• Title, Summary, Keyword: volatile components

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Volatile Flavor Components in Bogyojosaeng and Suhong Cultivars of Strawberry (Fragaria ananassa Duch.)

  • Park, Eun-Ryong;Lee, Hae-Jung;Kim, Kyong-Su
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.119-125
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    • 2000
  • Volatile flavor components of two strawberry (Fragaria ananassa Duch.) varieties, Bogyojosaeng and Suhong, ere extracted by SDE(Simultaneous steam distillation and extraction) using a mixture of n-pentane and diethylether (1:1, v/v) as an extract solvent. Analysis of the concentrate by capillary gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry led to the identification of 146 and 153 components in Bogyojosaengand Suhong respectively. There were 49 esters, 25 alcohols, 20 ketones, 24 aldehyds, 6 acids, 9 terpenes and terpene derivatives, 2ethers, 11 unknowns and miscelaneous in Bogyojosaeng and 67 ethers, 9 unknowns and miscellaneous in Suhong. Among these, (E)-2-hexenyl acetae (4.56%) in Bogyojosaeng and (E)-nerolidol (12.38%) in Suhong were major compounds and aceticacid, (E)-2-hexenal, hexyl acetate, ethyl acetate, ethyl butanoate, methyl butanoate, ethyl hexanoate and ${\gamma}$-dodecalactone were the main components in each sample, though there were several differences in composition and threshold of volatile compounds. Total contents of volatile components isolated and identified in Bogyojosaeng an Suhong were 9.010 and 12.527 mg/kg, respectively.

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Changes volatile flavor components of Korean Agrimonia Japonica by cooking (조리에 따른 한국산 짚신나물(Agrimonia Japonica)의 휘발성 풍미 성분의 변화)

  • 이혜정;이경희;구성자
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.122-125
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    • 1995
  • An attempt was made to determine the effect of the volatile components of edible wild grass by cooking. We collect the volatile components of Agrimonia Japonica by dynamic\ulcorner head space method. Samples were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(GC-MS). Thirty-six components, including 16 hydrocarbons, 7 alcohols, 4 esters, 7 benzoid compounds, 1 aldehyde and 1 ketone were confirmed in raw samples. Also 6 hydrocarbons identified in cooked sample. Alpha-pinene and 3-he-xane-ol were regarded as the most abundant components in raw sample. By heating of Japonica, most of the volatile compounds were disappeared, but alpha-pinene was remained abundantly.

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Volatile Components of Lycium chinensis Miller (구기자(Lycium chinensis Miller)의 휘발성 성분)

  • 박원종;복진영;백순옥;한상빈;주현균
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.1-5
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    • 1997
  • The volatile components of Lycium chinensis Miller were isolated by simultaneous steam distillation-extraction(SDE) method and analyzed by combined GC and GC-MS. Fifty-four volatile components, including 12 alcolhols 12 esters, 7 aldehydes, 6 acids, 5 ydrocarbons, 8 ketones, 1 furan and 3 pyrazines were confirmed in the fruit of Lycium chinensis Miller. The major components were hexadecanoic acid ethyl ester, 1-octadecanone, tetrapyrazine, 2-furancarboxaldehyde and ethyl linoleate.

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Analysis and Comparison of Volatile Flavor Components in Rice Wine Fermented with Phellinus linteus Mycelium and Regular Commercial Rice Wine

  • Choi, Sung-Hee;Jang, Eun-Young;Choi, Byung-Tae;Im, Sung-Im;Jeong, Young-Kee
    • Food Quality and Culture
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.32-36
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    • 2008
  • This study identified and compared the volatile flavor components of two commercial rice wines: one fermented using the mycelium of Phellinus linteus and a regular commercial rice wine. The volatile flavor components were isolated from the infusions by Porapak Q (50-80 mesh) column adsorption. The concentrated aroma extracts were then analyzed and identified by GC and GC-MS. Thirty-four kinds of flavor components were identified in the mycelium-fermented rice wine, including 11 alcohols, 8 esters, 3 ketones, 6 acids, 3 hydrocarbones, and 4 others. In the regular commercial rice wine, 36 kindss of flavor compounds were identified, including 9 alcohols, 6 esters, 4 ketones, 6 acids, 9 hydrocarbones, and 2 others. Therefore, the data indicate that the primary flavor components in the rice wines were alcohols and esters.

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Volatile Flavor Components in Various Edible Portions of Capsella bursa-pastoris (냉이의 식용부위별 휘발성 향기성분)

  • Lee, Mie-Soon;Choi, Hyang-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.822-826
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    • 1996
  • Volatile flavor components from various edible portions of Capsella bursa-pastoris were collected by simultaneous steam distillation-extraction (SDE) method using diethyl ether as solvent. Essential oils were analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Thirty four volatile flavor components, including 12 hydrocarbons, 2 aldehydes, 2 ketones, 5 alcohols, 1 ester, 10 acids and 2 miscellaneous ones were confirmed in whole samples. Thirty one components, including 11 hydrocarbons, 5 aldehydes, 4 ketones, 5 alcohols, 1 esters and 5 miscellaneous ones were confirmed in leaves. Twenty four components, including 5 hydrocarbons, 1 aldehyde, 2 ketones, 6 alcohols, 2 esters, 1 acid and 7 miscellaneous ones were confirmed in roots. The kinds and amounts of volatile flavor components revealed different patterns depending upon various edible portions. Relatively greater numbers of volatile flavor components were identified in leaves compared with roots of these wild plants. The characteristic aroma of Capsella bursa-pastoris appeared to be due to combination of C6 alcohol and acids, terpene alcohol and sulfur containing compounds.

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Volatile Flavor Components in Various Edible Portions of Calystegia japonica $(T_{HUNB})\;C_{HOIS}$. (메꽃의 식용부위별 휘발성 풍미성분)

  • Lee, Mie-Soon;Choi, Hyang-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.359-364
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    • 1994
  • Volatile flavor components from various edible portions of Calystegia japonica $(T_{HUNB})\;C_{HOIS}$ were collected by simultaneous steam distillation-extraction(SDE) method using diethyl ether as solvent. Essential oils were analyzed by gas chromatography(GC) and combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(GC-MS). Thirty nine volatile flavor components, including 21 hydrocarbons, 1 aldehyde, 4 ketones, 7 alcohols, 4 esters, 1 acid and 1 miscellaneous one were confirmed in leaves. Twenty six components, including 16 hydrocarbons, 2 aldehydes, 3 ketones and 5 alcohols were confirmed in stems, and 52 components, including 26 hydrocarbons, 2 aldehydes, 5 ketones, 13 alcohols, 1 ester, 1 acid and 4 miscellaneous ones were confirmed in roots. The kinds and amounts of volatile flavor components revealed different patterns depending upon various edible portions. Relatively greater numbers of volatile flavor components were identified in roots compared with other portions of this wild plant.

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Study of the Semi-volatile Components in Cigarette Mainstream Smoke (담배 Mainstream Smoke중 Semi-volatile 화합물 연구)

  • 김정열;신창호;김종열;김영호;이근회
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.115-123
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    • 1998
  • The semi-volatile fraction of cigarette mainstream smoke contains the most important aroma and taste that enhance smoke flavor. The components in mainstream smoke were analysed for commercially available cigarettes. To compare the semi-volatile components delivered from mainstream smoke of domestic cigarette with imported cigarette, we analyzed three types of filter cigarettes such as cellulose acetate mono filter, carbon dual filter and slim filter cigarette. Mainstream smoke was collected with a combination of Cambridge filter pad and liquid trap containing a small amount of acetone cooled by dry ice-methanol. We have identified 43 components from mainstream smoke by GC and GC/MS and found that benzene, toluene, 4-hydroxy-4-methyl-2-pentanone, 5-methyl-2-furaldehyde, acetic acids nicotine and triacetin were the main peaks in mainstream smoke. Also we have compared the relative amounts of semi-volatile compounds delivered from the domestic and imported cigarettes with three different filters. From the results of this study, the relative amounts of limonene, acetic acid, 5-methyl-Lfuraldehyde delivered from the imported cigarettes were generally higher than those of the domestic one's.

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Volatile Flavor Components of Chestnut Honey Produced in Korea (한국산 밤꿀의 휘발성 향기성분)

  • Kang, Kui-Hwan
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.84-88
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    • 1998
  • Composition of volatile flavor components of chestnut flower sand honey were investigated by GC and GC-MS. A total of 64 components including 14 aromatic compounds, 13 hydrocarbons, 7 fatty acids, 4 terpenes, 12 oxygenated hydrocarbons, and 7 misellaneous compounds and a total 41 components including 7 aromatic compounds, 16 hydrocarbons, 12 fatty acids, 1 terpene, 2 oxygenated hydrocarbons, and 3 misellaneous compounds were identified from total volatile concentrates of chestnut flower and honey respectively. The main components of flower volatile were 2-phenyl ethyl alcohol, 1-phenyl ethyl alcohol and benzyl alcohol which comprise 49.02% of this volatiles The main components of flower volatile were 2-phenyl ethyl alcohol, 1-phenyl ethyl alcohol and benzyl alcohol which comprise 49.02% of this volatiles. Aromatic compounds such as 2-phenyl ethyl alcohol, benzyl alcohol, 1-phenyl ethyl alcohol, 1-(2-aminophenyl) ethanone act as major contributor to the characteristic honey-like flavor of chestnut honey.

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Volatile Flavor Components of Scent, Colored, and Common Rice Cultivars in Korea

  • Kim, Chang-Yung;Lee, Jong-Chul;Kim, Young-Hoi;Pyon, Jong-Yeong;Lee, Sun-Gye
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.181-185
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    • 1999
  • To compare the composition of volatile flavor components of three different cultivars of rice, Hyangnambyeo (aromatic cultivar), Heugjinjubyeo (pigmented cultivar) and Dongjinbyeo (normal cultivar), the volatile flavor components of brown rice were isolated by Likens-Nickerson simultaneous steam distillation and extraction apparatus. The flavor concentrates obtained were analyzed by gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. A total of 65 components, including 14 aliphatic aldehydes and ketones, 7 aliphatic alcohols, 8 aromatic alcohols, 13 hydrocarbons, 9 esters, 7 aliphatic acids, and 7 miscellaneous components were identified. The aliphatic aldehydes, which are known as contributors to the overall flavor of cooked rice, were present in larger amounts in Hyangnambyeo than in Heugjinjubyeo and Dongjinbyeo, while the difference in quantity of these components between Heugjinjubyeo and Dongjinbyeo was not remarkable. Hyangnambyeo and Heugjinjubeyo contained 562 ng and 259 ng of 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline per gram of brown rice based on dry weight, respectively, which is a key compound contributing to the popcorn-like aroma in aromatic rice. Dongjinbeyo contained about 6 ng.

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Essential Oil Analysis of Illicium anistum L. Extracts

  • Min, Hee-Jeong;Kim, Chan-Soo;Hyun, Hwa-Ja;Bae, Young-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
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    • v.45 no.6
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    • pp.682-688
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    • 2017
  • Fresh japanese anise (Illicium anisatum L.) tree leaves were collected and ground after drying. The essential oils of the leaves were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) using headspace (HS) and solid phase-microextra (SPME) methods. Volatile components of the leaves were identified 21 and 65 components in HS and SPME, respectively. The main components of the essential oils obtained by HS method were eucalyptol (36.7%), (+)-sabinene (15.61%), ${\delta}$-3-carene (6.87%), ${\alpha}$-pinene (6.07%), ${\gamma}$-terpinen (5.72%), ${\alpha}$-limonene (5.26%), ${\beta}$-myrcene (4.13%), ${\alpha}$-terpinene (4.04%) and ${\beta}$-pinene (3.73%). The other components were less than 3.5%. SPME method also showed that eucalyptol (17.88%) was main. The other were 5-allyl-1-methoxy-2 (13.29%), caryophyllene (6.09%), (+)-sabinene (5.60%), ${\alpha}$-ocimene (4.89%) and ${\beta}$-myrcene (3.73%), and the rest were less amounts than 3.5%. This work indicated that many more volatile components were isolated, comparing to the previous literature data and that SPME method was much more effective than HS method in the analysis of the volatile components.