• Title, Summary, Keyword: MRI

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Artifact Cancellation due to Three Dimensional Rigid Motion in MRI (MRI내 3차원 강체운동에 기인한 아티팩트의 제거)

  • Kim, Eung-Kyeu;Lee, Soo-Jong;Ahn, Kye-Sun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Information Science Society Conference
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    • pp.475-479
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    • 2006
  • 환자의 체동은 MRI에 의해 제공된 영상의 화질을 저하시키는 주된 원인이 되고 있다. 이에 본 논문에서는 MRI내 3차원 강체운동에 기인한 아티팩트를 제거하는 방법을 제안한다. 이러한 제거 목표를 달성하기 위해 MRI 영상 데이터를 얻기위한 2차원 다-슬라이스 방법(a multiple two dimensional slice technique)이 사용되어 왔다. 대상물체의 운동에 해당하는 수집된 MRI 데이터는 불균일한 표본화와 위상오차에 의해 영향을 받게된다. 3차원 강체운동에 대해 주어진 운동 파라메타와 장면간의 영향이라는 가정하에 양선형 보간법과 중첩법으로 다-슬라이스 데이터를 사용하는 방법에 기초한 재구성 알고리즘을 MRI 아티팩트를 제거하는데 사용한다. 미지의 체동 파라메타를 추정하기 위해 3차원 강체운동은 다-슬라이스 취득방법의 각 영상과 결합된 관심영역 바깥쪽에서 측정된 에너지를 증가시킨다는 사실을 이용하는 최소에너지법을 사용한다. 본 방법의 유효성을 확인하기 위해 3차원 강체운동에 의해 화질이 저하된 스핀-에코우 영상에 적용한 결과 화질이 식별될 수 있을 정도로 개선됨을 확인하였다.

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Interference Issuses of Radio Frequency Identification Devices in Magnetic Resonance Imaging Systems and Computed Tomography Scan

  • Periyasamy, M.;Dhanasekaran, R.
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.295-301
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    • 2015
  • We evaluated certain issues related to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) coupled with the use of active 2.5 GHz radio frequency identification (RFID) tags for patient identification using low field (0.3 T) MRI and computed tomography (CT) scans. We also investigated the performance of the RFID reader located outside the MRI room by considering several factors. A total of ten active RFID tags were exposed to several MRI sequences and X-rays of CT scan. We found that only card type active RFID tags are suitable for patient identification purpose in MRI environment and both wristbands as well as card tags were suitable for the same in CT environment. Severe artifacts were found in the captured MRI and CT images when the area of the imaging was in proximity to the tags. No external factors affected the performance of active RFID reader stationed outside the MRI scan room.

Dynamic Lumbar Spinal Stenosis : The Usefulness of Axial Loaded MRI in Preoperative Evaluation

  • Choi, Kyung-Chul;Kim, Jin-Sung;Jung, Byung-Joo;Lee, Sang-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.46 no.3
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    • pp.265-268
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    • 2009
  • Two cases of dynamic lumbar spinal stenosis were identified by the authors using axial loaded magnetic resonance image (MRI). In both cases, the patients presented with neurogenic claudication but MRI in decumbency showed no definite pathologic condition associated with their symptoms. In contrast, axial loaded MRI demonstrated constrictive spinal stenosis and a significantly decreased dural sac caused by epidural fat buckling and thickening of the ligamentum flavum in both cases. In the second case, a more prominent disc protrusion was also demonstrated compared with decumbent MRI. After decompressive surgery, both patients had satisfactory outcomes. Axial loaded MRI can therefore give decisive information in dynamic spinal disorders by allowing simulation of an upright position.

Review of Recent Advancement of Ultra High Field Magnetic Resonance Imaging: from Anatomy to Tractography

  • Cho, Zang-Hee
    • Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.141-151
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: Advances of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), especially that of the Ultra-High Field (UHF) MRI will be reviewed. Materials and Methods: Diffusion MRI data was obtained from a healthy adult young male of age 30 using a 7.0T research MRI scanner (Magnetom, Siemens) with 40 mT/m maximum gradient field. The specific imaging parameters used for the data acquisition were a single shot DW echo planar imaging. Results: Three areas of the imaging experiments are focused on for the study, namely the anatomy, angiography, and tractography. Conclusion: It is envisioned that, in near future, there will be more 7.0T MRIs for brain research and explosive clinical application research will also be developed, for example in the area of connectomics in neuroscience and clinical neurology and neurosurgery.

Advanced MRI for Pediatric Brain Tumors with Emphasis on Clinical Benefits

  • Goo, Hyun Woo;Ra, Young-Shin
    • Korean Journal of Radiology
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.194-207
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    • 2017
  • Conventional anatomic brain MRI is often limited in evaluating pediatric brain tumors, the most common solid tumors and a leading cause of death in children. Advanced brain MRI techniques have great potential to improve diagnostic performance in children with brain tumors and overcome diagnostic pitfalls resulting from diverse tumor pathologies as well as nonspecific or overlapped imaging findings. Advanced MRI techniques used for evaluating pediatric brain tumors include diffusion-weighted imaging, diffusion tensor imaging, functional MRI, perfusion imaging, spectroscopy, susceptibility-weighted imaging, and chemical exchange saturation transfer imaging. Because pediatric brain tumors differ from adult counterparts in various aspects, MRI protocols should be designed to achieve maximal clinical benefits in pediatric brain tumors. In this study, we review advanced MRI techniques and interpretation algorithms for pediatric brain tumors.

Drug selection for sedation and general anesthesia in children undergoing ambulatory magnetic resonance imaging

  • Jung, Sung Mee
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.159-168
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    • 2020
  • The demand for drug-induced sedation for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans have substantially increased in response to increases in MRI utilization and growing interest in anxiety in children. Understanding the pharmacologic options for deep sedation and general anesthesia in an MRI environment is essential to achieve immobility for the successful completion of the procedure and ensure rapid and safe discharge of children undergoing ambulatory MRI. For painless diagnostic MRI, a single sedative/anesthetic agent without analgesia is safer than a combination of multiple sedatives. The traditional drugs, such as chloral hydrate, pentobarbital, midazolam, and ketamine, are still used due to the ease of administration despite low sedation success rate, prolonged recovery, and significant adverse events. Currently, dexmedetomidine, with respiratory drive preservation, and propofol, with high effectiveness and rapid recovery, are preferred for children undergoing ambulatory MRI. General anesthesia using propofol or sevoflurane can also provide predictable rapid time to readiness and scan times in infants or children with comorbidities. The selection of appropriate drugs as well as sufficient monitoring equipment are vital for effective and safe sedation and anesthesia for ambulatory pediatric MRI.

MRI Artifacts

  • 최순섭
    • Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.51-57
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    • 1997
  • MRI의 artifact는 대부분 신호의 부호화 방향에 따라서 방향성을 가지는데, 이를 요약해보면, 위상부호화 방향의 artifact에는 motion artifact, flow artifact, RF noise등이 있고, 주파수 부호화 방향의 artfact는 susceptibility artfact, chemical shift artifact, central line artifact등이 있으며, 양방향 모두 생길수 있는 것은 Aliasing artifact와 Gibb's phenomenon이고, 전체적으로 영샹의 질을 떨어뜨리는 것은 susceptibility artifact, Eddy current, cross talk등이 있다. 이런 artifact는 대부분은 MRI 자체의 물리적 특성에 다소간 기인하므로, artifact가 없는 양호한 영상을 얻기 위해서는 MRI의 설치 단계부터 관심이 필요하고, MRI의 기본원리와 다양한 artifact에 대해 이해함으로써, 제거 가능한 artifact는 제거하여 양질의 영상을 만들고 판독시의 오류를 피할 수 있도록 해야할 것이다.

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On the Implementation of Articulatory Speech Simulator Using MRI (MRI를 이용한 조음모델시뮬레이터 구현에 관하여)

  • Jo, Cheol-Woo
    • Speech Sciences
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    • v.2
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    • pp.45-55
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    • 1997
  • This paper describes the procedure of implementing an articulatory speech simulator, in order to model the human articulatory organs and to synthesize speech from this model after. Images required to construct the vocal tract model were obtained from MRI, they were then used to construct 2D and 3D vocal tract shapes. In this paper 3D vocal tract shapes were constructed by spatially concatenating and interpolating sectional MRI images. 2D vocal tract shapes were constructed and analyzed automatically into a digital filter model. Following this speech sounds corresponding to the model were then synthesized from the filter. All procedures in this study were using MATLAB.

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Primary Angiosarcoma of the Breast: MRI Findings

  • Lee, Kanghun;Seo, Kyung Jin;Whang, In Yong
    • Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.194-199
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    • 2018
  • We present image findings, especially rare MRI of a primary breast angiosarcoma with its histopathology, and also analyze the relevant medical literature reports in terms of the MRI findings. As our patient had unique features of a primary breast angiosarcoma, this case could be very helpful for future diagnosis of this rare breast malignancy by MRI.

Head Motion Detection and Alarm System during MRI scanning (MRI 영상획득 중의 피험자 움직임 감지 및 알림 시스템)

  • Pae, Chong-Won;Park, Hae-Jeong;Kim, Dae-Jin
    • Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.55-66
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    • 2012
  • Purpose : During brain MRI scanning, subject's head motion can adversely affect MRI images. To minimize MR image distortion by head movement, we developed an optical tracking system to detect the 3-D movement of subjects. Materials and Methods: The system consisted of 2 CCD cameras, two infrared illuminators, reflective sphere-type markers, and frame grabber with desktop PC. Using calibration which is the procedure to calculate intrinsic/extrinsic parameters of each camera and triangulation, the system was desiged to detect 3-D coordinates of subject's head movement. We evaluated the accuracy of 3-D position of reflective markers on both test board and the real MRI scans. Results: The stereo system computed the 3-D position of markers accurately for the test board and for the subject with glasses with attached optical reflective marker, required to make regular head motion during MRI scanning. This head motion tracking didn't affect the resulting MR images even in the environment varying magnetic gradient and several RF pulses. Conclusion: This system has an advantage to detect subject's head motion in real-time. Using the developed system, MRI operator is able to determine whether he/she should stop or intervene in MRI acquisition to prevent more image distortions.