Gene Targeting Mouse Genetic Models for Cleft Lip and Palate

구순구개열 발생의 분자유전학 연구를 위한 유전자 표적/적중 생쥐모델의 이용

  • Baek, Jin-A (Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Chonbuk National University, Center for Oral Biology, School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Rochester)
  • 백진아 (전북대학교 치과대학 구강악안면외과학교실)
  • Published : 2008.12.30

Abstract

Cleft lip and/or palate are common birth defects in humans and the causes including multiple genetic and environmental factors are complex. Combinations of genetic, biochemical, and embryological approaches in the laboratory mice are used to investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying normal craniofacial development and the congenital craniofacial malformations including cleft lip and/or palate. Both forward and reverse genetic approaches are used. The forward genetic approach involves identification of causative genes and molecular pathways disrupted by uncharacterized mutations that cause craniofacial malformations including cleft lip and/or cleft palate. The reverse genetic approach involves generation and analyses of mice carrying null or conditional mutations using the Cre-loxP mediated gene targeting techniques.