• 제목, 요약, 키워드: segments

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신 스플라인보간법의 퍼포먼스 가설점정 (Hypothesis Tests For Performances of a New Spline Interpolation Technique)

  • 유기윤
    • 대한공간정보학회지
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.29-40
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    • 1999
  • 벡터 GIS에서 자연선형체는 통상 일련의 직선분(line segments)에 의해 표시되나 그 대안으로 곡선분(curve segments) 역시 사용될 수 있다. 곡선분은 스플라인보간법에 의해 생성가능하며 이를 위해 Bezier방법과 신보간법(유기윤, 1998)이 사용될 수 있는데 본 연구에서는 신보간법의 퍼포먼스를 테스트해 보았다. 테스트는 두 가지에 촛점을 두었는데 (1) 새보간법에 의해 생성된 선형분이 직선분 보다 정확하게 자연선형체를 표현할 수 있는지 여부와 (2) 새보간법에 의해 생성된 선형분이 Bezier방법에 의해 생성된 선형분 보다 자연선형체를 정확하게 표현할 수 있는지 여부에 대한 검정이다. 이를 위해 t-테스트에 의한 가설검정법이 이용되었으며 자료로는 미 지질조사국의 7.5분 지형도가 이용되었다. 테스트결과 새보간법과 Bezier방법에 의해 생성된 선형분이 직선분 보다 자연선 형체를 정확하게 표현하였으며 새보간법에 의해 생성된 선형분이 Bezier방법에 의해 생성된 선형분보다 정확하게 표현하였다.

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비정형 콘크리트 부재 생산을 위한 요구조건 분석 (Requirements analysis for production of freeform concrete segments.)

  • 성수진;이동훈;김선국
    • 한국건축시공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.68-69
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    • 2014
  • Production of freeform concrete segments use various molds because of the unique shape of it unlike common concrete segments. As a result, the mold for freeform concrete segments cannot be reused. Therefor, cost overrun is occurred by needs of more time and manpower to produce the freeform concrete segments compared with common concrete segments. To prevent the cost overrun, a new production method for the freeform concrete segments is needed to develop and the requirements for it should be analyzed before. Therefor, the aim of this study is requirements analysis for production of freeform concrete segment. The requirements of production of freeform concrete segments and form for it is analyzed in this study. The result of this study would be used to suggest the new production method of freeform concrete segments.

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효율적인 교통량 조사를 계획하기 위한 조사구간의 통계적 특성 분류 연구 (Statistical Classification of Highway Segments for Improving the Efficiency of Short-term Traffic Count Planning)

  • 정유석;오주삼
    • 한국도로학회논문집
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.109-114
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    • 2016
  • PURPOSES : The demand for extending national highways is increasing, but traffic monitoring is hindered because of resource limitations. Hence, this study classified highway segments into 5 types to improve the efficiency of short-term traffic count planning. METHODS : The traffic volume trends of 880 highway segments were classified through R-squared and linear regression analyses; the steadiness of traffic volume trends was evaluated through coefficient of variance (COV), and the normality of the data were determined through the Shapiro-Wilk W-test. RESULTS : Of the 880 segments, 574 segments had relatively low COV and were classified as type 1 segments, and 123 and 64 segments with increasing and decreasing traffic volume trends were classified as type 2 and type 3 segments, respectively; 80 segments that failed the normality test were classified as type 4, and the remaining 39 were classified as type 5 segments. CONCLUSIONS : A theoretical basis for biennial count planning was established. Biennial count is recommended for types 1~4 because their mean absolute percentage errors (MAPEs) are approximately 10%. For type 5 (MAPE =19.26%), the conventional annual count can be continued. The results of this analysis can reduce the traffic monitoring budget.

Developmental and Environmental Sources of Variation on Annual Growth Increments of Ascophyllum nodosum (Phaeophyceae)

  • Eckersley, Lindsay K.;Garbary, David J.
    • ALGAE
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.107-116
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    • 2007
  • Annual growth segments of Ascophyllum nodosum (L.) Le Jolis (Fucales, Fucaceae) are denoted by air bladders that form each spring. By examining annual growth segments, it may be possible to infer information about the physical conditions during the growth period; however, it is uncertain whether the annual segments will expand in size after the initial growth. We examined A. nodosum segments from three populations in Nova Scotia, and statistically evaluated whether the annual growth (length, mass, and maximum diameter) of segments was independent of the age of the frond, whether the segments increased in size after the initial growth, and whether the segment lengths were correlated with mean water temperatures and mean air temperatures when the segments were formed. We found that the growth in length of A. nodosum is dependent on the age of the frond, but frond age explained less than 12 % of the overall variation in length. However, the mass and maximum diameter of segments were independent of the age of the frond. Differences occurred between the lengths of segments formed in different years, but there was no significant correlation with regional mean water or air temperatures. This study indicates that the length of A. nodosum segments may be an indicator of the annual physical characteristics of a site, but future studies are needed to identify which factors have the strongest influence on growth patterns.

영상분할단위 기반의 다변량 영역확장기법 (Multivariate Region Growing Method with Image Segments)

  • 이종열
    • 한국GIS학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.273-278
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    • 2004
  • 이 연구에서는 고해상도 영상의 영상분할단위를 이용한 분석방법의 하나로 영역확장기법을 검토하였다. 먼저 경계추출에 의한 영상분할단위를 기반으로 공간적인 분석이 가능하도록 영상분할단위간의 위상관계를 설정하는 방법을 검토하였다. 다음으로 설정된 영상분할단위간의 위상관계를 바탕으로 한 영역기반의 영역확장 방법을 개발함으로써 영상분할단위를 보다 물체에 가까운 형태로 한 단계 더 처리하였다. 특히 여러 밴드를 활용한 다변량 분석을 시도하여 결과의 신뢰도를 더욱 높이도록 하였다. 그 결과 영상분할단위 기반의 영역확장 결과 영상분할단위가 보다 의미 있는 단위로 발전되었다. 다만 영상분할 단위에 속하는 각 화소의 높은 동질성으로 인하여 통계적 유사성이 통계치에 매우 민감하게 반응하는 결과를 나타내었다.

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Vinyl 부식법(腐蝕法)에 의(依)한 한우비주정맥(韓牛脾柱靜脈)의 구역적(區域的) 주행(走行)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究) (Studies on the Segmental Running of Splenic Tabecular Veins of Korean Cattle by the Vinylite Corrosion Technique)

  • 김종섭
    • 대한수의학회지
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.83-90
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    • 1971
  • The studies were conducted to ramify the splenic trabecular veins by injection of vinylite into the splenic veins in twenty five adult Korean cattle. The following results were obtained. 1. Splenic trabecular veins of bovine were collected from 3 chief Rami lienales: Rr. superior, inferior and V. polaris superior of the splenic veins, and the splenic parenchyma was ramified to 5-11 intralienal venous segments by the course of the trabecular veins. 2. Each one of the intralienal venous segments was dealt with 2-4 minute segments therefore, the splenic parenchyma was ramified from 13 minute segments in minimum to 35 minute segments in maximum. 3. The distribution of the veins in the spleen was divided into 7 types by the number of intralienal venous segment, and also was 15 kinds by collecting veins, Rr. superior et inferior and V. polaris superior. 4. The anastomosis was observed in the intralienal venous segments or minute segments. 5. Generally the splenic veins and arteries were like each other, but when observed minutely, they were unlike.

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구조해석에 의한 디지털 곡선의 분리 (Segmentation of Digital Curves by Structural Analysis)

  • 류승필;권오석;김태균
    • 대한전자공학회논문지
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    • v.26 no.12
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    • pp.1984-1994
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    • 1989
  • Techniques for approximating digitalcurves by polygonal lines are a valuable tool for image analysis and data compression. S. Shilien proposed a method for segmenting a digital curve into digital straight line segments digital straight line segments which are not satisfied with the structural properties, and have more than one break point by Shilien's method. Here, the structural representation of digital straight lines and digital staight line segments is described. And a method for segmenting a digital curve into digital straight line segments which are not satisfied with the structural properties, and have more than one break point by Shilien's method. Here, the structural representation of digital straight lines and digital staight line segments is described. And a method for segmenting a digital curve into digital straight line segments which may be not satisfied with the structural properties is proposed. The number of break points extracted by this method is less than that by S. Shilien's method from the digital curve which includes the digital straight line segments not satisfied with the structural properties.

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A Study of English Loanwords

  • Lee, Hae-Bong
    • 대한음성학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.365-365
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    • 2000
  • English segments adopted into Korean can be divided into three types: Some English segments /$m, {\;}n, {\;}{\eta}, {\;}p^h, {\;}t^h, {\;}k^h$/ are adopted into the original sound [$m, {\;}n, {\;}{\eta}, {\;}p^h, {\;}t^h, {\;}k^h$] in Korean. Other segments /b, d, g/ appear in the voiceless stop form [p, t, k]. Generative Phonology explains the presence of the above English segments in Korean but it cannot explain why the English segments /$f, {\;}v, {\;}{\Theta}, {\;}{\breve{z}}, {\;}{\breve{c}}, {\;}{\breve{j}}$/ disappear during the adopting process. I present a set of universal constraints from the Optimality Theory proposed by Prince and Smolensky(l993) and I show how English segments differently adopted into Korean can be explained by these universal constraints such as Faith(feature). N oAffricateStop, Faith(nasal), NoNasalStop, Faith(voice), NoVoicedStop and the interaction of these constraints. I conclude that this Optimality Theory provides insights that better capture the nature of the phonological phenomena of English segments in Korean.

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비정형 콘크리트 부재 생산을 위한 주조기술 개발 (Development of Casting Technology for Freeform Concrete Segments)

  • 김경주;이동훈;김선국
    • 한국건축시공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.66-67
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    • 2014
  • Design and construction of freeform building technologies are being implemented to reduce time and cost due to the development of materials and equipments. However, production of freeform concrete segments takes much more time and manpower than typical due to disposable mold and various shape. Therefore, manufacturing technology of freeform concrete segments need to be developed for securing economic and constructive feasibility. The objective of this study is development of efficient casting technology for freeform concrete segments in a short time. This technology includes details about the fluidity of concrete and the sectional shape of freeform concrete segments. And problem of cost and time can be solved. Also, mold can be reusable and freeform concrete segments will be produced quickly and accurately. After this study, productivity study for validation will continue through prototype development and example application.

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기능에서 신체분절의 협응과 기여 (The Coordination and Contribution of Body Segments during Functioning)

  • 채정병
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.13-25
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study investigated the coordination and contribution of body segments during functioning. Methods: The relevant literature related to body segments and function were reviewed. Results: Efficient control of function is considered with regard to a participant's ability to perform a sequence of movements in body segments, which progresses from the head to the arm, trunk, pelvis, and leg segments. Each segment performs a specific role, which environment explorer using visual information for the head, reaching and grasping for the arms, a stabilizer for the trunk, and the distribution of COM in the pelvis and leg. Conclusion: During any of the movements, the momentum generated by the proximal segments is transferred to the adjacent distal segments in an appropriate sequence. In assessing function for clinical intervention strategies, the segment coordination, segment sequence, transfer of the center of body mass, asymmetrical ratio, muscle activity, and compensatory strategies should be considered.