• Title, Summary, Keyword: dioxins

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Removal Efficiencies Estimation of Air Pollutants at Wet Scrubber Using Activated Carbon (활성탄 사용에 따른 습식세정시설에서의 대기오염물질 제거효율 평가)

  • 신찬기;권명희;전종주;신대윤
    • Journal of environmental and Sanitary engineering
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.87-93
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    • 2003
  • This study carried out to recommend adaptable technologies and countermeasures for performance improvement of Wet Scrubber(WS) in industrial waste incinerator. When not using the Activated Carbon(AC), the removal efficiency of dust and HCl is 73%, 92%. And particulate phase and gaseous phase dioxins removal efficiency was evaluated up to 31% and 12%. In this case, dioxins enrichment was not revealed in WS. When using the AC mixing with scrubbing water, the case of 1,000ppm, removal efficiency of particulate phase dioxins was about 51%, and gaseous phase dioxins was about 96%. The case of 2,000ppm, removal efficiency of particulate phase dioxins was about 55%, and gaseous phase dioxins was about 97%. And the case of 3,500ppm, the removal efficiency of particulate phase dioxins was about 35%, and gaseous phase dioxins was about 96% respectively. By this study, using the AC was more useful to remove the gaseous phase dioxins, and needed to use proper concentration of the AC, that in case of 3,500ppm, the particulate phase dioxins removal efficiency was more lower than other cases.

Residues of Dioxins in Soil Cultured Ginseng of North Gyeongbuk (경북북부 인삼 재배 토양 중 Dioxins의 잔류)

  • Kim, Jung-Ho
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.451-459
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    • 2012
  • PCDDs(Polychlorinated dibenzo-$p$-dioxins) and PCDFs(polychlorinated dibenzofurans) are measured in soil of Yeungju and Sangju on North Gyeongbuk to investigate the risk assessment of dioxins. Dioxins are analyzed by HRGC/HRMS(high resolution gas chromatography - high resolution mass spectrometer). 2,3,7,8-T4CDD and 1,2,3,7,8-Pe5CDD in soil on Yeungju and Sangju are not detected. Also, 2,3,7,8-T4CDF is not detected in soil on Yeungju and Sangju. PCDDs and PCDFs in Yeungju soil are 1.957 pg/g and 0.294 pg/g, respectively. Total of dioxins in Yeungju soil are 2.251 pg/g. PCDDs and PCDFs in Sangju soil are 1.220 pg/g and 0.420 pg/g, respectively. Total of dioxins in Sangju soil are 1.640 pg/g. PCDDs and PCDFs in Yeungju soil are 0.0049 pg WHO-TEQ/g and 0.0123 pg WHO-TEQ/g, respectively. Total of dioxins with PCDDs and PCDFs in Yeungju soil are 0.0172 pg WHO-TEQ/g. PCDDs and PCDFs in Sangju soil are 0.0065 pg WHO-TEQ/g and 0.0213 pg WHO-TEQ/g, respectively. Total of dioxins with PCDDs and PCDFs in Sangju soil are 0.0278 pg WHO-TEQ/g. Amount for pg/g concentration unit of PCDDs is higher than amount of PCDFs in soil. But, WHO-TEQ of PCDFs is higher than WHO-TEQ of PCDDs in soil.

A study on the Dioxin behavior in the process of representative pyrolysis/gasfication/melting plant (대표적인 열분해가스화 용융시설의 공정별 다이옥신 배출거동에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Chan-Ki;Shin, Dae-Yun
    • Journal of environmental and Sanitary engineering
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 2007
  • The incineration process has commonly used for wastes amount reduction and thermal treatments of pollutants as the technologies accumulated. However, the process is getting negative public images owing to matter of hazardous pollutants emission. Specially dioxins became a main issue and is mostly emitted from municipal solid wastes incineration. In this reason, pyrolysis/gasfication/melting process is presented as a alternative of incineration process. The pyrolysis/gasfication/melting process, a novel technology, is middle of verification of commercial plant and development of technologies in Korea. But the survey about the pollutant emission from the process, and background data in these facilities is necessary. So in this survey, it Is investigated that the behavior of dioxins in three pyrolysis/gasfication/melting plant (S, T, P) of pilot scale. In case of S plant, concentration of dioxins shows high at latter part of cogenerated boiler and stack which are operate on low temperature conditions than a latter parts of pyrolysis and melting furnace which are operate on high temperature condition. Concentration of gas phage dioxins had increased after combusted gas passed cogenerated boiler and this is attributed to react of precursor materials such as chlorobenzene and chlorophenol. Concentration of dioxins in T plant showed lower levels at latter part of cooling equipment which are operate with water spray type on low temperature conditions than a latter parts of gasfied melting furnace which are operate on high temperature condition. Removal efficiency of dioxins at gas treatment equipment was 78.8 %. Concentration of dioxins in P plant was low at latter part of SDA/BF which is operate at low temperature conditions than a latter parts of pyrolysis gasfied chamber which are operate at high temperature condition. Removal efficiency of dioxins of SDA/BF was 85.9 % and therefore, it showed high efficiency at those of stoker type incineration facility. However, concentration of dioxins which emitted at high temperature condition were low in three facilities and satisfied present standard emission level of dioxins. To consider the distribution ratio of dioxins, Particulate phase dioxins at S and P plants showed similar ratio with which shows in current stoker type for middle scale domestic waste incineration facility. It is necessary to continuos monitoring the ratio of distribution of dioxins in T plant in because ratio of gas phage dioxins showed high.

Scenario Analysis of Dioxins Behaviors In Ulsan Bay of Korea using EMT-3D Model (EMT-3D 모델을 이용한 울산만 Dioxins 거동에 관한 시나리오 분석)

  • Kim, Dong-Myung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.89-96
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    • 2011
  • A three dimensional ecological model(EMT-3D) was applied to Ulsan Bay for the simulation of Dioxins. The simulated results of dissolved Dioxins were in agreement with the observed values, with a correlation coefficient(R) of 0.7951 and a coefficient of determination($R^2$) of 0.6265. The results of sensitivity analysis showed that partition rate, adsorption rate and bioconcentration factor were important factors. Therefore, the parameters must be carefully considered in the modeling. In the case of 50% and 80% total loads reduction, concentration of dissolved Dioxins was shown to be lower than 0.150 and 0.250 pg WHD-TEQ/L, respectively.

Formation of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-Dioxins and Their Thermal Decomposition Products from Pyrolysis Reactions of Chlorophenates

  • Hong, Jongki;Park, Jongsei;Kim, Kang-Jin
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.821-827
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    • 1995
  • Polychlorodibenzo-p-dioxins(PCDDs) have been prepared by microsacale pyrolysis of trichlorophenates. During the pyrolysis reaction, dechlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins were also formed by the thermolysis of PCDDs. The dechlorination pathways of PCDDs were suggested in this reaction. The identification of these products was performed using capillary column gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.

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Estimation of Biological Action of Dioxins by Some Geometric Descriptors (기하학적 변수에 의한 다이옥신의 독성 예측)

  • Hwang, Inchul
    • Environmental Analysis Health and Toxicology
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.103-111
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    • 1999
  • To effectively predict the lipophilicity, the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) affinity, and TEF (Toxic equivalency factor) of dioxins by geometrical descriptors, the multiple linear regression methods with the forward selection and backward elimination were employed with statistical validity. The lipophilicity, the Ah receptor binding affinity, and the toxic equivalency factor of dioxins could be predicted using some geometrical descriptors.

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Theoretical Approach for Physicochemical Factors Affecting Human Toxicity of Dioxins (다이옥신의 인체 독성에 영향을 미치는 물리화학적 인자에 대한 이론적 접근)

  • 황인철;박형석
    • Environmental Analysis Health and Toxicology
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    • v.14 no.1_2
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    • pp.65-73
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    • 1999
  • Dioxins refer to a family of chemicals comprising 75 polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin (PCDD) and 135 polychlorinated dibenzo-p-furan (PCDF) congeners, which may cause skin disorder, human immune system disruption, birth defects, severe hormonal imbalance, and cancer. The effects of exposure of dioxin-like compounds such as PCBs are mediated by binding to the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), which is a ligand-activated transcription factor. To grasp physicochemical factors affecting human toxicity of dioxins, six geometrical and topological indices, eleven thermodynamic variables, and quantum mechanical descriptors including ESP (electrostatic potential) were analyzed using QSAR and semi-empirical AM1 method. Planar dioxins with high lipophilicity and large surface tension show the probability that negative electrostatic potential in the lateral oxygen may make hydrogen bonding with DNA bases to be a carcinogen.

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Accumulated Levels of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins, Dibenzofurans and Dioxin-like Polychlorinated Biphenyls in the Freshwater Fish (Crucian carp) (민물 붕어 (Crucian carp)에 축적된 Dioxin, Furan 및 DL-PCBs 농도)

  • Moon, Ji-Yong;Moon, Dong-Ho;Jeong, Gi-Ho
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.18 no.7
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    • pp.803-810
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    • 2009
  • Concentrations of dioxins, furans and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (DL-PCBs) were determined in crucian carp collected from eight locations mainly along the Nakdong River during 2004. Total dioxin concentrations which include concentrations of dioxins, furans and DL-PCBs ranged from 0.053 to 0.614 pg WHO-TEQ $g^{-1}$ wet wt. with a mean of $0.342{\pm}0.213$ pg WHO-TEQ $g^{-1}$ wet wt. The proportions of dioxins, furans and DL-PCBs to total dioxin TEQ were 4%, 12% and 84%, respectively. The results suggest that concentrations of dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls should be determined when total dioxin TEQ accumulated in freshwater fish is investigated.

Analysis of Dioxins and Furans from Bottom Ash Produced in an Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator (도시 소각로 시설의 고형 쓰레기 연소 후 생성된 바닥재 시료에 대한 다이옥신과 퓨란류의 분석)

  • Chang, Yoon-Seok;Hong, JongKi;Kim, Jin-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.39 no.7
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    • pp.513-523
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    • 1995
  • Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and dibenzofurans (PCDFs) are the most concerned toxic organic pollutants to human. Because of their extremely high toxicity and uncertain genotoxic potential, their determination in environmental and biological samples is of great interest. Municipal solid waste incinerator facilities have been reported as the major contributors of dioxins and furans to the environment, and their formation from combustion is a universal phenomenon, everywhere. In this study dioxins and furans were analyzed from the bottom ash produced during combustion in an municipal waste incinerator located in Seoul. The EPA method was modified for sample pretreatment: the soxhlet method was used for extraction and clean-up procedures were performed by using silica and basic alumina, excluding active-carbon. The extract was then analyzed by HRGC/HRMS. A general trend of increase in the amounts of 6∼7 chlorine-substituted dioxins and furans was observed. Total dioxins, furans and 2,3,7,8-TCDD were determined as 8.05 ng/g, 4.75 ng/g, and 6.93 pg/g, respectively.

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