Hepatoprotective Effect and Antioxidant Role of Caesalpinia bonducella on Paracetamol-induced Hepatic Damage in Rats

  • Published : 2003.09.01

Abstract

The hepatoprotective effect of methanol extract of leaves of Caesalpinia bonducella was studied by means of paracetamol induced liver damage in rats. The degree of protection was measured by using biochemical parameters such as serum transaminase (SGPT and SGOT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), bilirubin, and total protein. Further, the effects of the extract on lipid peroxidation (LPO), glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase (CAT) were estimated. The methanol extract of C. bonducella (MECB) (50,100 and 200 mg/kg) produced significant (P<0.01) hepatoprotective effect by decreasing the activity of serum enzymes, bilirubin, and lipid peroxidation, while it significantly increased increased the levels of GSH, SOD, CAT, and protein in a dose dependent manner. The effects of MECB were comparable to that of standard drug Silymarin. However, at a lower dose (25 mg/kg) it could not restore the deleterious effect produced by paracetamol. The results indicate that Caesalpinia bonducella had antioxidant and hepatoprotective effects.

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