\;and\;2{\sim}44%$ of total GC peak area, respectively.

  • PDF

Changes of Volatile Flavor Compounds in Traditional Kochujang during Fermentation (재래식고추장 숙성과정 중의 휘발성 향기성분의 특성)

  • Choi, Jin-Young;Lee, Taik-Soo;Park, Sung-Oh;Noh, Bong-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.29 no.4
    • /
    • pp.745-751
    • /
    • 1997
  • Volatile flavor components of kochujang made from a glutinuous rice by traditional method were analyzed by using purge and trap method during fermentation, and identified with GC-MSD. Fifty-one volatile components including 19 alcohols, 13 esters, 7 acids, 3 aldehydes, 1 alkanes, 2 ketones, 2 amines, 1 benzene, 1 alkene, 1 phenol and others were found in kochujang made by traditional method. The number of volatile components detected immediately after making kochujang were 22 and increased to 41 components after 30 day of fermentation. The most number 51 of volatile components were found after 120 day of fermentation. Twenty-two volatile components were commonly found through the fermentation period such as acetic acid ethyl ester, ethanol, butanoic acid ethyl ester, 1-butanol, 2-methyl-1-propanol, 3-methyl-1-butanol, butanoic acid and ethenone. Peak area(%) of 1-butanol was the highest one among the volatile components at immediately after mashing while ethanol showed the highest peak area after 30 day of fermentation. Although the various types of peak areas of volatile components were shown in kochujang during the fermentation days, acetic acid-ethyl ester, ethanol, butanoic acid-ethyl ester, 1-butanol, 3-methyl-1-butanol and 2-methyl-1-propanol were mainly detected during fermentation. Those might be the major volatile components in kochujang made by traditional method.

  • PDF

Chracteristics of volatile flavor compounds in improved kochujang prepared with soybean koji during fermentation (콩고오지를 사용한 개량식고추장의 숙성과정 중 휘발성 향기성분의 특성)

  • Choi, Jin-Young;Lee, Taik-Soo;Park, Sung-Oh
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.29 no.6
    • /
    • pp.1144-1150
    • /
    • 1997
  • Volatile flavor components of soybean koji kochujang made from a glutinuous rice by improved method were analyzed by using a purge and trap method during fermentation, and identified with GC-MSD. Fifty-six volatile flavor components including 16 alcohols, 15 esters, 7 acids, 4 aldehydes, 5 alkanes, 3 ketones, 1 benzene, 1 alkene, 2 phenol and 2 others were found in improved kochujang. The number of volatile flavor components detected immediately after making kochujang were 32 and increased to 46 components after 30 day of fermentation. The most number 55 of volatile flavor components were found after 90 day of fermentation. Thirty-one kinds of volatile flavor components were commonly found through the fermentation period 9 alcohols such as 2-methyl-1-propanol, ethanol, 3-methyl-1-butanol, 8 esters such as methyl acetate, ethyl acetate, 2-methylpropyl acetate, 3 aldehydes such as butanal, acetaldehyde, furfural and 11 othesrs. Although the various types of peak areas (%) of volatile flavor components were shown in kochujang during the fermentation days, ethanol. ethyl acetate, ethyl butanoate, 2-methylpropyl acetate, 2-methyl-1-propanol and 3-methyl-1-butanol were mainly detected during fermentation. Those might be the major volatile flavor components in kochujang made by improved method. Peak area of ethanol was the highest one among the volatile flavor components at immediately after mashing and 90 day while ethyl acetate showed the highest Peak area after $30{\sim}60$ day of fermentation and 3-methyl-1-butanol showed the highest peak area after $120{\sim}150$ day of fermentation.

  • PDF

Volatile Components of Kumquat(Fortunella margarita) (금귤의 휘발성 향기성분)

  • Kwag, Jae-Jin;Kim, Do-Yeon;Lee, Keun-Hoi
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.24 no.5
    • /
    • pp.423-427
    • /
    • 1992
  • The volatile components were extracted from kumquat(Fortunella margarita) by simultaneous steam distillation-extraction method and fractionated on silica gel column. The total volatile oil was eluted off first by n-pentane and eluted again by diethyl ether. The total volatile oil and diethyl ether fraction were analyzed by GC and GC-MS. In the total volatile oil, 10 components were identified, of which major ones were limonene(96.5%, of total volatile oil), ${\beta}-pinene$(1.93%) and ${\alpha}-terpineol$(0.42%) and then the characteristic aroma of kumquat appeared to be due to limonene. On the other hand diethyl ether fraction, from which 46 components were identified, contained 9 alcohols, 22 terpenes and terpene alcohols, 7 aldehydes and ketones, 7 esters and 1 miscellaneous components. The major components were ${\alpha}-terpineol$(31.98% of diethyl ether fraction), ${\beta}-terpineol$(7.37%), geranyl acetate(9.69%) and p-menthadien-9-ol(4.12%).

  • PDF

Major volatile components of cooked glutinous rice (찹쌀밥의 주요 휘발성 성분)

  • Lee, B.Y.;Son, J.R.;Yoon, I.H.;Ushio, Matsukura;Imai, Toru;Akio, Maekawa
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
    • /
    • v.36 no.2
    • /
    • pp.111-114
    • /
    • 1993
  • The volatile components of cooked glutinous rice were investigated. Among more than 100 volatile components of fresh cooked rice, the predominant one was hexanal followed by pentanal, butanal, octanal, heptanal, noananal, acetone and toluene. These eight components comprised about 85% of the total volatiles, and the hexanal comprised about 86% total amount of the eight volatile components. the amount of the eight volatile components and hexanal in cooked glutinous rice were six and nine times more than that of cooked nonglutinous rice, respectively. The amount of volatile components in cooked glutinous rice stored for 72 hours at $70^{\circ}C$ was same with that of in nonglutinous rice immediately after cooking.

  • PDF

Changes of Aroma and Volatile Components of Korean Leaf Tobaccos from a Different Stalk Positions (국산 원료잎담배의 착엽위치에 따른 향기성분 및 휘발성 성분의 변화)

  • Hwang Keon- Jung;Rhee Moon-Soo;Kim Chung Ryul
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
    • /
    • v.27 no.1
    • /
    • pp.127-133
    • /
    • 2005
  • This study was conducted to determine the aroma and volatile component changes from a different stalk positions of Korean flue-cured tobacco. Eight different stalk positions of flue-cured leaf tobaccos harvested in 2001 were used for this study. Thermal extraction method at two different treatment temperature($50\;amp;\;80^{\circ}C$) was applied for this experiment. Forty eight kinds of aroma and volatile components such as 2,4-heptadienal, hexadecane, 1-methyl-1H- pyridine, 2,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrrole were analyzed by using thermal extraction method. All of aroma and volatile components of leaf tobaccos were changed from a different stalk positions and treatment temperature. Leaf tobaccos in middle stalk position have a higher concentration of aroma and volatile components such as norsolanidione, 4-pyridinecarboxaldehyde, 4-methyl-4-OH-2-pentanone, acetic acid, propylene glycol, 1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone, 2,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrrole. Also, Megastigmatrienone 1, 3-oxo-[alpha]­ionol, 6,10,14-trimethyl-2-pentadecanone, heptadecane, 6-methyl-2-isohexyl-l-heptene concentration were low in the middle stalk position and high in both bottom and upper position. Treatment temperature affected on the changes of many aroma and volatile components in leaf tobacco. Most of aroma and volatile components such as, 2,4-Heptadienal, dodecanoic methylester, famesol isomer and 3-acetylpyridine were sharply increased as increasing treatment temperature. This results can be used to estimate the aroma characteristics of cigarette blend using a different stalk position of leaf tobacco.

Studies on the Volatile Flavor Components of Fresh Ginseng (수삼중 휘발성 향기성분에 관한 연구)

  • 김만욱;박종대
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
    • /
    • v.8 no.1
    • /
    • pp.22-31
    • /
    • 1984
  • Volatile flavor components of fresh ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer.) were studied. Steam distillate of fresh ginseng was extracted with ethyl ether and the extract was separated into four fraction: neutral, phenolic, acidic and basis fractions. The ethyl ether concentrates and neutral fraction were analyzed by a combination of SE-54 fused silica capillary gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. Major flavor components of fresh ginseng were predominantly mono(n +2) and sesquiterpenes(n +3) in over two hundred constituents. Of these, 28 were newly identified in volatile flavor components of fresh ginseng by GC-MS.

  • PDF

Volatile Flavor Components in Various Edible Portions of Commelina communis L. (닭의장풀의 식용부위별 휘발성 향기성분)

  • Lee, Mie-Soon;Choi, Hyang-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.27 no.4
    • /
    • pp.464-470
    • /
    • 1995
  • Volatile flavor components from various edible portions of Commelina communis L. were collected by simultaneous steam distillation-extraction(SDE) method using diethyl ether as solvent. Essential oils were analyzed by gas chromatography(GC) and combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(GC-MS). Eighty nine volatile flavor components, including 33 hydrocarbons, 4 aldehydes, 9 ketones, 23 alcohols, 6 esters, 10 acids and 4 miscellaneous ones were confirmed in whole samples. Twenty three components, including 14 hydrocarbons, 7 alcohols and 2 esters were confirmed in leaves. Six components, including 3 hydrocarbons and 3 alcohols were confirmed in stems, and 18 components, including 13 hydrocarbons, 1 ketone, 3 alcohols and 1 acid were confirmed in roots. The kinds and amounts of volatile flavor components revealed different patterns depending upon various edible portions. Relatively greater numbers of volatile flavor components were identified in leaves compared with other portions of this wild plant.

  • PDF

Comparison of Volatile Components in Essential Oil from Different Origin of Atractylodes spp.

  • Chung, Hae-Gon;Bang, Kyung-Hwan;Bang, Jin-Ki;Lee, Seong-Eun;Seong, Nak-Sul;Cho, Joon-Hyeong;Han, Byung-Seok;Kim, Seong-Min
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
    • /
    • v.12 no.2
    • /
    • pp.149-153
    • /
    • 2004
  • This study was carried out to compare the major volatile components in essential oil from different origin of Atractylodes spp. which is being traded as a crude herbal drug in Korean herbal markets. From the two Atractylodes of major volatile components were similarly detected such as the ${\beta}-selinene,\;{\beta}-sesquiphellandrene$, germacrene B, 2,7-dimethoxy-2-methylnaphthalene and 9-methoxy-2,3-dihydrofuro{3,2-q}coumarin. Among the volatile components, the major components were 2,7-dimethoxy-2-methylnaphthalene (40.98%), 9-methoxy-2,3-dihydrofuro {3,2-q} coumarin (15.74%), and ${\beta}-sesquiphellandrene$ (1.98%) in both Atractylodes. As a results, It was found that the two Atractylodes were the same species which was being traded in the Korean herbal markets as the A. japonica. not to different species of A. japonica and A. macrocephalla, respectively.