• Title/Summary/Keyword: washing

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Washing Efficiency of Drum Washing Machine Using Steam Jet System (스팀분사 방식을 사용한 스팀 드럼세탁의 세탁성능)

  • Jung, Sun-Young;Jang, Jeong-Dae;Park, Seok-Kyu;Jeong, Seong-Hae
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.134-138
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    • 2006
  • The washing efficiency of two types of washing machine- drum(drum washing) and drum using steam jet system(steam drum washing) was studied. The purpose of this paper is to clarify the performance of new steam drum washing. The relationship between washing temperature and washing efficiency(reflectance(%)) by soil removal, and that between washing temperature and electric energy consumption, Fabric damage evaluated by Danish wear method, Fabric shrinkage(%) during laundering were investigated, and compared with those in drum washing machine. Washing efficiency of steam drum washing according to washing temperature is better than that of drum washing. Electric energy consumption and fabric damage in steam drum washing are lower than those of drum washing. Fabric damage increased as washing temperature increased. Shrinkage of fabrics in steam drum washing and drum washing are about same. Therefore, we assumed that in the case of steam drum washing using steam jet system, washing efficiency remarkably increased, and fabric damage decreased, even with a lot of saving in given electric energy and water used.

A Study on Washing Habit and Washing Satisfaction of Married Women in Their 30s and 40s (30-40대 기혼여성의 세탁습관과 세탁만족도에 관한 연구)

  • Jun, Dae-Geun;Park, Sun-Mi
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.131-143
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate i) the current state of washing knowledge and washing habits ii) the effect of washing behaviors on washing satisfaction. A survey questionnaire was developed and implemented to married women in their 30's or 40's. A total of 210 responses were analyzed by frequency analysis, t-test and ANOVA with PASW18.0. The results are as follows. First, the ways in which women do the laundry was analyzed. Married women in their 30s and 40s usually do the laundry at home and are familiar with washing symbols and do not rely on common sense. Most of them like to rely on the washing machine guidelines for detergent concentration and use the right amount for environmental protection. They also adjust the washing machine setting effectively considering laundry time, water temperature and care label. Second, the groups divided by demographic variables showed meaningful results about washing knowledge. Particularly, there is no significant difference on washing knowledge between housewives and career women. Third, the groups divided by the levels of washing habits showed suggestive results about washing satisfaction. The groups who have correct washing habits generally a indicated high degree of washing satisfaction. Finally, marketing implications for the businesses of laundry, laundromat and the manufacturers of washing machine are suggested.

Evaluation of Washing Efficiency based on Consumer's Washing Behavior Integral Approach for Improving Washing Machines (II)- (소비자의 세탁습관에 따른 세탁효율 평가 -국산세탁기의 경쟁력 강화를 위한 세탁 실태조사 및 실험연구(II)-)

  • 오경화;유혜경
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.251-261
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    • 1997
  • According to consumer's washing behavior, the washing efficiency of three different types of washing machines-pulsator, agitator, and drum was studied. Their detergency, rinsing efficiency, and the degree of fabric damage, tangle, and wrinkle were evaluated. The results showed that efficient washing capacity was different from the specified capacity of washing machine. Detergency and rinsing efficiency frere apparently decreased when more than 50% of capacity was loaded in washing machine of pulsator type, and 80% for agitator or drum types. They were also affected by detergent adding methods, and decreased in the order of water-detergent-washing load> washing load-detergent-water> washing load-water-detergent. Rinsing efficiency was significantly improved when the rinsing temperature was set above washing temperature. In addition, it was revealed that detergency, fabric damage, wrinkle, and tangle were highly correlated. The relationships between detergency and tangle were different for different types of washing machine. Positive relationships were found for agitator and drum types, whereas negative for pulsator type.

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Optimized Washing Method for Performance Improvement of a Washing Machine for Boxthorn Berries (구기자 세척기의 세척성능 향상을 위한 최적 세척방법 구명)

  • Kim, Woong;Lee, Seung-Kee;Jo, Hee-Jae;Han, Jae Woong
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.187-194
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to define the optimal boxthorn berries washing method for developing the boxthorn berries cleaner. We analyzed the rate of removal of residual pesticides according to washing methods; 1st - habitual washing method, 2nd - drum rotation washing method, 3th - drum rotation and air bubble washing method, 4th - drum rotation and nozzle spray washing method, 5th - drum rotation and air bubble and nozzle spray washing method. A rate of removal of residual pesticides of 88% was detected in the drum rotation and air bubble and nozzle spray washing method, and a rate of 82% was detected in the habitual washing method. The drum rotation and air bubble and nozzle spray washing method appeared to be the best good washing effect compared to the habitual washing method(about 6% compared to 82.0% higher). Clothianidin Triadimefon, Triforine ingredients, the drum rotation and air bubble and nozzle spray washing method efficiency was lower compared to the habitual washing method removal efficiency.

The Washing Characteristics of Lycium chinense Miller with Different Washing Methods (구기자 세척기 개발을 위한 구기자의 세척특성)

  • Lee, Seung-Ki;Han, Jae-Woong;Jeon, Myung-Jin;Park, Won-Jong;Baek, Seung-Woo;Kim, Wong
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.244-249
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    • 2010
  • This study was conducted to define the optimal Lycium chinense miller washing method for developing the Lycium chinense cleaner and we analyzed the Lycium chinense miller washing characteristics for removing pesticides and microorganism according to washing methods; habitual washing method, air bubble washing method and nozzle spray washing method. The results were summarized as follows; 1. In case of measuring physical properties according to the varieties, maximum yield strength of Hokwang was 2.562 kgf, minimum yield strength of Hokwang was 0.269 kgf and average yield strength was about 1 kgf. 2. In case of measuring change of bacteria according to washing methods, the number of bacteria of non-washing method was more than the number of bacteria of habitual washing method or mechanical washing method and the number of nozzle spray washing method was least. 3. Ahjoksiseuteurobin of 0.218 ppm was detected in the untreated sample, 0.051 ppm was detected in the habitual washing method, 0.047 ppm was detected in the air bubble washing method and 0.034 ppm was detected in nozzle spray washing method. Every amount detected were less than 2 ppm that is reference value and the detected amount was least in case of nozzle spay cleaning method. Cypermethrin of 0.772 ppm was detected in the non-cleaned sample, 0.089ppm was detected in habitual washing method, 0.26 ppm was detected in the air bubble washing method and 0.292 ppm was detected in the nozzle spray washing method. Every detected amount of Cypermethrin were less than 5 ppm that is reference value and the detected amount was least in case of habitual washing method.

A Study on Non-detergent Course of Washing Machine (무세제 세탁코스에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, In-Sook;Jo, Seong-Jin;Kim, Young-Soo
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.5 no.5
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    • pp.539-544
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study is to research source of soil which is available for non-detergent course, and to develop optimum non-detergent course of washing machine for water soluble soil. The water soluble soil such as grape juice, soy bean paste and soy sauce were easily removed from the fabric but the oil soluble soils such as sesame oil and steak sauce were insurfficiently removed in washing solution without detergent. In the absence of detergent, amount of residual soils increased linearly with increasing number of soiling and washing. To search optimum conditions of washing for non-detergent course, the effect of temperature, washing time and washing method on detergency of soil in non-detergent washing solution was examined. The optimum washing temperature and washing time for non-detergent course were about $40^{\circ}C$, and 7 minutes, respectively. And in the non-detergent washing solution, midterm drain-resupply of water during washing process was good for removal of water soluble soil.

Consumer's Behaviors on the Laundering of Baby's Clothing - Comparison of Washing Machine Types - (영.유아복 세탁에 관한 소비자 행동 연구 - 세탁기 유형별 비교 -)

  • Lee, Su-Yeon;Le, Jeong-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.31 no.8
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    • pp.1231-1239
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate consumer's behaviors on the laundering of baby's clothing according to washing machine types. The subjects were 255 consumers with babies(0-2 years) in Korea. The data were collected with a self-administered questionnaire and analyzed by Chi-square test and multiple response analysis, and SPSS 12.0 statistics package was used. Consumers were separated into two groups according to washing machine types with general pulsator type and drum-type. Consumer's behaviors between general pulsator type group and drum-type group of washing machines were also examined. The results of this study were as follows. In the consumer satisfaction for washing machine, mostly drum-type group of consumers were satisfied with their washing machines. As the reasons of washing machine's dissatisfaction, noise, washing time and low washing efficiency were high in the pulsator type group, and washing time, noise and high price in the drum-type washing machine group. The consumers concerned about separation of clothing and laundering label while they washed laundry by washing machine. However, they didn't separate clothing because the small volume of laundry and a long washing time. The most interest and required thing of consumers was complete rinsing without any detergents used in washing as well as the removal of soils for baby's clothing regardless of two washing machine types. And they complained food soils like milk and mother's milk etc. were not completely removed by washing machine. As a whole the washing frequency of baby's laundry was once per a day and the rinsing also more than three times per a laundry. Most of the consumers used a private detergents for baby's clothing(detergents for baby's clothing only), and preferred to the high or boiled temperature washing as a desirable baby's laundering. There were significant differences between general pulsator type group and drum-type group of washing machines on the laundering of baby's clothing in this study.

Effect of the Application of Hand Washing Education Program for the Children with Intellectual Disability on Hand Washing Frequency and Methods during COVID-19 Pandemic (코로나-19 확산 속에서 손 씻기 교육 프로그램 적용이 지적장애 아동들의 손 씻기 빈도와 방법에 미치는 영향)

  • Son, Sung-Min;Kwag, Sung-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.1659-1668
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of the application of hand washing education program for the children with intellectual disability on hand washing frequency and methods during COVID-19 Pandemic. Subjects were 14 children with intellectual disability and they participated in the program using visual video materials. Hand washing education program was consisted of introduction, theory education, and practice and it performed 2 times a week, total 16 sessions during 8 weeks. Hand washing theory education was consisted about the importance and application of hand washing, proper hand washing steps and methods, use of hand washing tools, use of hand sanitizers including characteristics, and prevention of skin damage from hand washing. Hand washing assessment was used by hand washing frequence and methods observation report. Hand washing frequency was measured by the hand washing frequency during the daily routine and it was analyzed by the items divided into day and month units. Hand washing methods was measured by the items divided into use of hand washing tools, time, areas, drying methods after hand washing. As the results, after hand washing education program, the hand washing frequence was increased and hand washing methods were improved. Hand washing is much important as a active method to prevent the infection during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Thus, based on this findings, the application of hand washing education program should be considered to increase the hand washing frequency and improve the hand washing methods of the children with intellectual disability.

A Study on the Washing Finishing Effects of Denim Fabrics (데님 직물의 워싱 가공 효과에 관한 연구)

  • Uh, Mi-Kyung;Suh, Mi-A
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.852-862
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    • 2007
  • This study was to investigate the physical properties and the external characteristics of denim fabrics(100% cotton non-spun denim, 98% cotton/2% polyurethane spun denim) such as tensile strength, thickness and weight, flex stiffness, surface color and shrinkage. The results of the study were as follows. After examining the change of external characteristics of before and after washing finishing for denim fabrics, denim with bio washing had increased pliability compared to denim without washing finishing but the pliability of the denim did not increase according to the intensity or frequency of washing. The luminance change according to washing finishing was high in the order of bio stone bleach washing, bio stone washing, bio washing and denim without washing finishing and the surface color became brighter in accordance with the increase of intensity and frequency of washing finishing.

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A Study on the Hand Washing Awareness and Practices of Food-service Employees and the Load of Index Microorganisms on the Hands (조리종사자의 손 씻기 의식과 실천 및 손의 지표미생물 오염도에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Jeong-Yeong;Kim, Joong-Soon;Kim, Jong-Gyu
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.95-107
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    • 2010
  • Hand-washing is one of the major factors in personal hygiene and public health. This study was undertaken to investigate the hygienic behavior of food-service employees, focusing on awareness of hand washing, hand washing practices, and the load of index microorganisms (aerobic plate count, total and fecal coliforms, Escherichia coli, and Staphylococcus aureus) on the hands of food-service employees. A questionnaire survey completed by direct interview, direct observation of restrooms by the researcher and trained observers, and microbiological examination according to the Food Code of Korea were carried out. In the survey, a positive attitude toward hand washing compliance was reported; however, improper hand washing and poor hand hygiene of the food-service employees were seen under direct observation. Significant differences (p<0.05) were found between the questionnaire survey and the direct observations in hand washing compliance after using the toilet, duration of hand washing, use of hand washing agents, use of hand washing tools, washing of different parts of the hands, hand-drying method, temperature of water, and method of turning off the water. Samples taken from employees' hands before washing showed higher levels of bacteria than those taken during work and/or after washing (p<0.05). Poor hand washing practices were indicated by the positive results for total and fecal coliforms, E. coli, and S. aureus on the hands of some food-service employees. This study showed that there is a marked difference between the food-service employees' awareness of hand-washing and their actual hand-washing practices. The poor hand hygiene of and improper hand washing by the food-service employees should be addressed for improved food safety.