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Responsible usage of digital technologies to manage SARS-CoV-2 pandemic

코로나19 대응을 위한 책임 있는 디지털 기술의 활용 방안

  • 김홍준 (대전대학교 컴퓨터공학과) ;
  • 엄정호 (대전대학교 군사학과)
  • Received : 2020.08.20
  • Accepted : 2020.09.27
  • Published : 2020.09.30

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic have been spreading continuously across the world, hence it is difficult to expect coming to an end in a short period of time. The use of digital technology has shown tangible results in suppressing COVID-19, but raised privacy and data-protection concerns. In the context of the global efforts to deal with the coronavirus pandemic, various digital technologies are taking on a role in surveillance, monitoring, and forecasting. Also the Korea government manages Corona crisis based on legal basis. In this paper, Korea and each country's response to the Corona 19 pandemic are shown, and suggests ways to protect personal information while using digital tools. Large-scale data collection and processing is essential for the suppression of pandemic, but it should be limited to the level and scope required privacy. Also international cooperation, temporary and transparent use of personal information, the corresponding legal basis are necessary. As the use of data and algorithms is expected to continue to increase, technical and institutional efforts to reinforce privacy protection must continue.

신종 코로나 바이러스(SARS-CoV-2)로 인한 팬데믹이 확산되는 추세로 단기간 내 종식을 기대하기 힘든 상황이다. 디지털 기술의 활용은 코로나19 억제에 대해 가시적인 성과를 보여주고 있지만, 개인정보호호 측면에서는 논란이 되고 있다. 본 논문에서는 코로나19 팬데믹에 대한 우리나라 및 각국의 대응 현황을 살펴보고, 디지털 도구를 활용하되 개인정보를 보호하는 방향에 대해 제언한다. 팬데믹 억제를 위해서는 데이터 수집 및 처리가 필수적이지만 개인정보보호를 고려하여 꼭 필요한 수준과 범위로 제한해야 하고, 국제적 규모의 협력과 한시적이고 투명한 개인정보 이용, 이를 위한 법적·제도적 기반 확립이 필요하다. 오늘날 이 같은 데이터와 알고리즘 활용은 지속적으로 증가할 것이므로, 이와 더불어 개인정보보호를 위한 기술·제도적 보완 노력이 계속되어야 한다.

Keywords

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