• Title, Summary, Keyword: volatile components

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Studies on the volatile compounds of Cnidium officinale (천궁(Cnidium officinale)의 향기성분)

  • 이재곤;권영주;장희진;김옥찬;박준영
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.20-25
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    • 1994
  • The volatile components were extracted from root of Cnidium officinale M. by SDE(Simultaneous steam distillation and extraction) apparatus and analyzed by GC/M.5 and GC retention index matching. The experimental results revealed the presence of over 22 volatile components. Major components were cnidilide (35.1%), neocnidilids (13.4%), ligustilide (23.2%). The essential oils were separated by silica gel column chromatography(Merck 70-230mesh), and 4 fractions among 12 fractions separated had a, good aroma character.

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Effect of Microbial Fermentation on the Sensory Attributes, Gingerol Content and Volatile Components of Ginger

  • Ku, Kyung-Hyung;Lee, Kyung-A;Ko, Min-Seon;Kim, Byeong-Sam
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.322-328
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    • 2010
  • This study was conducted to examine the sensory attributes, gingerol content and volatile components of ginger paste resulting from microbial fermentation. In the ginger samples, a total of eighteen attributes were determined to characterize the sensory attributes from descriptive analysis. These eighteen attributes consisted of the following: one appearance, eight odor/aroma, eight taste, and one aftertaste attribute. The ginger fermented using Lactobacillus plantarum produced a ginger aroma and putrid taste, whereas the sample fermented with Lactobacillus brevis showed a decreased ginger aroma and taste, and generated a lemon flavor. A total gingerol content of fresh and fermented ginger was 100.19 mg% and 89.55 mg%, respectively. Sixty-one volatile components in the fresh and fermented ginger were identified, and constituted eight kinds of monoterpenes, twenty-one kinds of sesquiterpenes, eight kinds of oxygenated monoterpenes and nine kinds of oxygenated sesquiterpenes. The most abundant volatile component identified in the fresh ginger was $\alpha$-gingerberine (26.52%), whereas fermented ginger was increased in its alcohol components.

Analysis of Volatile Oil Components and Identification of Chemotypes in Jaso (Perilla frutescens) Collected in Korea

  • Ohk, Hyun-Chung;Chae, Young-Am
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.97-101
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    • 2004
  • Volatile oil components were analysed in Perilla frutescens accessions collected from different regions in South Korea and identified chemotypes based on the major volatile oil components. Major components out of 30 compounds identified were limonene, perillaldehyde, perillaketone, isoegomaketone, beta-caryophyllene, beta-farnesene, myristicin, and dillapiole. P. frotescens collections were classified into four chemotypes : PA type (57.7% limonene and 19.8% perillaldehyde), PK type (89.8% perillaketone), ST type (82.4% sesquiterpene, as 54.5% beta-caryophyllene and 27.9% beta-farnesene) and PP type (40.3% phenylpropenes as 13.6% myristicin and 26.7% dillapiole) and 37.8% sesquiterpenes. The majorities of P. frutescens collections in this study belong to PA type (41.9%) and PK type(38.8%).

Comparison of Volatile Flavor Components of Korean Aromatic Rice and Nonaromatic Rice (한국산 향미와 일반미와 휘발성 성분 비교)

  • 이종철;김영희
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.299-304
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    • 1999
  • To compare the composition of volatile flavor components of two different types of rice, the volatile flavor concentrates isolated from brown rices Hyangnambyeo(aromatic cultivar) and Dongjinbyeo (normal cultivar) were analyzed by gas chromatography and gas chromatography mass spectrometry. A total of components, including 16 hydrocarbons, 16 aldehydes and ketones, 15 alcohols, 4 acids, and 10 miscellaneous components were identified positively or tentat ively. Among them, n pentanol was the most abundant component in both samples and Hyangnambyeo contained more aldehydes and alcohols than Dongjinbyeo. 2 Acetyl 1 pyrroline which is chiefly responsible for the character istic odor of aromatic type rice was high in Hyangnambyeo compare to Dongjinbyeo, but these were detected as minor component.

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Antimicrobial Activity and Components of Extracts from Agastache rugosa during Growth Period

  • Song, Jong-Ho;Kim, Min-Ju;Kwon, Hyuk-Dong;Park, In-Ho
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.10-15
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    • 2001
  • Antimicrobial activities of volatile flavor, water and methanol extracts from Agastache rugosa were investigated. The volatile flavor extract was obtained from A. rugosa by simulataneous distillation-extraction (SDE) method. Antimicrobial activity was investigated by disc diffusion method against several microorganisms, four species of Gram positive, three species of Gram negative and tow species of yeast. The volatile flavor extracts had strong antimicrobial activity againstc. utilisand S. cerevisiae. During the growth period, a difference in antimicrobial activity among volatile flavor extracts from A. rugosa was not shown. The water extract of above 10 mg/disc showed antimicrobial activity. Methanol extracts from A. rugosa harvested in June showed antimicrobial activity against tested Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria, showed weak antimicrobial activity against the bacteria from those harvested in July and August. In particular, antimicrobial activity against V. parahaemolyticus was stronger than that against other bacteria. Water and methanol extracts did not inhibit yeast. C. utilis and S. cerevisiae. To further elucidate the effective components, volatile flavor extracts was analyzed by GC/MS. harvested in June, the components included 8 phenols (93.031%), 18 terpenes (5.230%), 12 alcohols (1.300%) 8 alkanes (0.181%), 1 ester (0.056%), 2 ketones (0.033%), 2 aldehydes (0.011%) and 1 pyrrole (0.007%). In July, the components included 6 phenols (94.366%), 19 terpenes (3.394%), 11 alcohols (2.045%), 1 ester (0.039%), 2 ketones (0.028%), 1 furan (0.005%) and 1 aldehyde (0.005%). And in August, the components included 7 phenols (95.270%), 19 terpenes (2.951%), 13 alcohols (1.399%), 1 ester (0.063%), 2 aldehydes (0.016%), 2 ketones (0.011%), 1 alkane (0.006%), 1 acid (0.005%) and 1 pyrrole (0.005%). The major component of volatile flavors was estragole, a phenolic compound.

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Changes of Volatile Flavor Components of Domesticated Codonopsis lanceolata According to Various Storage Conditions (재배더덕의 저장 및 유통조건에 따른 향기 성분의 변화)

  • Kim Jun-Ho;Choi Moo-Young;Oh Hae-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.112-119
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    • 2006
  • We investigated the changes in the volatile flavor components of domesticated Codonopsis lanceolata, which were packed in woven polypropylene (WP) film or low density polyethylene (LDPE) film and stored for 15 and 30 days at refrigerated ($2{\sim}4^{\circ}C$) or room ($18{\sim}20^{\circ}C$) temperature (hereafter referred to as WP-RE-15, WP-RO-15, LDPE-RE-15, LDPE-RO-15, WP-RE-30, WP-RO-30, LDPE-RE-30 and LDPE-RO-30). 167 volatile flavor components were identified in the fresh domesticated Codonopsis lanceolata by GC/MS. The volatile flavor components which were identified in the domesticated Codonopsis lanceolata stored for 15 days were as follows ; LDPE-RE (117 components), WP-RO (65 components), WP-RE (49 components), and LDPE-RO (48 components). After 30 days, the numbers of components were as follows : LDPE-RE (99 components), WP-RO (94 components), WP-RE (46 components), and LDPE-RO (85 components). In all conditions, the following 7 volatile flavor components were identified; 1-hexadecene, 2,6-dimethyl-2-octanol, 2-methyl-2-dodecanol, ${\alpha}$-cedrene, ${\beta}-selinene$, farnesane, and isoledene. According to the sensory evaluation, the freshness of domesticated Codonopsis lanceolata was best maintained with LDPE film and under chilled conditions.

Isolation of Volatile Allelochemicals from Leaves of Perilla frutescens and Artemisia asiatica (들깨(Perilla frutescens)와 쑥(Artemisia asiatics)잎으로부터 휘발성 타감 작용 성분의 분리)

  • Lim, Sun-Uk;Seo, Young-Ho;Lee, Young-Guen;Baek, Nam-In
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.115-123
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    • 1994
  • Allelopathic activity of the volatiles from leaves of Perilla frutescens an Artemisia asiatica was determined on the basis of bioassay, which tested germination and seedling growth of radish, rice, mung bean and lettuce. Seedling growth was more inhibited by phytotoxic volatiles than germination. Volatile components collected by headspace cold trapping-Tenax GC adsorption were analyzed by GC-MS. Fifteen volatile components in P. frutescens and 15 components in A. asiatica were identified. By steam distillation-extraction, 4 flavor components in P. frutescens and 10 components in A. asiatica were identified. The inhibitory activity of the fractions, obtained by steam distillation-extraction, was determined by virtue of bioassay on radish. Volatile allelochemicals of the most active fraction, neutral fraction, isolated from P. frutescens contained 9 components. In A. asiatica, 24 volatile allelochemicals were identified.

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Analysis of Volatile Flavor Components of Pleurospermum kamtschaticum (누룩치의 휘발성 향미성분 분석)

  • 정미숙;이미순
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.541-546
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    • 1998
  • Volatile flavor components in leaf and petiole of fresh Pleurospermum kamtschaticum H$\_$OFFM/ were extracted by SDE (simultaneous steam distillation and extraction) method using diethyl ether as solvent. Essential oils were analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Identification of volatile flavor components was based on the Rl of GC and mass spectrum of GC-MS. A total of 31 components, including 15 hydrocarbons, 4 aldehydes, 1 ketone, 5 alcohols, 2 esters, 3 acids and 1 oxide were identified in the essential oils. (Z)-${\beta}$-Farnesene, (Z, E)-${\alpha}$-farnesene and farnesene were the major volatile flavor components in fresh Pleurospermum kamtschaticum. Volatile flavor patterns of Pleurospermum kamtschaticum were analyzed using electronic nose. Sensor T30/1 and PA2 that were sensitive to alcohols had the highest resistance for fresh Pleurospermum kamtschaticum. Resistance of six metal oxide sensors was decreased in dried sample compared with fresh one.

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Solvent Extracted Volatile Components of Mushroom Mycelia Cultivated with Citrus Juice Processing Wastes (감귤 주스 착즙박을 이용하여 재배된 버섯균사체의 용매추출에 의한 휘발성 성분)

  • Lee, Chang-Hwan;Yang, Min-Ho;Park, Seung-Rim;Kang, Young-Joo
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.351-355
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    • 2007
  • Solvent-extracted volatile components from dry powder prepared from Citrus unshiu products such as immature Citrus unshiu (PCU), mature Citrus unshiu (MCU), Citrus unshiu peel (CUP), and citrus juice processing wastes (CJPW), were examined. Also, solvent-extracted volatile components from mushroom mycelia of Pycnoporus coccineus (PC), Lentinus edodes (LE), Pleurotus eryngii (PE), Hericium coralloides (HC), Panellus serotinus (PS), and Ganoderma lucidum(GL), all cultivated using citrus pulp solid media, were assayed. Twenty-nine volatile components were identified in dry powder prepared Citrus unshiu and 18 volatile components were characterized from mushroom mycelia. Of these, ${\beta}-elemene$, germacrene-D, and ${\delta}-cadinene$, were derived from CJPW, but caryophyllene, hexadecanoic acid, decanoic acid, and tetradecanoic acid were synthesized by mushroom mycelia.

Volatile Component Analysis of Commercial Japanese Distilled Liquors (Shochu) by Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction (헤드스페이스 고체상미량추출(Solid-Phase Microextraction)을 이용한 시판 일본소주의 휘발성 향기성분 분석)

  • Shin, Kwang-Jin;Lee, Seung-Joo
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.47 no.5
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    • pp.567-573
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    • 2015
  • In this study, volatile compounds in nine commercial Japanese distilled liquors (Shochu) were isolated by headspace solid-phase microexrraction (SPME) and analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and GC-mass spectrometry (MS). A total of 76 volatile components, including 48 esters, 13 alcohols, and 15 miscellaneous components, were identified. Esters and alcohols constituted the largest groups of quantified volatiles. Differences in volatile components among the distilled liquors and possible sample grouping were examined by applying principal component analyses to the GC-MS data sets. The first and second principal components explained 77.92% of the total variation across the samples. The samples using barley koji showed higher overall concentrations of total volatile components. Additionally, the principal component analysis did not reveal any sample grouping based on the raw material used.