• Title/Summary/Keyword: FLOW-3D

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2D to 3D Conversion Using The Machine Learning-Based Segmentation And Optical Flow (학습기반의 객체분할과 Optical Flow를 활용한 2D 동영상의 3D 변환)

  • Lee, Sang-Hak
    • The Journal of the Institute of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.129-135
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    • 2011
  • In this paper, we propose the algorithm using optical flow and machine learning-based segmentation for the 3D conversion of 2D video. For the segmentation allowing the successful 3D conversion, we design a new energy function, where color/texture features are included through machine learning method and the optical flow is also introduced in order to focus on the regions with the motion. The depth map are then calculated according to the optical flow of segmented regions, and left/right images for the 3D conversion are produced. Experiment on various video shows that the proposed method yields the reliable segmentation result and depth map for the 3D conversion of 2D video.

The Simulation of Upwelling Flow Using FLOW-3D (FLOW-3D 모형을 이용한 용승류 모의)

  • Oh, Nam-Sun;Choi, Ik-Chang;Kim, Dae-Geun;Jeong, Shin-Taek
    • Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.451-457
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    • 2011
  • Large scale fishing ground can be made by upwelling flow. Recently the fishing ground development projects, using artificial upwelling by large structure under the sea, are in progress in Japan and Korea. In this study upwelling flow is simulated with FLOW-3D model. Using the movement of marker in FLOW-3D, the method for simulating upwelling of nutrients was experimented. The results show that FLOW-3D model can evaluate upwelling effect before starting real project.

Numerical Analysis of Flow around Bridge Pier using FLOW-3D (FLOW-3D를 이용한 교각주변 흐름의 수치해석)

  • Kim, Chang-Sung;Kang, Joon-Gu;Yeo, Woon-Kwang
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • 2005.05b
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    • pp.953-958
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    • 2005
  • 최근 들어 다양한 산업에서 3차원 수치해석을 이용하는 영역이 넓혀지고 있다. 국내에서도 3차원 수치해석을 이용하여 댐이나 정수처리시설 설계 등 수리분야에 적용하였고, 점점 그 이용이 확대되고 있다. 특히 교량 및 수제 등의 수공구조물로 인한 주변 흐름형상은 2차원 해석이 불가능하여 현재 수리모형실험을 통한 해석이 주를 이루고 있다. 이에 본 연구에서는 현재 3차원 수치해석에 많이 이용되는 상용모델인 FLOW-3D를 이용하여 3차원 흐름에 대한 수치해석을 수행하였으며 수리모형 결과와 비교하여 적용성을 검토하였다. 그 결과 모의 및 실험결과 수리모형과 수치모의 결과는 서로 비슷한 흐름양상을 보이고 있었다. 또한 조도계수(Roughness)를 매개변수로 하여 다양한 상태에서의 FLOW-3D의 민감도를 검토하였으나 실제 흐름과는 상이함을 보였다 또한 다양한 난류모형을 적용하여 그 결과를 실제 흐름과 비교해보았다. 그 결과 3차원모형에서는 교각 후면부와 좌, 우측면부에서의 흐름이 실제 수리 모형과는 상이한 결과를 보이는데 이는 FLOW-3D의 벽 경계 및 와류에 대한 난류모델에 따른 수치해석적인 차이로 사료된다.

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Reproduction of Flood Inundation in Marine City, Busan During the Typhoon Chaba Invasion Using ADCSWAN and FLOW-3D Models (ADCSWAN과 FLOW-3D 모델을 이용한 태풍 차바 내습 시 부산 마린시티의 침수범람 재현)

  • Choi, Heung-Bae;Um, Ho-Sik;Park, Jong-Jib;Kang, Taeuk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.26 no.7
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    • pp.881-891
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    • 2020
  • In recent years, large-scale development of coastal areas has caused the loss of many lives and extensive property damage in coastal areas, due to wave overtopping caused by high-wave invasion and strong typhoons. However, coastal inundation studies considering the characteristics of domestic coastal areas are insufficient. This study is a methodology study that aimed to reproduce inundation of surge and wave complex elements by applying the ADCSWAN (ADCIRC+SWAN) and FLOW-3D models. In this study, the boundary data (sea level, wave) of the FLOW-3D model was extracted using the ADCSWAN (ADCIRC+SWAN) model and applied as the input value of the FLOW-3D model and a reproduction was created of the Flooding due to surge and overtopping in Busan Marine City when the typhoon Chaba passed. In addition, the existing overtopping empirical equation and the overtopping calculated by the FLOW-3D model were compared, and for coastal inundation, a qualitative verification was performed using the Inundation Trace Map of Land and Geospatial Informatrix Corporation, and the effectiveness of this study was reviewed.

A Study on the Flow Characteristics in Urban Stream Using 3-D Numerical Model (3차원 수치모형을 이용한 도시하천의 흐름특성에 관한 연구)

  • Yoon, Sun-Kwon;Kim, Jong-Suk;Moon, Young-Il;Lee, Il-Ju
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • 2007.05a
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    • pp.1287-1292
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    • 2007
  • Recently, the frequency of unexpecting heavy rains has been increased due to abnormal climate and extreme rainfall. There was a limit to analyze 1D or 2D stream flow that was applied simple momentum equation and fixed energy conservation. Therefore, hydrodynamics flow analysis in rivers has been needed 3D numerical analysis for correct stream flow interpretation. In this study, CFD model on FLOW-3D was applied to stream flow analysis, which solves three dimenson RANS(Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes Equation) control equation to find out physical behavior and the effect of hydraulic structures. Numerical simulation accomplished those results was compared by using turbulence models such as ${\kappa}-{\varepsilon}$, RNG ${\kappa}-{\varepsilon}$ and LES. Those numerical analysis results have been illustrated by the turbulence energy effects, velocity of flow distributions, water level pressure distributions and eddy flows around the piers at Jangwall bridge in urbarn stream.

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Effects of Challenges and Skills on Flow-focused on a 2D Shopping Mall and a 3D Shopping Mall (도전감과 능력이 플로우에 미치는 영향 -20 쇼핑몰과 30 쇼핑몰을 중심으로-)

  • Yang, Hee-Soon;Lee, Yu-Ri
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.573-585
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    • 2008
  • Flow has attracted more interests in consumer behaviors, with pleasure and fantasy getting more important in shopping. "Flow" means the experience with which consumers feel as pleased and satisfied as in playing pleasantly, and the optimal experience they feel when they are indulged in an activity. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationships among challenges, skills, flow experience, and future behavioral intention in online shopping malls. In addition, a 3D shopping mall and a 2D shopping mall were selected as the stimuli in order to examine the differences in flow experience in accordance with web site types. A survey questionnaire was developed and 700 data(2D group: n=380, 3D group: n=320) were used for analysis. Data were analyzed through structural equation model to explore effects of challenges and skills on flow. The results of this study are summarized as follows. First, the perception of higher challenges and skills led to positive flow experience and higher time distortion. Second, the higher the level of time distortion was, the higher the flow experience was. This means that a shopping mall will increase flow experience, if it is interesting enough to be unaware of time passing. Third, flow experience had a positive influence on future behavioral intention. Finally, in all variables except skills, the impact of 3D shopping mall is greater than that of 2D shopping mall, which means that web site types affect flow experience.

A Study on Simplifying Flow Analysis of VaRI Process (VaRI 공정 유동해석 간소화 방법에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Yeongmin;Lee, Jungwan;Kim, Jungsoo;Ahn, Sehoon;Oh, Youngseok;Yi, Jin Woo;Kim, Wiedae;Um, Moon-kwang
    • Composites Research
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.233-240
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    • 2021
  • VaRI(Vacuum assisted Resin Infusion) process, which is cost effective and suitable for manufacturing large-sized composites, is an OoA(Out-of Autoclave) process. For rapid resin infusion in the VaRI process, a DM(distribution media) is placed on top of the fabric. The resin is rapidly supplied in plane direction of the fiber along the DM, and then the supplied resin is impregnated in the out-of-plane direction of fiber. It is difficult to predict the flow of resin because the flow of in-plane direction and the out-of-plane direction occur together, and a 3D numerical analysis program is used to simulate the resin infusion process. However, in order to analyze in 3D, many elements are required in the out-of-plane direction of fabric. And the product size is larger, the longer the analysis time needs. Therefore, in this study, a method was suggested to reduce the time required for flow analysis by simplifying the 3D flow analysis to 2D flow analysis. The usefulness was verified by comparing the 3D flow analysis with the simplified 2D flow analysis at the same conditions. The filling time error was about 7% and the reduction of flow analysis time was about 95%. In addition, by utilizing the constant difference in the flow front between the top, middle, and bottom of the fabric of the 3D analysis, the flow front of the top, middle, and bottom of the fabric can be also predicted in the 2D flow analysis.

3-D Dynamic Visualization by Stereoscopic PIV

  • LEE Young-Ho
    • 한국가시화정보학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 2004.12a
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    • pp.15-23
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    • 2004
  • The present study is aimed to achieve dynamic visualization from the in-house 3-D stereoscopic PIV to represent quantitative flow information such as time-resolved 3-D velocity distribution, vorticity, turbulent intensity or Reynolds stresses and so on. One of the application of the present study is Leading edge extension(LEX) flow appearing on modern delta wing aircraft. The other is mixing flow in stirring tank used in industry field. LEX in a highly swept shape applied to a delta wing features the modern air-fighters. The LEX vortices generated upon the upper surface of the wing at high angle of attack enhance the lift force of the delta wing by way of increased negative suction pressure over the surfaces. The present method resolves also the complicated flow patterns of two type impellers rotating in stirring vessel. Flow quantities such as three velocity vector components, vorticity and other flow information can be easily visualized via the 3D time-resolved post-processing visualization. And it makes the easy understanding of the unsteady flow characteristics of the typical industrial mixers.

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담수호 저층배수시설 방류구 위치선정을 위한 저층방류수 해양수중 혼합특성해석

  • Park, Yeong-Wook;Khu, Bon-Chung;Kwun, Soon-Kuk
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers Conference
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    • 2005.10a
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    • pp.272-277
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    • 2005
  • Initial mixing characteristics in near field regions were analyzed by FLOW-3D, for analyzing mixing behavior of submerged discharge from freshwater lake in sea water. FLOW-3D model was applied to the region near Geum-ho dike for its verification. Simulation results from FLOW-3D were compared to the observed data for the verification periods. FLOW-3D showed resonable prediction results compared to the observed data, except underestimation in area near outfall. Particularly, FLOW-3D showed a good prediction for movement of buoyancy jets. In addition, FLOW-3D model was applied to the region near Saemangeum dike, which is to be constructed in near future. It was expected that the results of model application to Saemangeum area could provide substantial information in planning submerged discharge facilities. Based on the model applications to Saemangeum area, it was recommended that outfall should be located to the distance which gave an enough depth of outfall from water surface.

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SHAPE OPTIMIZATION OF COMPRESSOR BLADES USING 3D NAVIER-STOKES FLOW PHYSICS

  • Lee K. D.;Chung J.;Shim J.
    • 한국전산유체공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 2001.05a
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2001
  • A CFD-based design method for transonic axial compressor blades was developed based on three-dimensional Navier-Stokes flow physics. The method employs a sectional three-dimensional (S3D) analysis concept where the three-dimensional flow analysis is performed on the grid plane of a span station with spanwise flux components held fixed. The S3D analysis produced flow solutions nearly identical to those of three-dimensional analysis, regardless of the initialization of the flow field. The sectional design based on the S3D analysis can include three-dimensional effects of compressor flows and thus overcome the deficiencies associated with the use of quasi-three-dimensional flow physics in conventional sectional design. The S3D design was first used in the inverse triode to find the geometry that produces a specified target pressure distribution. The method was also applied to optimize the adiabatic efficiency of the blade sections of Rotor 37. A new blade was constructed with the optimized sectional geometries at several span stations and its aerodynamic performance was evaluated with three-dimensional analyses.

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