Design Study for Pulsed Proton Beam Generation

  • Kim, Han-Sung (Korea Multipurpose Accelerator Complex, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute) ;
  • Kwon, Hyeok-Jung (Korea Multipurpose Accelerator Complex, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute) ;
  • Seol, Kyung-Tae (Korea Multipurpose Accelerator Complex, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute) ;
  • Cho, Yong-Sub (Korea Multipurpose Accelerator Complex, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute)
  • Received : 2015.01.20
  • Accepted : 2015.08.10
  • Published : 2016.02.25


Fast neutrons with a broad energy spectrum, with which it is possible to evaluate nuclear data for various research fields such as medical applications and the development of fusion reactors, can be generated by irradiating proton beams on target materials such as beryllium. To generate short-pulse proton beam, we adopted a deflector and slit system. In a simple deflector with slit system, most of the proton beam is blocked by the slit, especially when the beam pulse width is short. Therefore, the available beam current is very low, which results in low neutron flux. In this study, we proposed beam modulation using a buncher cavity to increase the available beam current. The ideal field pattern for the buncher cavity is sawtooth. To make the field pattern similar to a sawtooth waveform, a multiharmonic buncher was adopted. The design process for the multiharmonic buncher includes a beam dynamics calculation and three-dimensional electromagnetic simulation. In addition to the system design for pulsed proton generation, a test bench with a microwave ion source is under preparation to test the performance of the system. The design study results concerning the pulsed proton beam generation and the test bench preparation with some preliminary test results are presented in this paper.


Supported by : Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning of the Korean Government


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