• Title/Summary/Keyword: wild fish

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Comparative Analysis of Proximate Compositions and Lipid Component in Cultured and Wild Mackerel Scomber japonicus Muscles (양식산 및 천연산 고등어근육의 일반성분과 지질성분 비교)

  • Moon, Soo-Kyung;Hong, Seok-Nam;Kim, In-Soo;Jeong, Bo-Young
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.42 no.5
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    • pp.411-416
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    • 2009
  • Proximate compositions and fatty acid profiles of cultured and wild mackerel (Scomber japonicus) muscles were compared. Protein content ranged from approximately 16% to 18% and was higher in wild fish than in cultured ones. Lipid content was between two to four times higher in large and small cultured fish (20.1-20.5%) compared with same sized wild fish. The prominent non-polar lipid (NL) class in fish muscles was triglyceride, and additionally, free sterol was among the prominent NL classes in wild fish muscles. Prominent phospholipid (PL) classes in cultured and wild fish muscles were phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylcholine, with the former being higher in cultured fish and the latter higher in wild fish. Prominent fatty acids of total lipid were 16:0, 18:1n-9, 22:6n-3 (docosahexaenoic acid, DHA), 20:5n-3 (eicosapentaenoic acid, EPA), 16:1n-7, 18:0 and 14:0, while 18:2n-6 was among the prominent fatty acids in cultured fish. The n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA, DHA+EPA) content (in mg/100 g of muscle tissue) was higher in cultured fish (2,711 mg in large fish and 2,572 mg in small fish) than in wild fish (2,431 mg in large fish and 1,398 mg in small fish). In conclusion, we have been able to demonstrate that cultured mackerel could also be a good sources of n-3 PUFA, such as DHA and EPA.

Preferential Incorporation of Fatty Acids in the Testis and Ovary of Cultured and Wild Sweet Smelt Precoglossus altivelis

  • Jeong, Bo-Young;Jeong, Woo-Geon;Moon, Soo-Kyung;Toshiaki Ohshima
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Fisheries Technology Conference
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    • pp.99-100
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    • 2001
  • Although cultured sweet smelt production recently have been rapidly increased from 89 metric tons (M/T) in 1997 to 500M/T In 1999 in Korea, wild fish have been still used as broodstock for cultured fish seed. This is considered due to having higher sperm and e99 qualify in wild fish broodstock than cultured fish. However, capturing a number of wild sweet smelt broodstock might lead to decreasing of the production of wild fish, In truth, of which production has been greatly decreased so that a number of artificial juvenile have been stocked some rivers in Korea. (omitted)

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Comparison of The Taste Compounds of Wild and Cultured Eel, Puffer and Snake head (천연산 및 양식산 뱀장어, 복어, 가물치의 맛 성분에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Hee-Yun;Shin, Jae-Wook;Sim, Gyu-Chang;Park, Hee-Ok;Kim, Hyun-Sook;Kim, Sang-Moo;Cho, Jae-Sun;Jang, Young-Mi
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.1058-1067
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    • 2000
  • In this study, eel, puffer and snake head fish, which are widely taken and highly valued for processing into baked fish, soup or fish juice were studied by classifying them into wild fish and cultured fish, and evaluated in terms of taste. The samples were gathered in the area including Kimhae, Samchonpo and Haman in Kyungsangnam-do, Kangsu-Gu in Pusan and Bukcheju-Gun in Cheju-do. Proximate compositions, the content of nucleotides and their related compounds, total and free amino acids, organic acids and fatty acids of the fishes were analysed. Generally, as for the compositions, wild fish had a higher crude fat content and a lower moisture content as compared with cultured fish, while there was no great difference between them in terms of crude protein and ash contents. Nucleotides and their related compounds including ATP, ADP, AMP, IMP, HxR, Hx were detected, and the amounts of which were nearly the same with respect to the growth conditions. IMP content was high in all of the samples, while ATP content was extremely low. Total 17 amino acids were detected from the samples, and most of the samples had high contents of glutamic acid, aspartic acid, lysine, leucine, glycine, alanine and arginine, and low contents of cystein, isoleucine and methionine. As for the other amino acids, generally same level of contents were detected for each samples. In cases of eel and snake head fish, the wild fish had higher total amino acid contents in comparison with cultured fish. And the result to the contrary was obtained for the case of puffer. Sample fishes had nearly the same compose distribution of free amino acid though the contents of which were a little different according to the samples. Each sample had high contents of taurine, hydroxyproline, glutamic acid, glycine, cystathionine, ${\beta}-aminoisobutyric$ acid and lysine. Total organic acid contents of cultured fish was higher than that of wild fish. All fishes commonly had high contents of lactic acid, iso-valeric acid, oxalic acid and fumaric acid. High levels of $C_{16:0},\;C_{16:1},\;C_{18:1(cis)},\;C_{18:3},\;and\;C_{22:6}$ were shown in all of the samples and ${\omega}-3$ polyunsaturated fatty acid content of cultured fish was higher than that of wild fish, and as for the essential fatty acid, wild fish has higher content in comparison with cultured fish.

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Comparison of nutritional characteristics between wild and cultured juvenile black rockfish, Sebastes schlegeli (자연산 및 양식산 조피볼락 치어의 영양학적 특성 비교)

  • LEE HaeYoung;PARK Min Woo;JRON Im Gi
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.137-142
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    • 2000
  • Cultured juvenile black rockfish, Sebastes schiegeli as a seed for sen ranching project were compared with the similar size of wild fish. Wild fish were analyzed and compared with cultured fish in body indices, and moisture, crude protein, lipid, ash, many kinds of amino acids and various minerals in the whole-body of juvenile rockfish from three different populations. There were significant (P<0.05) differences in the moisture, crude lipid, and ash in the whole-body of fish among three different populations; the moisture content of wild fish was higher than that of both cultured fish. The lipid content in wild and tank cultured fish was lowest and highest, respectively; The lipid content of fish cultured in embanked system was intermediate values. The condition factor (CE), hepatosomatic index (HSI), and intraperitoneal fat (IPE) of fish cultured in tank system and embanked system were significantly (P<0.05) higher than those of wild fish. But fish cultured in tank system produced similar intestinosomatic index (ISI) and muscle ratio (MR) values as the wild fish. There were significant differences in asparatic acid, glutamic acid, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, phenylalanine, threonine, valine of whole-body fish cultured by different methods; the wild fish was highest in these amino acids, followed by fish cultured in embanked system and then fish cultured in tank system. There were also significant differences in Ca, P, Mg, Mn, Zn of whole-body fish cultured by different methods: wild fish and fish cultured in tank system produced highest in Ca, P, Mg, Zn and lowest in Mn, respectively. There were significant differences in moisture, crude lipid, ash, many kinds of amino acids, several minerals, CE, HSI, UE, and ISI among the three juvenile populations; whole-body of wild fish showed higher in moisture, ash, asparatic acid, glutamic acid, isoleucine, leucine, Iysine, phenylalanine, threonine, valine, Ca, P, Mg, and Zn than fish cultured in embanked system, while they showed lower in the rest of the nutritious parameters studied.

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Comparison of behavior characteristics between wild and cultured black seabream Acanthopagrus schlegeli using acoustic telemetry (음향 텔레메트리 기법을 이용한 자연산과 양식산 감성돔의 행동특성 비교)

  • Kang, Kyoung-Mi;Shin, Hyeon-Ok;Kang, Don-Hyug;Kim, Min-Seon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.141-147
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    • 2008
  • Acoustic telemetry technique is one of useful tools to get behavioral information of the free-swimming fish. In this study, we conducted acoustic telemetry using coded acoustic transmitters to compare behavior characteristics between wild and cultured black seabream Acanthopagrus schlegeli, one of target species to promote resource in the marine ranching area. Two wild fish and five cultured fish were released in the marine ranching area after tagging surgically. Three of cultured fish were domesticated using the remote acoustic conditioning system for 3 weeks before being released. Two wild fish stayed at the released point for 2 hours and 9 days, respectively. One of wild fish was found about 10.8km away from the released point after 5 months. Two cultured fish stayed at the released point for 6 days and 75 days, respectively. One of acoustic conditioned fish stayed at the released point for 131 days and then was found about 10.1km away from the released point after 25 days. Others stayed at the released point during this study period(159 days).

Seasonal Variation in the Nutritional Composition of the Muscle of Wild and Cultured Korean Bullhead Pseudobagrus fulvidraco (자연산과 양식산 동자개(Pseudobagrus fulvidraco)의 시기에 따른 영양성분 변화)

  • Lim, Chi Woon;Kim, Min A;Gye, Hyun Jin;Yoon, Na Young;Song, Mi Young;Shim, Kil Bo
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.49 no.6
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    • pp.779-784
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    • 2016
  • We evaluated seasonal variations in the proximate, fatty acid and total amino acid compositions and mineral content of the muscles of wild and cultured Korean bullhead Pseudobagrus fulvidraco. The wild and cultured samples showed a significantly higher proportion of crude lipids than other components. Crude lipid content was highest in May in wild fish but lowest in May in cultured fish. We found no significant difference between wild and cultured samples in terms of fatty acid and total amino acid compositions and mineral content. The levels of saturated fatty acids (SFA) and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) as well as n-6/n-3, were higher in the muscles of wild fish compared with those of cultured fish. However, monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) levels were higher in cultured fish. Both wild and cultured fish were good sources of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosa hexaenoic acid (DHA). In wild fish, the Mg and Zn contents were highest in August, while the Ca, P, Na, K, Fe, and Cu contents were highest in May. However, the mineral content of the cultured fish did not exhibit significant seasonal variation.

Survey for zoonotic liver and intestinal trematode metacercariae in cultured and wild fish in An Giang Province, Vietnam

  • Thu Nguyen Diem;Dalsgaard Anders;Loan Ly Thi Thanh;Murrell K. Darwin
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.45-54
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    • 2007
  • Although Vietnam has a high risk of fish borne zoonotic trematode(FZT) infections for humans, little information exists on the epidemiology of these infections in the country's fish. Because of the importance of cultured cat-fish and snakehead production in An Giang province, a major production area in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam, a survey for FZTs was carried out in randomly selected fish farms between June 2005 and March 2006. For comparison, wild fish from the same area were also surveyed. A total of 852 cultured fish from 4 districts were collected and examined by pepsin digestion to determine their FZT infection status. In Tra catfish, the prevalence of all types of metacercariae was 2.6%, of which the prevalence of Haplorchis pumilio was 0.7%. The overall prevalence of metacercariae in wild fish was 30.6%, of which 10.3% harbored zoonotic species: H. pumilio(2.8%) and Procerovum sp.(5.6%). The prevalence of Opisthorchis metacercariae, which were diagnosed as O. viverrini, was 1.9%. No metacercariae were found in cultured snake head fish, although wild-caught snakehead fish had a FZT prevalence of 10.3%: 5.1% were O. viverrini; 2.6% H. pumilio; and 2.6% were Procerovum sp. These are the first reports of H. pumilio, Procerovum sp., and O. viverrini metacercariae in Vietnamese fish. These results indicate that consumption of improperly prepared fish represents a significant risk of acquiring FZTs in this south Vietnam region.

Seasonal Changes of Body Composition and Elasticity between Wild and Cultured Brown Croaker, Miichthys miiuy (자연산 및 양식산 민어, Miichthys miiuy의 체성분 및 탄력의 계절적 변화)

  • Yoon, Ho-Seop;Seo, Dae-Chol;An, Yun-Keun;Choi, Sang-Duk
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Biology
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.179-185
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    • 2006
  • This study investigated the seasonal changes of body composition and elasticity between wild and cultured brown croaker, Miichthys miiuy. The wild fish were analyzed and compared with cultured fish in moisture, crude protein, lipid, ash and many kinds of amino acids. Cultured fish was higher in moisture content and lower in crude lipid and protein content than those of wild one. The wild fish were more abundant in the total amino acid compositions than those of cultured one. As result E/A ratio there was a little significant differences between wild and cultured. In highly unsaturated fatty acid, EPA (Eicosapentaenoic Acid) and DHA (Docosahexaenoic Acid) content of cultured fish were higher than wild one. On the other hand, the gel strength, max weight and hardness of wild fish were higher than cultured one.

Residues of Antibiotics in Wild and Cultured Fishes Collected from Coast of Korea (시중 유통 자연산 및 양식산 활어의 항생제 잔류)

  • Shim, Kil-Bo;Mok, Jong-Soo;Jo, Mi-Ra;Kim, Poong-Ho;Lee, Tae-Seek;Kim, Ji-Hoe;Cho, Young-Je
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.12-17
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    • 2010
  • Wild and cultured fish including olive flounder, sea bass, rock bream, yellowtail, gray mullet, gizzard shad, black rockfish, red seabream and squid were collected from a fish market located on the coast of Korea, and the antibiotic content of their muscle was investigated. Tetracycline group antibiotics were not detected in the 108 individuals of 9 species of wild fish. However, oxytetracycline (OTC) and tetracycline(TC) were detected in some samples of the 111 individuals in 7 cultured live fish species. The detected ranges of OTC and TC were ND~ 0.06 and ND~ 0.03, respectively. Five different fluoroquinolone antibiotics were also tested for, but were not detected in the wild fish species. Only small amount of criprofloxacin(ND~0.029 mg/kg) were detected in a few cultured fish samples. Oxolinic acid was not detected in either wild and cultured fish samples. Results showed that even very low levels of antibiotics could be detected by the testing methods used. Antibiotics were identified in a few fish samples but levels were far below the maximum allowable limits of the Korean Food Code, and the safety of fish being sold in markets, with regard to antibiotic levels, was confirmed.

Muscle Quality of Cultured Olive Flounder, Paralichthys Olivaceus (양식 넙치의 육질에 관한 연구)

  • 이경희;이영순
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.448-452
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    • 1997
  • Sensory and physical qualities and palatable compounds of cultured flounder muscle were compared with the wild ones. No differences were seen in the contents of the moisture, lipid, protein between cultured and wild dorsal muscles, however, sensory panels preferred the wild fish to cultured ones because of the texture and taste of wild fish, and they could differentiate the degree of difference in the texture and taste property distinctly. Raw meat of the wild fish was harder and more elastic than the cultured ones, however, the cultured meat was harder and drier than the wild ones once they were cooked. The results of physical properties were similar to the results of sensory evaluation. Alanine was the most abundant compound among the free amino acids which make meat palatable and followed by glutamic acid, proline, methionine, and glycine. There was no difference in total content of free amino acids between two fish muscles. ATP was the most abundant among all nucleotides and their related compounds in both fish muscles followed by IMP, ADP, AMP, however, the total content of those was greater in wild fish muscle (9.4 ${\mu}$mole/g) than in cultured fish muscle (6.7 ${\mu}$mole/g).

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