• Title, Summary, Keyword: volatile components

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Volatile Flavor Components of Soybean Paste(Doenjang) Prepared from Different Types of Strains (균주를 달리한 된장의 향기 성분)

  • Park, Jung-Suk;Lee, Myung-Yul;Kim, Kyong-Su;Lee, Taik-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.255-260
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    • 1994
  • Four types of soybean paste(Doenjang), using traditional meju, koji, natto meju and mixture of koji and natto meju, were manufactured and fermented for 90 days. Analyzed volatile flavor components by GC-MS were confirmed to be thirty-six components including 5 alcohols, 5 aldehydes. 8 ketones, 3 acids, 9 esters and 6 miscellaneous ones. Traditional soybean paste tested had 29 components, koji and koji-natto soybean paste $26{\sim}24$ and natto soybean paste had 20 ones. Alcohol was found to be the most abundant volatile flavor components in all samples group. Traditional soybean paste had higher ratio of carbonyl to ester than any other types of soybean paste while koji-natto soybean paste had the lowest ratio of their components. The newly identified five volatile flavor components were 3-ethoxy-l-propene, dihydro-2-methyl-3-furanone. 1-hydroxy-2-propanone, 1-(2-furanyl)ethanone and 2-acethyl ethylhexanoate.

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Studies on the volatile components of Inulae flos(Inula britannica var. chinensis REGEL) (선복화(旋覆花)의 휘발성(揮發性) 성분(成分)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Sun-Woo, Sun;Kim, Hyung-Sub;Byun, Keun-Soo
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.312-317
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    • 1991
  • The volatile components of Korean and Chinese Inulae flos were identified. It is made of dried Inulae flos from the components were collected by simultaneous steam distillation extract method. Those were analyzed by combined gas chromatography(GC) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometrt(GC/MS). Sixty two components, including 10 hydrocarbons, 7 aldehydes, 18 alcohols, 3 ketones, 5 esters, 13 acids and 6 miscellaneous components were identified. Volatile components in Inulae flos were fractinated into one hydrocarbon fraction and two oxygenated hydrocarbon fractions by using silica gel column chromatography. The volatile components consisted of 16.85% hydrocarbon and 83.15% oxygenated hydrocarbons in Korean Inulae flos, 23.46% hydrocarbon and 76.53% oxygenated hydrocarbons in Chinese Inulae flos.

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Study of The Relation between Smoke Component and Sensory Evaluation of Cigarettes with the Different Leaf Blending (엽배합 특성에 따른 담배 연기성분과 관능특성과의 상관관계 구명)

  • 황건중;이문수;나도영
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.144-153
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    • 2003
  • This study was carried out to determine the relationship between smoke components and sensory evaluation by changes tobacco leaf blending. Seven different cigarettes were made by adding different types of oriental, reconstituted and expanded tobacco leaves. 62 kinds of smoke components which were 6 of general components, 34 of semi-volatile and volatile components, 9 of acid components, and 13 of phenolic components were analyzed. Eight kinds of sensory item were evaluated and also electronic nose system data was collected. All smoke components and sensory characteristics of mainstream smoke were changed by the different blending. To determine the relationship between smoke components and sensory test, the correlation and regression analysis were carried out by using SPSS statistical program. Tar, pH, and CO showed a high correlation with sensory evaluation item. As tar related to hotness, CO have a high correlation with offensive aroma. Semi-volatile and volatile components of smoke related to sensory characteristics such as aroma, taste, irritation, hotness and smoothness. When propylene, l,3-butadiene, butane, isoprene, and 2-methylfuran showed a high correlation with aroma; methyl chloride, methanol, toluene, ethyl benzene showed a high correlation with irritation. Some acidic components and phenolic components of smoke also had a high relation to smoke volume. Especially the acidic components such as 2-furoic acid, 2-hydroxybutyric acid, phenylacetic acid and palmitic acid; the phenolic components such as 4-vinyl phenol, pyrocatechol, 3-methyl catechol, hydroquinone showed a high correlation with smoke volume. As using regression analysis, it was possible to estimate the results of sensory evaluation from the smoke analysis data. From the results of electronic nose system analysis, we can find the different pattern by adding expanded tobacco leaf.

Volatile Flavor Components of Codonopsis lanceolata Traut. (Benth. et Hook.) (더덕뿌리중의 휘발성 향기성분)

  • Park, Joon-Yung;Kim, Young-Hoi;Kim, Kun-Soo;Kwag, Jae-Jin
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.338-343
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    • 1989
  • The volatile oil of the root of Codonopsis lanceolata Traut. (Benth. et Hook.) was isolated by steam distillation and extraction method and fractionated by silica gel column chromatography. The total volatile oil and each fractions were analyzed by GG, GC-MS and retention indices matching. A total of 50 components were identified in the volatile oil including 16 terpene and terpene alcohols, 13 hydrocarbons, 5 alcohols, 6 aldehyde and ketones, 6 acids, 2 esters and 2 miscellaneous components. The major components were n-hexanal (7.3% of total volatile oil), trans-2-hexenal (24.9%), n-hexanol (19.8%), cis-3-hexen-1-ol (5.6%) and trans-2-hexen-1-ol (29.4%).

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Volatile flavor components of Dioscorea japonica (참마의 휘발성 풍미성분)

  • Lee, Mie-Soon;Choi, Hyang-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.68-73
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    • 1994
  • An attempt was made to derermine the volatile flavor components of Dioscorea japonica. Essential oils from roots of the samples were isolated by simultaneous steam distillation-extraction(SDE) method using diethyl ether as solvent. Concentrated samples were analyzed by gas chromatography(GC) and combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(GC-MS). Fifty nine volatile flavor components, including 35 hydrocarbons, 5 aldehydes, 1 ketone, 9 alcohols, 2 esters, 3 acids and 4 miscellaneous ones were confirmed in the young roots of Dioscorea japonica. Forty two components, including 23 hydrocarbons, 2 aldehydes, 7 alcohols, 1 ester and 8 acids and 1 miscellaneous one were confirmed in the roots of mature stage. ${\sigma}-3-Carene$ and dodecanoic acid were regarded as the most abundant components in young and mature roots repectively. The profile of volatile flavor components was markedly different in young and mature roots of Dioscorea japonica.

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국내산 참당귀 추출물의 휘발성 향기성분

  • 곽재진;이재곤;장희진;김옥찬
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.210-217
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    • 1998
  • Volatile flavor components of extracts produced from the domestic angelica root, which are oleoresin and absolutes type, for tobacco flavoring materials were isolated by solvent extraction method and were analyzed by GC and GC/MSD. And then volatile flavor components of oleoresin were compared with volatiles isolated from absolutes. A total of 65 components were identified in the angelica root extracts, from which 41 components were identified in the oleoresin volatiles, contained 15 hydrocarbons, 12 alcohols, 6 acids, 10 esters and 2 miscellaneous components. The major components were hexadecanoic acid (7.79%), methyl palmitate (6.49%), ethyl palmitate (2.02 %) and sesquiterpenes and sesquiterpene alcohols, such as elemol (2.92 %), ${\gamma}$-selinene (2.19%), $\beta$-selinene (2.02%), $\alpha$-eudesmol (3.49%) and $\beta$-eudesmol (6.12%). On the other hand, volatiles of absolutes, from which 60 components were identified, contained 28 hydrocarbons, 14 alcohols, 5 acids, 10 esters and 3 miscellaneous components. The major components were hyrocarbons, such as undecane (5.11 %), dodecane (3.10%) and pentadecane (1.14 %), and $\alpha$-muurolene (1.64 %), ${\gamma}$-selinene (1.49%), $\beta$-selinene (2.12 %), $\alpha$-eudesmol (2.25%), $\beta$-eudesmol (4.87%), hexadecanoic acid (12.67%) and hexanoic acid (1.87 %).

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Volatile Components of Korean Soybean Paste Produced by Bacillus subtilis PM3

  • JONG-KYU KIM;JI, WON-DAE;SUNG-HO YANG;MYEONG-RAK CHOI
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.143-148
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    • 1995
  • A strain producing soybean paste flavor was isolated from traditional Korean soybean paste. The isolate was identified as Bacillus subtilis PM3. The neutral fraction representing the traditional soybean paste aroma was obtained from the whole volatile components produced by B. subtilis PM3 in cooked soybean. Each separated peak from the neutral fraction of gas chromatogram was identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) and Kovat's retention index, and the aromas of each peak were investigated by a sniffing test with the exercise panel. The twenty-nine components, including six character impact compounds and twelve components of flavors of Korean soybean paste, were confirmed. Some regions of gas chromatogram represented the soybean paste odor. It has been confirmed that traditional Korean soybean paste can be manufactured with the strain B. subtilis PM3.

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Comparison of Volatile Flavor Components between Fresh and Odorless Garlic (생마늘과 무취마늘의 휘발성 향기 성분의 비교)

  • Lee, Jae-Gon;Do, Jae-Ho;Sung, Hyun-Soon;Lee, Jong-Won
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.40 no.5
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    • pp.451-454
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    • 1997
  • An attempt was made in this study to analyze volatile flavor components of fresh and odorless garlic (Allium sativum L.), Essential oils in fresh garlic and odorless garlic were isolated by a simultaneous steam distillation and extraction(SDE) method using n-pentane/diethy ether as solvent. A total of 21 and 22 components were identified by GC/MS from the essential oils of fresh garlic and odorless garlic, respectively. Diallyl trisulfide, diallyl disulfide and methyl allyl disulfide were found to be major volatile flavor components in fresh garlic and odorless garlic. By the preparation of ordorless garlic, 77.5% of diallyl trisulfide, 15.0% of diallyl disulfde, 72% of methyl allyl disulfide, and 78.4% of allyl thiol components in fresh garlic were lost. Eleven compounds including 2-vinyl-4H-1,3-dithiin, eugenol and 2-methoxy-4-vinyl-phenol were identified in odorless garlic, but not m fresh garlic.

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Identification of Volatile Flavor Components of Chinese chive and Baek-Seok Chie (중국 부추와 백석 부추의 휘발성 풍미 성분의 동정)

  • 이혜정;박희옥
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.539-543
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    • 1997
  • This study was carried out to investigate the Chinese and Baek-Seok chive. We collect the volatile components of Chinese and Baek-Seok chive by dynamic head space method. Chinese chive was analyzed by Gas chromatography-Mass Spectrometry(GC-MS). 28 components including 20 sulfides, 5 alcohols, 1 benzene and 2 aldehydes compounds were identified in samples, Also Baek-Seok chive was analyzed by GC-MS. 32 components including 19 sulfides, 10 alcohols, 2 benzonoides and 1 aldehyde compounds were confirmed.

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Volatile Flavor Components of Korean Sancho Fruit and Tree(Zanthoxylum schinfolium) (한국산 산초열매와 나무의 휘발성 향기성분)

  • 이종원
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.493-498
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    • 1998
  • An attempt was in this to analyzer volatile flavor components of sancho(Zanthoxylum schinfolium). Essential oils in sancho tree and fruit isolated by a simulataneous steam distillation (SDE) methods using n-pentane/diethyl ether as solvent. A total of 57 and 44 components were identified by gas chromatography(GC) and combined gas chromatography spectrometry (GC-MS), respectively. Granyl acetate(29.23%) geraniol (6.80%, p-isopropyl-2-chclohexenone(5.53%), phellandral (4.10%) in sancho fruit and 4, 6, 6-trimethyl-bicyclo(7.47%), T-carvelo(4.60%, ${\alpha}$-cypernone(3.58%) in sancho tree were found to be major volatile flavor. 22 compnents including myrcene, limonene, 1, 8-cinol in sancho fruit and 10 components including 4-(1-methylethyl)-cyclohexanol, methyl undecyl ketone in sancho tree were identified. The contents of unsaturated fatty acids of palmitic acid(24.34%), myristic acid(3,68%) in sancho tree was higher than that of the sancho fruit.

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