• Title, Summary, Keyword: two-plate-girder bridge

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Optimum Evaluation of PS Concrete Deck and High Strength Two Plate Girder System (PS 콘크리트 바닥판 및 고강도 2주형 거더 시스템의 최적설계평가)

  • 박태훈;박문호;조창근;권민호;남유석
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.185-192
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    • 2003
  • This study presents the Optimum Evaluation of PS Concrete Deck and High Strength Two Plate Girder System. Recently, for the simplification of structure and the long length of bridge, a small number girder bridge which minimized a number of girder by two is much designed and constructed. For the structural analysis, a finite element formulation considering with even the matter of torsion in the three-dimensional problem is presented. And connectively, for the design of optimum section, an algorithm of optimum design is developed. The section of a small number girder bridge which constituted of two girders and PS Concrete Deck is optimized by using optimum program developed in this study. and two girders bridge refered in this study is proved a efficiency and a economy by being compared and checked to the general plate girder bridge with five girder and Reinforced Concrete Deck.

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Development and Experimental Performance Evaluation of Steel Composite Girder by Turn Over Process (단면회전방법을 적용한 강합성 소수주거더 개발 및 실험적 성능 평가)

  • Kim, Sung Jae;Yi, Na Hyun;Kim, Sung Bae;Kim, Jang-Ho Jay
    • KSCE Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.30 no.5A
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    • pp.407-415
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    • 2010
  • In Korea, more than 90% of the total number of steel bridges built for 40~70 m span length is a steel box-girder bridge type. A steel box-girder bridge is suitable for long span or curved bridges with outstanding flexural and torsional rigidity as well as good constructability and safety. However, a steel box-girder bridge is uneconomical, requiring many secondary members and workmanship such as stiffeners and ribs requiring welding attachments to flanges or webs. Therefore, in US and Japan, a plate girder bridge, which is relatively cheap and easy to construct is generally used. One type of the plate girder bridge is the two- or three-main girder plate bridge, which is a composite plate girder bridge that minimizes the number of required main girders by increasing the distance between the adjacent girders. Also, for the simplification of girder section, the stiffener which requires attachment to the web is not required. The two-main steel girder plate bridge is a representative type of plate girder bridges, which is suitable for bridges with 10 m effective width and has been developed in the early 1960s in France. To ensure greater safety of two- or three-main girder plate bridges, a larger steel section is used in the bridge domestically than in Europe or Japan. Also, the total number of two- or three-main girder plate bridge constructed in Korea is significantly less than the steel box girder bridge due to a lack of designers' familiarity with more complex design detailing of the bridge compare to that of a steel box girder bridge design. In this study, a new construction method called Turn Over method is proposed to minimize the steel section size used in a two- or three-main girder plate bridge by applying prestressing force to the member using confining concrete section's weight to reduce construction cost. Also, a full scale 20 m Turn Over girder specimen and a Turn Over girder bridge specimen were tested to evaluate constructability and structural safety of the members constructed using Turn Over process.

Numerical study of stress states near construction joint in two-plate-girder bridge with cast-in-place PC slab

  • Yamaguchi, Eiki;Fukushi, Fumio;Hirayama, Naoki;Kubo, Takemi;Kubo, Yoshinobu
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.173-184
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    • 2005
  • For reducing construction cost, two-plate-girder bridges are getting popular in Japan. This type of bridge employs a PC slab, which is often cast-in-place. In such a case, concrete is not usually cast over the whole slab at one time: some portions are constructed earlier than the rest. Therefore, a construction joint is inevitably created. Due to the drying shrinkage of concrete, tension stress may occur in concrete slab. High tensile stress can be expected near the construction joint where concretes with different ages meet. Moreover, prestressing is not applied over the whole length of slab at one time. This may also serve as a source of tensile stress in the slab. Thus there is a chance that cast-in-place PC slab, especially near the construction joint, may be subjected to tensile cracking. In the present study, stress states near the construction joint in the cast-in-place PC slab of a two-plate-girder bridge are investigated numerically. The finite element method is employed and the three-dimensional analysis is conducted to see the influence of dry shrinkage and prestressing. The stress states in the PC slab thus obtained are discussed. The simplified model of a plate girder for this class of analysis is also proposed.

After-fracture redundancy in simple span two-girder steel bridge

  • Park, Yong-Myung;Joe, Woom-Do-Ji;Hwang, Min-Oh;Yoon, Tae-Yang
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.651-670
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    • 2007
  • An experimental study to evaluate a redundancy capacity in simple span two plate-girder bridges, which are generally classified as a non-redundant load path structure, has been performed under the condition that one of the two girders is seriously damaged. The bottom lateral bracing was selected as an experimental parameter and two 1/5-scale bridge specimens with and without bottom lateral bracing have been prepared. The loading tests were first performed on the intact specimens without cracked girder within elastic range. Thereafter, the ultimate loading tests were conducted on the damaged specimens with an induced crack at the center of a girder. The test results showed that the cross beams and concrete deck redistributed partly the applied load to the uncracked girder, but the lateral bracing system played a significant role of the load redistribution when a girder was damaged. The redundancy was evaluated based on the test results and an appropriate redundancy level was evaluated when the lateral bracing was provided in a seriously damaged simple span two-girder steel bridge.

Analysis of the Dynamic Behavior and Continuous Welded Rail of LRT Steel Bridge (경량전철 강교량에 대한 이동하중하 동적거동 및 장대레일 축력의 해석적 평가)

  • Seong Taek-Ryong;Kim Cheol-Hwan
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.564-571
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    • 2005
  • Two-plate girder bridge and narrow steel box girder bridge are suggested for the steel wheel AGT system. For these bridge system, rail-bridge interaction analysis was carried out and dynamic behavior of these bridges was investigated. The result shows that all the estimated parameters satisfy the criteria concerned. As a result these two suggested bridge systems have enough performance to be competitive for the LRT elevated structures.

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An Experimental and Analytical Study on the Impact Factors of Two-Span Continuous Plate Girder Bridge Due to Road Surface Roughness and Bump (노면조도와 단차를 고려한 2경간연속 판형교의 충격계수에 관한 실험 및 해석적 연구)

  • Park, Young Suk;Chung, Tae Ju
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.309-321
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    • 1997
  • The prediction of the dynamic response of a bridge resulting from passing vehicles across the span is a significant problem in bridge design. In this paper. the static and dynamic experiments are performed to understand the dynamic behavior of an actual two-span steel plate girder bridge. The road surface roughness of the roadway and bridge deck is directly measured by Intelligent Total Station. Numerical scheme to obtain the dynamic responses of the bridges in consideration of measuring road surface roughness and 3-D vehicle model is also presented. The bridge and vehicle are modeled as 3-D bridge and vehicle model, respectively. The main girder and concrete deck are modeled as beam and shell elements, respectively and rigid link is used for the structure between main girder and concrete deck. Bridge-vehicle interaction equations are derived and the impact factors of the responses for different vehicle speeds are calculated and compared with those predicted by several foreign specifications.

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Deformation Measurement of I-Plate-Girder Bridge of Railroad Using Digital Photogrammetry (수치사진측량을 이용한 I형 철도 판형교 변형 측량)

  • Lee, Hyo-Seong;Cho, Hee-Jin;Ahn, Ki-Weon;Park, Byung-Uk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.711-721
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    • 2009
  • This study proposed digital close-range photogrammetric technique to measure deformation of I-plate-girder bridge. To compare deformation-measurement using the proposed method, a loading tester is used in the same time. As results, deviations of measuring values between the two methods range from 1mm to 2mm, and we could find-out simultaneously deflection and torsion of I-plate girder by repeated load of train. Then this study verified a measuring feasibility of I-plate-girder deformation by the proposed method. This may be alternative method of precise-stability inspection and manpower inspection.

Static Behavior of Prestressed Steel-Concrete Composite Girder (프리스트레스트 강합성 거더의 정적거동 평가)

  • Lee Pil-Goo;Kim Sung-Il;An Hae-Young;Moon Jong--Hoon
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.240-245
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    • 2005
  • There has been a strong demand on more economic and lower depth girder bridges for short and medium span range, PRECOM, which is a new type steel-concrete composite girder, has been developed to realize a more economic bridge system with a lower depth girder. In the PRECOM girder bridge, a steel plate girder is simply supported and then concrete form is hung to girder. Thus, the self-weight of the concrete is loaded to the steel girder. To increase the resistance of concrete in the lower casing against tensile stress, compressive force is introduced by prestressed tendon To evaluate the manufacturability and performances of the completed bridge, four 15-m girders and a bridge specimen with two 20m girders wvere constructed. The camber during the construction and introduction of an appropriate compressive force was evaluated. Dynamic data were obtained through the modal testing of the completed girders. Static loading test was also conducted to examine cracks and evaluate the decrease in stiffness and failure behavior under extreme conditions.

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Maintenance and Dynamic Behavior of Spherical Bearings under Railway Open-Steel-Plate-Girder Bridges (철도 판형교에서 스페리칼받침의 유지보수 및 동적 거동)

  • Choi, Eun-Soo;Oh, Ja-Tae;Kim, Hyun-Min
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1450-1459
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    • 2007
  • Line type rigid bearings for Open-Steel-Plate-Girder railway bridges have several problem in service, and they are unstable structurally. Thus, spherical bearings having advanced maintenance capability and device to resistance up-lift are developed and replace the existing ones. A experiment of maintenance for a new placed spherical bearings under real Open-Steel-Plate-Girder bridge is conducted and their good maintenance performance is proved. The dynamic behavior of the bridge is measured and analyzed for the two cases of the existing and replacing bearings. Therefore, the effect of the new spherical bearings on the railway bridge is assessed.

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The Effect of Secondary Members on the Behavior of Steel-Concrete Composite Two-Girder Railway Bridges (2거더 강-콘크리트 합성형 철도교의 거동에 대한 2차부재의 영향 평가)

  • Bae Doo-byong;Cho Joon-hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.41-50
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    • 2005
  • Steel -Concrete Composite two girder railway bridges applying high performance steel with extra thick plate have economic and aesthetic advantages due to the simplification of manufacturing and construction process. However, steel bridges are seldom adopted in domestic railway bridge, since steel bridges are not efficient as R.C bridges considering dynamic characteristics and noise, etc. While highway bridges do not have lower horizontal bracing and larger interval of diaphragm cross beam, railway bridges install lower horizontal bracings to control the torsion due to heavy eccentrical line load. Accurate finite element analysis were performed with the parameters of existence of bracing and bracing shape, with the cross beam interval and stiffness, etc. To find out the effects of secondary members such as horizontal bracings and diaphragms, static md dynamic analysis have been performed by using finite element method. In this study, few member plate-girder bridges are analyzed with variable span lengths to examine the dynamic behavior and limits of damping. And though lateral bracings are members against torsion, but lateral bracing's absence is no big problem. Time history analysis using mode superposition method makes proof of this result.