• Title, Summary, Keyword: 2단계 군집분석

Search Result 128, Processing Time 0.052 seconds

A Study on the Slacks Pattern for the Higher Grades Girls in Elementary School Based on the Somatotype Analysis of tower Body (Part I) (학령 후기 여아의 하반신 체형 분석에 의한 바지 원형설계에 관한 연구(제1보))

  • 박정숙;함옥상
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
    • /
    • v.27 no.1
    • /
    • pp.143-153
    • /
    • 2003
  • This study was conducted in order to provide basic study material for children's garment design. The subjects of this study are fifth and sixth grade elementary school girls, who demonstrate rapid growth and the differences among individual somatic types are apparent. Their bodies are studied, categorized into patterns and the characteristics are examined. 1 The increase of height and length measurements according to age increase are much larger than that of breadth, depth and girth menasurments. 2. Eight factors are drawn upon factor analysis and the rate of factors comprisedare 78.68%. 3. The shapes of lower body of higher grades girls in elementary school are classified into three categories. The first type is slender in lower body and the second type is more contoured around waist area with longer length and higher height than the average elementary school girls. The third type is heavy in the lower body. 4. Eighteen items important for somatic categorization are selected through stepwise discriminant analysis and the exactitude rate of these items is 93.3%.

Characteristics and Types of Social Impact Bond (사회성과연계채권(Social Impact Bond) 운영구조의 유형화)

  • Noh, Hyejin
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
    • /
    • v.47 no.4
    • /
    • pp.333-360
    • /
    • 2016
  • Social Impact Bonds(SIBs) has emerged as a promising way to finance proven social services programs, fund what works, and drive government accountability and has increased fast. In this context, this study examines and classifies the structure of SIB focusing key criteria of the main steps through two-step cluster analysis. Analysis results are as follows. First, the main commissioners of SIB are the ministries of the central government. And in terms of the stage of invest, there are usually two or three investors mainly consisting of social finance organizations. Second, in terms of target and age of SIB beneficiaries, it focuses on the adolescent and youth. Third, in the outcome evaluation stage, the results show that in most cases outcome payments are determined by a validation of service provider or government administrative data. However, the rate of payments are based on the comparison of the program beneficiaries to other comparable groups is 23.8%. Finally, The results of two-step cluster analysis are as; 'mix of central government and social finance organization', 'multiple agent including private organization', and 'multiple social provider'. Among three types, 'multiple agent including private organization' shows the most active participation between agents and the most systematic outcome measurement and management. The results of this study imply that the importance of the method to manage and measure outcome in SIB structure. Moreover, the consist of commissioners or investors is needed to expanded more.

A Study on the Figure Types af Adult Males for the Sizing System of Men′s Suits - Focusing on the Upper Body - (남성정장 치수규격를 위한 성인 남성의 체형 연구(I) - 상반신 체형을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee Hye-Young;JO Jin-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
    • /
    • v.42 no.11
    • /
    • pp.85-107
    • /
    • 2004
  • This study classified figure types of adult males into several kinds of shape to provide fundamental data for their clothing sizing system. The subjects were 1496 men aged between 20 and 60 years old. Data were analyzed by factor analysis, cluster analysis and discriminant analysis. The results were as follows 1. For the result of the interview, the data were grouped into three age brackets: 20-35,31-45 and 41-60 years. 2. Factor analysis using values, which were measurements divided by either weight or height, was carried out to extract factors which characterize the various figures. fve factors to determine the figure types were extracted. 3. Cluster analysis using factor scores was carried out to categorize the figure types within the age groups. Figure types, describing shoulder angie and body shape, were categorized into 3 per age group. 4. Stepwise discriminant analysis w3s used to ensure that these clusters could be utilized with appropriate hit ratio. The hit ratio for each age group was around 80%.

A News Video Mining based on Multi-modal Approach and Text Mining (멀티모달 방법론과 텍스트 마이닝 기반의 뉴스 비디오 마이닝)

  • Lee, Han-Sung;Im, Young-Hee;Yu, Jae-Hak;Oh, Seung-Geun;Park, Dai-Hee
    • Journal of KIISE:Databases
    • /
    • v.37 no.3
    • /
    • pp.127-136
    • /
    • 2010
  • With rapid growth of information and computer communication technologies, the numbers of digital documents including multimedia data have been recently exploded. In particular, news video database and news video mining have became the subject of extensive research, to develop effective and efficient tools for manipulation and analysis of news videos, because of their information richness. However, many research focus on browsing, retrieval and summarization of news videos. Up to date, it is a relatively early state to discover and to analyse the plentiful latent semantic knowledge from news videos. In this paper, we propose the news video mining system based on multi-modal approach and text mining, which uses the visual-textual information of news video clips and their scripts. The proposed system systematically constructs a taxonomy of news video stories in automatic manner with hierarchical clustering algorithm which is one of text mining methods. Then, it multilaterally analyzes the topics of news video stories by means of time-cluster trend graph, weighted cluster growth index, and network analysis. To clarify the validity of our approach, we analyzed the news videos on "The Second Summit of South and North Korea in 2007".

A study on the number of passengers using the subway stations in Seoul (데이터마이닝 기법을 이용한 서울시 지하철역 승차인원 예측)

  • Cho, Soojin;Kim, Bogyeong;Kim, Nahyun;Song, Jongwoo
    • The Korean Journal of Applied Statistics
    • /
    • v.32 no.1
    • /
    • pp.111-128
    • /
    • 2019
  • Subways are eco-friendly public transportation that can transport large numbers of passengers safely and quickly. It is necessary to predict the accurate number of passengers in order to increase public interest in subway. This study groups stations on Lines 1 to 9 of the Seoul Metropolitan Subway using clustering analysis. We propose one final prediction model for all stations and three optimal prediction models for each cluster. We found three groups of stations out of 294 total subway stations. The Group 1 area is industrial and commercial, the Group 2 ares is residential and commercial, and the Group 3 area is residential districts. Various data mining techniques were conducted for each group, as well as driving some influential factors on demand prediction. We use our model to predict the number of passengers for 8 new stations which are part of the 3rd extension plan of Seoul metro line 9 opened in October 2018. The estimated average number of passengers per hour is from 241 to 452 and the estimated maximum number of passengers per hour is from 969 to 1515. We believe our analysis can help improve the efficiency of public transportation policy.

Microbial Diversity in Three-Stage Methane Production Process Using Food Waste (음식물 쓰레기를 이용한 3단계 메탄생산 공정의 미생물 다양성)

  • Nam, Ji-Hyun;Kim, Si-Wouk;Lee, Dong-Hun
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
    • /
    • v.48 no.2
    • /
    • pp.125-133
    • /
    • 2012
  • Anaerobic digestion is an alternative method to digest food wastes and to produce methane that can be used as a renewable energy source. We investigated bacterial and archaeal community structures in a three-stage methane production process using food wastes with concomitant wastewater treatment. The three-stage methane process is composed of semianaerobic hydrolysis/acidogenic, anaerobic acidogenic, and strictly anaerobic methane production steps in which food wastes are converted methane and carbon dioxide. The microbial diversity was determined by the nucleotide sequences of 16S rRNA gene library and quantitative real-time PCR. The major eubacterial population of the three-stage methane process was belonging to VFA-oxidizing bacteria. The archaeal community consisted mainly of two species of hydrogenotrophic methanogen (Methanoculleus). Family Picrophilaceae (Order Thermoplasmatales) was also observed as a minor population. The predominance of hydrogenotrophic methanogen suggests that the main degradation pathway of this process is different from the classical methane production systems that have the pathway based on acetogenesis. The domination of hydrogenotrophic methanogen (Methanoculleus) may be caused by mesophilic digestion, neutral pH, high concentration of ammonia, short HRT, and interaction with VFA-oxidizing bacteria (Tepidanaerobacter etc.).

What Kinds of Rearing Stress Do the Mothers of the Gifted Have?: Using a Concept Mapping Approach (영재 자녀를 둔 어머니들의 양육 스트레스 분석: 개념도 기법을 활용하여)

  • Han, Ki-Soon;Lee, Young-Mi
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
    • /
    • v.22 no.4
    • /
    • pp.893-916
    • /
    • 2012
  • This research investigates gifted students' mothers' rearing stress based on the concept mapping method. For this, 12 gifted students' mothers solicited, gathered and analyzed related statements, and then did multidimensional scaling and hierarchical cluster analysis. The stress value was .273 which was appropriate for the two level concept mapping study. In addition 101 mothers of gifted students rated for the rearing stresses they experience. Results were as follows. First, 79 concrete statements were solicited and as a result of concept mapping were categorized as 'burden and conflict as mothers of the gifted', 'possible negative characteristics due to the giftedness', and 'self-esteem and pressure by the title of the gifted'. Especially following items showed relatively high average: worrying about how to give the child a specific help for his/her career(M=4.65); worrying that she might be intervening too much in their child's behaviors(M=4.60); getting pressured supporting the child to get involved in the gifted education system continually(M=4.46); worrying if her child is not developing his/her talent enough due to the lack of time and money(M=4.44); being concerned that her high expectations might be putting her child under too much pressure (M=4.43). Implications of the study related to gifted education practices were discussed.

An analysis of the relationship between the directional characteristic and the quality of fingerprint image for adaptive image enhancement (적응적 영상개선을 위한 지문영상의 방향성 특성과 화질의 관계 분석)

  • 곽윤식
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
    • /
    • v.23 no.4
    • /
    • pp.1066-1071
    • /
    • 1998
  • This paper aims to examine the relationship between the directional characteristics and the quality for fingerprint image as preprocessing stage for adative image enchancement. In order to do that, we transformed the original images into directional images and set up the subimage size of 16, 32, 64 and the direction of 1, 2, 3, 4. Then we extracted the accumulated directional value as the measurement of quality for fingerprint images. By using the clustering algirthm, we performed an analytic experiemnt with the result. Finally, we could extract the optimal subimage size and directional characteristics of fingerprint image.

  • PDF

A Study on Market Expansion Strategy via Two-Stage Customer Pre-segmentation Based on Customer Innovativeness and Value Orientation (고객혁신성과 가치지향성 기반의 2단계 사전 고객세분화를 통한 시장 확산 전략)

  • Heo, Tae-Young;Yoo, Young-Sang;Kim, Young-Myoung
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
    • /
    • v.10 no.1
    • /
    • pp.73-97
    • /
    • 2007
  • R&D into future technologies should be conducted in conjunction with technological innovation strategies that are linked to corporate survival within a framework of information and knowledge-based competitiveness. As such, future technology strategies should be ensured through open R&D organizations. The development of future technologies should not be conducted simply on the basis of future forecasts, but should take into account customer needs in advance and reflect them in the development of the future technologies or services. This research aims to select as segmentation variables the customers' attitude towards accepting future telecommunication technologies and their value orientation in their everyday life, as these factors wilt have the greatest effect on the demand for future telecommunication services and thus segment the future telecom service market. Likewise, such research seeks to segment the market from the stage of technology R&D activities and employ the results to formulate technology development strategies. Based on the customer attitude towards accepting new technologies, two groups were induced, and a hierarchical customer segmentation model was provided to conduct secondary segmentation of the two groups on the basis of their respective customer value orientation. A survey was conducted in June 2006 on 800 consumers aged 15 to 69, residing in Seoul and five other major South Korean cities, through one-on-one interviews. The samples were divided into two sub-groups according to their level of acceptance of new technology; a sub-group demonstrating a high level of technology acceptance (39.4%) and another sub-group with a comparatively lower level of technology acceptance (60.6%). These two sub-groups were further divided each into 5 smaller sub-groups (10 total smaller sub-groups) through two rounds of segmentation. The ten sub-groups were then analyzed in their detailed characteristics, including general demographic characteristics, usage patterns in existing telecom services such as mobile service, broadband internet and wireless internet and the status of ownership of a computing or information device and the desire or intention to purchase one. Through these steps, we were able to statistically prove that each of these 10 sub-groups responded to telecom services as independent markets. We found that each segmented group responds as an independent individual market. Through correspondence analysis, the target segmentation groups were positioned in such a way as to facilitate the entry of future telecommunication services into the market, as well as their diffusion and transferability.

  • PDF

A Convergence Effect on the Purchasing Behavior of Elementary School Mothers' Recognition of Processed Food Labeling Standards (초등학생 어머니의 가공식품 표시기준 인식이 구매행동에 미치는 융복합 효과)

  • Kang, Keoung-Shim;Lee, Se-Jeoung
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.18 no.10
    • /
    • pp.527-535
    • /
    • 2020
  • The purpose of research is to examine mothers with elementary school children in Chungcheong and the convergence effect of recognition of food labeling standards on purchasing behavior. A two-step cluster analysis was performed for group classification according to the purchase behavior of processed foods and the collection was determined by Schwarz's BIC criteria. Three types were determined: "convenience pursuit," "large mart preference," and "high cost reverse purchase". The proportion of college graduates in 'large mart preference' was higher, the proportion of employment mothers in 'high cost reverse purchase' was higher, and the need for food labeling standards was higher in 'large mart preference'. 'Shelf life' was recognized as the most important item. 'Large market preference' scored higher in 'used materials' and 'food additives', 'nutrition labelling'. In order to improve the purchasing behavior of processed foods, above all else, it is necessary to develop customized educational media that can be easily applied to real life.