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Performance evaluation of sea water heat exchanger installed in the submerged bottom-structure of floating architecture

  • Sim, Young-Hoon (Department of Energy Plant Engineering, Graduate School, Korea Maritime and Ocean University) ;
  • Hwang, Kwang-Il (Division of Mechanical Engineering, Korea Maritime and Ocean University)
  • Received : 2015.10.30
  • Accepted : 2015.12.17
  • Published : 2015.12.31

Abstract

Floating architecture is a type of building that is geographically located on a sea or a river. It floats under the influence of buoyancy, and does not have an engine for moving it. Korea is a peninsula surrounded by sea except on the north side, so floating architectures have been mainly focused on two points: solving the issue of small territory and providing various leisure & cultural spaces. Floating architectures are expected to save energy effectively, if they use sea water heat, which is known to be clean energy with infinite reserves. To use sea water heat as the heat source and/or heat sink, this study proposes a model in which a sea water heat exchanger is embedded in the concrete structure in the lower part of the floating architecture that is submerged under the sea. Based on the results of performance evaluations of the sea water heat exchanger using CFD (computational fluid dynamics) analysis and mock-up experiments under various conditions, it is found out that the temperature difference between the inlet and outlet of the heat exchanger is in the range of $3.06{\sim}9.57^{\circ}C$, and that the quantity of heat transfer measured is in the range of 3,812~7,180 W. The CFD evaluation results shows a difference of 5% with respect to the results of mock-up experiment.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs

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