• Title, Summary, Keyword: Low back pain

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Lumbar Combined Rehabilitation Exercise for Lumbar Reposition Sense, Static Balance and Pain of the Patient's with Chronic Low Back Pain (만성요통환자의 복합재활운동이 통증과 정적균형, 재위치감각인지에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Deahun
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.9 no.11
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    • pp.196-201
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the effects of the apply of lumbar stabilization exercises and lumbar strengthening exercises using Medx machine on back functions such as static balance, lumbar reposition sense, and back pain(VAS) in chronic low back pain. This study divided 30 chronic low back pain patients who experienced only lumbar back pain(male: 5, female: 10) into a lumbar stabilization exercise group and a complex exercise group, and then performed their respective exercise programs for three times a week over a 8-week period. The lumbar static balance, lumbar reposition sense, and lumbar back pain were measured using a pair t-test within each group, and were also compared between two groups using an independent t-test. The results of the present study were as follows: Both groups exhibited statisti cally significant increases after performing their own exercise program in the static balance, lumbar reposition sense, and lumbar back pain(p<.05). However, the comparison of two groups confirmed that the complex exercise group resulted in greater effects than the lumbar stabilization exercise group(p<.05). In conclusion, muscle strengthening and stabilization exercises in chronic low back pain patients are considered to not only relieve back pain, but also improve various back functions.

Effect of Abdominal Compression Belt on Static Balance During One Leg Standing in Low Back Pain Patients (한 발 서기 시 복부 압박 벨트가 요통 환자의 정적 균형에 미치는 영향)

  • Ju, Hwa-Phyeoung;Choi, Sol-A;Jeong, Da-Hye;Han, Na-Rin;Woo, Young-Keun
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.353-360
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study aimed to measure static balance of low back pain patients while one-leg standing in abdominal compression belts. Methods: The study included 40 adult males and females at J university, divided into a low back pain patient group and a normal group through the Oswestry disability questionnaire (ODQ). The subjects were instructed to hold a one-leg standing posture for 15 seconds on a balance measurement plate while wearing an abdominal compression belt. Shifting distance (0.1 cm), mean velocity (cm/s), pressure, and contact area were analyzed using BioRescue (BioRescue, RMINGEIEIRIE, Rodez, France). The average value was used to measure the result 3 times for each condition. Results: Both normal and low back pain groups significantly decreased in the speed of sway while wearing the abdominal compression belt. Furthermore, the pressure of the center of motion significantly decreased in the low back pain groups while wearing abdominal compression belt. However, there were no significant differences in the speed of sway or the pressure of center of motion between groups after wearing the abdominal pressure belt. Conclusion: These results suggest that abdominal compression belts are one option for improving balance temporarily. However, balance after wearing abdominal compression vests depends on onset of back pain, age, and symptoms of pain in the groups with low back pain. Further research is needed to investigate muscle activity, dynamic balance, and the effect of the period of wearing abdominal compression belts in the variety of low back pain patients.

Pain Around the Posterior Iliac Crest of Thoracolumbar Origin -Case report- (흉요추 이행부 원인에 의한 후장골릉 부근 요통 -증례 보고-)

  • Hwang, Young-Seob;Oh, Kwang-Jo;Kim, Woo-Sun;Choe, Huhn
    • The Korean Journal of Pain
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.111-114
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    • 2000
  • Pain around the posterior iliac crest area is usually attributed to disorders of the lower lumbar or lumbosacral spine. However, low back pain arising from the thoracolumbar region is common and it is very similar to low back pain of lumbosacral origin. Low back pain of thoracolumbar origin is clinically distinguished from other nonspecific low back pain syndrome. It is characterized by symptoms localized at one posterior iliac crest innervated by posterior branch of $T_{12}$ spinal nerve. Patients never complain of spontaneous pain at the thoracolumbar junction. Only localized tenderness over involved segments of thoracolumbar junction can be noted. We report two cases of posterior iliac crest pain of thoracolumbar origin which was relieved by the treatment on the thoracolumbar junction.

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Risk Factors of Work-related Low Back Pain in Manufacturing Workers (제조업 근로자들의 작업과 연관된 요통의 위험요인에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, D.H.;Shin, H.R.;Chun, J.H.;Kim, Y.W.;Kim, J.H.;Lee, C.U.
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.20-36
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    • 1993
  • Work-related low back pain is one of the major factors that cause the loss of working power especially in actively working age, therefore controlling the work-related low back pain is one of the major issues in the field of industrial safety and health. This study was performed for detecting the risk factors and proposing the efficient control program of the work-related low back pain. The subjects were male workers employed at the manufacturing industry in Pusan with longer than 6 months' working duration. The data was collected by self-reported questionnaire and interview from May 1 to October 31,1992. The contents of questionnaire were as follows:. the experience of low back pain within the recent one month, general characteristics(age, marital status, education level, religion, regular exercise), physical characteristics(height, weight), employment status(working duration, daily working hours, rest during work, satis(action fur the job), type of work and working environments(posture, forward bending, lifting and movement, satisfaction for table and chair). The result was analyzed for 608 entire respondents by case-control comparative method. The number of cases was 152 with a history of work-related low back pain, so the relative frequency of self-reported work-related low back pain was 25.0%, and the number of controls was 344 without any history of low back pain. As a result, two characteristics of the employment status(working duration, satisfaction fur the job) and all characteristics of type of work and working environments showed a statistical significance between the case and control groups(p<0.01). The Oddb ratios of these variables for Work-related low back pain were calculated. They were 7.88 for the satisfaction fur chair, 7.86 for lifting and movement,3.31 for satisfaction for table, and 2.22 fur bending forward(p<0.01). And for the multivariate logistic regression analysis confirmed that unsatisfaction for table was independent risk factor for Work-related low back pain. In summary, though this study was based upon the self-reported questionnaire and the subjective complaints, the satisfaction for chair, lifting and movement, satisfaction for table, and bending forward concerned with the type of work and working environments were considered as the main factors causing the work-related low back pain, and the work-related low back pain may be preventable by the ergonomic control of these factors.

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Therapeutic Effect of Weizhong(BL40) Venepuncture on Low Back Pain (위중혈(委中穴) 자락(刺絡)의 요통(腰痛)에 대(對)한 치료효과(治療效果))

  • Lee, Sang-Hoon;Cheong, Byung-Shik;Yun, Hyoung-Seok;Cho, Seong-Gyu;Lee, Yun-Ho;Kim, Sung-Uk
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.65-75
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    • 2002
  • Objective : Since ancient times venepuncture has been widely used as a useful treatment for low back pain. This study is made in order to objectively evaluate the therapeutic effect of Weizhong(BL40) on low back pain. Methods : Total 46 cases of low back pain patients were divided into 2 groups; one group took only acupuncture therapy, and the other group took acupuncture and venepuncture therapy together. Each patient's pain was evaluated before the treatment and the 3 or 4 days later after the treatment. Pain rating score(PRS) was used to assess the pain for its intensity, frequency, duration, and aggravating factors. Results : Both acupuncture therapy group and acupuncture & venepuncture group showed good effect on low back pain. Though the latter group showed better pain release effect than the former, there was no statistical significance between pain rating score of two groups. Sciatica group showed no significant difference from non-sciatica group in pain rating score. Palpation on Weizhong(BL40) group showed significant difference only in pain duration from non-palpation group. Exposed vessel around Weizhong(BL40) group showed significant difference in pain rating score from non-exposed vessel group. Conclusion : Weizhong(BL40) venepuncture can be highly recommended as a useful therapy for low back pain patients especially who show exposed vessels on the popliteal area.

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Effects of Horse Riding Simulator on Pain, Oswestry Disability Index and Balance in Adults with Nonspecific Chronic Low Back Pain

  • Chen, Shu-Yi;Kim, Seung-Kyu;Kim, Ki-Hyun;Lee, In-Sil;HwangBo, Gak
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.79-84
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    • 2016
  • PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate effects of Horse riding simulator exercise on pain, dysfunction and dynamic balance in adults with nonspecific chronic low back pain. METHODS: In this study, total 19 college students usually complain of low back pain who were randomly divided into the horse riding simulator exercise group (n=10), lumbar strengthening exercise group (n=9) were recruited. Each group carried out for 30 minutes exercise three times a week for 4 weeks. Horse riding simulator exercise group carried out 15 minutes horse riding simulator exercise and 15 minutes lumbar strengthening exercise. Lumbar strengthening exercise group carried out 30 minutes lumbar strengthening exercise. Visual analogue scale (VAS) were measured for evaluation back pain. Korean oswestry disability index (KODI) were measured for dysfunction. Limits of stability (LOS) were measured for dynamic balance. RESULTS: VAS, KODI, LOS results showed a significant change within both horse riding simulator exercise group, lumbar strengthening exercise group. CONCLUSION: Present study suggested that the horse riding simulator exercise can improve back pain, dysfunction, dynamic balance. Horse riding simulator exercise provides more convenience, interest and motivation than conversional therapy and it could be a possible approach to adults with nonspecific chronic low back pain.

Bone scintigraphy in patients with pain

  • Shin, Seung Hyeon;Kim, Seong Jang
    • The Korean Journal of Pain
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.165-175
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    • 2017
  • Nuclear medicine imaging is widely used in pain medicine. Low back pain is commonly encountered by physicians, with its prevalence from 49% to 70%. Computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are usually used to evaluate the cause of low back pain, however, these findings from these scans could also be observed in asymptomatic patients. Bone scintigraphy has an additional value in patients with low back pain. Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is defined as a painful disorder of the extremities, which is characterized by sensory, autonomic, vasomotor, and trophic disturbances. To assist the diagnosis of CRPS, three-phase bone scintigraphy is thought to be superior compared to other modalities, and could be used to rule out CRPS due to its high specificity. Studies regarding the effect of bone scintigraphy in patients with extremity pain have not been widely conducted. Ultrasound, CT and MRI are widely used imaging modalities for evaluating extremity pain. However, SPECT/CT has an additional role in assessing pain in the extremities.

A Study on the Relationship Between Level of Pain and Depression in Middle-aged Women with Chronic Low Back Pain (중년여성이 경험하는 만성요통의 통증정도와 우울)

  • Seo, Bok-Nam;Ham, Young-Lim;Ahn, Yang-Heui
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.118-126
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between the level of pain and depression in middle-aged women with chronic low back pain. Method: A descriptive correlational research design was utilized. The participants were middle-aged women who visited two back pain clinics in Wonju from October, 2006 through February, 2007. A total of 195 low back pain patients agreed to participate in this study, and data from 177 were analyzed. Data was collected using a questionnaire which included Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Center Epidemiology Studies Depression Scale(CES-D), and general characteristics. Descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA and Pearson correlation coefficients were utilized in the analysis. Results: The mean score for chronic low back pain as measured by the VAS was 4.99 (SD 2.41). The average score for depression as measured by the CES-D was 22.00 (SD 10.18). There was a significant relationship between the level of pain and depression (r=.372, p<.001). Conclusion: Nurses need to take into consideration depression of middle-age women with chronic low back pain for assessment and intervention. In the future, developing a strategy for integrating intervention of pain-control and depression will be needed in nursing care for middle-aged women with chronic low back pain.

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Low Back Pain of Some Taxi Drivers in Gimhae City, Kyung Nam and Related Factors (경남 김해시 소재 일부 택시 운전기사들의 요통경험 및 관련요인)

  • Kim, Sung-Mi;Wang, Cheol-Min;Ahn, Duck-Hyun
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.84-93
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to find prevalence and the relevant factors of low back pain among taxi-drivers. Information were obtained by a self-administered questionnaire during september, 2004, from 83 taxi-drivers in Gimhae, Kyung Nam province. The data were analyzed by chi-square test and Multiple Logistic Regression(if this is a proper noun, it needs to be capital, if not it needs lower case) by using SPSS 10.0 program. The result were as follows: 1) The prevalence rate of low back pain during lifetime was 81.9% among 83 taxi-drivers. 2) Statistically significant factors related to low back pain during lifetime were sleeping time(p<.05). 3) Through the multiple logistic regression, significantly relevant factors with low back pain were alcohol drinking (OR=.017, 95% CI=.001~.509), and sleeping time (OR=.111, 95% CI=.020~.636). It is necessary to study on a preventive measure of low back pain and systematic human engineering approach through objective clinical research.

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The Effect of Center of Pressure Displacement and Muscle Activation Onset during Expected and Unexpected Sudden Upper Limb Loading in Subjects with Low Back Pain and Healthy Subjects (예측된 그리고 예측되진 않은 갑작스런 상지로의 부하 적용시 요통 환자와 정상인의 압력 중심 이동 및 근활성 개시에 미치는 영향)

  • Chae, Yun-Won
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.51-60
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: This study was to compare the effect of center of pressure(COP) displacement and muscle activation onset during expected and unexpected sudden limb loading in subjects with low back pain and healthy control subjects. Most studies of COP displacement and muscle activation onset on postural task focused on sudden trunk loading or gross limb movements. Investigation of the COP displacement and muscle activation onset during expected and unexpected sudden upper limb loading deserves similar attention. Methods: For this study, 14 subjects with low back pain and 12 healthy control subjects are participated. Force plate and surface EMG measures were used to determine COP displacement and muscle activation onset under expected and unexpected sudden upper limb loading. Results: COP displacement and muscle activation onset under unexpected sudden upper limb loading were similar in subjects with low back pain and healthy control subjects. However, COP displacement and muscle activation onset under expected sudden upper limb loading were shortened in healthy control subject but not among the subjects with low back pain. Conclusion: The results provide evidence for impaired feed-forward control in subjects with low back pain.

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