• Title, Summary, Keyword: Pharmacopuncture

Search Result 1,476, Processing Time 0.044 seconds

Analysis of Serum Proteom after Intravenous Injection of cultivated wild ginseng pharmacopuncture (산양산삼 증류약침의 혈맥주입 후 나타나는 혈장의 Proteom 분석)

  • Lee, Dong-Hee;Kwon, Ki-Rok
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
    • /
    • v.9 no.2
    • /
    • pp.17-37
    • /
    • 2006
  • Objectives : To observe the changes in the serum proteins after intravenous injection of cultivated wild ginseng pharmacopuncture. Methods : Blood was collected before and after the administration of cultivated wild ginseng pharmacopuncture and only the serum was taken. Then differences in the spots on the scanned image after carrying out 2-Dimensional electrophoresis were located and conducted mass analysis and protein identification. Results : Following results were obtained from the comparative analysis of serum proteins before and after the administration of cultivated wild ginseng pharmacopuncture. 1. 28 spots were identified before and after the administration. 2. In confirming manifestation degree, spots with more than two-times increase were 204, 1302, 2205, 3105, 7104, 8006, spots with more than one-time increase were 1101, 1505, 2013, 2403, 3009, 3010, 4002, 4009, 6704, 8101, and spots with decrease were 205, 801, 803, 3205, 5202, 6105, 6106, 7103, 9001, 9003. 3. After conducting protein identification, proteins 205, 804, 1302, 4009, 6105, 6106 are unidentified yet, and 1l01 is unnamed protein. Protein 204 is identified as complement receptor CR2-C3d, 801 as YAPl protein, 803 as antitrypsin polymer, 1505 as PRO0684, 2013 and 3010 as proapolipoprotein, 2205 as USP48, 2403 as vitamin D binding protein, 3009 as complement component 4A preprotein, 3105 as immunoglobulin lambda chain, 3205 as transthyretin, 4002 as Ras-related protein Ral-A, 4204 as beta actin, 5202 and 7104 as apolipoprotein Ll, 6704 as alpha 2 macroglobulin precursor, 7103 as complement component 3 precursor, 8006 as testis-specific protein Y, 8101 as transferrin, 9001 as (Alpha-Oxy, Beta-(Cl12g)deoxy) T-State Human Hemoglobin, and 9003 as human hemoglobin. 4. Immune protein CR2-C3d(204), which acts against microbes and pathogenic organisms, was increased by more than two-times after the administration of pharmacopuncture. 5. Antitrypsin(803), which is secreted with inflammatory response in the lungs, was reduced after the administration of pharmacopuncture. 6. Proapolipoprotein(2013, 3010) and apolipoprotein(7104), key components of the HDL-cholesterol which plays an important role in preventing arteriosclerosis, were increased after the administration of pharmacopuncture. 7. Vitamin D binding protein(DBP, 2403), protecting the lung at the time of inflammatory response, was increased after the administration of pharmacopuncture. 8. Transthyretin(TTR, 3205), which is the main protein causing familial amyloid polyneuropathy(FAP), was decreased after the administration of pharmacopuncture. 9. Ras-related protein Ral-A(4002) that controls phospholipid metabolism, cytoskeletal formation, and membrane traffic, was increased after the administration of pharmacopuncture. 10. Testis-specific protein Y(8006), which takes part in determination of the gender, was increased by more than two-times after the administration of pharmacopuncture. 11. Transferrin(8101), which balances the iron level in the body, was increased after the administration of pharmacopuncture. Conclusion : Above results support the notion that intravenous injection of cultivated wild ginseng pharmacopuncture induce changes in serum proteins and this research can be a pioneer work in finding biomarkers.

Immunomodulatory activity of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi Pharmacopuncture on Acute Inflammatory Rat Model (황금(黃芩) 약침(藥鍼)이 급성염증 백서의 면역조절능에 미치는 영향)

  • Yang, Seung-Hee;Lee, Hyang-Sook;Lee, Eun;Lee, Joon-Moo
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
    • /
    • v.26 no.3
    • /
    • pp.55-68
    • /
    • 2009
  • Objectives : To investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi pharmacopuncture in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory rat model. Methods : Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 4 groups; LPS control (n=6), LPS+Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi pharmacopuncture at BL23 (n=6, BL23), LPS+Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi pharmacopuncture at CV12 (n=6, CV12), and LPS+Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi pharmacopuncture at GV4 (n=6, GV4). Pharmacopuncture was given every two days for 4 weeks followed by inflammation induction by intraperitoneal LPS injection (5mg/kg). Blood, liver tissue, and peritoneal lavage fluid were taken and proinflammatory cytokines and other related factors were analysed. Results : For proinflammatory cytokines, CV12 pharmacopuncture group was significantly different compared with the control group in plasma IL-$1{\beta}$, IL-6, TNF-$\alpha$, and IL-10 5 h after LPS injection (P<0.05). For plasma IL-$1{\beta}$ and IL-6, CV12 pharmacopuncture group also showed significant difference at 2 h compared with the control (P<0.05). GV4 pharmacopuncture group was significantly different compared with the control at 5 h in plasma IL-$1{\beta}$, IL-6, and TNF-$\alpha$ and at 2 h in IL-10 (P<0.05). Liver cytokines were analyzed at 5 h after LPS injection; only CV12 pharmacopuncture group showed significant difference in IL-$1{\beta}$ (P<0.05) and others including IL-6, TNF-$\alpha$, and IL-10 had no difference compared with the control group. CD4/CD8 ratio and the phagocytic activities of polymorphonuclear neutrophils were not different from those of control group in all pharmacopuncture groups (P>0.05). Plasma NO3-/NO2- and intracellular adhesion molecule-1 of CV12 pharmacopuncture group were significantly lower than that of the control group (P<0.05). In the plasma concentration of prostaglandin E2, all 3 pharmacopuncture groups had significantly lower values than that of the control group (P<0.05), but there was no difference among pharmacopucnture groups. Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and cytokine-induced neutorphil chemoattractant-1 in peritoneal lavage fluid was significantly decreased in CV12 pharmacopuncture group compared with the control group (P<0.05). Conclusions : These results indicate that Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi pharmacopuncture at CV12 may have a potent anti-inflammatory effect in an LPS-induced inflammatory rat model.

  • PDF

Eye Irritation Test of Fel Ursi, Bovis Calculus & Moschus Pharmacopuncture Solutions for Eye Drop (점안용 웅담.우황.사향 약침액의 안점막자극실험)

  • Seo, Hyeong-Sik
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
    • /
    • v.11 no.3
    • /
    • pp.105-111
    • /
    • 2008
  • Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the safety of Fel Ursi, Bovis Calculus & Moschus pharmacopuncture solution manufactured with freezing dryness method to use eye drop. Methods: The eye irritation test of this material was performed according to the Regulation of Korea Food & Drug Administration(2005. 10. 21, KFDA 2005-60). After Fel Ursi, Bovis Calculus & Moschus pharmacopuncture solution was applied eyewash in the left eye of the rabbits, the author observed eye irritation of the cornea, iris, conjunctiva at 1, 2, 3, 4 & 7day. Results: 1. After Fel Ursi, Bovis Calculus & Moschus pharmacopuncture solution was applied eyewash in the left eye of the rabbits, there wasn t physical problem at 9 rabbits. 2. After Fel Ursi, Bovis Calculus & Moschus pharmacopuncture solution was applied eyewash in the left eye of the rabbits, there wasn't eye irritation of the cornea, iris, conjunctiva at 1, 2, 3, 4 & 7day. Conclusions: In this study, it was observed that Fel Ursi, Bovis Calculus & Moschus pharmacopuncture solution didn't induced eye irritation in rabbits.

Single-dose Intramuscular Toxicity of Neutral Natured Blood Stasis Pharmacopuncture in Sprague-Dawley Rats

  • Yeo, In Ho;Lee, Eun Yong
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
    • /
    • v.17 no.2
    • /
    • pp.41-45
    • /
    • 2014
  • Objectives: This study was performed to analyze the single-dose toxicity of neutral natured blood stasis pharmacopuncture extracts. Methods: All experiments were conducted at Biotoxtech, an institution authorized to perform non-clinical studies, under the regulations of Good Laboratory Practice (GLP). Sprague-Dawley rats were chosen for the pilot study. Doses of neutral natured blood stasis pharmacopuncture extracts, 0.1, 0.5 and 1.0 mL, were administered to the experimental group, and the same doses of normal saline solution were administered to the control group. This study was conducted under the approval of the Institutional Animal Ethics Committee. Results: In all 4 groups, no deaths occurred, and the neutral natured blood stasis pharmacopuncture extracts administered by intramuscular (IM) injection was over 1.0 mL/animal. No significant changes in the body weights between the control group and the experimental group were observed. To check for abnormalities in organs and tissues, we used microscopy to examine representative histological sections of each specified organ; the results showed no significant differences in any organs or tissues. Conclusion: The above findings suggest that treatment with neutral natured blood stasis pharmacopuncture extracts is relatively safe. Further studies on this subject should be conducted to yield more concrete evidence.

Case Series Study on the Use of BU Pharmacopuncture Treatment in Patients with Acute Lumbar Sprain

  • Yang, Muhack;Jang, Jongwon;Cha, Eunhye;Ahn, Byungsoo;Bang, Younghee;Song, Beomyong;Shin, Jiyong;Ahn, Chankeun;Kim, Deokho;Kim, Sungchul
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
    • /
    • v.21 no.2
    • /
    • pp.120-125
    • /
    • 2018
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical effects of BU pharmacopuncture therapy consisting of bear's gall(fel ursi) and ox bezoar(bovis calculus) on acute lumbar sprain. Methods: 12 patients diagnosed as acute lumbar sprain in 6 designated local Korean medicine clinics from October 2017 to February 2018 were treated by BU pharmacopuncture. Several acupoints in abdomen and lumbar region were selected by clinicians at their own discretion. The effectiveness of the therapy was evaluated using VAS and ODI. After that we reviewed the medical records of all these patients to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the therapy. Results: The VAS and ODI scales were significantly decreased after BU pharmacopuncture therapy. And no major complications and adverse effects were reported. Conclusion: BU pharmacopuncture showed rapid pain relief in patients with acute lumbar sprain. It is possible to shorten the treatment period of acute lumbar sprain and prevent progressing to chronic back pain in advance. To establish the effects of BU pharmacopuncture therapy, more succeeding clinical and laboratory studies are needed.

Single-Dose Intramuscular Toxicity of Mahwangcheonoh Pharmacopuncture in a Rat Model - Toxicity of Mahwangcheonoh Pharmacopuncture in SD Rats -

  • Sung, Heejin;Lee, Eunyong
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
    • /
    • v.19 no.4
    • /
    • pp.336-343
    • /
    • 2016
  • Objectives: This study was conducted to analyze the single-dose toxicity and the safety of Mahwangcheonoh pharmacopuncture extracts. Methods: Six-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats were used for this study. Doses of Mahwangcheonoh pharmacopuncture extracts were set at 0.25 mL (low-dose), 0.5 mL (medium-dose) and 1.0 mL (high-dose) for the test groups. A dose of 1.0 mL of normal saline solution was set for the control group. During 14 days, general symptoms, mortalities, and changes in hematology, blood biochemistry and histopathology of all rats were observed. Results: No death was observed in all test groups. Any abnormal symptom was not observed in all of the groups. No significant changes in weight between the control group and the test groups were observed. In addition, no significant differences in the hematology signs, the blood biochemistry levels and the histopathological signs related to the Mahwangcheonoh pharmacopuncture extracts injection were observed. Conclusion: The findings of this study indicate that Mahwangcheonoh pharmacopuncture at doses of 1.0 mL or less may be consider safe and non-toxic. So, it can be used for therapy of obesity sufficiently. But further studies on this subject must be performed to confirm and verify this conclusion.

A Review on the Pharmacopuncture Used in Herpes Zoster Related Articles Published in the Journal of Korean Medicine (한의학 학술지에 게재된 대상포진 임상논문에서 사용된 약침에 관한 고찰)

  • Cho, Young-Sun;Sim, Sung-Yong
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
    • /
    • v.29 no.1
    • /
    • pp.113-122
    • /
    • 2016
  • Objective : This study was carried out to analyze the trends of pharmacopuncture used to treat Herpes Zoster related articles that have been published in the Korean medicine journal.Method : We studied 14 research papers treated with pharmacopuncture for Herpes Zoster in Korean medicine journal. We analyzed for type of pharmacopuncture used, treatment point and clinical type.Results : 1. The number of searched journal is 14 papers. 2. The most common clinical type is herpes zoster generalisatus. Others types are postherpetic neuralgia, ramsay hunt syndrome, herpes zoster ophthalmicus, postherpetic paralysis 3. Pharmacopunctures used to treat herpes zoster are BV, Hwangreonhaedok-tang pharmacopuncture, Ginseng Pharmacopuncture, CF, JsD, Immuno-yakchim, etc. The most frequently used type of harmacopuncture is BV. 4. The most used part as a treatment point is a-shi point.Conclusions : It is needed to improve the cure rate through a comprehensive analysis of the Herpes zoster treatments. It is necessary to comprehensively analyze the treatments to increase the cure rate of about Herpes zoster.

Clinical Research of the Efficacy and the Safety of Dioscoreae Rhizoma (Sanyak) Pharmacopuncture Therapy for Peripheral Facial Paralysis Patients

  • Sung, In-Soo;Hong, Kwon-Eui;Kim, Min-Jung;Song, In
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
    • /
    • v.15 no.4
    • /
    • pp.15-24
    • /
    • 2012
  • Objectives: The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and the safety of Sanyak pharmacopuncture therapy for the treatment of peripheral facial paralysis patients. Methods: This study was a retrospective investigation of a total of 70 patients who were inpatients of the Oriental Hospital of Daejeon University between January 1, 2011, and May 31, 2012, and who were diagnosed as having peripheral facial paralysis by physical examination, the patients received three different interventions. Eleven (11) patients were treated with acupuncture and alcohol Dioscorea rhizoma pharmacopuncture (ADG), 25 patients with acupuncture and distillation Dioscorea rhizoma pharmacopuncture (DDG), and 34 patients with acupuncture and non-Dioscorea rhizoma pharmacopuncture (NDG). The resulting data were analyzed. Results: The changed H-B grades indicated significant improvements in all three groups, and the ADG and the DDG groups showed significant results after two weeks of treatment when compared to the NDG group. The changed y-Scores indicated significant improvements in all three groups, and the ADG group showed significant results after 10 and 15 days of treatment when compared to the NDG group. Dioscorea rhizoma pharmacopuncture may be safe for the human body because in most cases, the only abnormal finding was the pain could by the application of pharmacopuncture. Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that Oriental medical treatment with dioscoreae Rhizoma (Sanyak) pharmacopuncture complex therapy may be effective and safe in patient with peripheral facial paralysis.

A Study of Ginger Herbal Pharmacopuncture for Practical Application (생강 약침의 임상적 활용을 위한 고찰)

  • Lee, Chae-Woo;Lee, Byung-Hoon;Youn, Hyoun-Min
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
    • /
    • v.12 no.1
    • /
    • pp.43-51
    • /
    • 2009
  • Objective : The purpose of this study is to present the standard for practical application of ginger herbal pharmacopuncture Material and Methods : We refer to ancient literatures and the recent papers for ginger. Conclusions : The following results have been obtained 1. The effect of ginger(Zingiber officinale Roscoe) is to "release exterior", "balance nutrient & defensive qi", "resolve phlegm", "arrest coughing", "warm the lungs". So ginger herbal pharmacopuncture can be applied to treating fever, chilling sign, headchae, snuffle and gasping cough due to cold affection and treating the symptoms like sputum and asthma that be revealed by pulmonary disease. 2. The effect of ginger is to "warm spleen and stomach", "arrest vomiting" "promote normal flow of water". So ginger herbal pharmacopuncture can be applied to treating nausea, vomiting, abdominal distension and diarrhea due to phlegm & dampness and treating edema. 3. The effect of ginger is to eliminate blood stasis. So ginger herbal pharmacopuncture can be applied to treating contusion, blood stasis, sprain and gynecologic disease. 4. Ginger can treat myalgia and pain due to wind-damp and have anti-inflammatory effect in pharmacology. So ginger herbal pharmacopuncture can be applied to treating disease of joint, ligament and muscle. 5. Ginger can resolve phlegm and resuscitate. So ginger herbal pharmacopuncture can be applied to treating unconsciousness. But, treating incipient cardiovascular accident, it needs to call your special attention to the danger of blood pressure increase. 6. In pharmacology, ginger is effective for antitumor, antioxidant effects and activating immunocyte. So ginger herbal pharmacopuncture can be applied to treating broadly varieties of tumor and allergic disease.

The Experimental Study of Safety and Efficacy in Using Bovis Calculus Pharmacopuncture Solution as Eye Drop (점안용 우황약침액의 안전성 및 유효성 평가)

  • Seo, Hyeong-Sik
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
    • /
    • v.12 no.3
    • /
    • pp.61-72
    • /
    • 2009
  • Objectives : This experimental study was performed to investigate the safety and efficacy of Bovis Calculus pharmacopuncture solution manufactured with freezing dryness method to use eye drop. To identify the use of it as eye drop, the eye irritation test of rabbits and the antibacterial test of Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Aspergillus niger, Fusarium oxysporum, and Candida albicans were performed. Methods : 1. The eye irritation test of this material was performed according to the Regulation of Korea Food & Drug Administration(2005. 10. 21, KFDA 2005-60). After Bovis Calculus pharmacopuncture solution was administered in the left eye of the rabbits, eye irritation of the cornea, iris and conjunctiva was observed at 1, 2, 3, 4 & 7day. 2. After administering Bovis Calculus pharmacopuncture solution on bacterial species(Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Aspergillus niger, Fusarium oxysporum, Candida albicans) which cause Keratitis, MIC(Minimum Inhibition Concentration) and the size of inhibition zone were measured. Anti-bacterial potency was also measured using the size of inhibition zone. Results : 1. After Bovis Calculus pharmacopuncture solution was administered in the left eye of the rabbits, it was found that none of nine rabbits have abnormal signs and weight changes. 2. After Bovis Calculus pharmacopuncture solution was medicated in the left eye of the rabbits, no eye irritation of the cornea, iris and conjunctiva was observed at 1, 2, 3, 4 & 7day. 3. There was no response to MIC on bacterial species(Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Aspergillus niger, Fusarium oxysporum, Candida albicans) after Bovis Calculus pharmacopuncture solution was medicated. Conclusions : The present study suggests that Bovis Calculus pharmacopuncture solution is a nontoxic and non-irritant medicine, which does not cause eye irritation in rabbits, but dosen't have antibacterial effects on bacterial species(Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Aspergillus niger, Fusarium oxysporum, Candida albicans) which cause Keratitis. These study result recommends that more research on other herbal medicines of eye drop for Keratitis are required.