• Title, Summary, Keyword: stiffness

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A Study on the Development of High Stiffness Body for Suspension Performance (서스펜션 성능 확보를 위한 고강성 차페 개발 프로세스 연구)

  • Kim, Ki-Chang;Kim, Chan-Mook
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.15 no.7
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    • pp.799-805
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    • 2005
  • This paper describes the development process of high stiffness body for ride and handling performance. High stiffness and light weight vehicle is a major target in the refinement of Passenger cars to meet customers' contradictable requirements between ride and handling performance and fuel economy This paper describes the analysis approach process for high stiffness body through the data level of body stiffness. According to the frequency band. we can suggest the design guideline about lg cornering static stiffness, torsional and lateral stiffness, body attachment stiffness. The ride and handling characteristic of a vehicle Is significantly affected by vibration transferred to the body through the chassis mounting points from front and rear suspension. It is known that body attachment stiffness is an important factor of ride and handling performance improvement. And high stiffness helps to improve the flexibility of bushing rate tuning between handling and road noise. It makes possible to design the good handling performance vehicle and save vehicles to be used in tests by using mother car at initial design stage. These improvements can lead to shortening the time needed to develop better vehicles.

Modeling of Feed Drive System Considering Combined Stiffness with Longitudinal And Twist Direction (볼스크류의 축-비틀림 복합강성을 고려한 이송계 모델링)

  • 이찬홍;박천홍;노승국;이후상
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.387-390
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    • 2002
  • In machine tools, the stiffness of feed drive system is very important for high speed and accurate operation. The ball screw driven feed system has small friction, so the longitudinal and twist stiffness are connected directly and affected by each other. As the longitudinal and twist stiffness are participated in total stiffness of feeding system by about ratio of 4:1, the combined stiffness is necessary to compute when stiffness of feed system is estimated. In this paper, calculation of this combined stiffness is derived and applied for an actual ballscrew fled drive system. The static stiffness and 1 st natural frequency of the feed system is measured, and it is proved the difference between estimation and experiment result is less than 6%.

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Nonlinear impact of negative stiffness dampers on stay cables

  • Shi, Xiang;Zhu, Songye
    • Structural Monitoring and Maintenance
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.15-38
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    • 2018
  • Negative stiffness dampers (NSDs) have been proven an efficient solution to vibration control of stay cables. Although previous studies usually assumed a linear negative stiffness behavior of NSDs, many negative stiffness devices produce negative stiffness with nonlinear behavior. This paper systematically evaluates the impact of nonlinearity in negative stiffness on vibration control performance for stay cables. A linearization method based on energy equivalent principle is proposed, and subsequently, the impact of two types of nonlinear stiffness, namely, displacement hardening and softening stiffness, is evaluated. Through the Hilbert transform (HT) of free vibration responses, the effects of nonlinear stiffness of an NSD on the modal frequencies, damping ratios and frequency response functions of a stay cable is also investigated. The HT analysis results validate the accuracy of the linearization method.

Design of High Stiffness and Lightweight Body for Stiffness Distribution Ratio (강성 배분비를 고려한 고강성화 경량화 차체 설계)

  • Yang, Hee-Jong;Kim, Ki-Chang;Lim, Si-Hyung;Kim, Chan-Mook;Yim, Hong-Jae
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.17 no.10
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    • pp.901-906
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    • 2007
  • Lightweight body due to the decrease of panel thickness and reinforcing member might cause low stiffness. On the other hand, high stiffness body requires an increase of mass. Front pillar section area has been decreased for increasing the driver's visual field. Global vehicle stiffness is affected by stiffness distribution ratio between upper part and lower part at a side body structure. This paper describes a process used to evaluate the stiffness distribution ratio based on strain energy. In addition, optimum design schemes are presented for high stiffness and lightweight body structure considering the investigated stiffness distribution ratio.

A hybrid method for dynamic stiffness identification of bearing joint of high speed spindles

  • Zhao, Yongsheng;Zhang, Bingbing;An, Guoping;Liu, Zhifeng;Cai, Ligang
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.57 no.1
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    • pp.141-159
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    • 2016
  • Bearing joint dynamic parameter identification is crucial in modeling the high speed spindles for machining centers used to predict the stability and natural frequencies of high speed spindles. In this paper, a hybrid method is proposed to identify the dynamic stiffness of bearing joint for the high speed spindles. The hybrid method refers to the analytical approach and experimental method. The support stiffness of spindle shaft can be obtained by adopting receptance coupling substructure analysis method, which consists of series connected bearing and joint stiffness. The bearing stiffness is calculated based on the Hertz contact theory. According to the proposed series stiffness equation, the stiffness of bearing joint can be separated from the composite stiffness. Then, one can obtain the bearing joint stiffness fitting formulas and its variation law under different preload. An experimental set-up with variable preload spindle is developed and the experiment is provided for the validation of presented bearing joint stiffness identification method. The results show that the bearing joint significantly cuts down the support stiffness of the spindles, which can seriously affects the dynamic characteristic of the high speed spindles.

COMPUTATION OF COMPLEX STIFFNESS OF INFLATED DIAPHRAGM IN PNEUMATIC SPRINGS BY USING FE CODES (상용 유한요소해석 프로그램을 이용한 공압 스프링 내 다이아프램의 복소강성 산출)

  • Lee, Jeung-Hoon;Kim, Kwang-Joon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.844-849
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    • 2006
  • Accurate modeling of complex dynamic stiffness of the pneumatic springs is crucial for an efficient design of vibration isolation tables for precision instruments such as optical devices or nano-technology equipments. Besides pressurized air itself, diaphragm made of rubber materials, essentially employed for prevention of air leakage, plays a significant contribution to the total complex stiffness. Therefore, effects of the diaphragm should be taken care of precisely. The complex stiffness of an inflated diaphragm is difficult to predict or measure, since it is always working together with the pressurized air. In our earlier research, the complex stiffness of a diaphragm was indirectly estimated simply by subtracting stiffness of the pressurized air from measurement of the total complex stiffness for a single chamber pneumatic spring. In order to reflect dynamic stiffness of inflated diaphragm on the total stiffness at the initial design or design improvement stage, however, it is required to be able to predict beforehand. In this presentation, how to predict the complex stiffness of inflated rubber diaphragm by commercial FE codes(e.g. ABAQUS) will be discussed and the results will be compared with the indirectly measured values.

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Measurement and Analysis of the Torsional and the Bottom Bracket Stiffness of a Bicycle Frame (자전거 프레임 비틀림 강성 및 바텀브라켓 강성의 측정과 분석)

  • Kwon, Kyoung-Bae;Cheong, Seong-Kyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Mechanical Technology
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.433-437
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    • 2017
  • The stiffness of a bicycle frame is a major factor of a bicycle performance related to safety, stability, and weight. In this study, the torsional and bottom bracket stiffness of a bicycle frame were experimentally investigated. The torsional and bottom bracket stiffness for 63 bicycle frames were evaluated and analyzed by measuring the displacement of frames. The torsional stiffness is related with turning performance and the bottom bracket stiffness is related with power transmission. The experimental results show that the average stiffness varies up to 20 % according to the frame materials and types. The torsional stiffness has a strong corelation with the bottom bracket stiffness even though they have different effects on a bicycle frame. It seems that the experimental results can be applied to the quality criteria of racing bicycles and also design standard of a bicycle frame.

Study on stiffness deterioration in steel-concrete composite beams under fatigue loading

  • Wang, Bing;Huang, Qiao;Liu, Xiaoling;Ding, Yong
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.499-509
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this paper is to investigate the degradation law of stiffness of steel-concrete composite beams after certain fatigue loads. First, six test beams with stud connectors were designed and fabricated for static and fatigue tests. The resultant failure modes under different fatigue loading cycles were compared. And an analysis was performed for the variations in the load-deflection curves, residual deflections and relative slips of the composite beams during fatigue loading. Then, the correlations among the stiffness degradation of each test beam, the residual deflection and relative slip growth during the fatigue test were investigated, in order to clarify the primary reasons for the stiffness degradation of the composite beams. Finally, based on the stiffness degradation function under fatigue loading, a calculation model for the residual stiffness of composite beams in response to fatigue loading cycles was established by parameter fitting. The results show that the stiffness of composite beams undergoes irreversible degradation under fatigue loading. And stiffness degradation is associated with the macrobehavior of material fatigue damage and shear connection degradation. In addition, the stiffness degradation of the composite beams exhibit S-shaped monotonic decreasing trends with fatigue cycles. The general agreement between the calculation model and experiment shows good applicability of the proposed model for specific beam size and fatigue load parameters. Moreover, the research results provide a method for establishing a stiffness degradation model for composite beams after fatigue loading.

Predicting the stiffness of shear diaphragm panels composed of bridge metal deck forms

  • Egilmez, Oguz O.
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.213-226
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    • 2017
  • The behavior of building industry metal sheeting under shear forces has been extensively studied and equations have been developed to predict its shear stiffness. Building design engineers can make use of these equations to design a metal deck form bracing system. Bridge metal deck forms differ from building industry forms by both shape and connection detail. These two factors have implications for using these equations to predict the shear stiffness of deck form systems used in the bridge industry. The conventional eccentric connection of bridge metal deck forms reduces their shear stiffness dramatically. However, recent studies have shown that a simple modification to the connection detail can significantly increase the shear stiffness of bridge metal deck form panels. To the best of the author's knowledge currently there is not a design aid that can be used by bridge engineers to estimate the stiffness of bridge metal deck forms. Therefore, bridge engineers rely on previous test results to predict the stiffness of bridge metal deck forms in bracing applications. In an effort to provide a design aid for bridge design engineers to rely on bridge metal deck forms as a bracing source during construction, cantilever shear frame test results of bridge metal deck forms with and without edge stiffened panels have been compared with the SDI Diaphragm Design Manual and ECCS Diaphragm Stressed Skin Design Manual stiffness expressions used for building industry deck forms. The bridge metal deck form systems utilized in the tests consisted of sheets with thicknesses of 0.75 mm to 1.90 mm, heights of 50 mm to 75 mm and lengths of up to 2.7 m; which are representative of bridge metal deck forms frequently employed in steel bridge constructions. The results indicate that expressions provided in these manuals to predict the shear stiffness of building metal deck form panels can be used to estimate the shear stiffness of bridge metal deck form bracing systems with certain limitations. The SDI Diaphragm Design Manual expressions result in reasonable estimates for sheet thicknesses of 0.75 mm, 0.91 mm, and 1.21 mm and underestimate the shear stiffness of 1.52 and 1.90 mm thick bridge metal deck forms. Whereas, the ECCS Diaphragm Stressed Skin Design Manual expressions significantly underestimate the shear stiffness of bridge metal deck form systems for above mentioned deck thicknesses.

Stiffness Reduction Factor for Flat-Plate Structures under Combined Load (조합하중을 받는 무량판 구조의 강성 감소 계수에 관한 고찰)

  • 송진규;최정욱;윤정배
    • Proceedings of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.302-310
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    • 2003
  • Cracking of slabs will be caused by applied load and volume changes during the life of a structure and thus it reduces flexural stiffness of slabs. The effect of slab cracking must be considered for appropriate modeling of the flexural stiffness for frame members used in structural analysis. Analytical and experimental study was undertaken to estimate the stiffness reduction of slabs. In the analytical approach, the trend of slab stiffness reduction related to gravity and lateral loads is found and the stiffness reduction factor ranged from a half to a quarter in ACI building code is reasonable when defining range. Analyzing results of the test by Hwang and Moehle for 0.5% drift show that the differences of rotational stiffness on the connection types is found and good results of lateral stiffness using the value of one-third is obtained.

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