• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Ecosystem & Environment

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우리나라 토양환경보전 정책의 패러다임 전환 (Paradigm Shift in Policy of Soil Environment Conservation in Korea)

  • 박용하;양재의
    • 한국지하수토양환경학회지:지하수토양환경
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.10-26
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    • 2018
  • This paper reviews the soil conservation policies (SCP) in the global community and suggests the improved options in SCP in Korea. Soil Environment Conservation Act in Korea states soil is a valuable natural resource and it's value should be enhanced to provide the benefits that soil ecosystem can offer to people. However, SCP in Korea limits its application to not only the scope of soil environment but also the issues on soil pollution. The SCPs in the advanced countries have shifted their scopes from soil environment to soil ecosystem, put emphasis on the conservation of soil health rather than soil quality, and set the goals to optimize the soil ecosystem services to people while minimizing the soil threats. In this context, the soil security initiative was recently proposed to accomplish this goal while employing the nexus concept to bridge the soil ecosystem services with water, atmosphere, climate and biodiversity. Therefore, the key policies in soil conservation in Korea should expand the scope from soil environment to soil ecosystem, focus on soil health management, and develop the holistic governance among diverse stakeholder to maximize the soil ecosystem services. Soil ecosystem should be secured by national soil policies for human health.

Trace Organic Contaminants in Sediments from Deep-sea Basin near Dokdo, Korea

  • Yim, Un-Hyuk;Oh, Jae-Ryoung;Hong, Sang-Hee;Li, Dong-Hao;Shim, Won-Joon;Choi, Hye-Kyung;Kim, Eun-Soo;Shim, Jae-Hyung
    • Ocean and Polar Research
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.391-398
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    • 2002
  • Trace organic contaminants in deep-sea sediments near Dokdo were analyzed. Total PAMs concentration ranged 14.8-314 ng/g dry weight and high molecular weight PAHs were dominant. The highest PAHs concentration was detected at A19 which located at Ulleung Basin. Most of organochlorines were under detection limit. Among the detected organochlorines, DDT compounds were dominant and followed by HCHs and HCB. Butyltin compounds and most of organophosphorus pesticides were not detected. Vertical distribution of PAHs showed typical sub-surface maximum and decreasing trends depending on depth. The highest PAHs concentration reached 454ng/g. Some organochlorines, DDT, HCH was detected and also showed decreasing trends. Other target organic pollutants were not detected in core sediments. Abnormally high level of PAHs concentration in A19 was discussed and the input sources were inferred to be the transport of sludge derived pollutant dumped at dumping site 'Byung' by deep current.

토지피복 지도를 이용한 생태계 서비스 가치 변화 분석 (Analysis of Ecosystem Service Value Change Using a Land Cover Map)

  • 박미정;전정배;최진아;김은자;임창수
    • 한국지역사회생활과학회지
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    • v.27 no.spc
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    • pp.681-688
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    • 2016
  • This study examined the effective uses of an ecosystem service value assessment in the fields of rural planning and development through archiving and reviewing/analyzing existing concepts, evaluation methods and prior examples of Ecosystem services. Based on land cover analysis, this study evaluated the usability changes in the ecosystem service value for a period spanning 1975 to 2000. The results from the countrywide data survey (with an exception of Jeju island) showed a 33.15% decrease in ESV by 2000. The total ESV represented 5,385 million USD in 1975, and 3,600 million USD in 2000 of the study area. In addition, the ecosystem service value with a scale of metro cities and provinces was also examined. The ESV of most regions decreased by 2000, but Daejeon and Kyeongnam, and Kyeongbuk provinces increased. The trends of year to year changes in the ESV were very diverse throughout the country. Jeonnam showed the smallest decrease, 747 million USD, which is 59% of the ESV in 1975. Nevertheless, the despite the regional differences in available natural resources, the natural resource assets value is ultimately determined by rural development policies and regional economic attributes. Therefore, an ecosystem service must be considered as an important criterion for rural planning and development policy.

GIS를 이용한 왕숙천 유역의 생태계 관리 시스템 (Ecosystem management system of Wangsuk stream region by geographical information systems)

  • 이웅재;원두희
    • 환경위생공학
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.54-60
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    • 2001
  • The need and concern about ecosystem are growing rapidly. However, ecosystem management systems are still in the first stage since the data are handled locally and separately. It results in the waste of money and time. In this research, we designed and implemented ecosystem management system of stream region using geographical information system(GIS) that is able to be used to manage the natural resource efficiently. It is expected to be used as a useful tool for Improvement of environment and management of ecosystem as well as recovery of natural environment.

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토양생태계 건강성 평가기법 비교연구: 토양건강성 평가항목을 중심으로 (A Comparative study of Assessment Techniques for Soil Ecosystem Health: Focusing on Assessment Factors of Soil Health)

  • 채유은;김신웅;곽진일;윤영대;정승우;안윤주
    • 한국지하수토양환경학회지:지하수토양환경
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.15-24
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    • 2015
  • The soil ecosystem is a complex system performing particularly complicated and varied functions, such as providing a habitat for organisms, acting as a medium for plant cultivation and growth, and functioning as a buffer against external materials in the environment. To assess whether these important functions of the soil ecosystem are executed appropriately, the concept of soil ecosystem health has been introduced, which is defined as the ability to perform the specific functions of the soil ecosystem. Understanding soil properties and soil indicators related to soil functions is essential to assess the soil health. In this study, systems, the indicators, and evaluation factors for assessing soil ecosystem health employed in a number of countries were investigated and discussed. In particular, it is necessary to introduce a technique for the evaluation of soil ecosystem health in Korea and to develop techniques and indicators appropriate to the soil ecosystem and status in Korea.

기후변화에 따른 해양생태계 변화와 어업 (Changes in Marine Ecosystem according to Climate Change and Fishery)

  • 홍선기
    • 생태와환경
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    • v.47 no.4
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    • pp.302-311
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    • 2014
  • Global climate change is significant issue in marine ecosystem and fishery market. According to rising of both seawater temperature and sea-level, global fishery environment and marine ecosystem are changing drastically. Moreover, over-exploitation in fishery areas is the most important issue in the marine ecosystem conservation. In analysis and statistics of global network, major fish populations are decreasing very fastly, but fish catch are increasing annually. It means balance between product and consume is not appropriate in the global market. China as emerging new fish consumer in the world is strongly developing fishery industry and technology. In this paper, I try to review a relationship between marine ecosystem and climate change in global scale according to references. I also suggested possibility of sustainable global fishery in changing marine ecosystem by analysis of some related reports of international global fishery.

정책형성단계에서 생태계서비스에 관한 이론적 고찰 (A Study on the Contexts of Ecosystem Services in the Policymaking Process)

  • 구미현;이동근;정태용
    • 한국환경복원기술학회지
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.85-102
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    • 2012
  • Industrialization and modernization of the $20^{th}$ century have brought convenience to human life. However, such development produced unintentional global environmental issues such as destruction of natural ecosystem through excessive use of the natural environment beyond its capacity. The United National (UN) recognized such global environment issues and coordinated with worldwide experts to conduct a comprehensive assessment of the global ecosystem, "Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA)", to resolve the issues. The UN conducted the MA primarily to comprehend the correlation between the ecosystem and human welfare. The results demonstrated that the ecosystem provides various direct and indirect benefits to human. This new concept was introduced as the "ecosystem services". Introduction of the ecosystem services highlighted the significance of the ecosystem and led to increased research and active discussions among experts from various discipline over the recent 10 years. It has been considered that the ecosystem service concept could be incorporated in policymaking process, as primary criteria to assess and weigh the benefits of using natural resources against the effects on value of the ecosystem. The current policymaking process is affected by the contradicting logics of modernization and preservation of ecosystem. The ecosystem services concept could be the answer to forming a rational policymaking process, allowing for nature preservation while wisely using the available natural resources. The general consensus has been formed on the need of incorporating the ecosystem services concept in the policies and globally various researches on the ecosystem services have been actively conducted. However, introduction of the ecosystem services concept is still at a very early stage and research on real application of the ecosystem services is yet almost nonexistent. Also there are no clear and agreed definition, classification scheme and value appraisal methodology regarding the ecosystem services. Therefore, this research explains the basic concept of the ecosystem services and highlights specific issues for further researches, as further researches on real application of the ecosystem services would find ways for the ecosystem services approach to be valuable in the policymaking process.

불암산도시자연공원의 환경생태 현황 조사.분석을 통한 생태적 측면에서의 공원관리계획 수립 (Foundation of Park Management Plan to Consider Ecological Aspects Based on Environment.Ecology Research and Analysis in Bulamsan Urban Nature Park)

  • 이수동;최진우;이경재;한봉호
    • 한국환경생태학회지
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.170-187
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    • 2006
  • 본 연구는 불암산도시자연공원의 친자연적인 공원관리계획 수립을 위한 연구로 자연생태계 현황, 과도한 이용과 공원시설물 조성에 따른 훼손 및 주변생태계의 영향 등 환경생태 현황을 정밀하게 조사분석하여 친자연적인 공원조성 및 관리방안을 제안하고 공원조성 기본계획 수립을 위한 기초자료를 제시하고자 하였다. 연구는 현황 조사, 분석, 생태적 평가, 공원관리계획 수립 단계로 진행하였으며, 조사분석 단계에서는 일반적 개황, 자연환경, 자연생태 등 현황을 파악하였으며, 생태적 평가에서는 조사분석 자료를 바탕으로 생태계의 기반이 되는식물생태계를 유형화한 비오톱유형, 야생동물 서식처, 자연경관 평가를 실시하였다. 관리계획 수립에서는 친자연적인 공원관리를 제안하고자 평가자료를 활용하여 양호한 생태계 및자연경관 보존지역으로 구분하였다. 생태계 및 자연경관 보존계획에서는 생태계 및 자연경관보존지역, 생태계 보호지역, 생태계 복원지역(이용가능)을 지정하였고, 훼손지 복원 및 복구계획에서는 훼손된 숲생태계 유형에 따라 식생복원 목표로 제안하였다.

이상치 검증을 이용한 한반도 연안생태계의 배경 농도 및 관리 항목 도출에 대한 예비 연구 (A Preliminary Study on the Establishment of Background Levels and Management Targets in the Coastal Ecosystem of Korean Peninsula Using Outlier Test)

  • 진병선;황인서;김영남;고병설;유정규;정회인;여정원;우승;박경수
    • 한국해양학회지:바다
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.170-186
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    • 2019
  • 해양생태계조사는 많은 항목을 다양한 장소로부터 다양한 시기에 조사/분석한다. 따라서 다항목의 복잡한 생태 자료를 효과적으로 분석하기는 매우 어려우며, 또한 자료 분석을 통하여 생태계의 현황을 파악하고, 문제점을 진단하기는 더욱 어렵다. 따라서 본 논문은 생태 조사 자료의 분포 특성과 이상치 분석을 통하여 복잡한 생태 자료의 합리적 해석에 대한 예시를 제시하고자한다. 주요 연구 내용은 각 생태 자료의 분포 특성을 고려한 한반도 연안의 생태 요소별 배경 농도 도출과 생태계 모니터링 지시자 도출 및 적응적 관리 체제 구축이다. 본 논문에 이용된 자료는 해양수산부와 해양환경공단이 주관하는 국가해양생태계종합조사의 연안생태조사 자료를 이용하였으며, 주요인용 시기는 2015~2017년 자료이다. 본 논문은 상기 과정을 정립하는 예비 연구이며, 국가해양생태계종합조사 중 연안생태조사가 한반도 전 연안에서 총 3회가 완료되는 시점인 2020년 이후에 연안생태계의 생태 요소별 배경 농도 및 관리 방안에 대한 최종 결과가 도출될 예정이다.