• Title, Summary, Keyword: volatile compounds

Search Result 2,101, Processing Time 0.038 seconds

Effects of Starter Candidates and NaCl on the Production of Volatile Compounds during Soybean Fermentation

  • Jeong, Do-Won;Lee, Hyundong;Jeong, Keuncheol;Kim, Cheong-Tae;Shim, Sun-Taek;Lee, Jong-Hoon
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.29 no.2
    • /
    • pp.191-199
    • /
    • 2019
  • We inoculated different combinations of three starter candidates, Bacillus licheniformis, Staphylococcus succinus, and Tetragenococcus halophilus, into sterilized soybeans to predict their contributions to volatile compound production through soybean fermentation. Simultaneously, we added NaCl to soybean cultures to evaluate its effect on the volatile compounds profile. Cells in soybean cultures (1.5% NaCl) nearly reached their maximum growth in a day of incubation, while cell growth was delayed by increasing NaCl concentrations in soybean cultures. The dominance of B. licheniformis and S. succinus in the mixed cultures of three starter candidates switched to T. halophilus as the NaCl concentration increased from 1.5% to 14% (w/w). Seventeen volatile compounds were detected from the control and starter candidate-inoculated soybean cultures with and without the addition of NaCl. Principal component analysis of these volatile compounds concluded that B. licheniformis and S. succinus made major contributions to producing a specific volatile compound profile from soybean cultures where both species exhibited good growth. 3-Hydroxybutan-2-one, butane-2,3-diol, and 2,3,5,6-tetramethylpyrazine are specific odor notes for B. licheniformis, and 3-methylbutyl acetate and 2-phenylethanol are specific for S. succinus. Octan-3-one and 3-methylbutan-1-ol were shown to be decisive volatile compounds for determining the involvement of S. succinus in the soybean culture containing 7% NaCl. 3-Methylbutyl acetate and 3-methylbutan-1-ol were also produced by T. halophilus during soybean fermentation at an appropriate level of NaCl. Although S. succinus and T. halophilus exhibited growth on the soybean cultures containing 14% NaCl, species-specific volatile compounds determining the directionality of the volatile compounds profile were not produced.

The Influence of Spices on the Volatile Compounds of Cooked Beef Patty

  • Jung, Samooel;Jo, Cheorun;Kim, Il Suk;Nam, Ki Chang;Ahn, Dong Uk;Lee, Kyung Heang
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
    • /
    • v.34 no.2
    • /
    • pp.166-171
    • /
    • 2014
  • The aim of this study is to examine the influences of spices on the amounts and compositions of volatile compounds released from cooked beef patty. Beef patty with 0.5% of spice (nutmeg, onion, garlic, or ginger powder, w/w) was cooked by electronic pan until they reached an internal temperature of $75^{\circ}C$. A total of 46 volatile compounds (6 alcohols, 6 aldehydes, 5 hydrocarbons, 6 ketones, 9 sulfur compounds, and 14 terpenes) from cooked beef patties were detected by using purge-and-trap GC/MS. The addition of nutmeg, onion, or ginger powder significantly reduced the production of the volatile compounds via lipid oxidation in cooked beef patty when compared to those from the control. Also, the addition of nutmeg and garlic powder to beef patty generated a lot of trepans or sulfur volatile compounds, respectively. From these results, the major proportion by chemical classes such as alcohols, aldehydes, hydrocarbons, ketones, sulfur compounds, and terpenes was different depending on the spice variations. The results indicate that addition of spices to the beef patty meaningfully changes the volatile compounds released from within. Therefore, it can be concluded that spices can interact with meat aroma significantly, and thus, the character of each spice should be considered before adding to the beef patty.

Changes of Volatile Component Contents in a Red Ginseng Tail Root by Puffing (팽화처리에 의한 홍미삼의 휘발성 성분의 변화)

  • Han, Chan-Kyu;Choi, Sang-Yoon;Kim, Sung-Soo;Sim, Gun-Sub;Shin, Dong-Bin
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
    • /
    • v.32 no.4
    • /
    • pp.311-314
    • /
    • 2008
  • This study evaluated changes in concentrations of volatile compounds contained in red ginseng tail roots through puffing treatment. The results showed that 59 out of 63 volatile compounds were detected from the puffing treated roots. While most terpene and furan compounds seem to be increased by puffing treatment, most alcoholic, aldehyde and acid compounds seem to be decreased, and terpene compounds content accounted for 70% of the 63 volatile components in the puffed red ginseng tail roots.

Volatile Flavor Compounds of Olive Flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) Fed Diets Supplemented with Yuza (Citrus junos Sieb ex Tanaka) (유자 첨가 사료로 사용된 넙치의 휘발성 향미 성분)

  • Kim, Heung-Yun;Shin, Tai-Sun
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
    • /
    • v.42 no.3
    • /
    • pp.224-231
    • /
    • 2009
  • Volatile components in Olive Flounder fed diets containing 0, 2,5, 5.0, and 7.5% yuza (Citrus junas Sieb ex Tanaka) for 4 months were investigated. Samples were extracted by solid-phase micro extraction and analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Among 89 compounds detected, 82 were positively identified. Volatile compounds of Olive Flounder fed the unsupplemented diet comprised 12 acids, 10 alcohols, eight aldehydes, five aromatic compounds, nine esters, 12 hydrocarbons, four ketones, two monoterpenes, and one miscellaneous compound. Compounds identified in Olive Flounder fed the yuza-supplemented diets consisted of 10 esters, 11 monoterpenes, 13 sesquiterpenes, and two miscellaneous compounds, with the other compounds being the same as in the control. The most abundant class of compounds in flounders fed the yuza-supplemented diet was the monoterpenes, which included limonene, $\beta$-terpinene, $\beta$-trans-ocimene, and $\alpha$-terpinolene. Of the 13 sesquiterpenes identified in flounder fed the yuza-supplemented diet, bicyclogermacrene was the major volatile compound followed by allo-aromadendrene, trans-caryophyllene, and $\delta$-cadinene. Bicyclogermacrene and germacrene D content increased significantly as the yuza supplementation increased.

Thermal Generation and Antimicrobial Activity of Unusual Heterocyclic Sulfur Compounds in Garlic

  • Chung, In-Shick;Chae, Kyung-Yun;Kyung, Kyu-Hang
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.17 no.5
    • /
    • pp.1032-1037
    • /
    • 2008
  • Lowly volatile heterocyclic sulfur compounds generated in autoclaved garlic extract were isolated and identified, and their antimicrobial activity was determined. Two kinds of unusual volatile sulfur compounds were separated from heated garlic by preparative recycling high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and identified by gas chromatography (GC)-mass spectrometry (MS) and $^1H$-nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). They had heterocyclic structures with 4 to 5 sulfur atoms in the molecules. 4-Methyl-1,2,3-trithiolane (MTTT) is highly volatile and was not able to be concentrated, and was identified by GCMS only. MTTT and 6-methyl-1,2,3,4,5-pentathiepane (MPTP) are lowly volatile and were obtained in pure states to be positively identified for the first time. All 3 heterocyclic sulfur compounds began to appear by the time when the early-formed diallyl sulfides started to disappear. The minimum inhibitory concentration range of MTTT and MPTP was determined to be between 1 and 6 ppm against all yeasts tested. MTTT and MPTP were lowly volatile and sparingly soluble in water.

Changes of Volatile Compounds in Flue-cured Leaf Tobacco during Aging (황색종 잎담배의 후숙과정 중 정유성분의 변화)

  • Bock, Jin-Young;Park, Yoon-Shin;Park, Won-Jong;Lee, Joung-Ryoul
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
    • /
    • v.28 no.2
    • /
    • pp.67-74
    • /
    • 2006
  • This study was carried out to investigate the changes of essential oils in flue-cured leaf tobacco during aging for 21 months. The threshed leaf tobacco(BlO) produced in 2002 crop year was aged for 21 months in the warehouse of Oc-Cheon Leaf Tobacco Processing Factory. The leaf tobacco were sampled at three month intervals for analysis of volatile compounds. Volatile compounds were identified by GC/MS and comparison of gas chromatographic retention time with those of the authentic standard. The total of 75 compounds from the steam volatile concentrate of the flue-cured leaf tobacco were identified; they were 15 hydrocarbons, 12 alcohols, 3 aldehydes, 18 ketones, 7 esters, 10 acids, 3 phenols, 4 furans, 2 pyrrols and 1 pyridine. The major components of essential oil were neophytadiene, solanone, megastigmatrienone and phytol. After a aging period of 21 months, most of volatile compounds showed a gradual increasing tendency.

Identification of Irradiation-induced Volatile Flavor Compounds in Chicken (방사선 조사 닭고기에서의 휘발성 조사물질의 구명)

  • Cha, Yong-Jun;Kim, Hun;Park, Sung-Young;Cho, Wo-Jin;Yoon, Seong-Suk;You, Young-Jae
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.29 no.6
    • /
    • pp.1050-1056
    • /
    • 2000
  • To identify the irradiation-induced volatile flavor compounds, which were not detected in unirradiated sample and had positive correlation with the increment of irradiation dose, the volatile flavor compounds of irradiated (0, 1, 3, 5, 10 kGy) chicken were analyzed by liquid liquid continuous extraction (LLCE) and gas ehromatographyimass spectrometry (GC/MS) methods. One hundred twenty nine compounds were detected in irradiated chicken, and these compounds were composed mainly of hydrocarbons (62 compounds), aromatic compounds (44), aldehydes (9), ketones (5) and miscellaneous compounds (10). Among these, only 3 volatile compounds including 2-methylpentanal (r=0.24), 4-methylcyclohexene (r=0.08) and cyclotetradecene (r=0.92), were detected as irradiation-induced volatile flavor compounds in irradiated chicken. However, only cyclotetradecene was selected as a marker compound for detecting irradiation dosages with high correlation coefficient in irradiated chicken.

  • PDF

Changes of Volatile Flavor Compounds of Seibel Grape Must during Alcohol Fermentation and Aging (Seibel 포도즙 알코올 발효 및 저장 중 휘발성 향기성분의 변화)

  • 고경희;장우영
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
    • /
    • v.27 no.6
    • /
    • pp.491-499
    • /
    • 1999
  • A great variety of the volatile metabolic by-products was formed in yeast cell during alcohol fermentation. The seibel grape (Vitis labrasca) which was grown in the Southern Korea used for wines. The objective of this research was to identify the volatile flavor compounds during alcohol fermentation and aging at 12$^{\circ}C$. saccharomyces cerevisiae and Schizosaccharomyces pombe were inoculated and fermented in seibel grape must. The volatile flavor compounds of logarithmic, stationary and death phases were extracted, concentrated and identified by gas chromatography/mass spectrometer (GC/MS). The volatile flavor compounds were determined by a Hewlett-Packard 5890 II Plus GC which was equipped with Supelcowax 10 fused silica capillary column (60m$\times$0.32mm$\times$0.25${\mu}{\textrm}{m}$ film thickness) wall coated with polyethyleneglycerol. The scan detection method allowed the comparison of the spectrum from the chromatogram of volatile flavor compounds to those in data Wileynbs base library. Among the volatile compounds collected by ether-hexane extraction method, the evolution of 20 main compounds, such as 9 esters (ethyl butyrate, isoamyl acetate, ethyl caproate, n-hexyl acetate, ethl caprylate, ethyl caprate, diethy succinate, ethyl hexadecanoate, 2-pheneethyl acetate), 4 alcohols (3-methyl-1-butanol, 1-hexanol, 1-heptanol, benzoethanol), 4 ketones and acids (2-octanone, caproic acid, caprylic acid, capric acid), 2 furan and phenol (2,6-bis(1,1-dimethyl ethyl)phenol, 2,3-dihydrobenzofuran) were observed during alcohol fermentation and aging. The production of the esters during alcohol fermentation with S. cerevisiae was higher than those of Sch. pombe. The sensory scores of the aged wine samples in aroma, taste and overall acceptability were not significantly different(p<0.05).

  • PDF

Changes in Volatile Sulfur Compounds of Garlic (Allium sativum L.) under Various Drying Temperatures (건조 온도에 따른 마늘의 휘발성 함황성분의 변화)

  • Chung, Shin-Kyo;Seog, Ho-Moon;Choi, Jong-Uck
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.26 no.6
    • /
    • pp.679-682
    • /
    • 1994
  • The volatile sulfur compounds in raw and dried garlic (Allium sativum L.) under various temperatures (50, 60, 70 and $80^{\circ}C$ ) were separated, identified by GC and GC/MS. In hexane extracts of raw garlic, 8 volatile sulfur compounds were identified and 11 compounds were identified in steam distillation extracts. The volatile sulfur compounds of raw and dried garlic were mostly composed of diallyl disulfide, diallyl trisulfide, allyl methyl trisulfide. According to the increase of drying temperature total amounts of volatile sulfur compounds in the hexane extracts decreased to $40{\sim}75$$, and in the steam distillation extracts decreased to $10{\sim}20%$. The amounts of diallyl disulfide, allyl methyl trisulfide decreased more than other volatile sulfur compounds, but diallyl trisulfide comparatively decreased lower.

  • PDF

Relationship between sensory attributes and volatile compounds of polish dry-cured loin

  • Gorska, Ewa;Nowicka, Katarzyna;Jaworska, Danuta;Przybylski, Wieslaw;Tambor, Krzysztof
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.30 no.5
    • /
    • pp.720-727
    • /
    • 2017
  • Objective: The aim of this work was to determine the relationship between objective sensory descriptors and volatile flavour compound composition of Polish traditional dry-cured loin. Methods: The volatile compounds were investigated by using solid phase microextraction (SPME) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). For sensory assessment, the quantitative descriptive analysis (QDA) method was used. Results: A total of 50 volatile compounds were found and assigned to 17 chemical families. Most of the detected volatile compounds derived from smoking, lipid oxidative reactions and seasoning (46.8%, 21.7%, and 18.9%, respectively). The dominant compounds were: aromatic hydrocarbon (toluene); alkanes (hexane, heptane, and 2,2,4-trimethylpentane); aldehyde (hexanal); alcohol (2-furanmethanol); ketone (3-hydroxy-2-butanone); phenol (guaiacol); and terpenes (eucalyptol, cymene, ${\gamma}-terpinen$, and limonene). Correlation analysis showed that some compounds derived from smoking were positively correlated with the intensity of cured meat odour and flavour and negatively with the intensity of dried meat odour and flavour, while terpenes were strongly correlated with odour and flavour of added spices. Conclusion: The analysed dry-cured loins were characterized by specific and unique sensory profile. Odour and flavour of studied loins was mainly determined by volatile compounds originating from smoking, seasoning and lipid oxidation. Obtained results suggest that smoking process is a crucial stage during Polish traditional dry-cured loins production.