• 제목, 요약, 키워드: roasting process

검색결과 125건 처리시간 0.029초

Analyses of Organic Acids and Phenolic Compounds in Columbia Coffee Bean in Roasting Process

  • Park, Jongsun;Kim, Yongsung;Yeon, Jihun;Woo, Jongwook;Seo, Youmi;Mun, Jeong-Yun;Choi, Ji-Soo;Park, Min-Jeong;Im, Jong-Yun;Jang, Tae-Won;Park, Jae-Ho
    • 한국자원식물학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.88-88
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    • 2018
  • Coffee is one of the most popular drinks in the world. Roasting process of coffee bean is one of major steps to make coffee, however, there are few studies which analyzed chemical compounds in intermediate state of roasting coffee beans due to technical limitations to get coffee beans with the same roasting condition. We utilized Stronghold S7 pro roasting machine which guarantees the saming roasting conditions repletively with the aid of precise computer to control heat sources to get 20 steps (every 30 seconds) of roasted coffee beans during roasting process (10 min in total). Along with roasting process, phenolic compounds were decreased, which can be explained that roasting process cause phenolic compounds degradation. Caffeine is almost constant during roasting, reflecting that caffeine is not affected in roasting process. These samples presents that organic acids significantly increase along with the roasting process by HPLC analysis. With additional analysis of coffee beans, such as moisture contents, pH, as well as coffee tastes, our analysis will show detailed process of chemical compounds of coffee beans during roasting process.

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반열풍식 커피 로스터기의 로스팅 과정 자동화 구현을 위한 실험적 연구 (An Experimental Study on the Automation of Semi-Hot-Air Coffee Roasting Process)

  • 최호만;남궁황;김동원;박창용
    • 한국생산제조학회지
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.687-695
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    • 2015
  • An experimental study on the automation of the coffee roasting process was conducted. For this study, a temperature sensor, controllers, and motors were added to a manually operated coffee roaster. The temperature, time, and exhausting damper control were selected as the control parameters. The thermocouple measurements were severely influenced by the thermocouple size and location of the roaster. As a result, the standard thermocouple size and location of the roaster were experimentally set to show a similar trend of temperature change by using a previously installed thermometer. A standard roasting process was chosen through repeated roasting experiments and the advice of a roasting expert. The automation of the roasting process was successfully executed using temperature criteria, such as the bean input and first and second crack occurrence, and by controlling the exhausting damper opening time. The control parameters and roaster skills can be used for similar types of roasters for process automation.

커피 로스팅 공정에서 발생되는 향기물질의 유해성 고찰 및 노동자 건강보호 방안 (A Review on the Hazards of Flavoring Chemicals in Coffee Roasting Proces)

  • 임경택
    • 한국산업보건학회지
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.119-140
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: This study was based on the occurrence of a coffee roasting process-related disorder(bronchiolitis obliterans; published by NIOSH in the US) among workers exposed to chemicals called diacetyl in a coffee processing facility. Flavorings added to coffee contain diacetyl and 2,3-pentanedione, all of which are subject to exposure in a number of food manufacturing processes, including coffee roasting, grinding, and packaging. Therefore, this study aims to review the toxicity to workers related to food processing and food additive manufacturing to prevent occupational diseases. Methods: We surveyed the related literature, domestic and international references, and the status of relevant domestic and foreign professional organizations. The present situation of workers was investigated by reviewing literature on the safety and health of workers in the coffee roasting process using domestic and foreign literature and presentations. Expert advisory opinions were reflected, and experts were consulted by participating in domestic and overseas academic conferences. Results: Most of the fragrance materials for coffee were harmful and hazardous substances according to the GHS classification, and research was carried out through a second external consultation. A literature review on the measurement of air pollutant emissions from coffee roasters and the estimation of air pollutant emissions during coffee roasting examined the characteristics of pollutants emitted during coffee roasting. Conclusions: Two chemicals identified as causing bronchiolitis obliterans in the coffee roasting process are believed to explain why the disease is difficult to treat. This information can be used effectively in the future prevention of this disease. Future studies should clearly identify the potential for toxicity of alpha-diketones and the bases of OELs in relation to the occurrence of obstructive bronchiolitis, including measurement of various organic compounds and alpha-diketones from ground coffee, as well as various coffee grinds and coffee bean varieties. In particular, it is necessary to clarify the current understanding of the dose-response relationship between alpha-diketone and lung disease in workers involved in coffee roasting.

구증구포(九蒸九)에 의한 녹차 제조 I. 일반성분 분석 및 화학적 조성 (Korean Green Tea by Ku Jeung Ku Po′s I. Analysis of General Compositions and Chemical Compositions)

  • 전정례;박금순
    • 한국식품조리과학회지
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.95-101
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    • 1999
  • This study was carried out to prepare green teas by traditional roasting manufacturing process, Ku Geung Ku Po and to determine the quality charateristics of the green teas by examining the change of their main components induced during this roasting process. The content of total sugars in unroasted tea leaves was 7.82%. Its content of roasted teas was decreased by increasing the number of roasting and there was significantly differences between samples. The content of total sugars in 9th roasted green tea was 3.98%. The total nitrogen contents of green teas produced by this process were 4.96∼6.38%. The more the number of roasting and the less content of tannin in green teas. And the ratio of total nitrogen and tannin in tea leaves 21.97 but its ratio in 9th roasted tea was increased to 45.54. The ascorbic acid in tea leaves consisted in 1,820.3 mg/100g but its content was decreased by increasing the number of roasting process. Whereas the content of caffeine in green teas was not reduced significantly by this traditional method. Of all amino acids, green tea produced by Ku Jeung Ku Po was rich glutamic acid, lysine and aspartic acid. And especially, phenylalanine, which was rarely found in other green teas, was abundant in these green teas. The compositions of glutamic acid and methionine were increased as increasing the number of roasting process but those of aspartic acid and arginine decreased by these processing. The main fatty acids of Ku Jeung Ku Po green tea were linolenic acid, linoleic acid and palmitic acid and the contents of unsaturated fatty acid in green teas were composed over 70% of total fatty acid. And the fatty acid contents in green teas were not affected during Ku Jeung Ku Po's process. The contents of minerals in these teas was rich in the oder of potassuim. magnessuim and calciumim, and these contents were not observed the prominant change during the process.

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Microwaving을 이용한 참기름의 Benzo(a)pyrene 저감화 (Benzo(a)pyrene Reduction in Sesame Oil Using Microwaving Method)

  • 오성천
    • 한국응용과학기술학회지
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.323-329
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    • 2012
  • 참기름은 고소한 고유의 향미와 우수한 산화안정성으로 인하여 예로부터 우리 민족이 즐겨온 식용유 및 조미료의 일종으로 인식되어 왔다. 그러나 참기름은 다른 식용유지와 달리 화학적 정제공정을 거치지 않는 압착식용유로 이의 제조공정 중 볶음-압착공정에서 발암물질인 benzo(a)pyrene[B(a)P]이 다량 생성되는 것으로 알려져 사회적인 문제를 야기 시키고 있는 실정이다. 참기름에서 B(a)P가 검출되는 이유는 원료 참깨에 근본적으로 소량이 함유되어 있었으며, 볶음공정에서 가장 많은 양이 생성되었고, 압착공정에서도 일부 생성되었다. 이에 본 연구에서는 참깨를 볶는 과정에서 기존의 볶음기를 이용한 방법에 비해 가정용 전자레인지를 이용한 microwaving 볶음을 적용해 본 결과 확연한 차이를 발견 하였다. 상대적으로 microwaving 볶음은 5~10분이 적합하였으며, 참기름 제품에서의 B(a)P 함량은 0.53~0.79 ${\mu}g/kg$으로 볶음기를 이용한 직화법에 비하여 그 함유량이 1/2 이하의 수준을 나타내었다. 이상에서 살펴 본 바와 같이 참깨의 볶음조건에 따라 참기름에서의 B(a)P 함량은 약 2배 이상의 차이를 나타내어 microwaving을 이용한 참깨의 볶음-착유공정이 참기름에서의 B(a)P 생성량 극소화에 절대적인 영향을 미치는 것으로 파악되었다.

가공조건에 따른 참기름의 benzo(a)pyrene 변화 (The Changes of Benzo(a)pyrene in Sesame Oil Affected by Processing Conditions)

  • 장기화
    • 한국응용과학기술학회지
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.464-471
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    • 2011
  • Sesame oil is a simple pressed oil as unrefined oil. During manufacturing process of roasting-expression, benzo(a)pyrene[B(a)P] formed as a strong carcinogenic substance is cause a social problem. In manufacturing process of sesame oil, it had following the forming pathway of benzo(a)pyrene[B(a)P] as well as minimizing plan of B(a)P formation. Suitable roasting condition by roaster was during 15~20min at $220^{\circ}C$, B(a)P content in sesame oil was $1.35{\sim}1.57{\mu}g/kg$. Between roasting temperature and/or roastingtime and forming amount of B(a)P was showed a linear correlation. As a point of view the turbidity and yield of final product, roasting process of the more regular level was required.

볶음처리에 의한 인삼박의 이화학적 성분변화 (Changes in Physicochemical Components of Ginseng Marc by Roasting Process)

  • 박명한;김교창
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.144-152
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    • 1995
  • This study was carried out in order to utilize ginseng marc (GM), a byproduct produced during the preparation of ginseng extract. For the utilization of GM as coffee-replacing beverage, GM was roasted at 140-23$0^{\circ}C$, for 10-30 min to generate coffee-like flavor and taste. The physicochemical changes in GM induced by roasting process was measured. Weight and moisture contents of GM abruptly decreased while roasting at various temperature and period of time, and the amount of water-extracted solid substances decorated beyond 23$0^{\circ}C$. Among the proximate components, total and free sugar decreased remarkably, while crude fat content increased. Crude protein content did not change by the roasting process. pH derides to pH 4.9 after 30 min at 20$0^{\circ}C$, but increased at higher temperatures. Hunter color L value of the GM powder decreased, whereas a and b values, increased up to 10 times as compared to that of the control. The brown color(O, D 490 nm) in 50% ethanol extract of the roasted GM was 46 times higher than that of the control.

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Extraction and Mixing Effects of Grape (Campbell) Seed Oil

  • Kang, Han-Chul;Min, Young-Kyoo;Hwang, Jong-Taek;Kim, Si-Dong;Kim, Tae-Su
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.175-179
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    • 1999
  • Grape seed oil was extracted using different preparatory treatments as follows: (1) grinding, (2) grinding and roasting, (3) grinding and wet- roasting, (4) grinding, roasting, and wet-roasting, and (5) grinding, wet-roasting, and wet-roasting. The highest antioxidant activity was obtained from the sample with the method (2). Initial states of oxidation were similar except method (1) that showed more oxidized state, being P.O.V.8. Acid values were observed in the range from 1.42 to 1.89. The lowest acid value was found as 1.42 in method (1) and those of others were somewhat higher, indicating that heating process of roasting produced some free fatty acids. From the results of sensory evaluation, the best odor and taste were obtained from the methods (2) and (3). Repetitive procedure of wet-roasting, like method 5, caused some loss of flavor components and decrease in the sensory evaluation score. Addition of grape seed oil (method 2) to soybean and perilla oil at the level of 20% retained considerable antioxidant activities as much as 4.3 and 5 times, respectively, than 100% soybean or perilla oil stored for 12 weeks. When soybean or perilla oil was mixed with 20% grape seed oils, P.O.V. decreased to half of that of unmixed oils.

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가공 방법을 달리한 무차의 이화학적 품질 특성과 항산화 활성 (Physicochemical Properties and Antioxidative Activities of White Radish Tea by Different Preparation Methods)

  • 김민지;박종대;성정민
    • 한국조리학회지
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.73-81
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    • 2018
  • The objective of this study was to investigate their physicochemical properties and antioxidant activities of white radish teas such as pH, color value, total polyphenol contents, total flavonoids, DPPH radical scavenging activity, reducing power and sensory evaluation. They were processed by drying(AD), drying and roasting(ADR), steaming and drying(SAD), and steaming, drying, and roasting(SADR). As a result, the pH of ADR, and SADR tended to be significantly lowered and SADR was the lowest at $5.48{\pm}0.14$(p<0.001). Additionally, ADR and SADR were significantly different in color and browning value, compared to AD and SAD. There was no significant difference in reducing sugar content depending on processing methods. The total polyphenol content and total flavonoid content of the teas were significantly increase after roasting. DPPH radical scavenging activity was significantly higher in ADR and SDAR than in AD or SAD by 1.1~1.5 times(p<0.05). Compared with ADR and SADR after roasting, the sensory characteristics of AD and SAD were significantly lower than those of roasted ADAD and SAD, respectively. From the above results, it was concluded that the roasting process is a major process that affects the physicochemical quality characteristics and antioxidant activities.

들깨의 볶음 조건에 따른 들기름의 산화 안정성 변화 (Changes in oxidative stability of the oil extracted from perilla seed roasted at different roasting conditions)

  • 김인환;이영철;정숙영;조재선;김영언
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.39 no.5
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    • pp.374-378
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    • 1996
  • 들깨를 여러 볶음조건에서 처리한 후 착유한 들기름의 저장중 산화안정성 변화를 살펴보았다. 이때 들깨의 볶음온도는 $150,\;170,\;190,\;210^{\circ}C$로 볶음시간은 10, 20, 30분으로 하였다. 전체적으로 들깨의 볶음온도가 높고 볶음 시간이 길어질수록 착유한 들기름의 산화안정성은 높아졌다. 들깨를 볶지 않고 착유한 들기름의 유도기간은 3.9일이었으며 $210^{\circ}C$에서 30분 볶아 착유한 들기름의 유도기간은 55일이었다. 들기름의 DPPH에 대한 전자공여작용은 들깨의 볶음온도가 높고 볶음시간을 길게하여 착유한 들기름일수록 증가하는 경향을 보였다. 들깨를 볶지 않고 착유한 들기름의 전자공여능이 24%로 나타난 반면 $210^{\circ}C$에서 30분 볶아 착유한 들기름은 64%이었다. 그리고 들기름의 fluorescence는 들깨의 볶음온도가 높고 볶음시간을 길게 하여 착유한 들기름일수록 증가하였다.

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