• Title, Summary, Keyword: water-soluble calcium

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Solubility Improvement of Cuttle Bone Powder Using Organic Acids (유기산처리에 의한 갑오징어갑 분말의 가용성 개선)

  • KIM Jin-Soo;CHO Moon-LAE;HEU Min-Soo;CHO Tae-Jong;AN Hwa-Jin;CHA Yong-Jun
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.11-17
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    • 2003
  • As a pan of a study on effective use of seafood processing by-products, such as cuttle bone as a calcium source, we examined on the kind of organic acid (acetic acid and lactic acid), reaction concentration (mole ratio of calcium to mole of organic acid), reaction temperature $(20\~60^{\circ}C)$ and reaction time (6$\~$24 hours) as reaction conditions for the solubility improvement of cuttle bone powder. The high soluble cuttle bone powder was also prepared from the optimal reaction conditions and partially characterized. From the results on examination of reaction conditions, the high soluble cuttle bone powder was prepared with 0.4 in mole ratio of a calcium to mole of a acetic acid at room temperature for 12 hours, Judging from the patterns of IR and X-ray diffraction, the main component of the high soluble cuttle bone powder was presented as a form of calcium acetate, and a scanning electron micrograph showed an irregular form. The soluble calcium content in the high soluble cuttle bone powder was $5.3\%$ and it was improved about 1,380 times compared to a raw cuttle bone powder. For the effective use of the high soluble cuttle bone powder as a material for a functional improvement in processing, it should be used after the calcium treatment at room temperature for about 1 hour in tap water or distilled water. from these results, we concluded that it is possible to use the high soluble cut시e bone powder as a material for a functional improvement in processing.

Physical and Chemical Properties of Soluble Sodium Silicate (수용성 규산나트륨의 물리 · 화학적 특성)

  • Ha, Youn Shick;Park, Kyeong Il;Seo, Moo Lyong
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.43 no.2
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    • pp.172-181
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    • 1999
  • To develop the manufacturing technique for the powder builder of amorphous solid types, the water glass mixed with caustic soda dispersed into the methanol. Thus soluble sodium silicate was made a form of amorphous solid powder. In order to examine characteristics of water soluble sodium silicate $SiO_2/Na_2O$ mol ratio, we investigated solubility, thermogram, SEM, and BET analysis. pH buffering capacity, calcium-ion binding capacity as temperature change, and surfactant loading capacity were examined for characteristics as laundry detergent builder. $SiO_2/Na_2O$ molar ratio of soluble sodium silicate was 1.0, 2.4, 2.8, and zeolite was used in order to investigate basic characteristics of laundry detergent builder. Silicate used with laundry detergent was good for pH buffering capacity and solubility. But calcium-ion binding capacity and surfactant adsorption ability were lower. $SiO_2/Na_2O$ mol ratio became higher, pH buffering capacity and ion exchange ability were lower and surfactant adsorption ability was a little higher.

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Voltammetric Recognition of Ca2+ by Calix[4]arene Diquinone Diacid

  • Kim, Tae-Hyun
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.31 no.11
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    • pp.3115-3117
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    • 2010
  • The voltammetric study on a water-soluble calix[4]arene-diquinone-diacid (CDA) in pH 7.4 in the presence of $Ca^{2+}$ ion provided important information about the unique electrochemical behavior of CDA-$Ca^{2+}$ complex. Using CDA, $Ca^{2+}$ ion in aqueous solution was recognized quantitatively by voltammetric techniques.

Migration of calcium hydroxide compounds in construction waste soil

  • Shin, Eunchul;Kang, Jeongku
    • Advances in environmental research
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.183-196
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    • 2015
  • Migration of leachate generated through embankment of construction waste soil (CWS) in low-lying areas was studied through physical and chemical analysis. A leachate solution containing soluble cations from CWS was found to have a pH above 9.0. To determine the distribution coefficients in the alkali solution, column and migration tests were conducted in the laboratory. The physical and chemical properties of CWS satisfied environmental soil criteria; however, the pH was high. The effective diffusion coefficients for CWS ions fell within the range of $0.725-3.3{\times}10^{-6}cm^2/s$. Properties of pore water and the amount of undissolved gas in pore water influenced advection-diffusion behavior. Contaminants migrating from CWS exhibited time-dependent concentration profiles and an advective component of transport. Thus, the transport equations for CWS contaminant concentrations satisfied the differential equations in accordance with Fick's 2nd law. Therefore, the migration of the contaminant plume when the landfilling CWS reaches water table can be predicted based on pH using the effective diffusion coefficient determined in a laboratory test.

Difference of Leaching Liability of minerals in Forages (목초에 함유된 수종 무기물의 성분분획)

  • Sangdeog A. Kim;Shigekata Yoshida
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.12-16
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    • 1991
  • Three minerals in orchard grass (Dactylis glomerata Linn.) grown under different potassium (K20) levels in water culture, potassium(K), magnesium(Mg) and calcium(Ca) were divided into water, alcohol, and acid soluble fractions to know the reason of different lea¬ching rate. The results were as follows; (1) The percentage of K in each fraction to total K was not affected by the fertilization levels, and it was 90-93, 4-6, and 2~3% in water, methanol and 0.5% HCI soluble fractions, respectively. (2) About 800/c of the extractive Mg was water soluble, and 14-22% of total Mg were extracted by O. 5% HC! solution. (3) The percentage of water, O. 5% HCI- and 1 M HCI-soluble Ca to total Ca were affected by the fertilization levels, and were 26-46%, 44-54%, and 8-22%, respectively. From the above facts, it is known that the solubility in water was the highest in K and followed by Mg and Ca. While the solubility in HCI solution was opposite to that in water.

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A Study on Mineral and Alginic acid Contents by Different Parts of Sea Mustards(Undaria pinnatifida) (미역의 부위별 무기성분 및 알긴산 함량에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Yeon-Jung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.691-700
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    • 2004
  • This study was conducted to examine the proximate composition, alginic acid and mineral contents and the types of calcium and magnesium in the parts(frond, stipe, sporophyll) of sea mustards. Carbohydrates and the crude fat was the highest in sporophyll. The contents of alginic acid were $25.9{\sim}32.2%$. Total alginic acid(32.2%) and insoluble alginic acid in water(27.7%) was e highest in sporophyll. Calcium and magnesium was the highest in frond. Phosphorous, potassium and sulfur was the highest in sporophyll. Iron, zinc and mangane was the highest in frond. Ca/P ratio in frond and stipe was about $1.7{\sim}1.8:1$ levels. Calcium and magnesium soluble in sodium chloride was the highest in sea mustards. Calcium and magnesium soluble in water was the highest in frond. Calcium and magnesium soluble in hydrochloric acid was the highest in sporophyll.

Dynamics of Nutrient and KDICical Constituents during Litter Decomposition (낙엽의 분해과정에 따른 영양염류 및 화학적 구성원의 동태)

  • Mun, hyeibg-Tae;Jae-Hoon Pyo
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.501-511
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    • 1994
  • Dynamics of nutrients, non-polar, water solubles, acid solubles and acid insolubles (lignin) in decomposing litter were investigated for 2 years in the oak, Quercus acutissima, and the pitch pine, Pinus rigida, stands in the vicinity of Kongju, Chungnam Province. Nitrogen and phosphorus conetrations in decomposing litter increased with time elapsed, however, potassium decreased rapidly within three months and then remined constant with time elapsed. Calcium concentration in needle litter during experimental period was lower than that of initial concentration in needle litter during experimental period was lower than that of initial concentration, and showed no significant variation with time elapsed. Calcium concentration in oak litter during the experimental period, however, were higher than that of initial concentration. Magnesium concentration in oak litter decreased repidly during six months, and then remaines constant thereafter. Annual amount of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium and magnesium which returned to soil via litter decomposition in the oak and the pitch pine stands was $3.3g/m^2$ and $0.9g/m^2$ for N, $0.03g/m^2$ and $0.01g/m^2$ for P, $1.3g/m^2$ and $0.7g/m^2$ for K, $0.7g/m^2$ and $1.2g/m^2$ for Ca, $0.9g/m^2$ and $0.4g/m^2$ for Mg, respectively. Non-polar, and water- and acid-soluble fractions in decomposing litter decreased and lignin increased with time.

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서울귀룽나무 잎의 배당체에 관한 연구 제1보

  • 한구동
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.2 no.1_2
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 1953
  • The leaves of prunus padus L. var. Seoulensis Nakai distributed widely in Korea, were extracted with boiling alcohol(95%) after being mixed with calcium carbonate. The aqueous solution distilled off alcohol from the above filtered extract under the reduced pressure was evaporated to the dryness. The residue was extracted with acetic ether on the water-bath and the acetic ether solution extract was allowed to stand for a weck after removing out of acetic ether almostly, then a colorless necdles were Crystalized out which has the following characteristics : $C_{14}$ $H_{17}$ $O_{6}$ N, began to melt at 138-139.deg. bitter taste [.alpha.]$_$ $D^{20}$ ]=-26.99.deg. soluble in water, alcohol acetone acetic ether etc. slightly soluble in chloroform. It was proved to be identical with prunasine due to above characteristics and determination of Benzal-dehyde HCN and glucose respectively which was obtained on hydrolysis of this glycoside with emulsine.

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Studies on the Surface Modification of Fabrics Treated with Fibroin Solution (액상 견 Fibroin 처리 직물의 표면가공에 관한 연구)

  • 이용우;이광길
    • Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.56-61
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    • 1997
  • The silk fibroin solution was prepared and applied to the surface of fabrics for the purpose of weighting as well as a surface modification. The water-soluble fibroin solution can be obtained by dissolving the cocoon fibroin in a boiling solution of 50% calcium chloride for 60 minutes. For the fixation of a water soluble fibroin onto the fabric surface, the various methods were investigated. The fixation can be achieved on a silk fabric by the after treatment with ethanol, stannous choride and methacrylamide. On the other hand, the epichlorhydrin compound is the most promising fixation agent for a cotton fabric. As a result of the examination of property changes, the softness and crease recovery were lessened for a silk crepe fabric by treating with 1-2% fibroin solution, while those properties were improved for a silk knit fabric.

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Tidal Variations of the Chemical Constituent Contents in the Laver Bed Sea Waters in Wan Do Gun From October 1968 to February 1969 (완도읍 및 평일만 김밭에 있어서의 동계 오개월간 수질의 조수에 따른 변동)

  • Won, Chong Hun;Park Kil Sun
    • 한국해양학회지
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.14-29
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    • 1970
  • Tidal variations of various chemical constituents in the laver bed sea waters in Wan Do Gun were determined over one spring tidal cycle from Oct. 1968 to Feb. 1969. Total ranges and means of the contents at Pyung-il Do and Wan Do are as follows. Although the average monthly variations of each content at Pyung-il Do were similar to those at Wan Do, most of the contents at Pyung-il Do were at a slightly higher level than at Wan Do. The values of silicate-silicon, phosphate- phosphorus and soluble iron, however, showed high levels at Wan Do. Chlorinity, magnesium, calcium, dissolved oxygen, silicate-silicon and phosphate-phosphorus contents increased from Oct. 1968 to Feb. 1969, though the content of soluble iron decreased before December and slightly increased in January and February. The average monthly variations of ammonia-nitrogen and nitrate-nitrogen contents were irregular. The nitrite-nitrogen content appeared in trace amounts in the months with a comparatively high water temperature, i.e., October and November, but in midwinter it was undetected. The ranges of the tidal variations of the contents of each chemical constituent were not significantly wide, though the contents varied excessively by the hour, and this may show the irregularity of the water quality in Wan Do Gun coastal area. As a rule, no regular tidal variation of the chlorinity was observed except slightly decreased value at ebb tide at Wan Do. In general, although the pattern of the variations of calcium and magnesium contents were similar to that of the chlorinity, no definite relationships between these constituents and chlorinity were observed. Tidal variations of the dissolved oxygen content, nutrient salts and soluble iron were irregular.

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