Effect of ABA and Salicylic Acid on Yields, Mineral Contents and Active Components of Chrysanthemum boreale M.

산국의 수량, 무기물 및 유효성분에 미치는 ABA와 SA의 효과

  • Lee, Kyung-Dong (Institute of Agriculture & Life Sci., Gyeongsang Natl. Univ.) ;
  • Tawaha, Abdel R.M. (Dept. of Crop Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Jordan Univ. of Sci. & Techn.) ;
  • Yang, Min-Suk (Institute of Agriculture & Life Sci., Gyeongsang Natl. Univ.,Division of Applied Life Science, Gyeongsang Natl. Univ.)
  • 이경동 (경상대학교 농업생명과학원) ;
  • ;
  • 양민석 (경상대학교 농업생명과학원,경상대학교 응용생명과학부)
  • Published : 2004.12.31

Abstract

Chrysanthemum boreale M. is an important medicinal plant that has been historically used in herbal medicine and in the health food throughout East Asia. This study was conducted to investigate the influence of abscisic acid (ABA) and salicylic acid (SA) on plant growth, mineral content and effective components, such as essential oil, amino acid and cumambrin A, by means in order to increase the productivity and the quality of flowerheads in the plant. Yields of flowerheads were increased by 12.7%, 21.7% and 15.5% by ABA, SA and both treatments, respectively, as compared with the control. Inorganic nutrient content was changed by PGRs; SA treatment was increased by nitrogen, phosphorus and magnesium content but decreased by potassium of C. boreale M. flowerheads. Total content of amino acid was increased by SA but decreased by ABA treatment. Essential oil content and yields were increased to 9.7% and 33.8% by SA treatment. Moreover, the content of terpene, monoterpenoids and sesquiterpenoids, were improved by ABA treatment, especially, germacrene-D content was increased by 39.1%, as compared to control. In addition, yields of cumambrin A, sesquiterpene compound exhibiting blood-pressure activity, increased in all PGRs treatments, but its concentration in the C. boreale M. flowerheads only increased by ABA and both treatment. The experiment suggests that PGRs using ABA and SA could increase the yields and quality of C. boreale M. flowerheads.

References

  1. Bjorkman C, Larsson S, Gref R (1991) Effects of nitrogen fertilization on pine needle chemistry and sawfly performance. Oecologia 86:202-209 https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00317532
  2. Chappell J (1995) The biochemistry and molecular biology of isoprenoid metabolism. Plant Physiol. 107:1-6 https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.107.1.1
  3. Choi YJ (1992) Korean Popular Customs Plants. Academy, p. 53, Seoul, Korea
  4. Cleland CF, Ajami A (1974) Identification of the flower-inducing factor isolated from aphid honeydew as being salicylic acid. Plant Physiol. 54:904-906 https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.54.6.904
  5. Cleland CF, Ben-Tal Y (1982) Influence of giving salicylic acid for different time periods on flowering and growth in the long-day plant Lemna gibba G3. Plant Physiol. 70:287-290 https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.70.1.287
  6. Dan B, Andrew G (1986) Chinese Herbal Medicine. Eastland, p. 59, Seattle, USA
  7. Durner J, Shah J, Klessig DF (1997) Salicylic acid and disease resistance in plants. Tre. Plant Sci. 2:266-274 https://doi.org/10.1016/S1360-1385(97)86349-2
  8. Foroutan-Pour K (1994) Aspects of barley post-anthesis nitrogenphysiology. M.Sc Thesis, McGill University, Canada
  9. Glass ADM, Dunlop J (1974) Influence of phenolic acid on iron uptake: IV. Depolarization of membrane potentials. Plant Physiol. 54:855-858 https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.54.6.855
  10. Haelvae S (1987) Studies on fertilization of dill (Anethum graveolens) and basil (Ocimum basilicum). III. Oil yield of basil affected by fertilization. J. Agric. Sci. Finland 59:25-29
  11. Hampton RE, Oosterhuis DM (1990) Application of phenolic acids to manipulate boll distribution in cotton. Arkansas Farm Res. 39:11-14
  12. Hong YG, Yang MS, Park YB (1999) Effect of cumambrin A treatment on blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Korean J. Pharmacogn 30:226-230
  13. Jain A, Stivastra HS (1981) Effects of salicylic acid on nitrate reductase activity in maize seedlings. Physiol. Plant 51:339-342 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.1981.tb05565.x
  14. Khan W, Prithiviraj B, Smith DL (2003) Photosynthetic responses of corn and soybean to foliar application of salicylates. J. Plant Physiol. 160:485-492 https://doi.org/10.1078/0176-1617-00865
  15. Kim D, Kim Y, Heo C, Kang D, Lee Y, Chung D (1993) Effect of plant growth regulators on the growth, yield and chemical components of soybean seed. RDA. J. Agri. Sci. 35:89-98
  16. Kimata H, Hiyama C, Aiura M (1979) Application of high performance liquid chromatography to the analysis of crude drugs. Chern. Pharm. Bull. 27:1836-1841 https://doi.org/10.1248/cpb.27.1836
  17. Kling GJ, Meyer MM (1983) Effect of phenolic compounds and indoleacetic acid on adventitious root initiation in cuttings of Phaseolus aureus, Acer saccharinum, and Acer griseum. HortSci. 18:352-354
  18. Ko KS (1991) Coloured Wild Plants of Korea. Academy, p. 32, Seoul, Korea
  19. Kothari SK, Singh V, Singh K (1987) Effect of rates and methods of phosphorus application on herb and oil yields and nutrient concentrations in Japanese mint (Mentha arevensis L). J. Agri. Sci. 108:691-693 https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021859600080163
  20. Lee KD, Yang MS (2003) Effects of swine manure compost application on the yield, nitrogen uptake and effective component of Chrysanthemum boreale M. Korean J. Medicinal Crop Sci. 11:371-376
  21. Leslie CA, Romani RJ (1986) Salicylic acid: A new inhibitor of ethylene biosynthesis. Plant Cell Reports. 5:144-146 https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00269255
  22. Likens ST, Nikerson GB (1964) Detection of certain oil constituents in brewing products. Proc. Am. Soc. Brew. Chem. 5:13-17
  23. Nikaenenl I (1989) The effect of cultivation conditions on the composition of basil oil. Flavor Fragrance J. 4:125-128 https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.2730040309
  24. Oh BI, Chae YA (1993) Effects of carbon and nitrogen sources on the essential oil production and its composition in callus culture of Mentha piperita L. Korean J. Medicinal Crop Sci. 1:58-62
  25. Park JS, Chung JD, Kim HY (2001) Influence of temperature, GA and ABA on the flowering and flower stalk elongation of Cymbidium goeringii. J. Korean Soc. Hort. Sci. 42:469-472
  26. Provot G, Massimino J, Peltier G, Rey P (1996) Effect of low temperature, high salinity and exogenous ABA on the synthesis of two chloroplastic drought-induced proteins in Solanum tuberosum. Physiol. Plant. 97:123-131 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.1996.tb00488.x
  27. Rao BRR, Rao EVSP, Singh SP (1983) Influence of NPK fertilization on the herbage yield essential oil content and essential oil yield bergamot mint (Menta citrata). Indian Perfumer. 27:77-79
  28. Raschke K (1975) Stomatal action. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. 26:309-340 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.pp.26.060175.001521
  29. Raskin I (1992) Role of salicylic acid in plants. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. BioI. 43:439-463. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.pp.43.060192.002255
  30. RDA(Rural Development Administration) (1995) Standard Investigation Methods for Agricultural Experiment. pp. 601, RDA, Suwon, Korea
  31. RDA(Rural Development Administration) (1988) Methods of Soil Chemical Analysis. National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, RDA, Suwon, Korea
  32. Sakano K (1981) Regulation of aspartatekinase isoenzyme levels in cultured cells of Vinca rosea. Plant Cell Physiol. 14:1343-1353
  33. Schultz TH, Flath RA, Mon TR, Eggling SB, Tweauishi R (1977) Isolation of volatile components from a model system. J. Agric. Food Chem. 25:446. https://doi.org/10.1021/jf60211a038
  34. Shin DS, Yu SR, Choi KS (1995) Effects of salicylic acid on anthocyanin synthesis in cell suspension cultures of Vitis vinifera L. Kor. J. Plant Tissue Culture. 22:59-64
  35. Taylor JS, Bhalla MK, Robertson JM, Piening LJ (1990) Cytokinins and abscisic acid in hardening winter wheat. Can. J. Bot. 68:1597-1601 https://doi.org/10.1139/b90-205
  36. Tuomi J, Niemela P, Haukioja E, Siren S, Neuvonen S (1984) Nutrient stress: An explanation for plant anti-herbivore responses to defoliation. Oecologia 61:208-210. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00396762