The Effect of Sensory Integration Intervention Program on Body-scheme and Praxis Ability in Children With Developmental Disability

감각통합치료프로그램이 발달장애아의 신체도식과 실행능력에 미치는 영향

  • 김현호 (도움터 장애어린이집) ;
  • 유병국 (려대학교 물리치료학과) ;
  • 장용수 (광양보건대학 작업치료과)
  • Received : 2009.04.27
  • Accepted : 2009.06.19
  • Published : 2009.08.11

Abstract

Objective : Purpose of this study is to study how Sensory Integration (SI) Intervention Program affect body-scheme and praxis ability of children with Developmental Disability (DD). Method : The SI intervention was programmed based on the theory of SI by Jean Ayres. Thirty children with DD underwent the SI program for six weeks. The effect of the SI intervention was evaluated in terms of body-scheme and praxis ability. Assessments used in this study are One-Point Imitation Test (OPIT) and 6 Body Puzzle Test (6BPT) for body-scheme; Praxis Test Sheet (PTS) for linguistic order, oral motor control, sequential praxis and Sensory Integration and Praxis Tests (SIPT) for postural praxis. Data of this study was analyzed by the paired t-test to compare before- and after the SI intervention. Results : Results of this study are (1) in the OPIT, there is significant difference on body-scheme ability (p<0.01); (2) in the PTS, there is significant difference on all three items (p<0.01); and (3) in the SIPT, there is significant difference on sensory integration and praxis function. Conclusions : From the results, it is concluded that sensory integration intervention is effective on body-scheme and praxis functions for children with developmental disability.