• Title, Summary, Keyword: Synechocystis PCC 6803

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Sll0396 regulates transcription of the phycocyanin genes in Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803

  • Oh, In-Hye;Kim, Ho-San;Chung, Young-Ho;Kim, Young-Hye;Park, Young-Mok
    • Plant Biotechnology Reports
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.193-199
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    • 2010
  • An olive-green mutant was generated in Synechocystis sp. strain PCC 6803 by inactivation of the sll0396 gene. Whole-cell absorption spectra of the mutant revealed the missing of phycocyanin peak. An investigation of the low-temperature fluorescence emission spectra revealed that the $sll0396{\Omega}$ mutant has a reduced amount of phycocyanin. Western blot analysis showed that the mutant contained less phycocyanin ${\beta}$- and ${\alpha}$-subunits and lacked the 30- and 32-kDa linker polypeptides, and northern blot analysis revealed that the transcription of the 1.4-kb cpcBA gene encoding the phycocyanin ${\beta}$- and ${\alpha}$-subunits was lower in the mutant. The Sll0396 protein has a DNA-binding motif and shares homology with known response regulators. Our results indicate that Sll0396 plays a regulatory role in the transcription of the phycocyanin genes during phycobilisome synthesis.

Electricity Generation Using Cyanobacteria Synechocystis PCC 6803 in Photosynthetic Bio-Electrochemical Fuel Cell (남조류 Synechocystis PCC 6803을 이용한 생물전기화학적 물분해 전기 생산)

  • Kim, Min-Jin;Oh, You-Kwan;Kim, Mi-Sun
    • Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.529-536
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    • 2008
  • Cyanobacteria Synechocystis PCC 6803 or the extracted thylakoid membrane from this strain was appled to photosynthetic bio-electrochemical fuel cell(PBEFC) for the production of hydrogen under the illumination of 48Klux using halogen lamp. PBEFC was composed of anode, cathode and membrane between them. Electrode material was carbon paper while electron mediator and receptor were added phenazine methosulfate(PMS) and potassium ferricyanide respectively. When water and 50 mM tricine buffer and $300{\mu}M$ PMS were added to the anode under the light condition, PBEFC produced the current density $4.4{\times}10^{-5}\;mA/cm^2$, $1.4{\times}10^{-4}\;mA/cm^2$ and $2.4{\times}10^{-4}\;mA/cm^2$, respectively. And the addition of the thylakoid membrane to the system increased current density to $1.3{\times}10^{-3}\;mA/cm^2$. Two times increase of the thylakoid membrane into the anode doubled the current density to $2.6{\times}10^{-3}\;mA/cm^2$. But the current density was not increased proportionally to the amount of thylakoid membrane increased. The system was unstable to measure the electricity output due to the foam production in the anode. Addition of triton X-100 and tween 80 stabilized the system to measure the electricity output but the current density was not increased higher than $8.4{\times}10^{-4}\;mA/cm^2$ and $2.3{\times}10^{-3}\;mA/cm^2$. When the thylakoid membrane was substituted to Synechocystis PCC 6803 cells of four-day culture which has chlorophyll contents $20.5{\mu}g/m{\ell}$, maximum current density was $1.3{\times}10^{-3}\;mA/cm^2$ with $1\;k{\Omega}$ resistance.

Transcript accumulation of carotenoid biosynthesis genes in the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 during the dark-to-light transition is mediated by photosynthetic electron transport

  • Ryu, Jee-Youn;Song, Ji-Young;Chung, Young-Ho;Park, Young-Mok;Chow, Wah-Soon;Park, Youn-Il
    • Plant Biotechnology Reports
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.149-155
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    • 2010
  • Expression of the genes for carotenoid bio-synthesis (crt) is dependent on light, but little is known about the underlying mechanism of light sensing and signalling in the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 (hereafter, Synechocystis). In the present study, we investigated the light-induced increase in the transcript levels of Synechocystis crt genes, including phytoene synthase (crtB), phytoene desaturase (crtP), ${\zeta}$-carotene desaturase (crtQ), and ${\beta}$-carotene hydroxylase (crtR), during a darkto-light transition period. During the dark-to-light shift, the increase in the crt transcript levels was not affected by mutations in cyanobacterial photoreceptors, such as phytochromes (cph1, cph2 and cph3) and a cryptochrome-type photoreceptor (ccry), or respiratory electron transport components NDH and Cyd/CtaI. However, treatment with photosynthetic electron transport inhibitors significantly diminished the accumulation of crt gene transcripts. Therefore, the light induction of the Synechocystis crt gene expression is most likely mediated by photosynthetic electron transport rather than by cyanobacterial photoreceptors during the dark-to-light transition.

Characterization of Stress Responses of Heavy Metal and Metalloid Inducible Promoters in Synechocystis PCC6803

  • Blasi, Barbara;Peca, Loredana;Vass, Imre;Kos, Peter B.
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.166-169
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    • 2012
  • In several biotechnological applications of living bacterial cells with inducible gene expression systems, the extent of overexpression and the specificity to the inducer are key elements. In the present study, we established the concentration ranges of $Zn^{2+}$, $Ni^{2+}$, $Co^{2+}$, ${AsO_2}^-$, and $Cd^{2+}$ ions that caused significant activation of the respective promoters of Synechocystis sp. without concomitant unspecific stress responses. The low expression levels can be increased up to 10-100-fold upon treatments with $Cd^{2+}$, ${AsO_2}^-$, $Zn^{2+}$, and $Co^{2+}$ ions and up to 800-fold upon $Ni^{2+}$ treatment. These results facilitate the development of conditional gene expression systems in cyanobacteria.

Characterization of Spermidine Transport System in a Cyanobacterium, Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803

  • Raksajit, Wuttinun;Yodsang, Panutda;Maenpaa, Pirkko;Incharoensakdi, Aran
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.447-454
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    • 2009
  • The transport of spermidine into a cyanobacterium, Synechocystis sp. pec 6803, was characterized by measuring the uptake of $^{14}C$-spermidine. Spermidine transport was shown to be saturable with an apparent affinity constant ($K_m$) value of $67{\mu}M$ and a maximal velocity ($V_{max}$) value of 0.45 nmol/min/mg protein. Spermidine uptake was pH-dependent with the pH optimum being 8.0. The competition experiment showed strong inhibition of spermidine uptake by putrescine and spermine, whereas amino acids were hardly inhibitory. The inhibition kinetics of spermidine transport by putrescine and spermine was found to be noncompetitive with $K_i$ values of 292 and $432{\mu}M$, respectively. The inhibition of spermidine transport by various metabolic inhibitors and ionophores suggests that spermidine uptake is energy-dependent. The diminution of cell growth was observed in cells grown at a high concentration of NaCl. Addition of a low concentration of spermidine at 0.5 mM relieved growth inhibition by salt stress. Upshift of the external osmolality generated by either NaCl or sorbitol caused an increased spermidine transport with about 30-40% increase at 10 mosmol/kg upshift.

Cyanobacterium Synechocystis PCC6803 내에서 Bacillus thuringiensis sunsp. morrisoni PG-14 cryIVD 유전자의 발현

  • Lee, Dae-Weon;Park, Hyun-Woo;Jin, Byung-Rae;Chung, Young-Ho;Park, Young-Mok;Kang, Seok-Kwon
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.173-177
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    • 1996
  • Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. morrisoni PG-14 is a gram-positive soil bacterium producing mosquitocidal parasporal inclusions composed of several crystal proteins. Among these crystal protein genes, cryIVD gene is one of major component which has 72 kDa in size. However, these parasporal inclusions sink quickly from the surface of water where mosquito larval feeding occurred. To develope mosquitocidal cyanobacterium, therefore, we constructed the expression vector, pCYASK 5-1 harboring cryIVD gene. The expression vector, pCYASK5-1 was transformed into the cyanobacterium Syne- chocystis PCC6803 reported as a natural mosquito larval food source and the transformants were selected with kanamycin. Expression of IVD gene in transformant was characterized by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) and immunoblot analysis. The mosquitocidal activity of a transformant was determined with Culex tritaeniorhynchus. The results showed that, the transformed cyanobacterium is toxic to mosquito larvae and will be expected as a potential agent that is used for mosquito control.

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