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Study on Golf Range Finder by using Biprism Theory of Keratometer

케라토미터의 바이프리즘 원리를 이용한 골프거리측정기에 관한 연구

  • 차정원 (신흥대학교 안경광학과)
  • Received : 2013.10.29
  • Accepted : 2013.12.14
  • Published : 2013.12.31

Abstract

Purpose: This study was to develop golf range finder which could measure exact distance from golfer to flag by using telescope and biprism. Methods: Golf range finder was made that included telescope and biprism which could move in the telescope, and an accuracy of the range finder was analyzed in distance range 20~200 m. Results: An equation was made for measuring distance which was related at position of biprism, and we could measure distance successfully by using developed golf range finder. Biprism of 2 ${\Delta}$ was useful to measure in short distance but it had bad accuracy in long distance, and 0.5 ${\Delta}$ was more useful in long distance. Image got worse when the biprism approch to focal point of objective lens for measurement in long distance, so we developed multi-layer biprism to prevent the weak point. Conclusions: Image stabilization by biprism for measuring distance was confirmed. Even if hand was moving, the distance could be measured well by using biprism, and we could find that the induced equation for distance measurement was useful. We found that multi-layer biprism, which is was new developed, was more useful than general biprism when the biprism approched to focal point of objective lens for measurement in long distance.

목적: 본 연구는 망원경과 바이프리즘(biprism)을 이용하여 골퍼로부터 깃대까지의 거리를 정확히 측정할 수 있는 골프 거리측정기를 개발하기 위한 것이다. 방법: 망원경내부에 이동 가능한 바이프리즘을 포함시켜 골프거리측정기를 제작하였으며. 20~200 m 거리에서 제작된 거리측정기의 정확도를 분석하였다. 결과: 바이프리즘의 위치에 따라 거리를 계산할 수 있는 방정식을 유도하였으며 개발된 골프거리측정기를 이용하여 성공적으로 거리를 측정할 수 있었다. 2 ${\Delta}$의 바이프리즘이 짧은 거리의 측정에서는 유용했지만 먼 거리의 측정에서는 정확도가 떨어지는 것으로 나타났으며 먼 거리의 측정에는 0.5 ${\Delta}$이 더 유용한 것으로 나타났다. 먼 거리를 측정하기 위하여 바이프리즘이 대물렌즈의 초점부근으로 접근할 때 상이 나빠지는 현상이 나타났으며, 이러한 약점을 보완하기 위하여 다층형 바이프리즘을 개발하였다. 결론: 바이프리즘을 이용하여 손떨림에 구애받지 않고 거리를 잘 측정할 수 있었으며 유도한 거리계산 방정식이 유용함을 확인하였다. 먼 거리를 측정하기 위하여 바이프리즘이 대물렌즈의 초점부근으로 접근했을 때 새로이 고안된 다층형 바이프리즘이 일반적인 바이프리즘보다 유용하다는 것을 확인하였다.

Keywords

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