• Title, Summary, Keyword: c-Fos protein

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Expression of c-fos Protein in Fibrous Dysplasia and Osteofibrous Dysplasia (섬유성 이형성증 및 골섬유성 이형성증에서의 c-fos 단백 발현)

  • Park, Hye-Rim;Park, Yong-Koo;Kim, Duck-Whan
    • The Journal of the Korean bone and joint tumor society
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.216-220
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of c-fos oncogenes in the development of fibrous dysplasia and osteofibrous dysplasia. The immunohistochemical expression of c-fos protein was evaluated in 15 cases of fibrous dysplasia and 8 cases of osteofibrous dysplasia. Ten cases of fibrous dysplasia were weakly positive with c-fos. Six cases of osteofibrous dysplasia were weakly positive and the remaining two cases were strongly positive. The overall expression of c-fos protein is weaker than high-grade osteosarcoma, thus the implication of c-fos protein is little in the development of these tumors. Fibrous dysplasia and osteofibrous dysplasia share some features of characteristic histology and c-fos expression.

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Effects of Polygala tenuipolia on Expression of Fos-protein and Ethanol Amnesia in Rat

  • Lee, Soon-Chul;Kim, Kwang-Kyu;Jang, Jin-Hee;You, Kwan-Hee
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.167-172
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    • 2002
  • Effect of single administration of Polygala tenuipolia was examined on short-term memory in step through test and the intensity of the immunoreactive c-Fos protein induced by oral administration of ethanol. The acquisition of memory was significantly reduced by ethanol, and ethanol amnesia was remarkably reversed following oral administration of Polygala tenuifolia. c-Fos protein in normal rat brain was highly expressed in order of thalamus, pariental cortex, hippocampus, hypothalamus, amygdaloid and cingulate cortex. The expression of Fos protein was remarkably suppressed by single administration of ethanol. The inhibitory effect of ethanol on expression of Fos protein was reversed by single administration of Polygara tenuipolia, especially tissues of limbic areas such as amygdala, parietal cortex and CA3 of hippocampus. These results suggested that the amelioration process of Polygala tenuipolia on ethanol amnesia seems to be involve the expression of c-Fos protein in partly.

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Immunohistochemical c-fos Expression in Osteosarcoma (골육종의 c-fos 발현에 관한 면역조직화학적 검색)

  • Park, Yong-Koo;Park, Hye-Rim
    • The Journal of the Korean bone and joint tumor society
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.162-168
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    • 1999
  • The products of c-fos and c-jun proto-oncogenes form the heterodimeric complex activator protein 1 (AP-1), which plays an important part in the control of bone cell proliferation and differentiation, as well as in the development of bone tumors. The expression of c-fos protein was examined in 35 cases of human osteosarcomas as formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue sections using a monoclonal antibody. The expression of c-fos was restricted to bone-forming lesions, while low grade cartilaginous tumors were devoid of immunoreactivity. The highest levels of c-fos expression were detected in osteoblastic osteosarcoma (13 of 17 cases with grade one on two) while two chondroblastic osteosarcomas, one fibroblastic osteosarcoma, and two parosteal osteosarcomas were negative. Two cases of telangiectatic osteosarcomas were positive for c-fos protein. However, since there is a tendency of high c-fos protein expression at the higher histological grade, significant differences were not present in the expression of c-fos protein. Thus c-fos expression may be implicated in the development of osteosarcomas, but they appear to have little or no relevance in the development of low grade cartilaginous neoplasms.

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Role of Calcium Influx in mediating the TRH-induced c-fos Gene Expression (갑상선자극 분비 호르몬에 의해 유도되는 c-fos 유전자 발현에서 Ca2+의 역할에 관한 연구)

  • Seung Kirl Ahn;Don
    • The Korean Journal of Zoology
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.487-495
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    • 1993
  • TRH (Thvrotropin-Releasing Hormone) known to regulate the transcription of the TSH (Thyroid-Stimulating Hormones gene in pituitary cells, but little is understood about the mechanism(sl involved. re present study was attempted to elucidate the role of Ca2+ movement through the voltage-gated channels in the regulation of TSH gene transcription. The c-fos is one of immediate early genes and used as model system for the investigation of signaling pathwavs involved in various stimuli. The changes of c-fos mRNA levels were determined after treatment of various agents using Northern and slot hybridization analysis. The c-fos mRNA was rapidly and transiently induced by TRH (about 3-fold) in GH3 cells and this induction was repressed by calcium chelating agent (EGTA), calcium channel blocker (verapamil) anti protein kinase C inhibitor (aminoacridine). The abilities of forskolin (adenvlate cvclase activators, PMA (protein kinase C activator), and A23187 (calcium ionophore) to affect c-ios gene transcription, either alone or in combination with TRH were tested in the same cells. All of them significantly increased the level of c-fos mRUA. However, no additive relationship was observed in all combined treatments except forskolin. These results suggest that TRH action on the c-fos gene activation is mediated by calcium influx as well as through protein kinase C.

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Systemic Injection of Lidocaine Induce Expression of c-fos mRNA and Protein in Adult Rat Brain

  • Chae, Han-Jung;Kang, Jang-Sook;Cho, Seoung-Bum;Jin, Byung-Gwan;Won, Suk-Jun;Gwag, Byung-Joo;Kim, Hyung-Ryong
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.69-74
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    • 1999
  • Both direct and indirect environmental stress to brain were increase the expression of transcription factor c-fos in various populations of neurons. In this study, we examined whether the intraperitoneal injections of lidocaine at doses inducing convulsion within 10 min increased the level of c-fos mRNA and protein in forebrain areas. In situ hybridization using $[^{35}S]UTP-labeled$ antisense c-fos, cRNA increased c-fos mRNA levels though hippocampal formation, piriform cortex, septum, caudate-putamen, neostriatum, and amygdala within 2 hr. In parallel with the mRNA expression, c-FOS protein immunoreactivity was also observed in the same forebrain areas. In contrast to the seizure activity and widespread neuronal degeneration following a kainate treatment, injections of lidocaine did not produce neuronal death within 3 days. The present study indicates that lidocaine induces convulsion and c-fos expression without causing neurotoxicity.

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Effect of Swimming Exercise of c-fos, c-jun Expression in Rat Hippocampus (흰쥐 해마에서 수영운동이 c-fos, c-jun 발현에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Sung-Ho
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.245-253
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    • 2011
  • This study is to examine the effect of swimming exercise on the expression of c-fos, c-jun protein in rat hippocampus. 4-weeks aged rats and 16-weeks aged rats were used in experimental materials. All of two groups were classified into control and swimming exercise group. Swimming exercise was practiced for an hour a day. The results were got as follows after practical application in 1 day, 3days, 7 days. The expression of c-fos, c-jun protein was increased in all of the two experimental groups significantly in 1 day, 3days, 7 days. It was increased gradually in order of after 1 day, 3days, 7 days. There seems to be the effect of swimming exercise increasing the expression of c-fos, c-jun protein in hippocampus. Therefore swimming exercise can improve cognitive function such as learning and memory and prevent through activating immediate - early gene by swimming exercise. And it seems to have the positive effect on growth and recovery of nerve.

Expression of Multidrug Resistance-associated Protein (MRP), c-myc and c-fos in L1210 Cells (L1210 암세포에서 Multidrug Resistance-associated Protein (MRP), c-myc 및 c-fos 유전자의 발현양상)

  • Kim, Seong-Yong
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.67-76
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    • 1997
  • The occurrence of multidrug resistance (MDR) is one of the main obstacles in the successful chemotherapeutic treatment of cancer. In this study The gene expressions of multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP), c-myc and c-fos were investigated in L1210 cells. Adriamycin- or vincristine-resistant L1210 cells, L1210AdR or L1210VcR, respectively, has been identified to overexpression of mdr1 gene. The expression leve of MRP gene in L1210AdR and L1210Cis was more decreased than that in L1210 cells. The c-myc and c-fos genes were expressed both in L1210 and resistant sublines. In L1210AdR, the expressions level of c-myc and c-fos genes were decreased than in L1210. However, in L1210VcR and L1210Cis, c-myc and c-fosgene expressionwere rather increased than L1210. These results suggested that MRP does not contribute in resistance of drug-resistant L1210 cells and there is no relations between MRP and mdr1 gene expression. The expression of c-myc and c-fos gene may be changed during transformation of L1210 to drug-resistant sublines.

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Effects of Oral Administration of Ligigeopoongsan on Neuropathic Pain and c-Fos Protein Expression in Rats (이기거풍산(理氣祛風散)이 백서(白鼠)의 신경병리성(神經病理性) 동통(疼痛) 억제(抑制) 및 c-Fos 단백(蛋白) 발현(發顯)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Lee, Hyek-Je;Kim, Jong-Han;Park, Su-Yeon;Choi, Jung-Hwa
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.50-60
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    • 2005
  • Objective : We have studied to know effects of Ligigeopoongsan(LGS, 理氣祛風散) on mechanical allodynia, cold allodynia and c-Fos protein expression in the model of neuropathic pain of rats. Methods : The model of neuropathic pain was made by injured tibial nerve and sural never while common peroneal never was maintained. After 2weeks, we performed behavioral test for 7 days to try out mechanical allodynia using von frey filament and cold allodynia using acetone, which are calculated by counting withdrawal response on foot. Rat brains removed and sliced on 8th days. Serial sections were immunohistochemically reacted with polyclonal c-Fos antibody. The numbers of c-Fos protein immunoreactive neurons in the central gray were examined using scion image program. Results : 1. Mechanical allodynia in LGS-2, LGS-3 groups were significantly diminished compared with the control group. 2. Cold allodynia in LGS-3 group was significantly diminished compared with the control group. 3. c-Fos protein expression on the central gray LGS-2, LGS-3 groups were significantly lower than that of control group. conclusions : We have noticed that LGS(理氣祛風散) diminished mechanical and cold allodynia in the model of neuropathic pain compared with the control group. c-Fos protein expression in the central gray of that group was also decreased compared with the control group. Pain control group were LGS was accumulated time goes by. This study can be used as a basic resource on a study and a treatment of pain.

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Spinal c-fos Expression in a Rat Model of Incisional Pain (흰쥐의 발바닥 절개 통증모형에서 척수 후각의 c-fos 발현)

  • Kim, Hak-Song;Yoon, Myung-Ha;Choi, Jeong-Il;Bae, Choon-Sang
    • The Korean Journal of Pain
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.142-149
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    • 2001
  • Background: The expression of the proto-oncogene c-fos in spinal cord neurons following various noxious stimuli has been demonstrated in numerous studies. However, the pattern of expression of c-fos after incisional stimulus has not been evaluated. This study was designed to examine c-fos expression in an incisional pain model of rats. Methods: A 1 cm longitudinal incision was made through the skin, fascia and muscle of the plantar aspect of the hindpaw in enflurane-anesthetized rats. Withdrawal responses were measured using von Frey filaments at areas around the wound before surgery and for the next 48 hours. The expression of c-fos protein in the lumbar spinal cord was examined by immunohistochemistry. Results: After incision, c-fos was strongly expressed within laminae I, II, III, IV, V and VI ipsilateral to the incision. C-fos positive neurons were detected in the controlateral site, as well. Conclusions: These studies suggest that spinal c-fos protein may not be used as a specific marker for spinal nociceptive processing in an incisional pain model.

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A Brief Introduction to the Transduction of Neural Activity into Fos Signal

  • Chung, Leeyup
    • Development and Reproduction
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.61-67
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    • 2015
  • The immediate early gene c-fos has long been known as a molecular marker of neural activity. The neuron's activity is transformed into intracellular calcium influx through NMDA receptors and L-type voltage sensitive calcium channels. For the transcription of c-fos, neural activity should be strong enough to activate mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway which shows low calcium sensitivity. Upon translation, the auto-inhibition by Fos protein regulates basal Fos expression. The pattern of external stimuli and the valence of the stimulus to the animal change Fos signal, thus the signal reflects learning and memory aspects. Understanding the features of multiple components regulating Fos signaling is necessary for the optimal generation and interpretation of Fos signal.