Phenotypic Relationship between Lactation Persistency and Change in Body Condition Score in First-lactation Holstein Cows

  • Yamazaki, Takeshi (National Agricultural Research Center for Hokkaido Region, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization) ;
  • Takeda, Hisato (National Agricultural Research Center for Hokkaido Region, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization) ;
  • Nishiura, Akiko (National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization) ;
  • Sasai, Youji (National Livestock Breeding Center Niikappu Station) ;
  • Sugawara, Naoko (National Livestock Breeding Center Niikappu Station) ;
  • Togashi, Kenji (National Agricultural Research Center for Hokkaido Region, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization)
  • Received : 2010.07.29
  • Accepted : 2011.01.14
  • Published : 2011.05.01


We examined the correlations between lactation curve shape, including persistency and changes in body condition score (BCS) during early-stage (0 to 30 days in milk (DIM)), nadir-stage (31 to 90 DIM), and late-stage (91 to 240 DIM) lactation in 191 first-lactation cows. Data used were first-parity BCS records, scored twice every month after calving, and daily milk yields. Individual lactation curves were depicted by the Wilmink function. Lactation persistency was defined as the difference in estimated milk yields between 240 DIM and 60 DIM. Changes in BCSs in the early and late stages were defined as linear regression coefficients. There were no significant correlations between traits for lactation curve shape and change in BCS in early-stage lactation. Peak yield and total milk yield were negatively correlated with BCSs in nadir- and late-stage lactation and with BCS change in late-stage lactation, suggesting that cows with high lactation yields had low body reserves and health status in mid- to late lactation and had delayed recovery of body reserves. Lactation persistency was positively correlated with change in BCS in late-stage lactation, suggesting that cows with high lactation persistency tended to be healthy and to recover their body reserves well in late lactation.



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