• Title, Summary, Keyword: volatile compounds

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Flavor and Taste-Active Compounds in Blue Mussel Hydrolysate Produced by Protease

  • Cha, Yong-Jun;Kim, Hun;Jang, Sung-Min
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.15-21
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    • 1998
  • Volatile flavor compounds in hydrolyzed blue mussel(HBM) produced by OptimaseTM APL-440, with untreated blue mussel(UBM) were compared. A total of 100 volatile compounds were detected in both HBM and YBM , consisting mainly of 25 aldehydes, 16 ketones, 17 alcohols, 8 nitrogen-containing compounds, 11 aromatic compounds, 8 terpenes, and 15 miscellaneous compounds. Levels of aromiatic compounds decreased after hydrolysis, whereas levels of 7 nitrogen-containing compounds increased. The compounds , 3-methylbutanal, (z)-4-heptenal, and (E,Z)-2-, 6-nonadienal , had the highest odor values in both samples. Total free amino acids in HBM were 21.89%(w/w) and increased by 3,4 times higher than UBM. glutamic acid and aspartic acid, having sour tastes, were the major taste-active compounds in HBM.

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Volatile sulfur compounds in pickled garlic (마늘장아찌의 휘발성 함황화합물)

  • 김미리;모은경
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.133-139
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    • 1995
  • Solvent extract of homogenates of fresh garlic or pickled garlic was subjected to GC-MS analysis, which showed 30 volatile sulfur compounds for fresh garlic and 20 compounds for processed one. Maior sulfur compounds from fresh garlic extract were identified to be 3-vinyl-[4H]-1,2-dithiin, diallyl disulfide,3,4-dimethylthiophene and methyl allyl sulfide. Meanwhile, the number of volatile compounds from pickled garlic decreased gradually during storage. Diallyl disulfide, methyl allyl trisulfide and diallyl trisulfide were major volatile sulfur compounds from pickled garlic stored for 50 days. It is appeared that the amount of trisulfides in pickled garlic increased gradually during storage, in contrast to the amount of dithiins and monosulfides in pickled garlic decreased.

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Flavor Characteristics of Volatile Compounds from Shrimp by GC Olfactometry (GCO) (GC Olfactometry를 이용한 새우의 휘발성성분 특성평가)

  • 이미정;이신조;조지은;정은주;김명찬;김경환;이양봉
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.953-957
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    • 2002
  • Volatile compounds from shrimp whole body (SWB) and shrimp shell waste (SSW) were isolated, and identified by the combination of SDE (simultaneous steam distillation and solvent extraction), GC (gas chromatography, HP-5890 plus)and MSD (mass selective detecter) or olfactometry. The peak numbers isolated from SWB and SSW were 20 and 46, respectively. The amounts of the volatile compounds isolated from SSW were higher than those of SWB. SWB produced more low-boiling compounds below 7$0^{\circ}C$ and SSW did more high boiling compounds over 10$0^{\circ}C$. The volatile compounds identified from SSW were 9 pyrazines,5 acids,4 aldehydes, and 4 alcohols. These volatile compounds were evaluated by aroma extraction dilution analysis and gas chromatography olfactometry (GCO). Some compounds which were not detected by GC-FID and GC-MSD were found to be a strong shrimp flavor of log$_3$ FD 3 value by GCO. Strong shrimp odors were detected in low temperature while nutty aromatic odors and unpleasant oily smells were found in high temperature.

Safety Profile Assessment and Identification of Volatile Compounds of Krill Eupausia superba Oil and Residues Using Different Extraction Methods

  • Haque, A.S.M. Tanbirul;Kim, Seon-Bong;Lee, Yang-Bong;Chun, Byung-Soo
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.159-165
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    • 2014
  • In this study, Krill Eupausia superba oil was extracted using different solvents and supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-$CO_2$). During SC-$CO_2$ extraction, the pressure was set at 40 MPa and temperatures ranged from $40^{\circ}C$ to $55^{\circ}C$. We examined the differences in volatile compounds and safety profiles among extraction methods. Volatile compounds were determined using the thermal desorption system integrated with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Heavy metal content was analyzed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). According to our results 10 volatile compounds were identified in krill sample. After SC-$CO_2$ extraction of oil, the concentrations of volatile compounds decreased, but increased after solvent extraction. In krill, heavy metal concentrations remained within the permissible limit. Moreover, Zn and Fe which have health benefits were detected at high concentrations. During a 90 days storage period at different temperatures, microbial activity was found to be lowest in SC-$CO_2$ extracted residues. Thus, the quality of krill oil and the residues obtained using SC-$CO_2$ extraction was higher and the oil was safer than those obtained using conventional solvent extraction. These results can be applied to the food industry to maintain high quality krill products.

Profiling of Volatile Components Using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry in Commercial Pine Needle (Pinus densiflora S. and Z.) Powder

  • Kim, Joo-Shin;Chung, Hau-Yin
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.45-54
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    • 2011
  • Volatile components in commercial pine needle (Pinus densiflora S. and Z.) powder were extracted using simultaneous steam distillation and a solvent extraction (SDE) apparatus, and were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). A total of 230 compounds divided into 13 groups were identified, which included alcohols (42), ketones (39), aldehydes (32), terpenes (30), alkenes (17), esters (14), furans (14), benzenes (10), alkanes (8), napthalenes (7), acids (6), miscellaneous compounds (6), and phenols (5). Among the 230 compounds identified, 96 compounds were positively confirmed and quantified, and the rest of the compounds were tentatively identified. The major volatile components identified at relatively high levels were dodecanoic acid, hexadecanoic acid, hexanal, benzaldehyde, (Z)-3-hexen-1-ol, 1-penten-3-one, limonene, and $\beta$-caryophyllene oxide. Among the groups, terpenes accounted for 60.18% of the total concentration of all the volatile components. Some volatile components might account for the unique aroma and the biological activity of the sample.

Volatile Flavor Components as a Function of Electrical Stimulation and Chiller Aging for m. longissimus and biceps femoris of Hanwoo Beef

  • Yang, Jieun;Dashdorj, Dashmaa;Hwang, Inho
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.474-493
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    • 2019
  • The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of an early post-mortem low voltage electrical stimulation (ES) to localized part of carcasses [m. longissimus lumborum (LL) and m. biceps femoris (BF)] and determined the tenderness and flavor compounds of Hanwoo steers (n=16). Carcasses were stimulated within 30 min post-mortem for 60s using 60 volts and muscles aged 2 and 14 d. Degradation of Troponin-T were accelerated by ES and degraded little faster in BF muscle than LL. Level of free amino acid content of stimulated and aged muscles was significantly (p<0.05) greater than control for both muscles. Totally 63 volatile compounds were identified by using SPME-GC. The ES treatment significantly (p<0.05) affected the level of 20 volatile compounds of LL as well 15 volatiles in BF muscle along with total amounts of ketones, sulfur containing, pyrazines and furans. Low voltage ES could be applied to reduce the aging time and improve volatile flavor development by increasing important desirable volatile compounds such as 2-methylpyrazine, 2,5-dimethylpyrazines and 2-acetylthiazole etc. due to released free amino acids from protein degradation.

Antimicrobial Activities in the Water Extract of Mustard Seed Fractionated by Solvents (용매의 분획에 따른 겨자 물추출물의 항균성)

  • Seo, Gwon-Il;Kim, Hong-Chul;Sim, Gi-Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.295-300
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    • 1997
  • The water extract of mustard seed was fractionated by solvents with an increase of polarity, and antimicrobial activities of each extracts were examined, and volatile compounds of each extract were identified by GC-MS. When the water extract was fractionated with solvents, the antimicrobial activities were high in the order of chloroform, ethylacetate, hexane, butanol and aqueous layer. In chloroform fraction, 16 volatile compounds, including 2 isothiocyanates such as 3-isothiocyanato- 1-propene and 4-isothiocyanato- 1-butane, 1 nitrile and 4 acids were identified, their contents were higher than other fractions. Twelve, 10, 4 and 7 volatile compounds were identified in ethylaceate, hexane, butanol and water fractions, respectively. The volatile compounds were considerably less in the fractions of butanol and water than others.

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Concentration of Volatile Organic Compounds at Main Stream and Branch Stream of Kumho River (금호강 본류와 지류에서의 휘발성 유기화합물질 농도)

  • 김용혜;장봉기;홍성철;이종영
    • Journal of environmental and Sanitary engineering
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.135-146
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    • 1998
  • In this study, we investigated to measured concentration, seasonal characteristics and load quantity of volatile organic compounds(VOCs) for 11 sites in the main stream and 8 sites in the branch stream of Kumho river, during from October 1995 to April 1997. As a results, the small amount of volatile compounds, such as dichloromethane, chloroform, toluene, benzene, trichloroethene, tetrachloroethene, p-xylene and 1,3,5-trimethyl-benzene were detected from the main stream of Kumho river. Also detected to dichloromethene, chloroform, toluene, benzene, trichloroethene, tetrachloroethene, ethylbenzene, p-xylene, 1,3,5-trimethylbebzene and 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene in the branch stream, and dichloromerhane, chloroform and toluene were detected to all site of sampling. And seasonal variation of volatile organic compounds showed higher concentration in the July 1996 as a winter season than January 1997 as a summer season in most places. Also the load quantity of volatile organic compound at Gangchang site in the last downstream of Kumho river, was in order of chloroform > dichloromethane > toluene > trichloroethene.

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Evaluation of Mixed Probiotic Starter Cultures Isolated from Kimchi on Physicochemical and Functional Properties, and Volatile Compounds of Fermented Hams

  • Kim, Young Joo;Park, Sung Yong;Lee, Hong Chul;Yoo, Seung Seok;Oh, Sejong;Kim, Kwang Hyun;Chin, Koo Bok
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.122-130
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    • 2016
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of mixed starter cultures isolated from kimchi on physicochemical properties, functionality and flavors of fermented ham. Physicochemical properties, microbial counts, shear force, cholesterol contents and volatile compounds of fermented ham were investigated during processing (curing and ripening time). Curing process for 7 d increased saltiness, however, decreased hunter color values (L, a, and b values). Ripening process for 21 d increased most parameters, such as saltiness, color values, weight loss, shear force and cholesterol content due to the drying process. The mixed starter culture had higher lactic acid bacteria than the commercial one. While eight volatile compounds were identified from fermented hams during curing process, total fiftyeight volatile compounds were identified from fermented hams during ripening process. The main volatile compounds were alcohols, esters and furans. However, no differences in volatile compounds were observed between two batches. Fermented hams (batch B) manufactured with probiotic starter culture (LPP) had higher sensory score in texture, color and overall acceptability than counterparts (batch A), while the opposite trend was observed in flavor. Therefore, mixed probiotic starter culture isolated from kimchi might be used as a starter culture to be able to replace with commercial starter culture (LK-30 plus) for the manufacture of fermented ham.

Volatile Flavor Compounds in the Leaves of Fifteen Taxa of Korean Native Chrysanthemum Species

  • Kim, Su Jeong;Ha, Tae Joung;Kim, Jongyun;Nam, Jung Hwan;Yoo, Dong Lim;Suh, Jong Taek;Kim, Ki Sun
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.558-570
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    • 2014
  • This study was conducted to compare the volatile flavor compounds found in the leaves of 15 taxa of Korean native Chrysanthemum species. The volatile flavor compounds from the taxa were collected using a simultaneous steam distillation and extraction technique and were analyzed using gas chromatography/mass selective detector (GC/MSD). A total of 45 volatile flavor compounds were identified with six functional groups: 14 alcohols, 4 ketones, 19 hydrocarbons, 5 esters, 2 acids, and 1 aldehyde. The main functional group in 15 taxa of Chrysanthemum species was alcohols, accounting for 28.7% of volatile flavor compounds, followed by ketones (21.2%) and hydrocarbons (13.2%). Camphor, which is known for its antimicrobial properties, was the most abundant volatile compound (30%) in C. zawadskii ssp. latilobum and var. leiophyllum. In particular, C. indicum subspecies and C. boreale contained ${\alpha}$-thujone, which has outstanding anti-bacterial, anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, anti-ulcer, and anti-diabetic efficacies. C. indicum var. albescens could be used in perfumes, since it showed 21 times more camphene than C. indicum. In addition, C. indicum var. acuta contained a fairly high content of 1,8-cineole, which has an inhibitory effect on mutagenesis. C. lineare contained only pentadecanoic acid compounds, whereas other taxa hexadecanoic acids. Overall, the Korean native Chrysanthemum species had considerable variation in volatile flavor compounds in their leaves. This study provides a good indication of specific potential use for various applications.